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RA6a: Additional observations, Evidence of esteem

International recognition
Collaborative funded research includes Schneider’s EU-funded studies of carers in 14 countries (Schneider et al., 1999), and of employment interventions for substance abusers (with Italy and Portugal); family therapy (Carpenter, with Crane, Brigham Young University (BYU), USA and Lange, Amsterdam, presented at the American Assn. Marriage and Family Therapy, 1999); and therapeutic family support, with Pecora, Casey Foundation Washington, USA (in progress). CASS has agreed a formal research partnership for the sharing of methodologies and data exchange with the Family Studies Centre at BYU, which is one of the largest and best respected family research units in the States

Banks is one of the leading European authorities on ethics and the social professions. She has made numerous plenary presentations at European and national conferences in Norway, Italy, Holland, Czech Republic, France and Ireland. Her work has been published in Spanish, French and Italian. In 1999 she received a prestigious award from the UK Council for International Education to research international dimensions in teaching ethics in the education of the social professions which has involved collaboration with partners in 18 countries. In 2000-1 she has been awarded a Leverhulme Fellowship to pursue research on ethics and the changing social professions.

Glover was invited to present English mental health data gathering work at the European Union meeting in Tampere in October 1999 where the Finnish Presidency launched an EU initiative.

The group has been a member of a European network of schools of social work at whose annual conferences Iman and Hackett have given plenary addresses. Hackett presented to a new German-led research symposium on training for the social care professions (book forthcoming) and to the newly formed Ukrainian federation of schools of social work. Carpenter gave plenary presentations to Anglo-Dutch and UK/USA/Czech research conferences on family therapy. In addition, a total of 26 refereed papers have been presented at international conferences: Imam, (3), Schneider (12), Carpenter (7), Banks (4).
The Community and Youth Work Studies Unit annually welcomes research visits from Nordic academics, particularly from Malmö, Sweden and Oulu, Finland. Prof. Pearson (Social Work, Hong Kong) was awarded a 2001 Trevelyan College Research Fellowship at the University for collaborative comparative research on suicide with CASS. Carpenter is Visiting Research Professor (Hong Kong) and Visiting Professor, Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain.

Advisers on policy and practice
Frameworks and findings from Department of Health commissioned research on integrating health and local authority community mental health services were used directly in formulating criteria and standards for the government’s National Service Framework in Mental Health, published in 1999 and 2000 (Carpenter, Schneider 1999 and Barnes 1998), and in evaluating its implementation (Barnes, Carpenter and Glover, in progress). Glover developed the Department of Health’s new statistical framework for monitoring mental health care and is currently being retained by the Department as a consultant one-day per week (2000-1). Jeffs is a member of the joint Rowntree/National Youth Agency working party on the development of youth-related research, and a consultant to the Tavistock Institute. Hackett chairs the NOTA (Nat. Organisation on Treatment of Abusers) policy committee and has advised Barnados, New Zealand.

Banks’ research on professional ethics has been used in working towards a national code of ethics for youth work in the UK, on behalf of the National Youth Agency, and in revising the social work code for Norway. Carpenter advised the Social Work Department, Government of Hong Kong on mental health policy pre-independence, and the Korean National Assembly has seconded a senior policy adviser for three years to undertake PhD research under his supervision with a view to developing its community care policies.

Carpenter was co-editor (1989-98) of the Journal of Family Therapy, during which time it rose to No. 2 ranking internationally by the Social Sciences Citation Index. Spence, Banks, Imam and Jeffs have been editors and book review editor respectively of Youth & Policy. Jeffs is a board member of the new Scottish Youth Issues journal. In addition, staff are assessors for BJSW, Children in Society, Social Work Education, J. Interprofessional Care, Health & Social Care in the Community, J. Community and Applied Social Psychology, J. of Mental Health, Mental Health Policy and Economics, Ageing and Mental Health, Policy and Politics, International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Staff regularly assess research proposals for the Department of Health R&D initiatives, the ESRC, Nuffield and Rowntree Foundations, PPP Health Care, and the Scottish Executive.

organised the first national conference on youth work ethics and the European Seminar on Ethical Dilemmas in Social Education Work (both 1999). Jeffs organised the first and second History of Community and Youth Work conferences (1998 and 2001).

In 1999, Carpenter was elected as one of 65 Founding Academicians of the new Academy of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences. He has acted as external assessor for reviews of social work research at two leading UK centres and externally examined six PhDs, including two by staff publication. Jeffs has examined three PhDs and Banks one.

Impact of research (to date)
We have evidence that our research influences a variety of users and cite some examples below:

Service users and carers: Carpenter and Sbraini’s (1997) Rowntree-funded participatory research demonstrated both how to involve users and carers in care management in mental health provided evidence of positive benefits and has attracted international interest in the Netherlands, Spain, and Israel as well as the UK. The County Durham Investing in Children project (Banks) ascertained young people’s views on all services impacting on their lives. Findings led to a series of initiatives to re-configure and re-orientate a range of local authority, voluntary and health services.

Community groups: Over a dozen research projects have been undertaken by the Community and Youth Work Studies Unit for community-based voluntary organisations, enabling them to re-organise and develop their work – for example, a study of community capacity building for two Groundwork Trusts, an evaluation of Durham Young People’s Centre and an assessment of the needs of young people in rural Richmondshire.

Practitioners: Banks (with Imam) has pioneered work on professional ethics in youth work. Her new theoretical frameworks have been used to develop ethical guidelines through national consultations and conferences for practitioners within the UK and beyond. Meanwhile, Jeffs is almost certainly the most frequently cited UK author on youth work and youth policy. His prolific and challenging work has a major impact on the development of thinking in the discipline and occupational group. Spence is a key contributor to feminist theory in youth work.
Policy makers: Carpenter and Schneider’s comprehensive studies of community mental services were used by the NHS Executive in drawing up the new guidelines for mental health practice (Modernising the Care Programme Approach, 2000). Among the first empirical studies of the impact on staff, carers and mental health service users in the UK of integrated health and social care, this research has been promoted to the regional health and social care offices and will continue to influence service development. Glover’s research demonstrating inequalities in health authority funding of mental health services resulted in a new annual surveillance of this issue by the Department of Health.

Planners and commissioners: Barnes has developed for the Department of Health the first comprehensive national database of mental health services in England (the "Doomsday Book of mental health"), with a three-year contract to map and monitor services. This is the key element in the monitoring of the National Service Framework, reporting to Ministers. Schneider has pioneered research into the costs and benefits of employment for people with mental health problems in the UK and her 1998 review of the evidence is cited by practitioners and planners.

Researchers: The 5-year study of interprofessional education in community mental health (Carpenter and Barnes) is recognised (c.f. J. of Interprofessional Care) as the most ambitious yet attempted, and elements of its methodology are already being replicated nationally and internationally (British Columbia, Canada and SUNY, USA). Schneider’s EU-funded research on carers is being extended to Polish researchers with British Academy support.

Users of this website should note that the information is not intended to be a complete record of all research centres in the UK

Copyright 2002 - HEFCE, SHEFC, ELWa, DEL

Last updated 17 October 2003

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