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City University, London
UOA 12A - Allied Health Professions and Studies: Language and Communication Science
RA5a: Research environment and esteem
RA5a Research Environment and Esteem.
The Department of Language and Communication Science (LCS) trains more Speech and Language Therapists than any other in the country. The clinical training is well regarded and obtained the highest rating in major review, 2006. Its students are successful in finding employment and many occupy senior positions within the profession. The department has a prominent role in developing the profession and has strong links with practitioners. It provides academic leadership by conducting research both in the academic community and in collaborations with clinicians. Several factors have facilitated its recent development. The department has enjoyed strong support from the University enabling it to expand its staff. It has moved to new and much improved accommodation benefiting morale and recruitment. The department received research capacity funding after the last RAE. This has been used to support and initiate research. Details are given below.
LCS has had a large turnover of staff since the last RAE. Seventeen of those entered this time have joined the department during the census period. Several of those leaving have gone to prominent positions elsewhere (Byng to head Connect, Law to head the Centre for Integrated Health Care at QMC, Bunning to be head of department at East Anglia and Woll to head DCAL at UCL). Recruitment has achieved a balance of experienced researchers and others with potential, several in their first academic appointment. The former provide research experience, the latter are research active and will contribute to future sustainability. A positive aspect of the turnover has been that the division seen in many speech and language therapy departments, between academics who research and clinicians who teach and treat, has been substantially eroded with benefits for both activities. The department has a higher percentage of research-active staff than at any previous time.
The department has 5 research groups. These meet twice per term providing a forum for discussing research, promoting collaborations between members and enabling more established researchers to advise those less experienced. Each has an annual budget of £4000 to provide small scale funding to their members to cover costs of initiating research and conference attendance.
1. Developmental Research Group: Botting, Dodd, Camilleri (Early Career Researcher, ECR), Chiat, Joffe, Knight (ECR), Levin, Marshall, C. (ECR), Morgan, Myers, Pring, Roy, Seeff-Gabriel (ECR), Williams. Members of this group are interested in the screening and assessment of children and the effectiveness of therapies for developmental language impairments. Members were active in organising the Making New Connections 2 Conference held in the department and are editing its proceedings. The group has supported successful applications for internal grants on gesture in children with language impairment (Botting/ Morgan) and on evaluating speech and language therapy training (Lee/Levin). It has funded research on the comprehension of children with communication impairments (Gourlay) and a project on intensive therapy for individual children (Levin, Seeff-Gabriel, Chiat & Pring).
2. Language Processing Research Group: Botting, Cocks (ECR), Cruice, Dipper, Gourlay, Hickin, Joffe, Levin, Marshall, C., Marshall, J., Pring, Roy, Seeff-Gabriel. The department has a long history of research on acquired and developmental disorders of language processing. Members of the group have been awarded several grants (MRC and Stroke Association) to research disorders of word retrieval, sentence processing and jargon aphasia. Marshall, J., Cocks, Cruice, Hickin, Pring and Best (UCL) are currently carrying out a funded therapy study of gestured communication in aphasia.
3. Disability and Society: Cruice, Harding, Hilari, Levin, Litosseliti, Lee, Myers, Tripoliti (ECR), Williams. This group has a broad range of interests. These include quality of life of adults with disabilities and their families; proxy reports of quality of life; self-report of the impact of stammering on children, access to the National Curriculum by children with language difficulties, advocacy for adults with learning disabilities, gender issues in language and bilingualism in people with language difficulties.
4. Sign Language & Deaf Studies Research Group: Herman, Morgan, Marshall, C., Marshall, J., Orfanidou (ECR), Turner. Interests include the development of sign language, clinical aspects of its use, language assessment of deaf children, atypical sign language development and acquired disorders of sign language after stroke. Members have close links with DCAL at UCL. New staff and significant grant money have considerably enhanced the research outputs (Morgan 1-4, Marshall J, 1-4) and future potential of this group.
