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RA5a: Structure,environment and staffing policy

1 Promotion of research and development of an active research culture
Research Culture SSEES and UCL merged in August 1999. Both institutions welcomed this as a means of developing their respective strengths in the study of Europe. SSEES continues to operate under its own internal management but reporting to the UCL Faculties of Arts & Humanities and Social & Historical Sciences. SSEES participates fully in the planning and development of research at UCL. The research culture at SSEES is initiated, developed and sustained in five ways, reflecting the combination of discipline and multidisciplinary and area approaches both to the major parts of Eastern Europe and the area as a whole.

First, the four SSEES Centres (Russian Studies, South-East European Studies, Central European Studies, Study of Nationalism in Europe) and four Departments (History, Social Sciences, Russian, East European Languages and Culture) facilitate a multidisciplinary approach to the regions, disciplines and the questions with which SSEES is concerned. Academic members of SSEES belong to a Department and are normally attached to at least one centre either in SSEES or elsewhere in UCL. The Centres and Departments, each of which has a physical presence, are a critical driving force in initiating, developing and sustaining research in SSEES. (See under ‘Research Groups’, ‘Research Strategy’).

Second, SSEES research seminars and conferences, held under the auspices of either a Centre or a Department provide for both a national and international exchange on issues across all the disciplines (literature, language, culture, history, anthropology, economics, geography, politics, sociology) and regions (from the Baltic Sea to the Balkans, from Germany to the Urals) in which SSEES works. SSEES research seminars and conferences are normally planned with a view to publication. Typical attendance at a SSEES research seminar is 15-35; at a conference 50-120. Over the assessment period 28 research seminar series and 37 research conferences have taken place.

Third, permanent SSEES staff and research students benefit from the presence in the School of (a) retired staff members; (b) honorary visiting fellows (senior academics from other UK institutions and abroad) and others who visit SSEES for periods of two months to a year (121 persons have spent time in SSEES over the assessment period); (c) teacher/ fellows: currently eight young academics, each from a SSEES country, on secondment to SSEES for an academic year with staff status (27 persons have spent time in SSEES over the assessment period). SSEES values in particular the presence of scholars from the countries it studies as an excellent way of ensuring a flow of ideas about a region that is changing rapidly and is studied by few specialists in the UK.

Fourth, the research ethos is enhanced by the School’s work as an international publisher of research on Russia, Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. SSEES publishes three refereed journals: Slavonic and East European Review (general editor/Rady, quarterly, with the MHRA; one of the two leading journals in the field internationally), Slovo (annually, produced by SSEES postgraduate students, also with international circulation), and Solanus (annually, an international journal for Russian and East European Bibliographic, Library and Publishing Studies); and two refereed book series: Russia and East Europe jointly with Palgrave/Macmillan (21 volumes over the assessment period) and the SSEES Occasional Papers book series (20 volumes over the assessment period).

Fifth, the richness and breadth of the SSEES Library’s research collections (see 5 below) attract scholars from all over the world, thereby enhancing the research culture in which staff and students work and stimulating new ideas and areas of study.

Mechanisms and Practices The School’s research priorities are set out in its Academic Plan 1998/2003 and are reviewed annually by the SSEES Board. Generation of ideas for individual, collaborative and interdisciplinary research within the Plan’s priorities is an iterative process that takes place among staff in SSEES departments and research centres, and is also a product of ongoing projects, research seminars and conferences. The Research Policy and Funding Committee provides the mechanism for implementing research projects. Reactively, it allocates funds for research pump-priming activities, and conference participation and/or organisation, advises the SSEES Board and Senior Management Group on study-leave applications and reports, and reviews publication activities. Proactively, it generates research ideas for consideration in SSEES departments and centres, and advises on the research sections of the Academic Plan. SSEES encourages staff to apply for externally funded research readerships and professorships, and operates a research leave scheme of one year after seven years. Additionally, leave is granted outside this cycle for the completion of particular projects, depending on the quality of the project, the applicant’s track record, and the School’s ability to cover teaching during the applicant’s absence. SSEES has had considerable success in attracting AHRB, British Academy and Leverhulme funding for this purpose (see 3 below), and in special circumstances makes funding available from its own resources. SSEES also grants leave of absence for up to two weeks during teaching terms for participation in a relevant research activity.

