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RA5a: Structure,environment and staffing policy

Introduction to the Criminal Justice Centre
The Criminal Justice Centre was established by the Law School at Thames Valley University in 1993
to encourage and conduct research and to produce and publish research findings. The Centre has
evolved to identify the following focus for its research work: applied and policy research in the field
of criminal justice with respect to legislative, governmental and judicial policy changes; from a
perspective that incorporates the interdisciplinary insights of law, criminology and policy studies;
looking currently, but not exclusively, at developments in sentencing and penal policy. The research conducted by the Centre has aimed to address key policy issues in selective areas of criminal justice, criminology and law. The research has been conducted with an aim to publish the results of empirical inquiry, to contribute to the policy debates at international, national and local level, and to contribute to the development of the curriculum at TVU. The Centre has established international links with the Department of Criminology at the University of Oslo, the Law School at the University of Helsinki, the National Research Institute of Legal Policy, Finland, and the Attorney General's Office in California.

Postgraduate researcher and qualifications
1997-2000 Kris Venkatasami, a Senior Crown Prosecutor continues with his M.Phil. on the origins and development of the Crown Prosecution Service’s Code for Crown Prosecutors. In 1998 Gary Fooks was awarded his Ph.D. by the University of Southampton for his work on the Serious Fraud Office; and Ursula Smartt was awarded an M.Phil. by the University of Hull for work on Remand Prisons in England and Germany.
Annual Research Seminar Series held at TVU
Each year a programme of research seminars are organised by the Law School and the Criminal Justice Centre. In 1999/2000 the following seminars were held: Dr Tim Kershaw, [Home Office] ‘The Research Value of the Home Office Offenders Index’; Professor Malcolm Davies ‘Cross-Jurisdictional Differences in Sentencing Burglars - How can we Assess Punitiveness?’; Dr John Vagg [Loughborough University] ‘Product Counterfeiting’; Bill Brown, [TVU and Board of Visitors at HMP Wormwood Scrubs] ‘The Human Rights Act and its implications for Prison Discipline’; Clive Tobutt [Wolfson Institute of Health Sciences] ‘Evaluating Drug Awareness Initiatives in Young Offender Institutions’; Dr Gary Fooks [TVU] ‘The Concepts of Power in White-Collar Criminology’; Chris Venkatasami [CPS] ‘To Prosecute or Not: Development of the Public Interest Criteria in the CPS Code; Professor Ken Plummer [University of Essex] ‘Intimate Citizenship? New Forms of Intimacy and the Search for Intimate Citizenship’.
The Central and South Middlesex Law Society has regular professional update sessions at the Law School, TVU. Anthony Edwards is a regular contributor to the session on changes in the Criminal Law.

Conference Presentations and other publications: Malcolm Davies
1996 International Perspectives on Crime, Justice and Public Order, Dublin Castle, ‘Global Messages
and Local Criminal Justice Cultures: Consultation and Change through Focus Groups.’ 16-21 June
1996, John Jay College and the Ministry of Justice, Ireland.
1996 ESRC Manchester, Crime and Social Order in Europe 7-10 September 1996
‘Responses in England and Finland to Community Sentences.’ with Jukka-Pekka Takala
1997 Zero Tolerance Conference, Institute of Economic Affairs, ‘Tolerance of Crime,
Public Confidence and the Implications for Sentencing.’ 12 June 1997 Hotel Inter-Continental, London. 1998 Annual Conference of the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, ‘Sentencing
Burglars - Utilising focus group methodology’ 23 May 1998.
1999 Sentencing and Society International Conference: Strathclyde University June 24-26 1999.
Paper given with Jukka-Pekka Takala and Jane Tyrer, ‘Sentencing Burglars in England and Finland.

