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UOA 60 - Philosophy

University of Leeds

RA5a: Research environment and esteem

UOA60: Panel N: Sub-Panel Philosophy, refer also to Sub-Panel History, UOA62


RA 5a



This RA period has witnessed a significant increase in the number of publications in leading international peer-reviewed journals as well as books and edited collections. The Department’s output is notable for the combination of substantial mature publications, produced by senior colleagues, together with highly innovative work from early-career researchers. It is also distinguished by the successful pursuit of around £300,000 in external funding and further success is indicated by the recent award of a major AHRC grant in the history of science and technology (jointly with Bristol), on the theme of ‘Owning and Disowning Invention’ and amounting to £390,000 plus two PhD studentships.


Research strengths in philosophy are indicated by the recent excellent ratings of the Philosophical Gourmet Report, in the areas of aesthetics, metaphysics and the philosophy of physics in particular, and the successful completion of the SCIPER (Science in the Nineteenth Century Periodical) project has further enhanced the Department’s international reputation in the history of science.


Collaborative research links have also expanded both within and beyond the institution, and international research partners include the universities of Barcelona, Geneva, Notre Dame, Pittsburgh and Utrecht. Graduate research culture has continued to thrive and the already substantial record of research graduate employment, conference contribution and professional publication has improved still further. Measures of esteem include the appointment of Simons as a Fellow of the British Academy, and the election of members of the Department to executive positions in leading societies in their fields, including French (President, British Society for the Philosophy of Science), Gooday (Chair, BSHS Outreach and Education Committee), Kieran (Chair and Vice-President British Society of Aesthetics), McGonigal (Secretary, British Society of Ethical Theory) Steward (Mind Executive Committee) and Williams (Secretary, Analysis Trust).


The increased activity overall is the result of strategic decisions made with regard to staffing policy, research support and internal review processes. A new Chair in Philosophy has been appointed in metaphysics, together with internal appointments to a Readership and two Professorships, all in the areas of metaphysics and philosophy of science. There has been a series of appointments of highly research active junior staff focused on aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics and the philosophy of language and further appointments will be made in 2007-8, in one or more of the areas of epistemology, history of philosophy, logic and language, philosophy of mind or philosophy of value. New research support and internal review procedures have respectively augmented research leave arrangements and significantly enhanced grant applications.


1. Research Environment

1.1.  University, Faculty and School

In accordance with its strategic aims, the University has recognised particular areas of successful research for developmental support, including Philosophy, and has also made available research development funds which research groups and departments may bid for. Standard IT provision extends to dedicated research postgraduate ‘clusters’, and excellent library facilities include extensive collections in both philosophy and history of science.  The Edward Boyle and Brotherton Libraries in particular hold valuable historical collections of scientific, technological, and medical material, making them second only to the copyright libraries in these fields.  


At Faculty level, the Arts and Humanities Faculty Research Board implements institutional policy and formulates relevant priorities for research development. It also administers a Faculty Leave Scheme enabling extensions of Departmental or AHRC funded research leave. The recently established Leeds Humanities Research Institute (LHRI) provides enhanced support for interdisciplinary research in particular, through seminars and conferences, together with visiting scholar and research graduate facilities. It also supports the pump-priming funding of projects and provides general advice and administrative support for external grant applications. Recent awards such as the AHRC grant in the history of science and technology are due in considerable part to this support.


The Department is a part of the School of Humanities which has recently appointed a School Research Officer who will sit on the Faculty Research Board, liaise with departmental Research Officers, co-ordinate responses to School- and Faculty-wide concerns and manage the recently introduced Humanities peer review ‘college’.


