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RA5a: Structure,environment and staffing policy

(NB Staff listed in RA2 appear in bold. Emerging researchers listed in RA6c are underlined. Groups appear in BOLD AND CAPITALS. RJA = refereed journal article.)

The Bristol Business School (BBS) has a number of constituent subject schools, each with its own research unit and research director. Researchers based in four of these (HRM, Organisation Studies, Marketing, and Strategic Management) are returned under UoA43 and the remainder under UoA44 (Accounting). Research active staff numbers have increased substantially between 1996 and 2001: from 14 to 41 overall (37.95 FTE), with numbers rising from 11 to 34 (31.75 FTE) in this submission. This sharp upward trajectory reflects the high priority given to research and, in particular, the strategy of recruiting and retaining established researchers and supporting emerging researchers. As well as 34 research active staff under UoA43, there are 15 emerging researchers who have recently completed doctorates and/or begun to publish in academic journals. We expect them to become fully research active within the next five years. Below we describe four subject-based research groups, and draw attention to the cross-faculty group in business history.

EMPLOYMENT STUDIES (Danford, Hollinshead, Morris, Purcell, Rowley, Stewart, Tailby, Upchurch, Cam, Harrington, Richardson). The Employment Studies Research Unit (ESRU), led by Purcell, co-ordinates and develops research on work, employment, HRM and employee relations, primarily from a comparative and policy-oriented perspective. Externally funded collaborative projects are being undertaken at international, national and regional levels with colleagues at Bath, Bristol, Cardiff, Erasmus, Gothenburg, Seville and Warwick. A special relationship has developed with leading university employment research centres in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro supported by DfID and the British Council, involving exchange visits and comparative labour market research. ESRU co-organised an international conference on European Trade Unionism in March 2000 and hosted an ESRC Future of Work seminar in March 2001. ESRU’s research newsletter, Work and Employment, circulated nationally to 2,500 practitioners and academics, is now in its fifth year. Working paper and monograph series started in 1999. In January 2002, ESRU will become home to the BSA’s journal Work, Employment and Society, with Stewart as editor and Danford as reviews editor. Over the next five years ESRU will continue to develop two major themes: changing boundaries in employment; and workplace restructuring and employee representation in a global context.

Project review: Danford authored Japanese Management Techniques and British Workers reporting case study comparisons of Japanese transplants in the UK and a British automotive plant. With Upchurch and Richardson, he began a Leverhulme-funded project (1999-2001: £14K) investigating trade union renewal using multi-sectoral case studies. An initial article has been accepted by New Technology, Work and Employment and Routledge will publish New Unions, New Workplaces in 2001. Stewart and Tailby have joined the team to research patterns and prospects for partnership at work under the ESRC Future of Work programme (2001-03: £91K). Hollinshead completed research on western management initiatives in Eastern Europe, commissioned by ACAS. With Maclean (UoA48), he is completing a study of the Treuhandanstalt as change agent in the former East Germany. Morris researched the effects of employment legislation on trade union behaviour and the impact of regulation on professional bodies and employees. He is currently developing a multidimensional framework for evaluating change in professional groups. Purcell researched labour market change focusing on workforce flexibility, graduate employment, hospitality and tourism. Twelve projects won funding from CIHE, CSU, DfEE, EOC, ESRC, JRF and the EC. She co-authored eight research reports, including Moving On (graduate employment) and Whose Flexibility? (changing contractual relations and working arrangements). With Tailby, Cam and colleagues in Bath, Sweden, Spain, the Netherlands and the USA she is researching new understandings of European work organisations funded by the EC under Framework V IHP programme (2000-03: 164K euros). Rowley researched mergers in higher education, and with Purcell and Richardson, skill deficiencies in the hospitality sector on behalf of the national Skills Taskforce funded by the DfEE (1999-00: £25K), giving rise inter alia to an article in the Intl Jnl of Hospitality Management in 2001. With Purcell she has HEFCE funding (2000-02: £79K) for an exploration of labour market change on the demand for graduates. Stewart jointly edited Teamwork in the Automobile Industry and Beyond Japanese Management, two books that neatly capture his close engagement with the theoretical literature on globalisation and the labour process. Funding came from ESRC (with Heery and Delbridge, Cardiff) under the Future of Work programme and Rikkyo University. He published eight RJAs, notably in Sociologie du Travail, Work, Employment and Society, New Technology, Work and Employment, Employee Relations, and Capital and Class. He continues his internationally collaborative work on the quality of working life in the automotive industry with Lewchuk and colleagues at McMaster, Calabria, Evry, Chucho and Sao Paulo. His UK based research stems from the TGWU auto employees network. Tailby, with colleagues at Plymouth, undertook ACAS sponsored research into workplace employment relations in the South West. She completed research on technology and work organisation in coal mining, and with Upchurch won funding for part-time work and equality issues. Upchurch, in addition to his collaborative projects, researched the impact of unification on German industrial relations. Harrington, developing from her recent doctoral thesis on women in trade unions, is researching issues in gender and employment in financial services.