2 Research Groups
The four SSEES centres and four departments provide an intellectual and physical base for clusters of scholars (staff, postgraduates, independent researchers) investigating specific comparative questions. Clusters also assemble for various multidisciplinary research projects (e.g. through study days, seminars, conferences). Centres have monitoring groups and subject/discipline sub-groups which provide intellectual sounding-boards for project ideas leading to funding bids. These groups also plan and monitor collaborative projects, and organise multidisciplinary seminars and conferences on specific themes. The achievements of the centres, departments and sub-groups are facilitation of primary research leading to publications, and enhancement of the working and intellectual environment for staff and postgraduate students. Recent examples of collaborative activity relating to the interests of the Centres and leading to publication are: Centre for Russian Studies (CRS): Hosking, Service (eds), Reinterpreting Russia (1999); Davidson (ed.), Russian Literature and Its Demons (2000); McMillin (ed.), Reconstructing the Canon: Russian Writing in the 1980s (2000); Hughes (ed.), Peter the Great and the West (2000); Centre for the Study of Central Europe (CSCE): Bartlett, Schönwälder (eds), The German Lands and Eastern Europe (1998); Pynsent (ed.), The Phoney Peace. Politics and Culture in Central Europe 1945-49 (2000); Centre for South-East European Studies (CSEES): Bracewell et al. (eds), special edition of Balkanologie (1999) on concepts of the Balkans; Centre for the Study of Nationalism in Europe (CSNE): Pynsent (ed.), The Literature of Nationalism. Essays on East European Identity (1996); Schöpflin, Hosking (eds), Myths and Nationhood (1998).
The following sub-groups act under a departmental and/or centre umbrella (see 3, 4 below): Economics (Mickiewicz, Radošević, Smith, Walker); Politics (Brown, Duncan, Ledeneva, Popovski, Schöpflin, Williams); Sociology/Anthropology (Chirico, Duijzings, Kolankiewicz, Schwandner-Sievers); Geography (Carter, Hamilton); Russian Literature and Culture (Aizlewood, Borovsky, Cavendish, Davidson, Graffy, Grayson, McMillin, Sealey Rahman, Wigzell); Russian History (Bartlett, Bitis, Hosking, Hughes, Morrissey, Slater); North-East Baltic Region (Bartlett, Branch, Duncan, Kirby, Mickiewicz, Popovski, Schöpflin); German Studies (Friedrich, Kirby, Schiller); Polish Studies (Babiuch-Luxmoore, Carter, Eile, Friedrich, Hamilton, Kolankiewicz, Mickiewicz, Zechenter); Czech and Slovak Studies (Beasley-Murray, Chirico, Pynsent, Rady, Williams); Hungarian Studies (Abondolo, Rady, Schöpflin); Romanian Studies (Deletant, Haynes, Rady, Smith, Walker). Other research groupings which are either active in SSEES or attached to it include the Russian Press Study Group (weekly study of the Russian media by staff and postgraduate students generating research ideas), and the SSEES-affiliated Study Group on Education in Russia, the CIS and Eastern Europe which networks education specialists in UK universities and abroad (e.g. conference leading to publication of Webber, Liikanen (eds), Beyond Civil Society, 2001).

3 Examples of linkage between research income and individual research
The number of research grants obtained by SSEES staff in 1999/00 was the highest ever and is expected to increase in 2000/01. The income listed in RA4, in respect of individuals, supports research conducted by (a) SSEES academic staff fulltime from one to five years (e.g. British Academy Research Readership, Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship and Professorship, AHRB Research-Leave grants); (b) researchers engaged to work on a project supervised by a SSEES member (e.g. ESRC, ACE, MHRA); (c) postdoctoral fellows from one to three years (e.g. British Academy, Leverhulme, Polish Science Foundation, Grabowski Fund, FCO); (d) research conferences and seminars (e.g. British Academy, British Council, FCO, Grabowski Fund, Mercedes-Benz). Five grants under (a), two under (b) and three under (c) are ongoing until 2002, 2003 and 2004. (See research Themes below where specific reference is made to funded projects).

