RA6a: Additional observations, Evidence of esteem1. Evidence of Esteem
a. Research Activity not eligible for RA2
Hampson and Boyle have been responsible for the advancement of the jurisprudence of the European Convention on Human Rights with respect to situations of systematic gross human rights violations through the many cases they have won before the European Court of Human Rights against the Turkish Government for its practices in South-East Turkey. Further, five members of the department, Rodley, Boyle, Hampson, Wright and Gilbert, constituted the expert contributors to the BBC 2 documentary, Human Rights MAP, which opened a week of programmes celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948. Gilbert and Leader have been used by the World Service as a consultant and presenter for a series on international human rights to be broadcast in 2001; a series has now been planned by the World Service, again with Gilbert as consultant, and with several members of the Department now providing analysis on various rights.
b. Peer esteem for individuals and groups
(i) Impact of Research: Advice to International Organisations and Governments
The quality of research at Essex is evidenced by the numerous occasions on which members of the Department have been called on to give advice to international organisations, United Kingdom government departments, independent research bodies and overseas governments, reflecting the specialist areas of research expertise cultivated within the Department.
In the field of Human Rights, Rodley is United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture and was elected in September 2000 to be a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee. He has also been appointed to the Torture Panel of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. He was knighted in the 1999 New Year’s Honours for his services to international law and human rights. Hampson is a member of the United Nations Sub-Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. She has also been a member of the Steering Committee of the Study on Customary Law for the International Committee of the Red Cross. Hunt is Rapporteur of the United Nations Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee, and is on the Advisory Panel of Eminent Specialists for the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report 2000. Gilbert was a member of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ Study Group (Geneva) on housing for returnees. He has a continuing commitment to prepare an annual report on ECHR jurisprudence relating to minority rights (E/CN.4/Sub.2/AC.5/2000/CRP.1) for the United Nations Working Group on Minority Rights and was appointed an expert consultant by UNHCR on exclusion, terrorism and refugee status in September 2000 for the Global Consultations on International Protection in the context of the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Hampson, Gilbert and Peers have each acted on separate occasions for UNHCR in training programmes in Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans. Gilbert has worked for the Council of Europe in a variety of training projects in Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia and the Russian Federation (Siberia, the Urals and the Kalmyk Republic). Wright has also worked for the Council of Europe in Siberia and the Urals. Peers has done the same in Romania. Hampson was used by the FCO to train West African peacekeepers in Ghana. Members of the Department have been consulted by various non-governmental organizations in the United Kingdom and beyond. Notable are Françoise Hampson’s membership of the Policy Advisory Panel of Save the Children Fund (UK) and the board of the British Institute of Human Rights. Similarly, Rodley sits on the board of Justice. Gilbert was appointed by the Foundation for Inter-Ethnic Relations (The Hague) to train the Romanian Government’s Department for the Protection of National Minorities. Ward has been retained to advise on a complaint against Australia to the United Nations Human Rights Committee. Hampson, Rodley and Hadfield trained judges in human rights on behalf of the Judicial Studies Board.
With respect to European Community Law, Anderman acted as expert adviser to the Economic and Social Committee of European Union on competition policy. Stone addressed the Irish Judicial Studies Institute at the behest of Academy of European Law Trier. Dine, Leader and Dahan have been used in conjunction with the Institut International de Paris La Défense, Université Paris X, as experts on European Community Law for a PHARE/TACIS project with the Russian Ministry of Commerce. Dahan advised the Law Society of England and Wales, Joint Insolvency Law Sub-Committee, on the European Union 1995 Draft Convention on Insolvency Proceedings. McCormack is the Irish representative on the Trento Project, based in Brussels. Ward has advised the governments of Poland and Lithuania on issues pertaining to accession to the European Union and directed a project on behalf of the United Kingdom government concerned with training Polish judges prior to accession. Woods has acted as consultant to the Baltic Media Centre. EU funding has been provided to translate her work into the languages of the new applicant countries.