ORGANISATION STUDIES (Beeby, Broussine, Cicmil, French, Kirk, Simpson, Thorne, Castle, Grisoni, Kewell). The unit, led by Thorne, has developed existing staff through collaborative and client-funded research, particularly in the public services. Key research themes are leadership, management and organisational learning, change management, the management of complex systems, and psychodynamics. Extensive action research has been internationally disseminated through conferences such as the Intl Research Symposium on Public Management and the Intl Society for the Psychoanalytical Study of Organisations. Diverse interests are held together by a common focus on integrating management theory and practice, critical theory and epistemology. Several staff have productive collaborations with Vince, now at Glamorgan, and with UWE research centres in Critical Theory and Local Democracy. Three one-day conferences on leadership in local government (1999, 2000, 2001) have facilitated dissemination and maintaining a dialogue with users. Recent seminar speakers have included Colin Eden, Yannis Gabriel and Hugh Wilmott. Leadership, change management and learning will remain at the core of research within the unit, with an increasing number of projects conducted on an international and comparative basis.

Project review: Beeby researched the management needs of SMEs, intervention theory and method, and knowledge, learning and networks. He is currently building a leadership database to undertake a comparative analysis of skills use by sectors, industries and fields. Broussine, building on his research into the emotional and political aspects of organisation theory published in Organization Studies, developed and applied the concept of leadership capacities through action research with local authority CEOs funded by the Society for Local Authority Chief Executives. He is now pursuing funded research into the experiences of women CEOs and the comparative experiences of local authority CEOs in Europe. Cicmil engaged in critical management research to explore theory and practice in quality and project management. She is bringing to fruition her research with Ilidge (De Montfort) on risk transfer within PFI projects. French co-edited Group Relations, Management, and Organization and Rethinking Management Education, two books that develop the key themes of learning and development in individuals, groups and organisations. He applied linguistic and psychoanalytical constructs in investigations of leadership capacities, change and uncertainty. He is currently researching the dynamics of friendship in organisational life, and with Simpson has embarked on a study of negative capability as a source of positive leadership capabilities. With Beeby he is exploring human interaction in organisations as teaching, learning and research. Kirk and Grisoni researched the development of learning communities within the NHS and local government, and are now working on leadership for transformational change in the NHS. Simpson conducted action research on organisational roles and the management of change within HM Customs & Excise. He is collaborating with the Church of England on faith, role and the management of change, and is completing his book, Contemplative Leadership: Faith as Engaging with Not Knowing. Thorne focused on change, professionals, management and leadership in the public sector, completing a study of clinical directors and management-professional discourse with the publication of her recent BJM article. She is researching strategic discourse in HM Customs & Excise and the NHS. Castle is developing a systems theory framework for project management. Kewell continues her work on the national evaluation of cancer services (with Ferlie, Imperial), and has begun work with Harvey (below) on modernisation and the NHS Plan.

MARKETING (Chudry, Debling, Evans, McDowell, Nancarrow, Shankar, Stone, Tapp, Andrews, Canning, Maltby, McCloskey). The unit, led by Evans, focuses upon customer knowledge and management. Direct marketing (DM) output has been strong, and over the period a richer and more integrated approach to Customer Relationship Management (CRM) has developed through studies of customer responses to direct, relationship, interactive and Internet marketing and aspects of marketing research and social responsibility. There are joint projects with colleagues at Bath, Cardiff, Leuven, LBS, Nottingham, MBS, Portsmouth and St Gallen. Close corporate links have generated funding for marketing research (Seagram and BJM) and CRM research (IBM, Royal Mail and Shell). The unit hosted the Academy of Marketing research seminar in 1998. Recent seminar speakers have included Leslie De Chernatony and Adrian Palmer. There is an occasional paper series and an IBM-sponsored research paper series edited by Stone. The unit is well placed to be a leading European centre for customer knowledge and management, especially in interactive marketing. This will extend academic and industrial networks internationally, building upon long-standing relationships with partners such as IBM, Royal Mail and BJM.