4 Role and relative contribution in collaborative projects
‘Democracy in Ukraine’ (ESRC, partners in Universities of Essex, Birmingham; Wilson awarded £30.3K; 30% of grant; ongoing); ‘Fall of Srebrenica’ (Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (RIOD); Duijzings researched and wrote the anthropological section of the report with grant £126K; approx. 15% of project); ‘Workshop for the Writing and Teaching of Balkan History’ (SSEES/British Council partnership/£18K; organised by Hawkesworth, leading to research articles and ongoing collaborations with South-East European institutions);PIPVIC2’ (Piloting IP Videoconferencing; partners: UCL, Universities of Wales (Aberystwyth), Essex, Exeter, Westminster, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow Caledonian, Glasgow, Manchester, St Andrews; SSEES grant £6.6K; 10% of project); ‘Multimedia Education and Conferencing Collaboration over ATM Networks and Others’ (partners: UCL, Communications Research Centre, Canada, Hewlett-Packard European Laboratories, INRIA Sophia Antipolis, New Learning AS, Universities of Bremen, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Freiburg, Mannheim, Stuttgart, Oslo, Shell International Exploration and Production, Teles AG; SSEES grant £13.7K; 5% of project); ‘Economic impact of exclusion from EU and EMU: Balkans and Baltics’ (ESRC, partner: London Business School; SSEES Smith; grant £46K; 50% of project; ongoing); ‘Development of European Studies MA in Hungary (British Council, Hungarian Ministry of Education; partner: Berzseny Daniel College, Szombathely: SSEES Schöpflin; grant £15,000; 50% of project; ongoing); ‘Emerging Industrial Architecture of the Wider Europe’ (ESRC, partners: Social Science Policy Unit, Sussex; SSEES Radošević; grant £138K; 90% of project; ongoing).

5 Research infrastructure and facilities for research students
As set out above, the research infrastructure has flexible mechanisms for operating a study leave and research support programme. The SSEES Library (some 370,000 books, 1,100 current periodicals, online database, manuscript archive) is a designated collection of national research importance, recognised by the award of HEFCE Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) access and project funding, and substantial earlier awards under the Follett programme. Since merger with UCL in 1999, the SSEES Library has become one of the eighteen libraries in UCL, allowing SSEES/UCL staff and students ready access to rich and complementary collections. SSEES Library staff are active in national committees for library provision for Russian and East European studies, and the Library is a member of a Collaborative Collection Management Project funded by the RSLP, together with the British Library, Bodleian and Glasgow University Libraries. The Library is involved in two recent bids to the AHRB for projects to enhance access to web-based information in its area, supports all SSEES C&IT activity, and also provides a heavily used web-based directory of information resources to support teaching and research. Over recent years, the Library has developed a unique collection of Russian and East European film and documentary material built up by recording material from satellite and terrestrial transmissions, as well as purchase of commercial videos. SSEES researchers also have available within walking distance other libraries central to their research (British Library, School of Oriental and African Studies, Institute of Historical Research, LSE, German Historical Research Institute, King’s College London).

The SSEES Graduate Programme is managed by the Graduate Tutor (Pynsent) assisted by a Graduate Studies Assistant. SSEES currently has 45 students registered for either full- or part-time research (15 with external funding) and 13 continuation students writing up their theses. SSEES awards its own top-up bursaries in all fields of study. SSEES graduates also apply for UCL bursaries. SSEES plays a full role in the work of the UCL Graduate School (the SSEES Graduate Tutor is a member of the UCL Graduate School Committee) and follows its code of practice for student supervision. Two supervisors are assigned to each student who can expect to meet supervisors at least once a month in their first and second years. SSEES graduate students attend in-house training in research and other key skills, and acquire the appropriate generic and transferable skills. Students are upgraded from MPhil to PhD following a panel discussion consisting of a presentation by the student based on some 15,000 words of written work followed by discussion with at least three teachers. SSEES postgraduates have access through the UCL Graduate School to training in language, thesis writing, statistics courses and workshops, presentation courses, and guidance in preparing research grant applications. PhD students normally complete within four years. The 1999/00 completion rate was the highest since 1995/96. Within SSEES, postgraduates have two representatives on the SSEES Board, their own Common Room and newsletter. Support is provided for postgraduates to organise their own research conferences which operate at an international level; so far one has taken place in London (1999 ‘Between the Bloc and a Hard Place’) with a follow-up in Warsaw (2000). The research ethos is also enhanced by Slovo (now in its thirteenth year), a refereed scholarly journal edited by SSEES postgraduates and publishing research articles and reviews related to the study of the SSEES region by students at SSEES and elsewhere. SSEES also helps its postgraduates to publish their research either as articles or monographs.