5. Speech, Hearing and Voice Research Group: Hirson, Knight, Lee, Martin, Turner, Verhoeven. Interests range across speech articulation, speech acoustics and physiology. They include pathology and non-pathological domains; child and adult speech and hearing; and perception and production. This group has formed recently and includes several staff new to the department. We expect it to foster a new growth area in the department’s research.
Research students and studentships
LCS has a growing number of research students, who are more committed and more full time than in the past. Their increased visibility adds to the research environment. Students attend research methods courses as part of their training and the University offers induction and generic courses to assist them. In addition to their academic supervisors, students may seek advice from the Director of Research and are also assigned a personal tutor.
Current and recently completed PhDs include (with source of funding):
- Event processing skills in people with aphasia (Connect).
- Therapy for bilingual (Bengali/English) aphasia (Barts & London NHS Trust).
- Dynamic assessment of children’s language (funded by department).
- Assessing quality of life after stroke (research capacity).
- Perceptions of SLT in the Tamil speaking community (Health Foundation).
- Parental perceptions of speech therapy for their children (self funding).
- Usher’s syndrome (research capacity-joint with Optometry).
- Phonology in Down syndrome (Lejeune).
- Lexical access in jargon aphasia (self-funding).
- Sentence repetition in Arabic speaking children (Univ. of Riyadh).
- Semantic and syntactic awareness in reading development (research capacity).
- Linguistic contact between sign languages: BSL and ISL (ESRC).
PhDs commencing in 2007-8
- Therapy for gesture for people with aphasia (Stroke Assoc).
- Optimal feeding for pre-term infants (Feb 2008, Barts & the London NHS Trust).
- Phonological impairment in Lebanese Arabic speaking children (self-funding).
- Language processing and memory (Oct 2007, research capacity).
- Intonation in aphasia (Oct 2007, research capacity).
- Language in children with 22q11 deletion syndrome (Oct 2007, self-funding).
- The clinical application of dynamic assessment in SLT (Oct 2007, staff candidate).
- Phonological impairment in bilingual children (Oct 2007, Syrian Govt).
The nature, source and sustainability of research student funding
The number of research studentships has increased over the period and has been funded by a variety of sources (see above). Research capacity funding has provided a reliable source. Other sources include local NHS trusts and self-funding. The department is applying for ESRC recognition for funded studentships. The number of students starting in 2007-8 (above) reflects the department’s increasing capacity to attract candidates. A recent feature has been applications by overseas students with scholarships (students from Syria and Saudi Arabia are starting in 2007-8) reflecting the department’s growing international reputation.
Research Masters Degrees
The department offers 3 routes to an MSc, via taught courses or by converting the post-graduate diploma (to become an SLT) to an MSc. All include a research project. These provide a means of initiating collaborative research with practitioners. Projects combine academic expertise (through supervision) with the clinical concerns of the students. These courses provide an important route by which practitioners acquire research skills, a route taken by several members of staff in moving from clinical to academic work. The quality of this work is reflected by the publication in refereed journals of 13 projects during the census period (see Dipper entry 4, Grove 1 & 4, Herman 1 & 4, Joffe 2, Lee 1, Pring 3, and Tripoliti 3). To date 4 students have progressed from MSc to PhD.
The loss of senior members of staff during the census period led to a temporary decline in research income. Successful recruitment of research active (particularly senior) staff and support for staff developing their research careers means that income is now increasing. Current and recent grants (all by peer review) include:
- Nuffield Foundation (Joffe) to study therapies for secondary age children with communication problems (£300k).
- ESRC grant (Knight) on Acquisition of Standard British English Rhotics(£90k).
- Morgan with colleagues at University College London was awarded £4.5 million (ESRC) to set up DCAL (Deafness, Cognition and Language).
- The segmentation of sign language: native and non-native abilities (ESRC) (£330k).
