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RAE1/98 - Annex B

RAE2/98 - Annex C

1996 Units of Assessment (UOAs) mapped onto 1992 UOAs

UOA NumberTitle and description Mapping onto 1992 UOAs
1Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Including histopathology, clinical microbiology and virology, chemical pathology, clinical biochemistry, clinical immunology, clinical physics, medical genetics, forensic medicine and forensic pathology

2Community based Clinical Subjects

Including psychiatry, general practice, public health/community epidemiology, medical statistics, occupational and industrial medicine.

3Hospital based Clinical Subjects

All other clinical subjects based wholly or chiefly in hospitals and not included under Clinical Laboratory Sciences (UOA 1) or Community based Clinical Subjects (UOA 2).

4Clinical Dentistry

All clinical dental subjects including dental materials science.

5Pre Clinical Studies

May include behavioural sciences (psychology and sociology as applied to medicine) and basic dental sciences.


Including midwifery and health visiting

11Other Studies and Professions Allied to Medicine

Including biomedical sciences, nutrition, optometry, occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, art therapy, music therapy, drama therapy, physiotherapy, health promotion and other professions allied to medicine.


Includes all aspects of contemporary psychology across the range of experimental, developmental, biological, social and applied psychology. Covers clinical, educational, health and occupational psychology and cognitive science where the focus of work lies within the discipline of psychology rather than within medicine, education, ergonomics/management, or computing/linguistics

14Biological Sciences

Biological sciences encompasses animal and plant sciences, molecular biology, cell biology, animal and plant physiology, behaviour, ecology, population biology, systematics, taxonomy, biophysics, biotechnology, neuroscience, marine biology, botany, zoology and parisitology. Includes genetics: molecular genetics, microbial genetics, plant and animal genetics, developmental genetics, population and ecological genetics. Also includes microbiology: microbial genetics, microbial development and differentiation, microbial physiology and microbial ecology.

14, 15, 16

The utilisation of rural resources for the purpose of food and non-food production. It includes the production of animals and animal products, including their breeding and nutrition, but does not include studies relating to the diagnosis and control of animal diseases (see Veterinary Science (UOA 17). It includes the supporting sciences of botany, zoology, genetics, and economics, where these are studied in the context of the production and processing of food and non-food products. Includes horticulture and soil science. Includes forestry and aquaculture.

16Food Science and Technology

Includes the sciences related to the processing of food post farm-gate and catering

17Veterinary Science

The group of animal related subjects which comprise and contribute to the professional practice of veterinary medicine. This may include the preclinical veterinary sciences where these are studied in this context, but does not include them where the main thrust is towards agriculture (UOA 15) or Food Science and Technology (UOA 16). Includes para clinical veterinary science and tropical animal health.


Organic, inorganic, physical, analytical and theoretical chemistry, including biological chemistry, catalysis, colour chemistry, applied chemistry, organometallic chemistry, surface chemistry and laboratory based atmospheric chemistry. Includes synthetic, structural, physico-chemical studies and computer modelling and calculations.


Including theoretical physics, condensed matter (solids and liquids), high energy physics, nuclear physics, astronomy, astrophysics, classical and quantum optics, lasers, cryophysics, applied physics and medical physics.

20Earth Sciences22
21Environmental Studies

Includes environmental sciences, meteorology, oeanography, polar studies, environmental technology and ecology.

22Pure Mathematics24
23Applied Mathematics

Includes biomathematics, engineering mathematics, mathematical physics and theoretical mechanics

24Statistics and Operational Research

Including probability as well as statistics of a specialist applied nature (such as actuarial, demographic, medical, management and social) and Operational Research.

25Computer Science

Computer Science includes, but is not limited to, the theoretical and practical study of algorithms, programming languages, programming systems and applications, computer hardware, networks, operating systems and artificial intelligence.

26General Engineering

Embraces those departments that offer courses which integrate two or more of the main branches of engineering - electrical, civil, mechanical and chemical. Includes offshore technology, industrial studies, medical engineering and bioengineering.

27Chemical Engineering

Including chemical and process engineering, biochemical and bioprocess engineering, fuel technology and energy engineering and environmental protection.

28Civil Engineering

Including, marine technology, transportation and traffic engineering.

29Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Including instrumentation and analytical science and acoustics.

30Mechanical, Aeronautics and Manufacturing Engineering

Including mechanical and manufacturing engineering, sound and vibration research.

31Mineral and Mining Engineering 33
32Metallurgy and Materials

Including corrosion science and engineering, paper science, polymer science and technology, textiles and materials science.

33Built Environment

Including architecture, building, construction management, landscape and surveying.

34Town and Country Planning

Includes land-use planning units associated with the professional activities of the Royal Town Planning Institute; general and rural estate management units associated with the professional activities of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors; the work of research based units dealing with planning related matters, and housing units associated with the activities of the Institute of Housing. Also includes transport studies.


Social, cultural, physical and biological anthropology

38Economics and Econometrics

Includes economic history where its orientation is towards economics.

41, 40
39Politics and International Studies

National and comparative politics; public administration and policy studies, including science and technology policy; political theory; international relations, including strategic, war and peace studies.

40Social Policy and Administration 43
41Social Work44

Quantitative and qualitative, empirical and theoretical study of the structures and cultures of advanced and developing societies, including styles and material standards of living, opinions, values and institutions. Includes social theory and social research methodology. Includes women's studies and gender studies. Overlaps demography, criminology, social studies of science, medicine and health, social statistics, social history, human geography, philosophy of social science, social psychology.