Project review: Chudry is researching ethnicity as a DM segmentation base, database strategy in SMEs, and strategic CRM via multi-partner loyalty schemes. He is working with Evans investigating the criminal use of marketing databases for Avon & Somerset Constabulary. Debling is developing and extending her work on brand commitment within consumer financial services in collaboration with Middleton (Kraft Europe) and de Chernatony (Birmingam). Evans’ project partners include Nairn (Bath), Fill (Portsmouth), O’Malley (Nottingham), Piercy (Cardiff), Moutinho (Glasgow), and Walrave (Leuven). Projects have embraced e-commerce, consumer interaction with DM and CRM, changing consumer values, and the application of multi-step communications models. Funding has come from the Direct Marketing Association (1997-00: £87K), the Royal Mail (1998-00: £55K) and the ESF (1999-00: £30K). Publications in the RAE period include three books, eight book chapters and 18 RJAs. He is currently working on a ten-partner project funded by the EU to explore on-line DM programmes, and with Maltby is researching ethical dimensions of the e-commerce phenomenon. McDowell has researched inter-organisational relationships and intra-firm restructuring, publishing with Ford and Tomkins (Bath). He is currently studying purchasing of DM services in the financial sector. Nancarrow has researched many aspects of consumer behaviour and knowledge, including database segmentation, impulse buying, neurolinguistic programming and birth order implications for CRM. He published eight reports and ten RJAs between 1996 and 2000. With Stone he recently completed research on customer retention for the Royal Mail (2000: £70K) and, again with Stone, is currently undertaking CIM funded research on the impact of the new economy on marketing (2001: £33K). With Pallister (Cardiff), he has begun a 27 country comparative study of ethics in marketing research. Shankar researches emotional aspects of consumer behaviour. Stone specialises in direct and relationship marketing and customer care, loyalty and information systems, focusing on relationship marketing in financial services, data mining tools and techniques, frameworks for CRM, and the transition from traditional to e-business. Between 1996 and 2000 he published five books and 20 RJAs. Tapp specialises in direct and interactive marketing, and has undertaken projects concerned with Internet marketing in the sport, leisure and charity markets. In the RAE period he published a book and eight RJAs. He is currently researching the role of database marketing and customer management in the electronic age. Andrews is working on business and marketing in SE Asia. Canning is researching technology and adaptation in customer-supplier relations. McCloskey works at the interface between marketing and risk management and is researching government, communication and the public perception of risk.

STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT (Beckett, Booth, Bovaird, Flegg, Goodwin, Harvey, Jordan, Loeffler, Saad, Jones, Nayak, Rippin, White) The unit, led by Bovaird, focuses on strategic management in the public sector; and innovation, learning and knowledge management. Members have explored these themes in a variety of settings, nationally and internationally, including local government, health, SMEs, financial services and the construction industry. Staff have worked extensively with international agencies such as the UN Committee of Experts on Public Administration and Finance, Commonwealth Secretariat, British Council and the International Institute of Administrative Sciences on public sector reform strategies and public governance. Externally funded projects have been undertaken for DETR, Konver (EU), ECCH, Royal Mail and Towry Law. There are international project links with the universities of Ballarat, Barcelona, Budapest, Leuven, Oran and Tennessee. The unit has hosted two international conferences on knowledge, innovation and technology transfer, leading to editions of Technology Analysis and Strategic Management (1997, 1998) edited by Jordan. Three workshops on business, technology and economic development in Algeria led to a special edition of the Jnl of Algerian Studies edited by Saad. One-day researcher-practitioner conferences have been a successful means of disseminating research on call centre working (May 2000), financial strategies in SMEs (January 2001), and e-commerce (March 2001). The focus of the unit is extending into strategic innovation in the public and private sectors and to governance and policy evaluation for public service organisations.