Research Strategy
1 Strategic development
The organisation and infrastructure of SSEES have undergone fundamental change since the 1996 RAE, enhancing the way in which both the individual and groups of scholars go about their research. The fast-changing conditions in the SSEES region, as it experiences transition and adjusts to EU enlargement, and the consequent changes in the wider New Europe, have forced a reconsideration of basic assumptions, challenging boundaries (between disciplines and regions) and setting a new agenda in European Studies. Merger with UCL also underpins SSEES research in a wider European context, and contributes to the critical mass needed to support it.

The School’s distinctive strength lies in the multidimensional coverage of its area through language, literature and culture, history and the social sciences. This provides what HEFCE calls ‘triangulation’ and which it regards as the most appropriate basis for area studies: namely the bringing together of language, area studies and discipline expertise. A crucial element here is specialist language knowledge, allowing direct access to a region in its vernacular. SSEES is also committed to a firm foundation in disciplines, supported through departmental organisation and, at the postgraduate level, by compulsory methodology courses in cultural and literary theory, historiography, and social science methods. This provides the conceptual tools for interdisciplinary study, lays the foundation for fruitful intercourse between the humanities and social sciences, and encourages methodological awareness and the articulation of theoretical issues. Such concerns brought about the four SSEES centres as co-ordinating bodies for interdisciplinary research: CRS (Director: Prof. Hughes), CSCE (Director: Prof. Pynsent), CSEES (Director: Dr Bracewell), CSNE (Director: Prof. Schöpflin). All these factors have influenced the decision no longer to submit to four UoAs (39, 54a, 54b, 59) but to European Studies as a single submission.

2 Aims and objectives SSEES undertook a fundamental review of its Academic Plan in 1997/98. The outcome was a plan for the period 1998/03; this was recently reviewed to run to 2005. In the deployment of research resources, the Academic Plan lays down a framework for social, historical and cultural studies which illuminate aspects of the following seven themes in relation to the SSEES region. 1 New political and economic systems. 2 Political developments in Russia and the Soviet successor states; Russia’s role in Europe. 3 Political and economic developments in South-Eastern and Central Europe. 4 Representations and discourses of identities. 5 The writing and rewriting of history. 6 Literature and culture from the Middle Ages to the present. 7 Women’s writing, feminism and gender. In each of these research areas, the SSEES resource is the largest of any single UK institution. SSEES is confident that current research plans, monitored by the SSEES Board with adjustments as required, provide a suitable framework for at least five years ahead. Note: published outcomes of these projects are cited in RA2; in most cases the research is ongoing and will lead to further publications.

Theme 1 All four SSEES economists work on problems associated with new economic systems. Work includes the emergence of a new industrial architecture (Radošević), relations with the EU during the transition, especially foreign economic relations, measurement of transition economies and the implications for the political economy of the region (Walker, Kolankiewicz), growth of a market economy (Smith), restructuring of labour (Kolankiewicz, Smith, Mickiewicz [grants: Phare-Ace £23K; Framework V £45K]), alleviation of social deprivation (Kolankiewicz), and policies for growth, technological transfer industrial networks (Radošević [grants: EC £11K; Framework V £61K], Smith, Walker). Contribution to this work is also made by research assistants Yorük, Habib and Bishop. Hamilton specialises in location of industry, and transformation of space and impacts of globalisation on Central and East European cities. He has been assisted in this work by Dr T. Stryakiewicz, Postdoctoral Fellow in Spatial Studies [grants: 1999/00 Polish Science Foundation £10K, FCO £5K, Grabowski Fund £5K]. Carter’s research on trade and urban development focuses on Central (especially Poland and the Czech Republic) and South-Eastern Europe in a historical context. Attention has also focused on foreign direct investment, especially in Poland (Hamilton, Mickiewicz, Radošević), assisted by Dr M. Weresa (1998/99 Postdoctoral Fellow in Economics [grants: Polish Science Foundation £10K, FCO £5K, Grabowski Fund £5K] and Professor U. Varblane (1998/99 Leverhulme Postdoctoral Fellow in Economics [grant £19K], leading in 2000 to publication of Foreign Direct Investment in a Transition Economy). Ledeneva’s research on informal practices in the present-day Russian economy provides social, political and economic dimensions to this theme, while Kolankiewicz’s study of the sociology of transition provides an informed context for research on this theme.