1.2. Departmental

The Department includes the Centre for Metaphysics and Mind (CMM) and the Division for the History and Philosophy of Science (HPS). Philosophy of Science falls within the remit of the Philosophy Sub-Panel, and we are seeking cross-referral of Divisional History of Science to the History Sub-Panel (UOA62). There is significant overlap between HPS and CMM, both in terms of membership and research interests. A similar research oriented Centre for Ethics and Metaethics (CEM) was also initiated in 2007, and a further such centre is planned in the area of science and religion. The former will further develop and extend the already close relationship between the Department and the Inter-Disciplinary Ethics Applied Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (IDEA CETL), whose Director is a member of the Department, and which employs three research fellows in applied ethics, supported with a HEFCE grant of around £400k. (The research outputs of  IDEA CETL based staff have been included in the Department’s submission; see section 6.1.ii).


1.3 Research Promotion: Policy and Management

Research policy has focused upon providing the support necessary for: a) successful completion of individual projects (through internally granted research leave, external awards etc.), and b) the development of new applications, including several large-scale projects. A robust internal peer review mechanism has been developed to support major new applications and this will be extended to include feedback from the School of Humanities peer review ‘college’. The Departmental ‘Teaching Relief Scheme’ strategically augments long term study leave, allowing colleagues to both conduct initial investigations with regard to new work and to complete substantially developed projects.


The Department’s Research Committee represents the main strands of research activity and includes the Head of Department as well as junior colleagues. Its Research Officer liaises with the Humanities Research Officer, relays School and Faculty level priorities and concerns, and distributes conference attendance support. The Committee itself is responsible for setting Departmental policy and priorities, recommending research leave decisions, monitoring research outcomes and distributing teaching relief and targeted research support funds. A recent innovation has been to provide support for initial feasibility studies leading to external award applications. This has proved particularly successful, with modest outlays of a few hundred pounds (mostly spent on postgraduate support for foundational investigations) leading to awards of several hundreds of thousands of pounds, including two AHRC Collaborative Doctoral Awards in HPS (see 2. below) and the AHRC award for ‘Owning & Disowning Invention’, mentioned above. The Research Committee also administers the Department’s Research Mentoring scheme, which both provides focused support to individuals and feeds back information on research progress. Further support and mentoring is provided by the University’s recently introduced Staff Review and Development Scheme. A regularized leave-entitlement scheme (1 semester in 7) has been developed in the context of a new departmental workload model and will commence in 08/09.  


2. Research Students

The Department’s postgraduate students contribute to its research seminars, work collaboratively with staff and are also research active in their own right, producing numerous publications in peer-reviewed journals. In addition to the usual departmental facilities, they have access to a large postgraduate room centrally located within the department, with dedicated computer facilities that are upgraded on a regular basis. The Department’s reputation for producing academically successful research graduates has enabled it to continue to attract significant numbers of overseas students (from Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Spain and the United States). Recent improvements to the postgraduate admissions and recruitment process have led to increased numbers overall and reviews of this process at both School and Departmental levels are expected to further support and enhance these developments.


The academic development of research students is fully integrated into the Department’s research culture. The content and decisions of the regular supervision meetings (at least 10 per year) are documented in a student progress record, with respect to both substantive work on the topic, and also the identification of any specific needs for research training, resources and facilities, and research-related travel. In addition to a supervisor, each student also has an advisor, who participates in the thesis upgrade meeting (convened after one year’s full-time research) and provides additional supervision or advice where necessary. Supervisors and Postgraduate Directors are also responsible for encouraging research students to participate fully in the wide range of research support activities and opportunities that the Department offers. In addition to our regular ‘Senior Seminars’ in both Philosophy and HPS, there are weekly ‘Work-in-Progress’ Seminars in both areas, as well as weekly ‘PG tips’ meetings for postgraduates only (which contribute to a strong culture of mutual support), and a range of reading groups. Research students are strongly encouraged to deliver papers in the ‘Work-in-Progress’ Seminars as well as in a seminar focused solely on research student presentations. Research internships have also been made available in appropriate institutions (e.g. National Maritime Museum) to broaden research experience, and partner-studentships with AHRC funding have been obtained by collaborations between HPS and regional museums developed through the interdisciplinary Centre for Heritage Research (partly based in the Department). One AHRC-funded Collaborative Doctoral Award studentship was awarded in 2006 with the Thackray Medical Museum and two further AHRC-funded Collaborative Doctoral Award studentships were awarded in 2007 with Leeds City Museum and the Thackray Museum again.