43Business and Management Studies

Covers the full range of single and multidisciplinary research which may be undertaken in Business and Management Schools and Departments, including human and organisation behaviour, accounting, banking and financial management, marketing, operations management, management sciences, information management, public sector management, business policy and strategic management, economics, international business and management, small businesses, business history (except where its orientation is clearly towards history), arts management, industrial relations, management development and related areas. Also includes home economics, hospitality management and tourism.


Covers the 15 categories of Accounting and Finance research used in The British Accounting Register, ie accounting history, accounting profession, accounting theory, auditing, business finance and financial markets, computing, education, financial accounting and reporting, government, public sector and other not for profit organisations, industries and specific organisations, international aspects, management accounting, methodology and methods (including quantitative method), taxation, other aspects of accounting and finance practice, theory and research.

45American Studies

Including non-language based Latin American Studies, Canadian studies and Caribbean studies.

46Middle Eastern and African Studies

Including Arabic, Persian and Turkish, Hebrew and other languages of the Bible, and Sub-Saharan Africa (Bantu, Swahili, Hausa etc.) and central Asian languages of the former Soviet Union with the exception of Mongolian which should be returned to UOA 47. Also includes non-language based area studies of these regions.

47Asian Studies

Includes Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, Southeast Asian languages (Thai, Burmese, Mon-Khmer, Indonesian etc.), Indian languages (Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, Hindi, Urdu, etc and Tibetan) and Mongolian. Also includes non-language based area studies of these regions.

48European Studies

Submissions from departments covering a wide range of European languages and also a variety of disciplines (history, politics, literature, linguistics etc).

49Celtic Studies53
50English Language and Literature

The study of the English language and of written and (so far as accessible) spoken English discourse of all periods (from Old English to Present English) and in all parts of the world. Includes literature of Great Britain and Ireland, of North America, of the Commonwealth, and of former Commonwealth countries in English. Also includes related subjects mainly taught within English, for example, Old Icelandic.


Including Provencal

52German, Dutch and Scandinavian languages 55
54Russian, Slavonic and East European languages

Including Finnish and Hungarian.


Including other Iberian languages and Latin American languages (both indigenous languages and those of European origin).


All areas of theoretical, descriptive and applied linguistics, including syntax, morphology, semantics, pragmatics, phonology, phonetics, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, historical linguistics, stylistics, text linguistics and research in second language acquisition.

57Classics and Ancient History

Greek and Latin language, literature and documentation including epigraphy and papyrology; ancient philosophy and history of thought and religion in antiquity; ancient history. Also includes Byzantine studies and Modern Greek.


The study of ancient societies through the examination of their physical remains and the application of general social theories. British, European and World Archaeology including such regional or chronological subject areas as medieval archaeology, classical archaeology, prehistoric archaeology, New World archaeology, Assyriology, and Egyptology. Scientific archaeology (including palaeodemography, palaeoecology etc) using laboratory- based techniques. Landscape archaeology and cultural resource management.


Includes the main historical divisions, such as medieval, early modern and modern history; British, Irish, European and world history; cultural, social, scientific, diplomatic, local history, history of medicine and history of science. It includes economic history where its orientation is towards history; other related areas are Politics and International Studies (UOA 39) and Classics (UOA 57). Includes palaeography.

62, 40
60History of Art, Architecture and Design

Principally western art and architecture, from classical antiquity to the present, but to include non-western art and architecture such as Islamic, Oriental, Byzantine, Indian, Oceanic, Latin American. Also museum studies and conservation.

61Library and Information Management

Including librarianship, library and archive studies.


History of philosophy, logic and philosophical logic, metaphysics, moral and political philosophy, applied ethics (eg in environmental areas), theory of knowledge and philosophy of mind: also ancient philosophy, philosophy of language, aesthetics, philosophy of religion, modern continental philosophy, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of history, philosophy of the social sciences, philosophy of law and philosophy of science.

63Theology, Divinity and Religious Studies

Under these headings are included research in the following (and related areas): systematic theology, historical and contemporary; philosophical theology; the theology of Old and New Testaments; ecclesiastical history; historical studies in the developments of creeds, doctrine, liturgy; pastoral care; ethics and religion. Biblical studies, exegetical, interpretative, linguistic etc. Comparative religion; studies in religious traditions world-wide.

64Art and Design

Fine art, applied arts, and design for communication. Includes fashion design, theatre design, typography and graphic communication. It does not include engineering-based design which should be returned to the appropriate engineering UOA (UOAs 26-32).

65Communication and Media Studies 68
66Drama, Dance, and Performing Arts

Excludes Music (UOA 67).


Includes ethnomusicology.


Theory and practice of Education at all stages including pre-school, school, post-school, continuing, further, adult and higher education, but not physical education and sports sciences (see UOA 69). Where the nature of the research justifies it, work may be submitted to other units (eg certain types of mathematical education might be more appropriate to mathematics).

69Sports related subjects

Includes physical education, sport science, leisure, recreation and sports studies.



1. Information systems should be returned to the most appropriate UOA.

2. Area studies and development studies should be returned to either the appropriate language based UOA or, where its main thrust to towards environmental and social studies, to the Geography UOA.

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