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RA5a: Structure,environment and staffing policy

(Names of staff submitted in RA2 appear in bold, others underlined.)

1.0 Developing an active research culture
The Centre for European Studies (CES), as the locus for European Studies research at UWE, has encouraged a steady and planned increase in research quality and in the number of staff active in research in European Studies since the last assessment (20 in 2001; 13 in 1996). Established in the Faculty of Languages and European Studies in 1997 under the leadership of Scriven, now headed by Kockel, the Centre developed from the European Regional Studies Unit (est.1995) described in our 1996 submission. The Centre, comprising 3 units, sustains the efforts of established researchers and supports the newly research-active by pursuing three core aims:
· To promote Europe-centred research within the University and Faculty by initiating, supporting and monitoring research activities including seminars, conferences, research grant applications, occasional papers;
· To initiate and promote research collaborations throughout Europe;
· To raise the profile of Europe across the institution and the Southwest region.

2.0 Research Units. Research effort is organised within three units, each facilitating internal and external collaborations (which are detailed below) and providing an organisational structure within which personal research projects can benefit from infrastructural and academic support.

2.1 European Social and Political Studies, led by Kockel, embraces and develops research on the social, political and economic development of European countries in their historical context and from a cross-cultural and comparative perspective. Three themes predominate. The first is the interplay between social, political, cultural and economic phenomena and issues. This is typified by the work of Maclean on the ideological underpinnings of privatisation published in West European Politics (1995) and Modern and Contemporary France (1997) and her project on the Treuhandanstalt as change agent in the former GDR. The complex relationships between business, political and environmental issues are also examined by Konstadakopulos, with particular reference to regional innovation and human skills formation, while Shaw focuses on vocational education and training, and lawyers in society. Kockel engages in ethnographic research on the socio-economic and cultural challenges of European migration and regional identity. Lambert (left in 2000) focused on democracy in Latin America. A second theme is the exploration of the international relations of European nations, exemplified in the work of Gold on Spain, Kennard on border issues, Konstadakopulos on European integration and EU-ASEAN relations, and Maclean’s edited book (with Trouille, Bradford) France, Germany and Britain: Partners in a Changing World (Palgrave, 2001). The third theme concerns corporate governance, sovereignty and the internationalisation of European business. Research in this area was begun by Saad (UoA43) and highlighted tensions between French multinational firms and government agencies in Algeria. The implications for European governance regimes of globalisation are being investigated by Maclean in two projects funded by Reed Charity: business elites and corporate governance in France and the UK (£67,000), and the ideological revolution in corporate Japan (£38,000). Notable group achievements include: the publication of four monographs (Gold (2), Kockel, Konstadakopulos) and two edited books (Maclean, Shaw); securing major external funding (Konstadakopulos, Maclean, Saad); the award of an ASEAN visiting fellowship in Singapore (Konstadakopulos); election to the editorial board of Modern and Contemporary France (Maclean), and the award of four PhDs (Helcké, Velu, Fletcher, Lambert).

2.2 European Cultural and Media Studies (coordinator: Claus) focuses on national and cross-national analyses of European culture in context. Areas of particular strength are: past and current cross-border film production practices (Claus, Jäckel) and Sartre (O'Donohoe, Scriven). The European Cinema group's work involves a collaborative project with the Federal German Film Archive restoring silent and early sound co-productions. Its activities have attracted AHRB, British Academy and Canadian High Commission grants. Other interests include Blowen’s work on European cultural identity and heritage, Corticelli’s research on Latin American literature. Heras focusses on Catalonian culture and literature and Hershon on medieval French literature and society.
Main achievements include: publications, including 2 monographs (Hershon, Scriven), 1 scholarly edition (Hershon), 2 edited books (Blowen with Picard and Demossier), Scriven with Lecomte) and the award of 2 PhDs (Corticelli, Heras).

2.3 Linguistics and Information Technology (coordinator: Treffers-Daller). Contact between cultures, languages and language varieties in Europe is the main theme of this unit. It has conducted research projects on language contact between Dutch and French (Treffers-Daller), Turkish and German (Daller, Treffers-Daller) and varieties of French (Beeching), as well as on intercultural communication (Daller). These have resulted in 2 monographs (Daller, Treffers-Daller), 1 edited book (Saville); invitations to join editorial boards (Treffers-Daller); 1 PhD completion (Beeching) and 1 MSc (Saville), and two 2 major international conferences organised by Treffers-Daller at UWE in April 2000 (Sociolinguistics Symposium 2000) and April 2001 (Third International Symposium on Bilingualism). Both conferences attracted over 300 scholars from more than 30 countries. A second theme, theoretical and applied research into CALL (Rühlmann, submitted to UoA 61), has attracted substantial European funding.

