RA5a: Structure,environment and staffing policy
This Unit conducts research in the history of architecture and the staff are acknowledged international experts in their particular areas of research expertise: Campbell on aspects of Roman architecture and antiquities (his seminal work on the Paper Museum of Cassiano dal Pozzo), Rowan on the career and architecture of Robert Adam (his many publications on Adam and his invitations to speak at, e.g. the Frick Museum, New York), Holder on the Arts and Crafts movement and the work of Baillie Scott (his entries in Encyclopedias/Dictionaries published in English and Italian), Cameron on Romanesque architecture and sculpture in Scotland (his coverage of Scotland in the British Academy sponsored Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture in the British Isles) and Maggi on the iconography of Rosslyn Chapel (regular invitations to lecture/contribute to arts radio programmes in Britain and Italy). The Unit is based in the School of Architecture, Faculty of Environmental Studies, and incorporates the Scottish Centre for Conservation Studies, a leading centre for research and postgraduate education in the theory and practice of architectural conservation.
Research management, infrastructure and supportConsultancy and expert advice is given to professional groups and advisory bodies such as the Historic Buildings Council for Scotland, the RIAS, the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the National Trust for Scotland.
Edinburgh College of Art (ECA) is committed to a strong and well-defined research ethos. There is a dedicated Research Directorate which has responsibility for the strategic planning and monitoring of research activity through the Academic Planning and Audit Committee; it consists of two Faculty Research Directors and the Director of the Graduate Research School. School research plans are set within an institutional planning cycle and co-ordinated via Faculty Research Committees, on which senior research staff represent each school (Campbell and Holder in Architecture), chaired by the Faculty Research Director. These committees agree the research strategies for the Schools, monitor progress and allocate pump-priming resources for approved research initiatives. The Graduate Research School (GRS) has a College-wide function to support higher degree study by research and to monitor quality assurance mechanisms, while individual Schools, through the Faculty Research Committees, are responsible for discipline-specific research degree support, supervision and management.
The College, provides strong infrastructural support in terms of facilities and an Academic Development Fund, through the Academic Planning and Audit Committee, for new initiatives. The School of Architecture Research Committee determines research strategies, policies for supporting existing staff and attracting new staff, and financial plans for research. All staff have an annual development review at which research achievement is assessed, new proposals and opportunities are discussed, goals are set for the coming year and facilitating arrangements made to support research. Bids for research support are made via the School committees to the Faculty Research Committee; funds may cover travel (including conferences), subsistence or materials expenses, or staffing support/assistance to allow researchers to spend more time on their project. Funding at Faculty level is dependent on there being a refereed publication output clearly identified in an appropriate journal or equivalent. New researchers are allocated a senior mentor and attend internal and external research training sessions.
Regular series of lectures and Conservation Studies Masterclasses have supported research and scholarship in the School of Architecture. Speakers in 2001 have included Professor Leo Schmidt (Brandenburg University), Helen Hughes (English Heritage) and Peter McCurdy (designer/builder of the Globe Theatre, London). Faculty-wide research seminars are held on a fortnightly basis, where visiting experts and internal staff are invited to present their research. These provide fora for development of new initiatives and collaborations as well as for dissemination of best practice.
Researchers in architectural history are encouraged to focus on individual and often diverse areas of specialism, as enrichment to the School’s expertise. Individual collaboration (often international) tends to be with research experts in the same field in other institutions. Nonetheless, key areas of common interest have created internal synergies and allowed for mutual support of research development: firstly, the links between Italian and Scottish scholarship on Renaissance and eighteenth century architecture (Rowan, Campbell, Maggi) and, secondly, expertise in architectural conservation (Cameron, Holder, Rowan, Bell) focused on the Scottish Centre for Conservation Studies, which links with a range of disciplines including architects, surveyors and building engineers, and has international links with the School of Architecture in Venice and the Romanian Ministry of Culture, for example.
The ECA Graduate Research School has responsibility for common areas of research student support and quality assurance, including research methods courses, monitoring of student progress, training and support for new supervisors, nomination of examiners, etc.. In addition to the compulsory research methods course, there is a weekly seminar series which allows research students to expose their work to critical review by research staff and their peers. The MPhil/PhD programme provides education for the next generation of architectural historians and conservationists and students are encouraged to gain experience and feedback by presenting work at conferences and submitting papers for refereed publication.
Review of the Research Activities and Progress within the Review Period
(The College did not make a submission under this Unit of Assessment in 1996)
Dr Campbell, whose area of research is Roman and renaissance architecture, has worked on two important texts since 1994, to be published in 2001. He is chief author of the three-volume catalogue on ‘Roman Topography and Architecture’ which constitutes section IX in Series A (Antiquities and Architecture) of The Paper Museum of Cassiano dal Pozzo: a Catalogue Raisonné; Drawings and Prints in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle, the British Museum and other collections, edited by Amanda Claridge and published by Harvey Miller Publishers in London. The subscription booklet is already in circulation, listing Campbell’s contribution to the volumes, which will provide the authoritative text on the relevant areas of the collection. Also to be published in 2001 is The Architectural Drawings of Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and His Circle, Volume III: Drawings of Roman Antiquities in the Uffizi, edited by Christoph L Frommel and published by the Architectural History Foundation/MIT Press, New York. Campbell has already co-authored 30 catalogue raisonné entries and has since been asked to contribute another 10.