- A grant (Stroke Association) for a therapy study on the use of gesture for communication in people with severe aphasia (£97k).
- A fellowship to Hilari (Health Foundation) to study quality of life in aphasia (£134k).
- A grant from the British Academy (Cruice) to study quality of life in the healthy elderly (£7.5k).
- A grant to investigate therapy for people with aphasia who are bilingual (Barts and London NHS Trust) (£118k).
- Hilari with colleagues from other departments in City and Brunel University and Auckland University (NZ) obtained funding from the Service Delivery and Organisation Programme of the National Institute for Health Research (£150k).
- The speech acoustics laboratory regularly earns income for researching evidence to be presented in court cases (e.g. Hirson 1-4).
Members of the department have participated in projects at other institutions:
- The Very Early Processing Skills project (ESRC-Chiat, Roy) was conducted jointly with UCL. Both principal investigators are now at City. It was rated outstanding by the ESRC evaluation panel. The project benefited from collaboration with Prof Andrew Pickles of Manchester University (Roy 3, Chiat 4).
- Botting is co-grant-holder with Prof Conti-Ramsden (Univ. of Manchester) on a Nuffield Foundation project investigating cognitive and social skills in adolescents previously studied as children with specific language impairment.
- Marshall, J. is a grant-holder (Stroke Association) with colleagues at University College London on a study of therapies for people with word sound deafness.
- Marshall, J. is a member of the data monitoring committee for the ACT Now Study of aphasia therapy, a large clinical trial funded by the Dept of Health.
- Hickin and colleagues at Sheffield and Newcastle Universities and University College London are studying word finding in people with aphasia (Hickin 1-4).
Data on the nature, source and sustainability of funding
The department has had continuing success in attracting funding from bodies sympathetic to research on communication disabilities. A series of grants have been secured from the Stroke Association, which supports research on aphasia. The Nuffield Foundation has funded research on developmental language disabilities and a fellowship and studentship have been secured from the Health Foundation. The ESRC has funded several projects. Successful outcomes (in publications and conference presentations) have fostered a positive reputation with funders leading to successful applications for funding. This is expected to increase further as new staff develop their research. In the past year over £800k in grants has been obtained.
The use of HEFCE research capacity funding
A research director was appointed and a research associate (Seeff-Gabriel) attached to this post was funded to study the progress of children receiving intensive therapy (this study is on going). As indicated, the department’s research groups receive funds annually to initiate research projects by their members. Five research studentships have been funded to undertake projects proposed by staff members (3 are nearing completion). Funding has paid for conference attendance and allowed staff to invite academics from overseas to visit the department. To date Prof. Linda Worrall (University of Queensland), Dr. Lindy McAllister (Charles Sturt University, NSW), Dr. Diane Brentari (Purdue University), Prof. Peter Marien (Vrije University, Brussels), Prof. Barbara Dodd (now a member of staff), and Profs Barbara Bernhardt and Joseph Stemberger (University of British Columbia) have visited the department. In several cases, members of the department have published with these visitors (Cruice, Verhoeven, Seeff-Gabriel). The department will open a research clinic for people with aphasia in 2008. Capacity funding will be used short-term to employ staff with the aim that the clinic becomes self-funding within 2 years. Research into aphasic language and the social consequences of aphasia, already a strong element of the department’s research, will benefit from this clinic. These funds will continue to support research activity until 2009.