Theme 2 Political developments in Russia and the successor states are addressed by several staff. Duncan works on national identity, foreign policy, Russia’s relations with its neighbours; Brown on development of regional politics in Russia [grant: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship £79K]; Ledeneva on politics and society, corruption, networking [British Academy grants £8.3K]; Slater on political ideas, nationalism, church-state relations. Concerning the successor states Wilson has written extensively on state-building, contemporary politics (especially the emergence of democracy), and identity questions in Ukraine; his current work, based on surveys, concentrates on questions of Ukrainian nationalism. Popovski has researched minority issues in Lithuania and is now developing similar research in a Balkan context. Deletant has written about political identity in Moldova.

Theme 3 Schöpflin writes about the politics of the whole of Central and South-Eastern Europe with particular reference to integration issues (in which he holds a Jean Monnet Chair). Carter covers the whole region in respect of geopolitical perspectives, spatial patterns and trends. Before his death, Sword acquired an international reputation as a specialist in Polish migration studies. Working with a Postdoctoral Fellow in Migration Studies, Dr K. Iglicka [grants: Polish Science Foundation £10K, FCO £5K, Grabowski Fund £5K], their research led to two major publications: The Challenge of East-West Migration for Poland, 1998, and (edited posthumously by Hamilton, Minorities Old and New in Poland, 2000). Kolankiewicz researches Polish politics in both a national and international context; he also supervises a project on labour restructuring of industry in Poland, conducted by Dr J. Babiuch-Luxmoore, Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Labour Studies [grants: Polish Science Foundation £10K, FCO £10K]. Rady works on minorities in Central and Eastern Europe and has contributed to the Minority Rights Group’s World Directory of Minorities. Chirico concentrated on the Roma minority in Central and Eastern Europe with particular reference to the Czech Republic and Slovakia [British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: £67K]. Deletant has written extensively on Romanian politics during the Ceauşescu regime [Nuffield Foundation grant: £4K], while the downfall of Ceauşescu and subsequent political developments form part of Siani-Davies’ research. Siani-Davies also works with Bracewell on security and post-conflict reconciliation in the Balkans [British Council, FCO grants: £8.8K]. In July 2000 Deletant started a three-year project on the politics of memory in South-Eastern Europe [grant: Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship £86K]. Smith is an authority on Romanian and Hungarian economics. Walker works on Romania in respect of political economy and in this capacity has been a consultant to the Economist Intelligence Unit. Three scholars write about the politics of identity in the former Yugoslavia (Bracewell, Popovski, Hawkesworth [British Council grant £4K]). The politics of ethnicity in the Balkans is the subject of Popovski’s ongoing research (having recently completed a major project on this question in Lithuania). The research of Duijzings and Schwandner-Sievers has examined this in the specific circumstances of Kosovo and Albania. Williams has published prize-winning research on Czech politics and also writes widely on the politics of Slovakia [Overseas Development Agency grant: £2.8K]. He supervised Dr M. Kovats’ ESRC project on minority self-government in Hungary [grant: £45K]. His work on security in Eastern Europe has focused heavily on legislative oversight of executive agencies. Together with Deletant, he has published ground-breaking research on the security services of the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Romania.
Theme 4 Research into national, regional, local and other identities forms part of the output of colleagues working in all the disciplines represented in SSEES: Russia (Duncan, Hosking, Slater, Aizlewood, Graffy, Wigzell); Poland (Davies, Eile, Friedrich, Sword); Czech Republic and Slovakia (Pynsent, Williams); Hungary (Schöpflin, Rady); Finnish (Branch, Kirby); Latvian (Bartlett); Serbia and Croatia (Hawkesworth, Popovski, Bracewell); Romania (Deletant); Ukraine (Wilson); studies of the discourses of nationalism and their impact have been published by Pynsent (Czech and Slovak ideas of nationality and personality); Schöpflin (nations, power, identity); Duijzings (religion and politics of identity in Kosovo); Hosking & Schöpflin (edited volume on myths and nationhood [British Academy and other grants: £2.3K] ); Hosking, Rady, Schöpflin, Siani-Davies, Wilson (concepts of national identities); Bartlett, Friedrich, Kirby (regional identities); Slater (religious identity); Bracewell, Hawkesworth (gender identity).