Campbell’s work includes a number of invited contributions to publications in addition to those cited in RA2. In 1996 his essays on ‘Pietro Cataneo’ and ‘Descriptions of Rome from the Middle Ages to the 18th Century’ appeared in the Macmillan Dictionary of Art, edited by J Stoaf Turner. In 1998 the CD-ROM published by The Warburg Institute Photographic Collection: a Census of Antique Works of Art and Architecture known to the Renaissance, contained 4730 records of monuments and documents which had been co-authored by Campbell. This constitutes c. 10% of the total number of records and is a significant contribution to the census, edited by Arnold Nesselrath and published by Biering and Brinkman in Munich.
Since 1994, Campbell has presented papers to conferences of the Architectural Heritage Society of Scotland, to the 2nd International Workshop on Archives and Excavations, (University of Oxford, 1998) and, by invitation, to the Institute of Historical Research (University of London). He reviews frequently for the Burlington Magazine (on ancient and Renaissance architecture) and for the Scottish Historical Review (on Scottish architecture), both the leading UK magazines in their field.
Holder, an expert on the history of modern architecture and design, came to ECA from being a Visiting Fellow in Victorian Studies at Chester College, with extensive experience in conservation on the re-survey of listed buildings in Wales for CADW (Welsh Historic Monuments) (1995-2000) and as a consultant on twentieth century building types for English Heritage (1994-96). He has lectured extensively in the UK, including at the Victoria and Albert Museum, the National Film Theatre and the Design Museum. He has also worked as a consultant to the Acanthus Group of practices which specialise in architectural conservation.
Holder is joint editor (with Stephen Parissien) of, and contributor to, a significant work to be published in 2001: The Architecture of British Transport in the 20th Century, volume 11 in the Paul Mellon Centre Studies in British Art, published by Yale University Press. This follows the successful conference on the same theme, organised and chaired by Holder, for the Paul Mellon Centre, in London in March 2000. He has been invited to write two entries on buildings by E. Vincent Harris in Manchester for the forthcoming 50th Anniversary volume of The Buildings of England, on Greater Manchester (ed. Clare Hartwell), to be published in 2001.
Holder is leading a project supported by the D’Oyle Carte Trust (£15k) and Historic Scotland (£33k), to research current provision in architectural conservation in the UK and prepare proposals for ‘Structured Support for CPD Development Accreditation in Architectural Conservation’, working to ICOMOS guidelines.
Cameron is an authority in the field of Romanesque architecture and sculpture; he was invited to contribute all the Scottish entries (some 100 principal sites) for the British Academy Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture in the British Isles and Ireland (an international project, to be published from 2001). His substantial article on early Romanesque churches in Scotland (see RA2, output 4) has established a revised chronology for a key period in Scottish architecture. His work on civic architecture in Scotland (see RA2, output 1) is the authoritative text on this subject and he has contributed a major article to the forthcoming Dictionary of Scottish Ethnology, edited by Alexander Fenton. Since 1994, in addition to the outputs cited in RA2, his publications have included contributions to the Atlas of Western Art History (eds J Steer and A White, New York, 1994), The World of Worship (on Scottish Church architecture, 1999, one of a number of publications by Cameron for the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS)), the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (1999) and publications by the British Archaeological Association (2000). He has also contributed catalogue essays and curatorships for exhibitions on 20th century art and pottery (e.g. Lochhead Pottery, 1999). He has acted as consultant to the Royal Museums of Scotland, the Crawford Arts Centre, St Andrews, Gracefield Arts Centre, Dumfries and the National Trust for Scotland. He is a regular contributor to Modern Painters and Prospect.
Professor Rowan is editor and author of the Penguin Buildings of Ireland series, on which he has continued to work since the first two volumes were published in 1979 and 1992. Rowan’s membership of numerous scholarly societies (e.g. the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain) and advisory bodies (e.g. Historic Buildings Council for Scotland) has enabled him to be actively concerned in the practical application of the historical and conservation issues within which he has focussed much of his research. He has been an invited speaker at Adam conferences in Syon, Osterley, Culzean, the National Galleries of Scotland and the Frick Museum, New York. Two of his papers in RA2 report continuing research into the Adam brothers’ work. He has been invited by the Soane Museum to curate an exhibition on the Roman contribution to Adam’s architecture for 2002/03.
Maggi’s research area is the iconography of eighteenth and early nineteenth century architecture, including particular links between Scottish and Italian architectural form and imagery. He is currently preparing an exhibition of illustrations and views of Rosslyn Chapel and Castle, Rosslyn: country of painter and poet, for the National Galleries of Scotland, to open in Spring 2002. He is curating the exhibition and catalogue jointly with Lady Helen Rosslyn. He is also curator for the collaboration between the Sir John Soane Museum and the Archive of Modernity in Mendrisio to produce an exhibition entitled Soane and the wooden bridges of Switzerland. It will be hosted in Mendrisio and the Museum of Architecture in Basle before reaching the Soane Museum in London (March to October 2002). The catalogue, also written by Maggi, will be published in English, Italian and German.
In addition to the publications listed in RA2, Maggi regularly contributes scholarly articles to art, design, photography and cultural publications (e.g. A Acciao Arte Architettura, 3, 2000, pp. 58-69, Fotologia: Studi di storia della fotografia 21, 2001, and numerous articles in Italia and Italy, the Magazine for the Italian Cultural Institute for Scotland and Northern Ireland, 1999 – 2000). He has been invited to present a paper on the Scottish-Italian influences in the Russian Empire of Catharine II and Alexander I at the Convention on Russian Neoclassical Architecture to be held at the Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice, 2001.
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Last updated 17 October 2003
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