Through the Departmental Research Committee, research students receive financial aid for conference travel, subsistence and registration, and the Department additionally provides any necessary logistical and financial support for Leeds-based graduate conferences. Students are also encouraged to deliver their own papers at conferences and to submit articles to relevant professional journals. Notable publications include: Ambix, 68 (2007) S. Weeks; Analysis, 67 (2007) N. Effingham; Australasian Journal of Philosophy (2008) N. Effingham, J. Robson; British Journal for the History of Science, 34 (2001) J. Sumner; British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 44 (2006) J. Saatsi; History of Science, 41 (2003) J. Friesen; Journal of the History of Biology, 24 (2001) S. Alberti; Philosophical Quarterly, 52 (2002), P. Mallaband; Philosophy of Science, 72 & 73 (2006) J. Saatsi; 72 (2006) A. Cei; Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity, OUP, 2007, edited by D. Rickles and J. Saatsi (together with S. French); Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 36 (2005) D. Rickles; Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 36 (2005) J. Saatsi; 37 (2006) A. Cei; 38 (2007) S. Schindler.


Our students have delivered over fifty papers at major national and international research conferences and workshops, including the &HPS Conference (Pittsburgh), British Society for History of Science, British Society for Philosophy of Science, Confirmation, Induction and Science (LSE), Graduate Conference on Philosophy of Natural Science (LSE), Consciousness and Physics (Arizona), Electrifying Experimentation (Sheffield), History of Science Society, Material Cultures (Glasgow), Open Minds Graduate Conference (Manchester), Philosophical Perspectives on Scientific Understanding (Amsterdam), Philosophy of Science Association, Science Museum (London), Third Arché Graduate Conference (St. Andrews).


Furthermore, they have been appointed to a range of university posts including Alberta, Bristol, Calgary, Cambridge, Glasgow, Leeds, Manchester (3 posts), Sydney, Sussex, Johns Hopkins, UCL, and Valparaiso (Chile).


3. Conference Organization

In this period, over twenty conferences have been organized by staff members. Their topics reflect the research development strategies of both HPS and CMM (e.g. Ontologies of Science, Electrifying Cultures, Imagination and the Arts) and particular individuals (e.g. New Directions in Structuralism). The Department has also organized and hosted larger national and international gatherings, such as the Knowing Art conference (co-organised at University of British Columbia) 2003, BSHS Annual Conference 2005, the RIP Conference on Being 2006, the Foundations of Physics Conference 2007, the Mimesis, Metaphysics and Make Believe Conference 2007, and the Darwinism after Darwin Conference 2007.


4. Research Income

Specific policy on research income has concentrated on a) the management of externally supported projects (e.g. SCIPER, see section 6.1, iv); b) the generation of external awards to sustain and complete projects of individual staff members, with particular attention to authored books and c) the support and development of new funding applications.


In receipt of substantial external research income in this period are Cantor, Gooday, Le Poidevin, Radick, Simons, Timpson and Topham (totaling c £342k); the details are as follows:


Cantor: Leverhulme 2000-2003, Templeton Foundation 2004-2006

Gooday: International Electrotechnical Commission 2005 and 2006, AHRC 2006

Le Poidevin: AHRB 2002

Radick: Leverhulme 2004, British Academy 2005, Templeton 2006-2009

Simons: BA Readership, 2004-2006

Timpson: AHRC 2007

Topham: AHRC Innovation, 2003-2004


These grants have supported or currently support a variety of major projects, including Cantor’s book on Quakers and Jews in British Science, Gooday’s forthcoming book on the nature and impact of domestic electrification, Le Poidevin’s of temporal representation, Radick’s book on the evolution-of-language debates, Simons’ forthcoming book on quantities and Topham’s articles and essays on book publication and readership in 19th century Britain.