Project review: Beckett researched divestment franchising and consumer behaviour in financial services. He is currently undertaking research on ICT, service delivery and knowledge networks in local government and financial services. Booth explored the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of strategy, and professional codes of ethics in the UK public sector. He is currently researching organisational history and strategic management and relationships between initial conditions, path dependency and innovation. With Jordan and Rippin he is undertaking a study of mass higher education for business supported by ECCH (1999-2001: £30K). Bovaird conducted research in public sector management focusing on the best value initiative in UK local government and relationships between performance management and organisational learning. He co-authored two books, and wrote 15 book chapters, 12 research reports and eight RJAs. His work on best value and performance management in government continues with funding from DETR, police and local authorities. He is researching international dimensions of best value with Halachmi (Tennessee State). Flegg formulated an adjustment mechanism for the use of national data in regional economic forecasting, and modelled the determinants of real wages in two French industries. He is currently researching efficiency within public services (education and health). Goodwin integrated judgmental forecasts with statistical methods, and applied decision analysis to strategic and personal decisions. An article with Wright (Strathclyde) on decision analysis and scenario planning was published in Jnl of Management Studies in January 2001. Harvey initiated strategy and organisational learning (with Denton, KPMG); business elites and corporate governance in France and the UK (with Maclean, UoA48); strategic dimensions of flexible employment in IT (with Kanwal); and management and governance in the NHS (with Kewell, Mueller at Leicester and Sillince and Howorth at Royal Holloway). Recent acceptances include Human Relations (health), Competition and Change (health), and Modern and Contemporary France (elites). Jordan completed projects on knowledge management for competitive advantage, and strategy, technology and capital structure in SMEs. She is currently exploring the strategic and organisational implications of e-technologies. Loeffler, working with OECD, developed a typology of strategic improvement processes in the public sector, focusing on modernisation in Germany, Spain, Italy and France, and is extending this to public governance across the EU with colleagues at Potsdam. Saad worked on two projects: technology transfer and cultural understanding in developing countries, and innovation in the construction industry, the latter funded by DoE and the Reading Construction Forum (1997-99: £41K). He is currently writing Innovation for World Class Construction and is researching organisational models and purchasing technologies funded by Oracle (2001: £30K). Nayak is critically researching aspects of the philosophy of organisation. White is researching supply chain relationships and countertrade in aerospace.

BUSINESS HISTORY (Green, Harvey, Press, Boughey.) UWE has a significant concentration of business historians: three – Channon, Ollerenshaw and Wardley - are returned under UoA59. The group is known for its contributions to the study of international business, regional business communities, management-labour relations, business biography, and historical computing. Members have worked together over a long period on a variety of projects. Harvey is joint editor and Press associate editor of Business History. Green is AHRB senior research fellow in historical computing. Boughey has recently completed his ESRC funded University of London doctorate on locomotive engineering industrial clusters in Britain. The group hosted an interdisciplinary conference on occupations, social structure and voting behaviour at Royal Holloway in 1998.

Project review: Green with Harvey and Corfield (Royal Holloway) was responsible for the creation of the Westminster Historical Database (WHD) funded by ESRC (1995-97: £83K). Building on the WHD, the team is presently constructing the London Electoral Database (LED) funded by AHRB (1999-02: £232K). The research is partly methodological, involving research on historical sources, the design of historical databases, record linkage procedures and occupational classification, and partly interpretive, the databases serving as the foundation for a series of interdisciplinary studies on business, society and politics in London. In 2001, a second book, a CD-ROM and an article in Parliamentary History will be published. The project will conclude with a research monograph on economy, society and the birth of popular politics in London. Harvey co-authored a book on Culture, Competitiveness and the Problem of Globalization, which inspired research on business, technology and society in post-war Japan (with Maclean, UoA48) funded by Reed Charity (1999-2001: £38K). The research continues and RJAs will be published in 2001 in the Asia Pacific Business Review and the Jnl of Industrial History. With Maclean and Arenas (Seville), Harvey is also researching international capital and militant labour in southern Spain as an invited submission to Historical Studies in Industrial Relations. Press with Harvey brought to fruition research book projects on the business career of William Morris and the theory and practice of historical computing. They have begun a series of comparative studies of management-labour conflict in Britain and the USA. Boughey is researching the structure and performance of the capital equipment industries in Britain.