Theme 5 Writing, and rewriting the history of Russia, Eastern, Central and South-Eastern Europe from the Middle Ages to the present. Russia: Hughes (early-modern court culture; prize-winning work on Peter the Great [British Academy grant: £3.7K]); Bartlett (18th century in Russia and its Baltic Provinces [British Academy, Thornley Bequest grants: £2.3K]); Bitis (Russian administration in the Caucasus, 19th Century [British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: £79K]); Morrissey (cultural history of the late 19th and early 20th centuries); Hosking (prize-winning works on 19th and 20th centuries [British Council grant: £1.4K]); Slater (contemporary Russian history; church and state). Hosking is now in the second year of his five-year Leverhulme Personal Research Professorship [grant: £302K] researching ‘The Russian People and the Soviet Union’. This project is a driving force in SSEES which has allocated bursary money in order to attach PhD programmes to the Hosking project; a research student seminar is also attached to the project. Wilson is a specialist in modern Ukrainian history. Kirby is a leading historian on Scandinavia and the Baltic. Friedrich, a specialist in the German lands, especially Prussia (including Polish regions) in the early modern period, is undertaking a major study of German-Polish relations [Leverhulme Research Leave Fellowship: £16K]. Work on contemporary Polish history has also been supplemented by Dr A. Jabłonski (1999/00 Leverhulme Postdoctoral Fellow in history [grant £19K]). Schiller writes on modern German history. Bracewell writes on the Balkans in the early modern period. Pynsent has written on 14th-century Czech historiography. Rady covers Central Europe (i.e. Habsburg Lands) in the Middle Ages and has also written on contemporary Romanian history. Other specialists on Romanian history are Deletant (several periods from the Middle Ages to the present); Haynes (20th-century Romanian history); and Siani-Davies (contemporary Romanian history).

Theme 6 Research on literature and culture extends from the medieval to the contemporary and comparative, and covers literature, cinema, thought, religion, popular culture, theatre, opera, music, art and architecture. Across this range, individual staff have a broad expertise in literary and cultural studies, as well as having particular areas of specialisation. In relation to Russia, Aizlewood is a specialist on Maiakovskii’s verse, and works on Russian thought and its interface with literature [British Academy grant for Visiting Research Fellow: £2.5K]. Borovsky’s area of expertise is Russian theatre and opera. The main focus of Cavendish’s research is Pushkin and Zamiatin; he is also developing a specialism in cinema. Davidson works on the relationship between literary tradition and religion, with a specialism in Ivanov and modernism [grants: British Academy Research Readership: £48K; AHRB Research Leave Award: £15.5K]. Graffy is a specialist on Russian cinema and has several projects in hand; the main focus of his literary research has been Gogol. Grayson works on 20th-century (including émigré) prose and comparative literature, specialising on Nabokov and Siniavskii; she is completing the editing of a major two-volume international study of Nabokov. Hughes works on Russian art and architecture. McMillin has written widely on Russian literature and is the major Western expert on Belarusian literature; he also works on Russian music. Sealey Rahman is engaged on postdoctoral research on Ostrovskii and Britain [British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: £79K]. Wigzell focuses on the Russianness of Russian culture, notably medieval and popular culture (prize-winning publication) and their impact on literature. Eile (Poland) wrote widely on Polish romanticism and on the relationship between literature and national identity. His successor, Zechenter, is a specialist on the modern Polish novel with special reference to Konwicki. Pynsent (Czech and Slovak) researches all periods of Czech and Slovak literature and has been the recipient of several prizes [grants: Mercedes-Benz, British Academy, British Council £7K]. His major works combine literature with multidisciplinary studies of nationality and related issues. Beasley-Murray (Slovak) researches German and Russian interwar aesthetics and is developing a specialism in contemporary Slovak writing. Abondolo (Hungary) researches Hungarian and European poetics, as well as the history and description of the Uralic languages. Hawkesworth (Serbia, Croatia) has published work on Andrić, Serbian oral tradition. Branch (Finland) has published prize-winning work on Finnish-Karelian oral tradition. Dr F. Badalanova (supervisors Branch, Wigzell) continues to work on her edition of the Bulgarian Folk Bible [grant: Modern Humanities Research Association £8.8K].
Theme 7 Research on women’s writing and gender in Central and Eastern Europe and the associated themes of feminism and gender has been published by SSEES staff working in several disciplines. Examples are Wigzell, Hughes, Davidson and Kelly in the Russian context, Pynsent in the Czech context. Bracewell has written on the intersection of gender and nationalism in Balkan contexts and on Balkan masculinities. Hawkesworth (who also edits a newsletter on gender issues in Central and Eastern Europe) has published on feminism in the Serbian and Croatian contexts, including a study of women and verbal art in Serbia and Bosnia, and women’s writing in its wider Central European context.