Due to improved internal review and support mechanisms, there has recently been a dramatic increase in the number of external award applications, including 21 in the past year, totaling over £2.8 million. The AHRC award on ‘Owning and Disowning Invention’, noted above, is a direct result of instituting and embedding these improved mechanisms.


5. Staffing Policy

Staffing policy has been directed by a dual strategy of replacement and retention, together with investment in new posts supporting specific areas, providing both research strength and leadership. Recent permanent appointments include Barnes, Cameron, Steward and Williams (Metaphysics, Philosophy of Language and Philosophy of Mind), Cohen (History of Philosophy, Ethics; deferred until 2008), Heuer and Lang (Ethics), and Meskin (Aesthetics). John Divers (Metaphysics) has also been appointed to a new Professorship in Philosophy, and two further new appointments will be made in 2007-8, in addition to the replacement of colleagues who are retiring or leaving. Having successfully expanded our existing strengths in metaphysics, we are now developing other areas such as epistemology, ethics and value theory in general.


The tranche of new researchers is of central developmental significance for the Department, and accordingly, particular arrangements are in place to ensure that their research is able to flourish. New lecturers receive reduced teaching and administrative loads on the Departmental workload model and they are encouraged to apply for study leave, including teaching relief. They are also mentored closely, so that in addition to support concerning leave and grant applications, they receive advice on appropriate forms and venues of publication. Finally, initial co-supervision of research students with an experienced supervisor is encouraged, prior to solo supervision where appropriate. The highly visible research activities and already notable publication records of Early Career Researchers such as Barnes, Cameron and Williams, have received significant support from these departmental arrangements.


A number of postdoctoral and fixed-term appointments have also been made, including Leuenberger (two year research fellowship, Metaphysics) and Woodward (Analysis scholarship, Metaphysics), together with several non-stipendiary, visiting postdoctoral fellowships. Given the number of staff on internally and externally study leave, a large number of fixed-term appointments have also been made (7 for 2007-8), with the ability to contribute to Departmental research culture playing a significant role in these appointments. 


In addition to new appointments, there has been a strategic investment in the promotion and development of current staff. This has included the promotion of Melia to a Readership in Metaphysics and Le Poidevin and French to Chairs in Metaphysics and Philosophy of Science, respectively.


6. Research Strategy

The Department’s primary strategic research aims have been to a) maintain and bring to a productive conclusion major research projects such as the SCIPER project in the History of Science; b) initiate and develop applications for further significant grant awards; c) maintain and expand our representation in the most highly regarded international journals; and d) increase our production of major books (single-authored, co-authored and edited collections). Staffing policy, internal review and development procedures and allocation of relevant resources have all been reconfigured in the context of these aims.


6.1 RA Groups: Research Strategy 2001-07. 

Within the strategic framework indicated above, Departmental research falls into four coherent groupings, listed below with associated permanent staff members:


         i.      Metaphysics, Mind and Language: Barnes, Divers, Cameron, French, Le Poidevin, Melia, McGonigal, Shalkowski, Simons, Steward, Williams

       ii.      Moral Philosophy and Aesthetics: Heuer, Kieran, Lang, Lawlor, McGonigal, Meskin

      iii.      Philosophy of Science: French, Le Poidevin, Melia, Radick

     iv.      History of Science, Technology and Medicine: Cantor, Gooday, Radick, Topham, Wilson


There is considerable interaction between these groups in terms of methodology, content and both philosophical and historical stances. For example, Divers has strong interests in ethical issues which are shaped by his metaphysical concerns; McGonigal’s central research interests go beyond aesthetics to include meta-ethics and metaphysics (he is co-editing the Metaphysics volume in the Routledge Companion to Philosophy series, with colleagues Simons, Le Poidevin and Cameron); Melia’s work in philosophy of mathematics bridges both metaphysics and the philosophy of science; French’s work on structural realism has led him to explore its development in the context of the history of physics.