3.0 Research Outputs: Publications and conferences
This submission presents a significant increase in quality and quantity of research outputs produced by established and new researchers over the census period: 10 books, 74 chapters in books and conference proceedings, over 70 articles in refereed journals and some 90 short scholarly pieces and book reviews have been
published. As an indication of our growing international presence, over 190 conference papers were delivered during the census period: 113 in the UK, 62 in continental Europe, 7 in North America, 5 in Latin America, 2 in Australia and 1 in North Africa, in addition to numerous guest lectures and invited talks in the UK and overseas. We organised and hosted 8 conferences, most with external funding or sponsorship: the International Sociolinguistics Symposium 2000, (300 delegates) (Treffers-Daller); the Third International Conference on Bilingualism, 2001, funded by the British Academy (320 delegates) (Treffers-Daller). Europe: Integration versus Co-operation (Konstadakopulos and Scriven, 1999). The Changing Role of Border Regions as a Catalyst for New Policy Directions (Gold and Kennard, 1999). Women and Society. Women in German Studies (WIGS) 11th annual conference (95 delegates) (Shaw, 1999). Discours masculins, discours féminins (Beeching, 1999). Workshop on Algeria (Saad, 1997). Algeria and France: Literary Reflections in a Two-Way Mirror (Saad, 1998).

4.0 Research income, projects and outputs
Research funding doubled between 1998-9 and 1999-2000 and supported work primarily in the areas of (i) innovation in industry, in particular in SMEs (Konstadakopulos: £23,961 from the UK and EU governments), and in the construction industry (Saad: £25,678 from UK and EU governments, submitted to Uoa43); (ii) Sociololinguistics (International Symposium, 2000, Treffers-Daller: £53,634 plus £2,000 from the British Academy); (iii) research into early German film (Claus: £4,500 (total grant £14,000) from the AHRB and £1,200 from the British Academy). RA2 entries reflect the significant contribution made by grants early in the census period to the UoA’s research profile
. Minor AHRB, British Academy and British Council grants allowed colleagues to present at conferences abroad leading to the publication of articles in refereed journals (Jäckel: £1,180, Scriven: £1,685, Shaw: £603). Various small grants (not listed in RA4, but detailed in RA6) from the DAAD, Institut Français (London), French Embassy, Goethe-Institut (London), Anglo-German Foundation and a number of overseas agencies facilitated visits abroad.

5.0 Interdisciplinary and Collaborative Research
The Centre for European Studies initiates and facilitates collaborative research with external partners, for example, through joint conference organisation, to develop and sustain a growing research culture. The significance to the UoA of a number of interdisciplinary fields of research is growing visibly (eg cultural and media studies, regional studies, gender studies, European business, European ethnology, sociolinguistics).

5.1 European Social and Political Studies. Kennard is an active member of the European Borders Group; contributor to Margins in European Integration (N. Parker and W. Armstrong, eds); work with Kent County Council and DGXVI on cross-channel Interreg project; and adviser to Transnational Monitoring and Steering Committee on Interreg IIc CADSES programme. Kockel enjoys a long-standing collaboration with the European Centre for Traditional and Regional Cultures, Llangollen, leading to reports and publications and providing the foundations for his forthcoming book on regional culture and socio-economic development (Ashgate, 2001); member of Commission on Intercultural Communication in Deutsche Gesellschaft für Volkskunde (dgv) and collaborator in newly established Zentrum für Interkulturelle Kommunikation, Universität München (publication forthcoming in 2001). Konstadakopulos worked closely with Universities of Bristol, Valencia, Trier and Thessaly et al on joint research projects, papers and conference organisation (eg Thessaly 2000). Maclean collaborated with Bath, Bradford, Aston and Seville Universities and Deutsch-Französisches Institut Ludwigsburg, resulting in organisation of international conference (Bradford 1999), publications (incl. edited book France, Germany and Britain: Partners in a Changing World, forthcoming Palgrave). She has a long-standing collaboration with Ecole Supérieure de Commerce Montpellier. Shaw is a consultant and researcher for Institut Européen d’Education et de Politique Sociale, Paris, on vocational education and training in Central and Eastern Europe, with publications, inter alia, in French and Spanish journals. She has close research links with International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Oñati, Spain, and Law Department of FernUniversität Hagen, Germany, resulting in conference/workshop organisation and the publication of Women in the Legal Profession (ed. with Schultz, forthcoming Hart). She collaborated with UCL and Swansea on editing Autobiography by Women in German (2000).