Other publications: Malcolm Davies
1997 ‘Global Messages and Local Criminal Justice Cultures: Consultation and Change though
Focus Groups’. in Security Journal, Elsevier Science, Shannon, Ireland.1998 ‘Comparative sentencing project - Using focus group methodology’. Organised Crime and Crime Prevention - what works? Report on the Annual Conference, Espoo, Finland, pp. 153-156, Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology: University of Copenhagen.
Ursula Smartt
§ 2000 Ursula Smartt, ‘Religious Organisations in Prison: The Kairos Prison Ministry.’ Prison Service Journal, September 2000.
§ 2000 Ursula Smartt ‘Her Majesty’s Prisons of the Dependent Territories in the Caribbean [Part III] Prison Service Journal, No. 128, February 2000
§ 2000 Ursula Smartt ‘Her Majesty’s Prisons of the Dependent Territories in the Caribbean [Part II]’. Prison Service Journal, January 2000, No. 127, pp. 33 – 38.
§ 1999 – Ursula Smartt ‘Her Majesty’s Prisons of the Dependent Territories in the Caribbean [Part I] Prison Service Journal, November 1999, No. 126, pp. 20 - 26.
§ 1999 – Ursula Smartt ‘All aboard! HMP The Weare. A very unusual ship.’ Prison Service Journal, No. 125, September 1999, pp. 38-43
§ 1999 – Ursula Smartt ‘Kommentar zur Gefangenenentlohnung in Deutschland und England’ [Commentary on prisoners’ earnings in England and Germany]. Der Vollzugsdienst. Blätter für Strafvollzugskunde, Heft 4/5 September 1999, pp. 5ff.
§ 1999 – Ursula Smartt, ‘Die neue JVA Gelsenkirchen. Privatisierung nun auch in Deutschland? [the new prison at Gelsenkirchen. Privatisation in Germany as well?’] Zeitschrift für Strafvollzug und Straffälligenhilfe, August 1999.
§ 1999 Jon Vagg and Ursula Smartt, 'Prison Labour in England and Wales', Dünkel, F. and van Zyl Smit [Eds.] Prison Labour: Salvation or Slavery? Ashgate Publ, Aldershot, Hants, and Brookfield, Vermont, USA, pp. 37 – 77.
§ 1999 – Ursula Smartt, ‘Kommentar zur Gefangenenentlohnung in Deutschland und England’ [Commentary on prisoners’ earnings in England and Germany]. Der Vollzugsdienst, June 1999.
§ 1999 – Ursula Smartt, ‘Constitutionalism in the British Overseas Territories’. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, The Hague, Kluewer, No. 3, June 1999, pp. 300-314.
§ 1999 – Ursula Smartt, ‘The House of Correction in Bruchsal. A copy of Pentonville Prison.’ International Jubilee Edition. Prison Service Journal, February 1999, pp.27-33.
§ 1998 – Jon Vagg and Ursula Smartt, ‘Prison Industries in England and Wales’. Prison Service Journal, No. 120, November 1998.
§ 1998 – Jon Vagg and Ursula Smartt, ‘European Prison Industries’. American Jail Journal, May-June, 1998, Vol. XII, No. 2
§ 1997 – Ursula Smartt, ‘Does the Untried Prisoner have any Rights under the European Convention on Human Rights?’, European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Vol.5, Issue 4, 1997, pp. 377-392.
§ 1996 – Ursula Smartt and Jack Reynolds, Prison Policy and Practice, HM Prison Service Publication, HMP Leyhill, Bristol.
§ 1996 – Ursula Smartt, ‘In John Howard’s Footsteps’. Prison Service Journal, Spring 1996, Vols. 102 and 103, February and March 1996.
§ 1996 – Ursula Smartt, ‘The History of Prison Industries: Coldingley Prison’. Prison Service Journal, Spring 1996
§ 1996 – Tony Gillcrist and Ursula Smartt, Belgian and Dutch Prison Industries. Published report to the Prisons Board, April 1996.
§ 1996 – Ursula Smartt, ‘The German Prison System’. American Jail Journal, in two volumes, February and June issues, 1996.
§ 1996 – Ursula Smartt, ‘Prison Management in the United States.’ Prisons Report, Prison Reform Trust, January 1996.

Publications by Associates of the Criminal Justice Centre
William Brown:
1. ‘Prison Discipline and the Human Rights Act 1998’ in the New Law Journal, September 24, p. 1400 and October 8, 1999 p. 1492.
Dr Tony Fowles
(1996-1999): 1. In 1999 Dr Fowles became the joint editor of the Howard Journal of Criminal Justice.
Sandie Taylor [also submitted under another unit of Assessment for Psychology]1. Taylor S.R. and Workman L. (1999) Paper submitted to the Journal of Legal and Criminological Psychology. ‘Are the Police better able to recognise reliable evidence than non-police? Are they more likely to Use alternative evidence?’
2. Taylor, S.R, Colken L, and Workman L. ‘Electronic House Arrest: What the Public think?’
Clive Tobutt [Also presented under another Unit of Assessment - Nursing]
1 Caraher M., McGough H., Bird L. and Tobutt C. (1999) Evaluation of Resources Developed to Promote Mental Health in Young Offenders Institutions. A Report for HM Prison Service, London
Jane Tyrer (1996-1999) (See other publications with M.Davies): 1 Published as joint author the second edition of the (1998) Criminal Justice An Introduction to the Criminal Justice System in England and Wales. Harlow: Pearsons-Longmans.2 The Law of Evidence, (1999) Cavendish Press.


Users of this website should note that the information is not intended to be a complete record of all research centres in the UK

Copyright 2002 - HEFCE, SHEFC, ELWa, DEL

Last updated 17 October 2003

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