RAE1/98 - Annex C
Definition of Research'Research' for the purpose of the RAE is to be understood as original investigation undertaken in order to gain knowledge and understanding. It includes work of direct relevance to the needs of commerce and industry, as well as to the public and voluntary sectors; scholarship*; the invention and generation of ideas, images, performances and artefacts including design, where these lead to new or substantially improved insights; and the use of existing knowledge in experimental development to produce new or substantially improved materials, devices, products and processes, including design and construction. It excludes routine testing and analysis of materials, components and processes, eg for the maintenance of national standards, as distinct from the development of new analytical techniques. It also excludes the development of teaching materials that do not embody original research.
*Scholarship for the RAE is defined as the creation, development
and maintenance of the intellectual infrastructure of subjects
and disciplines, in forms such as dictionaries, scholarly editions,
catalogues and contributions to major research databases.
* These dates are provisional and subject to confirmation.