In the area of Public Law, Sunkin gave evidence to the Bowman Committee (the Lord Chancellor's committee reviewing the Crown Office list); his work has also been heavily cited (see below). Dahan helped prepare the ‘First Report on Legal Education and Training’ for the Lord Chancellor’s Advisory Committee on Legal Education and Conduct. Watt advised the Association of Electoral Administrators. Leader is a regular participant in seminars on public policy held at 11 Downing Street with the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
In the field of Family Law, the Children’s Legal Centre produced Young People and Drugs: Policy Guidance for Drug Interventions with the Standing Conference on Drug Abuse. Hamilton was a member of the UK government committee for drafting the second report under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, submitted to the Committee on the Rights of the Child in 1999. She also acted as a United Nations expert on juvenile justice in Uganda in 2000.
Gilbert was cited by the House of Lords in Horvath v Secretary of State for the Home Department, 6 July 2000, and by the United Nations Working Group on Minorities (See United Nations Doc.E/CN.4/Sub.2/AC.5/1999/WP.1, and .../2000/WP.4). Stone was cited by Tesauro AG in Case C-106/95: MSG v Les Gravières Rhénanes,  ECR I-911 (European Court of Justice), and by Moses J in City of Gotha v Sotheby's, 9th September 1998 (English High Court). Peers by Fennelly AG in Case C-392/95 Parliament v Council, La Pergola AG in the first and second opinions on Case C-292.96 Surul, and Case C-179/98 Mesbah. Anderman was cited by Tesauro AG in Case C-167/97, R v Secretary of State for Employment, ex parte Seymour Smith  All ER (EC) 97. Woods was cited on a matter of E.C. law by the High Court of Justice of the Isle of Man - Chancery Division in Manx Ices v Department of Local Goverment and the Environment and Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Palmer was cited in Stubbings v United Kingdom before the European Commission of Human Rights and in the Law Commission Report on Limitation of Actions, Consultation Document 151. Rodley has been cited in the Israeli Supreme Court (GSS case, 1999), the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (Furundzija), and in Aydin v Turkey before the European Court of Human Rights.
(iii) Externally Funded Research
RA4 only reveals those monies that have passed through the University’s accounts in each year of the RAE period; it does not reveal the amount of funding available to ongoing projects funded before 1996, nor those projects in which members of the Department are involved and where, often at the behest of the funding organization, the monies pass through another University’s account.
In addition to £28,000 from the University’s own Research Promotion Fund, the Department has engaged in approximately £1,200,000 worth of externally funded projects. Anderman is part of a £300,000 research project on industrial relations in the University’s Institute of Labour Research. Sunkin has received funding from the ESRC for two projects - The Dynamics of Judicial Review Litigation (£152,950) and the Impact of Judicial Review (£53,306). Richard Cornes is part of the ongoing ESRC funded Top Courts Project. Frédérique Dahan received £5,000 from the British Academy and £1,000 from SPTL for joint research with McCormack. Jim Gobert received a British Academy grant for his work on the Jury and by a grant from the King’s Fund and the ESRC with respect to his project with the Department of Government on Citizen Juries. Hamilton has received funding for two projects from the Nuffield Foundation to research into, Disputed Contact Proceedings (£50,000+) Child Refuges and Homelessness (£9,000), and Drug Intervention for Looked-After Children (£46,500 - a joint project with the University's Health and Social Studies Institute) was funded by the Department of Health. Bowring, in conjunction with academics from the Department of Government, SSEES and Birmingham, received £40,000 from the ESRC for research on Ukraine.