Related Research Groups and Other Units of Assessment
BBS is an open academic community that encourages multi-disciplinary, interdisciplinary and inter-institutional collaboration. The accounting researchers returned under UoA44 work very closely with other staff in BBS. There are several cross-faculty collaborations, for example with respect to business history (described above), employment studies (Purcell, Rowley and Richardson with Hatt in UoA42), and European business (Harvey and Hollinshead with Maclean in UoA48). BBS is one of the sponsors of the UWE Centre for Research in Critical Theory (UoA 39), which in 2000-01 attracted speakers such as Giddens, Eagleton, Touraine and Bauman. BBS contributes to the Bristol Group for Tourism Research returned under UoA35 Geography where Bruce (BBS) is the grantholder for marine eco-tourism for the Atlantic area funded by the EC INTERREG IIC (2000-01: 489K euros). Bovaird, Booth and Broussine are each involved in UWE’s Centre for Local Democracy (UoA 34).

Promotion of Research (Mechanisms and Practices)
The BBS Research Director (Dugdale) chairs the faculty research committee and is a member of the faculty executive team. Research unit directors are members of the faculty research committee. All research units run local seminars and organise developmental activities such as working paper series, mentoring of emerging researchers and study of theoretical and methodological issues. Unit directors suggest new directions and priorities, and assist colleagues in preparing and realising personal research plans. The faculty funds units for student bursaries and specific projects, and unit directors have discretionary funds for conferences and fieldwork. At faculty level, research is promoted through the BBS research seminar series with recent speakers such as Robert Chia, Michael Baker, Peter Armstrong, Ken Peattie and Christine Edwards. The staff development programme features one-day research sessions on topical and methodological issues. BBS also has an electronic journal, the Teaching and Research Review (
www.uwe.ac.uk/bbs), edited by Cicmil and Simpson. The Review has the status of an edited working paper series, but with international access and provision for feedback to authors. The university supports research through the Centre for Research, Innovation and Industry, which identifies funding opportunities, assists with funding applications, helps train emerging researchers and interfaces with industry and other organisations.

Research Funding
Funding from a variety of external sources has risen markedly over the period (£239K in 1999-2000 and an estimated £350K in 2000-01) to the benefit of all research groups. ESRU won funding from the ESRC Future of Work programme, the EU, the British Council, UK government and charities. Researchers in ORGANISATION STUDIES have won significant funding from public sector organisations. In MARKETING, researchers in DM, CRM and market research have had considerable financial support from industry, trade and professional bodies, and have also secured funding from the EU. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT researchers have won funding from a range of sources, including the EU, industry and charitable trusts. The AHRB, ESRC and charities have funded BUSINESS HISTORY research. BBS policy is to maintain diversity of sources, while increasing funding levels year-by-year. Momentum has been increased by the recruitment of research leaders experienced in winning funds and running large-scale projects. At Aston Bovaird was a named researcher in projects worth over £800K (some managed at Warwick and Sheffield). Harvey won two main awards while at Royal Holloway, £232K from AHRB and £500K from Reed Charity (lead applicant, with Haslam and Smith). Purcell was a named researcher for nine awards worth in total £614K at Warwick and recently led a sucessful bid for 3 year funds to the British Council (involving Warwick University). At Cardiff Stewart (with Heery and Delbridge) won an ESRC Future of Work award worth £88K.

Research Infrastructure
BBS is a well-found school with a self-contained, networked, office complex. Subject schools have adjacent offices grouping academic staff, research grade staff and full-time research students. Part-time research students have access to a well-equipped postgraduate resources room and all other facilities. BBS has a technician unit for local hardware and software support backed up by central information technology services. There is an excellent range of general purpose and specialist research software, and bibliographic search engines and text retrieval systems such as ABI-Inform are readily available, as are on-line databases such as Datastream. The UWE library, regularly singled out for positive comment by QAA panels, carries all main business and management titles.

Research Students
Responsibility for research students rests with the Director for Research Degrees (Danford) who chairs the BBS Research Degrees Committee. Applicants for MPhil and PhD must submit a detailed proposal and are interviewed by the Director for Research Degrees and two prospective supervisors. All students take a prescribed course in research methods, and progression beyond the first year is subject to a training plan, satisfactory written work and viva voce examination. Students meet with supervisors a minimum of six times a year. There is a highly successful annual BBS research student conference. Following improvements in supervisory systems and research methods training in recent years and joint developments with the Faculty of Social Sciences, BBS is to apply for ESRC 1 + 3 recognition in 2001. A bursary scheme currently supports the studies of seven full-time students. Within BBS as a whole, 13 doctorates and six MPhil degrees were awarded in the 1996-2000 period. Eight completions were in accounting and 11 in other disciplines. In addition, recently recruited professors supervised 12 successful doctoral candidates at other UK universities.