Long-term collaboration with the user community
Many research projects in the department involve local clinicians and client groups. The project (Nuffield/Joffe) on therapy for secondary school children targets a neglected group of clients. This project trains local therapists and teachers and will raise awareness of the needs of secondary age children. A successful outcome may help to enhance provision for this client group. Research has taken place on the quality of life of people with aphasia (Hilari 1-4, Cruice 1-4) and multiple sclerosis (Tripoliti 3). Quality of life is an important outcome measure in chronic conditions and the SAQOL 39 (Hilari) is now the measure of choice for people with aphasia. Hickin is lead researcher on a community-based project on word finding in people with aphasia. The project is in collaboration with clinicians in the NHS and is an example of the transfer of research findings to clinical practice. A project funded by Barts and the London NHS trust on therapy for bilingual (Bengali/English) clients with aphasia is near completion (2 papers are being written). The project has increased awareness of the SLT needs of the Bengali population and further research is planned. The project on therapy for gesture will recruit people with aphasia from local hospitals and the regional rehabilitation centre at Homerton hospital. The project is in its initial stages; if successful it will provide an alternative therapy for people with severe aphasia. The project has a user group on which clients and carers are represented. Cruice was funded by the British Aphasiology Society to study how research can be made accessible to people with aphasia. Herman has developed tests for assessing BSL and runs a Sign Language assessment clinic within the department’s clinic.
Mechanisms for promoting, sustaining and developing research
As previously indicated, the research groups encourage research and promote collaboration while research capacity funding allows visits by academics from abroad and conference attendance by staff. Weekly research seminars attract academics from other institutions and practitioners. Research advice is available informally or more formally through a system of research appraisals. Departmental policy grants staff 2 term sabbaticals to undertake research. Since 2001, Roy (2, 4), Lee (2-3), Joffe (1, 4) and Herman (2-3) have had sabbaticals. Short sabbaticals (up to a month) are available at short notice to cover aspects of research that are particularly time demanding (Joffe, Cruice).
Significant equipment and facilities
The department is now housed in a new, purpose-built building. This includes the Compass centre, an on-site clinic, which treats people with communication disorders. Activities include the treatment of children with phonological disorders, intensive courses for children and adolescents who stammer and the assessment of people with impaired sign language. The centre also includes an off-site clinic run in collaboration with Headway, the charity for people with head injuries. It also hosts training courses in the Lee Silverman Voice Therapy (LSVT), a treatment for people with Parkinson disease and is a centre for treatment and research in this area. Ongoing research includes the application of LSVT to people undergoing deep brain stimulation and a study of its remote delivery which is in press (Tripoliti). The centre will include the research clinic for people with aphasia mentioned earlier from 2008.
The department’s laboratory for the analysis of speech acoustics conducts research in forensic phonetics. Outputs include expert witness reports (Hirson 1-4). Evidence has been given in anti terrorist cases in the UK and in the international court in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The laboratory recently won (in competition) funding (£60k) from the university to enhance its teaching and research. Electropalatography equipment in the laboratory has been used to study clients with hearing impairments (Herman 1, 4).
The department also has a laboratory for studying signed and gestured communication which has links with the DCAL centre at University College. Research in this area is funded by the ESRC and includes two post-doctoral fellows and a PhD student.
Policy and practice on research governance
The department follows University practice on research governance, overseen by the University Research Committee, in compliance with the Research Councils’ policies on research governance. The University Research Committee also oversees Research Policy. This framework is designed to establish and promote a code of good practice, and to encourage members of the University to maintain the highest standards in research conduct.
The department’s research normally requires ethical approval by the NHS. Research by staff and research students also requires approval by the Senate Research Ethics Committee and research at MSc level requires ethical approval by the City Community and Health Sciences School ethics committee.
Relationship with research users, practitioners and policymakers
Much research in the department is concerned with speech therapy practice. This may take the form of examining the effects of therapy (Grove 1 and 3, Hickin 1-4, Lee 1, Pring 3) or extending research findings to clinical practice. Such research may also influence future deployment of resources within the profession. The projects on therapy for secondary school children (Joffe) and on word finding in people with aphasia (Hickin 1-4) train local staff to carry out therapy and have implications for service delivery. Research on quality of life and social aspects of aphasia (Cruice 1-4, Hilari 1-4) offers clinicians a new perspective. Research on Bengali/English-speaking clients with aphasia has highlighted problems of working with bilingual and minority language groups. This project included the training of bilingual co-workers.