At the group level, the Children and Armed Conflict Unit, headed by Hamilton and Hampson, has received £12,000 so far for an ongoing project. The Human Rights Centre has received research funding totalling over £½ million during the period. It was used to complete the World Report on Freedom of Thought, Belief, Conscience and Religion, and to continue the ongoing work on the Democratic Audit and the OSCE Human Dimension Monitoring Project. Related to the latter, the HRC received over £12,000 from the FCO to place a Researcher in Residence at the Prague office of the OSCE investigating Monitoring of the Human Dimension since 1995. The major events of the period, however, were, first, the Department for International Development Conference on the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights in Acute Crisis (£89,000, including publication of the Report) and, secondly, the FCO funded research into the reporting of torture allegations leading to a conference at Essex bringing together experts from around the world and a report translated into six languages and launched by the Foreign Secretary in London and Geneva; over 11,000 copies have been distributed worldwide and a further 5,000 copies have been downloaded from the University’s website.
(iv) External Academic Acknowledgement of International Excellence
Wright is the United Kingdom national director of the Project on Fundamental Rights in Europe and North America, based at Osnabrück University. Ong has been appointed co-rapporteur to the International Law Association’s newly established Committee on the Outer Continental Shelf. Leader’s theories on tolerance are to be the subject of a session at a conference in Manchester of the United Kingdom Association of Social and Legal Philosophy. His work on the theory of adjudication has been the subject of an article by L. Begin 38 Les Cahiers de Droit (Université de Laval) 417 (1997) and his articles on the theory of toleration are the subject of extensive analysis by M. Entrêves in Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (Forthcoming, 2001) and in a chapter in Paolo Comanducci, Assaggi di metaetica, Giappichelli, Torino, 1998. He has also been appointed to the HBK Savings Bank Chair in Legal Theory in the European Academy of Legal Theory, Brussels. Sunkin has been invited to Texas as an “outstanding country expert” and “one of the most notable scholars on law and the courts in the United Kingdom”, to address the United States National Science Foundation co-funded project with six U.S. universities on the Role of the Courts and Judges. Anderman’s book in competition law has been described as invaluable by the European Intellectual Property Review. Dine’s book on corporate governance has been said to be “an important contribution to the literature” - (2001) 64 Modern Law Review 147. Numerous members of the Department have had work translated into foreign languages (eg. Italian, French, Spanish, Russian, Latvian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Polish) for wider distribution of their views.
(v) Editorial Boards
Hadfield is editor of the Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly. Members of the Department sit on the following Boards: British Year Book of International Law, European Human Rights Law Review, Journal of Armed Conflict Law, Law and Critique, International Criminal Law Review, Canadian Journal of International Business Law and Policy, Social and Legal Studies, Industrial Law Journal, Industrial Relations Law Reports, Nottingham Law Journal, International Journal of the Legal Profession, Company Lawyer, Journal of Money Laundering Control, Journal of European Financial Services Law, Asia-Pacific Journal of Environmental Law, the Utilities Law Review, the Mountbatten Journal of Legal Studies, Amicus Curiae and the Web Journal of Current Legal Issues.
Staff have acted as referees for: the ESRC, the Nuffield Foundation, the EU TEMPUS/TACIS Programme, the Economic and Social Committee of the EU, the Selection Committee for Contracts and Competition Initiative at the Department of Trade and Industry, the Modern Law Review, Public Law, Legal Studies, Public Administration, British Journal of Political Science, the Department for International Development’s Know How Fund, Legal and Social Theory, the International and Comparative Law Quarterly, the Review of International Studies, the Human Rights Quarterly, Information and Communications Technology Law, the Journal of Common Market Studies, Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, and the Association of Commonwealth Universities.
(vii) External Research Degrees
Staff have acted as external examiners with respect to research degrees (M.Phil. and Ph.D) at the following institutions:- the Universities of Manchester, Aberystwyth, Aberdeen, Lancaster, Warwick, Leeds, Cambridge, Nottingham, Exeter, Birmingham, Capetown, U C L, the University of East Anglia, U C Wales, Cardiff, Durham, and the Queen’s University of Belfast.
Copyright 2002 - HEFCE, SHEFC, ELWa, DEL
Last updated 17 October 2003