3 Activities and results associated with numerical data on research students
Research students have worked on all seven themes prioritised in the SSEES Academic Plan in the context of all the SSEES regions, often on a comparative interregional basis. The themes and regions of MPhil and PhD awards over the assessment period have been as follows: Theme 1 Russia/EU relations; Russia and Middle East; Russia and the Pacific; banking; Finnish/Estonian/Russian relations; Theme 2 Russia; Theme 3 Baltic States; Romania; Poland; Theme 4 Russia; Ukraine, Lithuania; Theme 5 Russia; Poland; Romania; Ukraine; Bulgaria/UK relations; Russia/Yugoslav relations; Theme 6 Russia; Czech Republic; Yugoslavia; Theme 7 Russia.

4 Critical assessment The SSEES 1996 RAE research plans have in most respects been met. In terms of human resource, SSEES has achieved its aim of strengthening work in social sciences by recruiting additional staff for economics, politics and social anthropology. The distribution of research in hand shows growth in projects since 1996/97 on Themes 1, 2, 3 and 4. In respect of language, however, the present situation was not predicted in the RAE 1996 plans. In 1997, SSEES restructured fundamentally its teaching of language with the help of a special HEFCE grant (£497K). In line with the triangulation principle, the aim of restructuring was to maintain and enhance the strength of SSEES language provision, which is a vital resource supporting and enabling research across the full range of countries covered.

Staffing Policy
1 Younger and newer researchers
Research activities of all members of staff are monitored through biennial appraisal at which current research and future plans are discussed. Each new lecturer and postdoctoral research fellow is designated a mentor from among senior members of a department or centre. SSEES normally recruits staff who already have a PhD, or are near completion. Otherwise teaching duties are restricted to allow time to complete the PhD within an agreed period (normally not more than three years, e.g. during the present assessment period Duijzings, Haynes, Popovski, Beasley-Murray); exceptionally, study leave can also be granted for this purpose. Regular meetings take place at which research progress is discussed and about which the mentor produces an annual report for the department head or centre director. New lecturers and research fellows are expected to play an active role in appropriate research seminars and conferences, attend relevant conferences outside SSEES (home and overseas) and apply for pump-priming grants from the SSEES Research Fund. SSEES makes special provision for new and younger staff in allocating these funds.

2 Staff recruited 12 months before the census date This concerns one academic staff and two British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellows. Walker (formerly a SSEES research assistant) was appointed to a lectureship in Political Economy. Her duties are to teach on undergraduate and postgraduate programmes and to conduct research initially on industrial restructuring and technology (See also RA6b). Two British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellows (Sealey Rahman, Bitis) started their three-year fellowships in October 2000 (See also RA6b). In addition to research, they contribute to teaching. SSEES has also recruited three part-time research assistants funded by the ESRC and EU projects (See Theme 1).

3 Contribution of Category D staff Former SSEES Librarian (Screen) has an international reputation as a researcher in Finnish and Russian military history (most recent work: Mannerheim. The Finnish Years, London (Hurst), 2000, x, 288 pp. ISBN 1-85065-573-1).

4 Impact of departure of Category B staff SSEES lost 8 staff during the assessment period. One of them was a fixed-term British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellow. It was not possible to replace the expertise of Sword, who was building a unique international reputation in migration studies with reference to Poland. SSEES converted the lectureship, therefore, with the assistance of external funding (Grabowski Fund, £300K over 15 years), into a Chair of Sociology (Kolankiewicz), bringing new research strengths in transition and labour issues. Following the early retirement of Davies in 1996 the reintroduction of Polish History remains a priority. The other departures allowed SSEES to develop its staff profile in line with the Academic Plan by the appointment of new young staff, strengthening the longer-term research coherence. The replacements have already established themselves and are making substantial contributions to research output and culture.

Users of this website should note that the information is not intended to be a complete record of all research centres in the UK

Copyright 2002 - HEFCE, SHEFC, ELWa, DEL

Last updated 17 October 2003

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