The department has extensive links with local clinicians developed through the need for student clinical training. Members of the department attend local clinician groups where research is discussed and initiated and conduct training sessions for clinicians.
The department has three research based MSc programmes (one run jointly with the Institute of Education) attended by practising clinicians whose research addresses issues within their clinical practice. These provide training that meets one objective of Agenda for Change that more clinicians should be research-active and provides a means of research collaboration and publication between staff and practitioners (see above).
Staffing Policy underpinning current and future research plans.
As a department offering students a clinical training, staff appointments must cover academic and clinical supervision as well as research. In the past, clinical staff have found it difficult, either through lack of time or training, to undertake research. Clinicians are now expected to be research-active and the department’s reputation as a research centre has attracted staff with both clinical and research skills. Many are young and will expand their research in future years. Departmental support is tailored to retain and encourage them and to help them obtain research funding.
Significant staff changes and their effect on research culture
The department has had a considerable turnover of staff since the last RAE. Experienced researchers have been appointed and contribute strongly to the research culture of the department. A number of staff new to research were also appointed, some of whom are entered in this submission as first academic appointments (with fewer than 4 publications). The turnover has led to a higher proportion of staff being research active and to more collaboration between staff, particularly between more and less experienced researchers.
Development of colleagues new to research
Particular attention has been given to assisting new researchers in view of the number of staff in their first academic appointment. The research groups provide a forum for new and experienced staff to meet. Joint supervision of research students has been useful and several joint publications have resulted. The role of research director includes advice and encouragement to new staff. Small scale funding is available to initiate research by staff not yet able to attract major funding. Members of LCS have been particularly active in gaining ‘pump priming’ money from within the University (Cruice, Roy, Joffe, Cocks, Seeff-Gabriel, Herman, Dipper). This provides up to £5000 per project. In all, 14 members new to research have joined the department in the census period. Seven are included in RA2 and 5 others have published first papers. Four members of LCS staff have completed PhDs at City since 2001 (Herman, Hilari, Roy and Seeff-Gabriel).
Joint NHS and education appointments
Lee has an honorary contract in the Surgery and Anaesthetics department at Charing Cross Hospital researching speech and swallowing outcomes after head and neck cancer. One member of staff is seconded to the Royal Free Hospital to study non-nutritive sucking in premature infants and the communication needs of children with immature oral-motor development and one is seconded for two days a week to a secondary school to research effective methods of identifying and supporting children with communication needs. Barts and the London NHS Trust have appointed a clinician (starting 2007-8) who will work in the department to coordinate and develop research.
Main objectives and activities over next five years:
- To increase research income. The department has a record of attracting funding in acquired and developmental language disorders and we expect this to continue. Newer areas which have attracted or have the potential to attract funding include sign language research, quality of life, motor speech disorders, phonetic analysis of speech and swallowing and feeding problems in adults and infants.
- To promote and maintain structures to assist new researchers.
- To retain experienced staff and assist younger staff in seeking research funding.
- To obtain ESRC recognition so as to provide a more consistent source of research student funding.
- To continue research collaborations with practitioners within the NHS particularly through the recruitment of research students.
- To continue and expand research collaborations with other departments in the UK and internationally.
Evaluation of research plans from 2001
Research plans in 2001 emphasised two objectives: that all staff become research-active and that the number of research students should be increased. These have been largely achieved despite (or in some cases because of) the turnover in staff. Of new, younger staff several are entered here, others are becoming research active and will be entered in future assessments. The number of research students has increased, more are full time and more staff are involved in their supervision.