5.2 European Cultural and Media Studies. Claus is a long-standing and productive partner in a collaboration with: Cinegraph-Hamburgisches Centrum für Filmforschung (UK correspondent of their journal Filmblatt published by the CineGraph Babelsberg); DEFA-Sammlung of the University of Oldenburg, and Filmdokumentationszentrum Vienna. He has new links with Austrian Society for Film and Media Studies Synema Vienna; Carl-Zuckmayer-Nachlass in Deutsches Literaturarchiv Marbach; and Bundesarchiv-Filmarchiv in Berlin, supported by AHRB Research Exchange and Research Leave awards and leading to long-term collaborative film restoration project. Hershon’s publications are facilitated and inspired by close links with Association Internationale d’Etudes Occitanes (Vienna), Occitan Centre (CIRDOC) Beziers, France, and Alliance Israélite, Paris; commissioned researcher of Société Archéologique de Beziers. Jäckel is a founder member of European Audiovisual School (Turin) and first elected Chair of its Scientific Committee (1997-98); publications (actual and planned) resulted from close co-operation with Romanian film archives and British Film Institute. Scriven is a member of the Committee of Groupe d’études sartriennes, Paris (1994-2000) and has close links with Institut National de l’Audiovisuel and Groupe Interuniversitaire Britannique pour l’Etude des Medias, resulting in conference and publication projects, including 2 edited books Television Broadcasting in Contemporary France and Britain (with Lecomte, Berghahn 1999) and Group Identities on French and English Television (with Roberts, Berghahn forthcoming).

5.3 Linguistics and Information Technology. Beeching is a member of the international editorial team producing a book on Femmes et français (L’Harmattan, 2001). Rühlmann (UoA 61) leads international consortia projects and EU- funded CALL research and materials production. Treffers-Daller had a 5-month stipend at The Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences in Wassenaar (1996) resulting in publications and further project plans.

5.4 Collaboration on conference organisation. Co-organisation of collaborative conferences in the UK and abroad includes the following: The Mitterrand Era in Perspective, Royal Holloway, University of London (1996), 17th annual conference of the Association for the Study of Modern and Contemporary France (ASMCF) (Maclean); France, Germany and Britain: Partners in a Changing World, University of Bradford (1999) (Maclean); 4th, 5th and 6th annual conferences of the UK Society for Sartrean Studies, Institute of Romance Studies and Institut Français, London (1996, 1997, 1998) (Scriven); French and British Television Broadcasting in the 1990s, Institute of Romance Studies, London (1997) (Scriven); A Challenge to Law and Lawyers: Women in the Legal Profession, International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Oñati, Spain (1999) (Shaw); Culture and Economic Development in Europe, European Association of Social Anthropologists 6th Biennial Conference, Krakow (2000) (Kockel); Culture and Regional Development. Annual ECPR Conference, University of Thessaly (2000) (Konstadakopulos); Structural Adjustment in Algeria: the Costs and the Benefits, University of Glamorgan (1998) (Saad); RSA Euro Seminar, Watershed Bristol (1999) (Scriven and Konstadakopulos); Recollections of France: the Past, Heritage and Memories, Institut Français London (Blowen et al, 1997); Advertising and Identity, University of Birmingham (Cannon 1999); Maritime Heritage: Reinvention of Space and Identities, Brest (2000) (Picard).

6.0 Research Infrastructure
6.1 Funding and physical resources
. The Faculty disburses a fund of £75k p.a. to which researchers apply for research relief (reduced teaching). Additionally, all researchers are financially supported for fieldwork and conference attendance from a QR conference budget (£5k p.a.) and from a staff development budget (£5k p.a.). University library stocks in European Studies (and in the complementary disciplines of humanities, social sciences, law and business) are extensive. An annual £51k disbursement by the European Studies subject librarian funds, inter alia, some 300 journal subscriptions. All researchers have access to international databases through networked PCs. A dedicated research administrator deals with all research and research student matters and is supervised by the Director of Research in European Studies.