Interdisciplinary and Collaborative Research
We have encouraged teamworking within and across disciplines as RA2 testifies. Examples of interdisciplinary working within BBS include those between Taylor (accounting) and Jordan (strategy) on SME capital structures, and Beeby (organisation studies) and Booth (strategy) in organisational learning. External collaborations include that of Purcell (sociology) with Elias (economics) at Warwick, and several researchers also work closely with practitioners, as evidenced in the work of Beeby, Broussine and Simpson in organisation studies, and Evans, Nancarrow and Stone in marketing. Bovaird, Evans, Harvey, Purcell and Stewart are active in international and cross-university research groups as illustrated above and in RA6a. UWE policy encourages research centres that facilitate interdisciplinary research, so, for example, ESRU draws its membership from the social sciences and law as well as BBS. In the next phase of development, we will encourage further interdisciplinary working through the activities of newly established specialist research centres in public management and governance and customer knowledge and management.

Relations with Industry and other Research Users
BBS has long-standing partnerships with industry, commerce, the professions and public service organisations. The sponsored chairs held by Purcell (Bristol & West), Evans (Royal Mail/Mail Marketing) and Stone (IBM) evidence this. Policy-oriented research is exemplified by Purcell’s work in employment studies, and Bovaird’s work on performance measurement (for example, with the Audit Commission, the BBC, and the European Commission DGXVI) and Best Value in Government (with the DETR, the Institute of Public Finance and the Swiss Government). The action research paradigm often favoured in organisation studies engages clients at several levels, including the co-writing of academic papers and joint presentations at conferences (Beeby, Broussine and Simpson). In marketing, consulting and research have been mutually reinforcing as in the work of Nancarrow (Seagram and Dell), Evans (Royal Mail and Mail Marketing) and Stone (IBM and BA). Other significant examples of partner sponsored research include projects for Burgess Salmon (regional economic analysis), GE (strategic planning), Towry Law (strategic and organisational change in financial services), and HM Customs & Excise (managing change). Trade unions have been important sponsors, through access rather than funding, of the work of Danford, Stewart, Upchurch, Harrington and Richardson. Harvey’s recent work on the NHS has resulted directly from his work as a Trust Board Chair, while Thorne built up her expertise in health care management through extensive management development and consultancy.

Staffing Policy
Staffing policies have been central to the cultural transformation that has underpinned the sharp increase in research activity between 1996 and 2001. New professorial appointments have been made in marketing (Stone), strategy and public services management (Bovaird), business history and strategy (Harvey), employment studies (Purcell and Stewart), and accounting (Boden and Luther). The promotions of Dugdale and Taylor in accounting and Nancarrow in marketing have lent impetus to the process of creating concentrations of expertise at the core of academically strong research units. Lowe's move to Australia and Vince's to a Chair at Glamorgan have been mitigated through their continued involvement in BBS projects. Lowe was appointed Visiting Professor in 1999. Candidates for all new academic appointments must show evidence of research ability and commitment, and BBS has attracted high calibre staff to the lecturer and researcher grades (Andrews, Boughey, Cam, Cicmil, Danford, Green, Kewell, McCloskey, Morris, Nayak, Richardson, Rippin, Rowley, Tapp and Upchurch). Perhaps the most important contribution to research has been investment of resources in creating time and space for fieldwork and writing. Established researchers have 40% of a full workload for research (50% for professors), and more recently BBS has invested in a sabbatical leave scheme. Additionally, UWE promotion procedures have given increasing weight to evidence of research excellence. These policies, together with an inclusive and supportive research culture, have assisted in the rapid development of Beckett, Beeby, Booth, Broussine, Chudry, Debling, Flegg, Goodwin, Hollinshead, French, Jordan, Kirk, McDowell, Saad, Shankar, Simpson, Tailby, Thorne and Shankar. BBS also invests in staff at the start of their research careers, currently paying fees and providing dedicated research time for ten staff taking research degrees at UWE and elsewhere.

Users of this website should note that the information is not intended to be a complete record of all research centres in the UK

Copyright 2002 - HEFCE, SHEFC, ELWa, DEL

Last updated 17 October 2003

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