Since the last RAE the Department has grown in size and confidence. It has recruited research active staff, expanded its research and clinical activities and developed links with the profession. This confidence may be seen in the organising and hosting of conferences. In 2003, members of the language processing research group staged an international conference on verb processing. In 2006 the Making New Connections 2 recalled and updated a conference of 10 years ago highlighting common themes in working with children and adults with language disabilities. Visiting speakers included Prof. Sir Michael Rutter and Profs. Conti-Ramsden, Dockrell, Dodd and Snowling. The proceedings will be published in 2008 (edited by Joffe, Chiat and Cruice). The department hosted the British Aphasiology Society Conference in 2005 and Marshall, J. gave a keynote speech. In 2006 conferences on Developmental Language Disorders (Joffe) and Foreign Accent syndrome (Verhoeven) were held in the department. Talks at the former will appear in a special edition of the Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research.
Keynote papers or invited addresses
Joffe gave a keynote paper on language in Williams Syndrome at the RCSLT Conference in 2005. Botting gave a keynote presentation at Nuffield Foundation in 2007 and Cruice gave an invited talk at the Primary Care conference in Birmingham in 2006.
Marshall, J. gave invited papers at the Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits Conference in Cardiff (2002 and book of the same title, OUP 2005) and at the BA Festival of Science in Dublin (2005).
Roy and Chiat gave invited talks on Early Processing Skills to the Association Nationale des Communautes Educatives in 2003, at the NAPLIC conference in 2005, at the Interdisciplinary Symposium on Early Development and Communication in 2006 and at the Child Language Seminar in 2006. Roy gave an invited lecture to the Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health in 2006.
Dodd gave a keynote address to the IALP conference in Copenhagen in 2007 and invited presentations to the Australasian Human Development conference and to ASHA in 2007.
Litosseliti gave an invited talk at the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction in 2004 and was co-organiser of the BAAL/CUP Applied Linguistics research seminar in 2005. She has given invited talks on Language and Gender at the University of Houston Downtown and on focus groups at the Said Business School, University of Oxford.
In 2006 Hickin was funded by the British Council to present findings on a study of public awareness of aphasia in Buenos Aires.
Lee gave invited presentations to the Canadian Association of Speech Language Pathologists (2003), an ENT Registrar Education Seminar at Imperial College (2004) and at the Pan European Voice Conference in 2005. She gave invited presentations at the European group for Laryngectomy Biannual conference in 2004.
In 2006, Marshall, C (Early Career Researcher, ECR) presented her work at the House of Commons during National Science week and is organising a symposium on specific language impairment and dyslexia at the International Congress for the Study of Child Language.
Tripoliti (ECR) gave invited talks at the 3rd International Neurosciences Fair in 2004 and at the 1st International Conference on Dystonia in 2005.
Three members of the Speech, Hearing and Voice Research Group (Hirson, Verhoeven and Knight, ECR) gave talks at the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences 2007. Each was selected for inclusion in the refereed proceedings of the conference.
Impact on government policy
The Sure Start Language Measure (SSLM), a parental report measure of children’s language, was developed in 2001 for the Sure Start Unit by the department (Roy). The City team were responsible for and reported on the first 3 implementations of the SLLM from 2001 to 2004. In 2005 Sure Start commissioned City to standardise the SLLM so that the early language of children in Sure Start areas could be compared with age matched peers in the population. Further details are on the Sure Start website.
Research on early language development (Roy/Chiat) is timely in view of the early years foundation curriculum, which will have legal status from September 2008.
Herman has contributed to the nationally implemented Monitoring Protocol for Deaf Babies and Children, funded by the DfES Early Support Programme.
Members of the department are presenting evidence to the Bercow Review of Speech, Language and Communication Needs conducted within the Department for Children, Schools and Family.
Impact on national or international practice development and guidelines
Many research projects in the department have implications for clinical practice.
• Research on assessing and improving quality of life (Hilari, Cruice, Tripoliti) and on social support for clients (Cruice).
• Research on therapy for secondary school children (Joffe) may improve the service for this client group.
• Research on aphasia in signers and the project on bilingual Bengali/English speakers with dysphasia have highlighted the needs of minority groups.