6.2 Training for research students is provided at both University and Faculty level. All applications for research student registration require a clear definition, approved by the Faculty Research Degrees Group, of the training that will be given to, and undertaken by, the student. A programme of more generic research training workshops is centrally organised by the University’s Academic Secretariat. This includes sessions on student-supervisor relationships, research methods, intellectual property, examination processes, getting published, writing up, presentation skills, applying for research funding on completion etc. The Centre for European Studies organises monthly research seminars, where research students join academic staff in presentations and discussions. Research training components within taught MA programmes are open to research students. Supervisors ensure their students’ regular participation in relevant conferences, for which financial support is provided. An important new initiative has been to provide access to appropriate training and development in other faculties, including other taught postgraduate modules on a wide range of research methods and relevant skills.

6.3 Research student facilities and support: research students in European Studies have their own office space and computer, and are entitled to use all other facilities available for academic staff. Their progress is monitored by the Faculty’s Research Degrees Group, chaired by the Director of Research (Shaw), which meets at least four times a year and manages the bulk of administration relating to research students (excluding examination arrangements).

7.0 Staffing Policy
7.1 Recruiting active researchers.
Since 1996 new appointments have been made and will continue to be made on the basis of a budding or an existing research profile, and this is reflected in our larger submission of researchers in RAE 2001 than in 1996. Active researchers, selected for inclusion in RA2 and appointed during the census period are: Corticelli, Daller, Helcké, Heras, Hershon, Kockel, Maclean, O’Donohoe, Scriven, Treffers-Daller, Velu. These include three professors of European Studies (Kockel, Maclean, Scriven), a new researcher who had undergone a career change and has since completed her PhD (Velu), and three young researchers who had just gained or were about to be awarded their PhD (Corticelli, Helcké, Heras).

7.2 Staff support and development. QR and staff development funding have supported staff in the form of reduced teaching loads, conference funding and research leave (3 cases). The Faculty is committed to encouraging personal research, alongside more strategic programmes. Measures to ensure this include: monitoring teaching loads and prioritising needs in the allocation of teaching relief, encouraging conference participation for research dissemination and networking and proactively targetting advice in the context of research and publication planning. The Centre for European Studies seminar series featuring internal and external speakers embraces all active European Studies researchers in a constructive forum for regular research debate. The University provides additional central support for researchers through the Centre for Research, Innovation and Industry (CRII), which offers, inter alia, specialist assistance in the drafting of bids for external funding.

7.3 Policies for supporting younger and newer researchers.The research achievements of European Studies at UWE have depended very much on appropriate support being offered to younger and newer researchers, in particular to those still working for or just having completed their PhD. Their needs are given priority in the allocation of QR and staff development funding to reduce teaching loads and to allow regular attendance at relevant conferences in the UK and abroad. They are encouraged to contribute to the Centre for European Studies’ seminar series and to participate in research-related events organised within the wider University, including workshops on applying for external research funding, on generic aspects of research training and on publication planning.

7.4 Category A* staff. In September 2000, Scriven took up a post as Academic Director at the European Business School London, Regent’s College, retaining a 0.2 appointment at UWE. The University immediately agreed to a new professorial appointment. Maclean, formerly a Reader at Royal Holloway, joined in 2001. The European focus and the different facets of her research (corporate governance and business elites, European political economy, European economic and industrial co-operation) will strengthen existing research activities and stimulate new ones.

7.5 Category B staff. Four colleagues have been entered as Category B staff. The Faculty has acted swiftly and strategically to replace the active researchers who left during the census period. Heras, who replaced Cannon (a senior lecturer in Hispanic Studies who accepted a post at Oxford Brookes) brings expertise on Catalonian culture and literature. In 2000, Corticelli was appointed to fill the gap in Hispanic studies, replacing Lambert (who completed his PhD at UWE in 1998 and had a highly creditable publication record before joining the University of Bath as a senior lecturer and head of department). Kockel was appointed at professorial level in 2000 to replace Saad (who moved to the Bristol Business School and is returned under Uoa43). A resulting shift within the research unit from an industrial to a socio-cultural and ethnological research perspective has already proved fruitful in terms of synergies with other colleagues. Picard, a researcher in French maritime culture, left in October 2000 to take up the post of deputy director at ESSEC, a postgraduate college near Paris linked with Stanford University.


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Copyright 2002 - HEFCE, SHEFC, ELWa, DEL

Last updated 17 October 2003

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