• Research on gestured communication may provide an alternative means of communication for severely dysphasic clients.
• Research on feeding methods for pre-term infants (2 papers published) explores a developing area of SLT practice.
• Research on early processing skills in children and novel assessments of these skills will allow the earlier recognition of children with language disabilities.
• Roy has extensively researched outcomes for looked-after children in different forms of care.
Members of the department have written books on clinical linguistics (Chiat), planning therapy intervention (Bunning) and research methods (Pring) that are key texts in the education of SLTs. Dodd has developed assessments of phonological awareness and articulation that have been standardised for use in the USA, New Zealand and Australia. Hilari has developed the SAQOL 39, the only quality of life measure for people with aphasia. It is widely used in research and has been translated or culturally adapted for use in 21 countries. A website is being developed. Tests from the Very Early Processing Skills Project are widely used clinically and in research. With a test developed by Seeff-Gabriel (ECR) they are to be published in 2008 as the ‘Early repetition battery’.
Honours or awards to individuals
Marshall, J. received the 2007 Robin Tavistock award (in memory of the late Duke of Bedford) for her achievement in aphasia research. Chiat and Pring were made Honorary Fellows of the Royal College of Speech Language Therapists.
Service on government, national, international and professional bodies
Members of the department are active within the British Aphasiology Society. Cruice, Hickin, Hilari and Eaton (research student) are committee members and Croft (research student) edits the newsletter. Litosseliti is a founding member of the Gender and Language Group of the British Association for Applied Linguistics and was co-organiser of the BAAL/CUP Applied Linguistics seminar in 2005.
Members of LCS are strongly represented in the International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders where they include the joint editors (Hilari and Botting), the book reviews editor and a member of the editorial board. Marshall, J., Litosseliti, Chiat and Knight are on the editorial boards of Aphasiology, Gender and Language, Applied Psycholinguistics and the Journal of the International Phonetics Association respectively.
Cruice coordinated a symposium on access and inclusion for people with aphasia at the International Aphasia Rehabilitation Conference (2004) and guest edited a special issue of Aphasiology (2007) on this. One current (Camilleri, ECR) and one ex member of staff (Law) are guest-editing a special edition of Advances in Speech-Language Pathology on dynamic assessment. Morgan and Woll (UCL) guest edited a special edition of Lingua on sign language linguistics in 2007.
Indicators of esteem from user community
Members of the department are frequently invited to speak at SLT training days and special interest groups. They have also contributed to professional publications for SLTs (Tripoliti, Herman) and for client groups (Roy/Chiat).
Research from the forensic phonetics laboratory has often been commended for its role in securing convictions in court cases. Hirson (4) was commended by the Metropolitan Police Counter Terrorism Command and by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA) for its part in obtaining guilty to incitement to murder pleas from members of an al-Qaeda cell.
Herman contributes to the website deafness@birth which conveys research findings to professionals working with deaf babies.
Research collaboration outside the UK
An ESRC grant (Joffe) funded research on Williams Syndrome with Dr Varlokosta of the University of the Aegean, Greece. Cocks (ECR) collaborates with Profs. Hird and Kirsner in Perth, Western Australia on language in people with right hemisphere damage. Lee collaborated with colleagues at LaTrobe University, Australia in developing a multi-centre database evaluating function after head and neck cancer. In 2007 she studied the impact of laryngeal reconstruction with colleagues at the European Hospital in Rome. Tripoliti is collaborating with Prof. Ramig of the University of Denver who developed the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT) and with Dr Fox of the University of Arizona. Cruice collaborates with Dr Worrall who visited the department in 2004 and with Dr Davidson (both of the University of Queensland) on research on access and inclusion for people with aphasia. Verhoeven joined the department from the University of Antwerp in 2006. He continues to collaborate with Prof Marien and others in Antwerp. Marshall, C has visited and established links with colleagues at Harvard, Purdue and the University of Chicago.