i.                    Metaphysics, Mind and Language 

This group has acquired an increasingly high international reputation, as represented by it’s ranking in the Philosophical Gourmet Report and the international representation at the RIP Conference on Being. Melia has continued to publish highly regarded work on modality and his well-received book, Modality (described as a ‘must-read’ by Hoffmann and Coggins, Philosophical Books 2005) goes beyond the introductory by incorporating the results of this research. Shalkowski’s publications share similar concerns, and also tackle the issue of the relation of modal metaphysics to epistemology. The recent appointment of Divers with his extensive publication record, including his 2002 work Possible Worlds, will further strengthen this significant strand of research. Moving beyond modality, Simons has written on mereology, simples, the ontology of number, and extended categorial grammar, in over fifty papers published in this period. New researchers have also published ground-breaking papers on a wide range of issues in top-level journals (e.g. Mind, Nous, Philosophical Review). Thus, Cameron has also published on modality and mereology, as well as metaphysical nihilism, concreteness and Lewisian realism. Barnes has pursued her research on ontic vagueness and has further developed an analysis of emergence. Williams has likewise published on vagueness and mereology, as well as on reference, properties, and counterfactuals. His paper on referential inscrutability won Philosophical Review’s Young Philosopher’s Essay Competition for 2005. Moving beyond these topics, Steward has developed significant new research on determinism and agency and Le Poidevin’s work on temporal representation has brought together a diverse range of issues concerning truth-making, perceptual knowledge and perspectival representation, within the framework of the metaphysics of time. His further work in both the philosophy of chemistry and the metaphysics of space and time complements that of French, who has published extensively on the metaphysics of quantum mechanics. This includes his collaborative work on vagueness and quantum objects, together with his co-authored book on the notion of identity in physics (described as ‘the most thorough and authoritative monograph ever written on the subject’, by Massimi in Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics


ii.                  Moral Philosophy and Aesthetics 

In moral philosophy, Lang has refined positions on rule-following and metaethics, utilitarianism, as well as luck and fairness. Heuer (Director of the CEM) has a concentrated series on the nature and relation of values and reasons. Lawlor, an IDEA CETL research fellow, has commenced his publication career with articles on Taurek and on the sacrifice problem. Megone, who also serves as Director of the IDEA CETL, continues to pursue an Aristotelian approach to business ethics and has published on the metaphysics of mental illness. McGonigal’s moral philosophy focuses upon issues of epistemic status, and he is also developing aesthetic enquiry into the nature of metaphor and of aesthetic judgement. Meskin’s work has focused on epistemological issues in aesthetics and the nature of the cognitive imagination. He has also developed innovative interests in comics and photography. Kieran’s work is increasingly well-regarded, particularly at the inter-sections of art and ethics, and his book Revealing Art (described as offering a ‘subtle, nuanced and highly valuable’ discussion of art and morality in Philosophical Books), was the subject of an author meets critics session at the 2006 American Society for Aesthetics Pacific conference. He has also edited and co-edited three volumes of original essays by leading figures in the field. Again, this work in ethics and aesthetics is being published in the very best peer-reviewed journals (eg. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research; Australasian Journal of Philosophy; Philosophical Studies) and as evidenced in the ratings of the Philosophical Gourmet Report, the Department is now regarded as one of the leading centres of aesthetics research in the world.


iii.                Philosophy of Science

This group’s work covers the realism-antirealism debate, the role of models in science and the philosophy of modern physics. Melia and French have both tackled issues regarding the nature of ‘structure’ in the development of a form of structural realism that is now the focus of international attention, with a number of conferences recently organized on this topic. French has also published his work on the model-theoretic approach to scientific practice, and on identity and individuality in quantum physics, in two major book-length treatments with international collaborators. Aspects of these projects draw heavily on the history of science and French has articulated the significance for current discussions of the work of Cassirer and Eddington in particular. Radick has also explored forms of counterfactual history that raise issues for both scientific realism and conventional historiographies of biology. Finally, Le Poidevin has advanced a novel ontological approach to issues concerning reduction in chemistry.


iv.                History of Science, Technology and Medicine

A major focus of this group has been the SCIPER project, in collaboration with Sheffield University’s Department of English. It is funded by AHRC and Leverhulme, was initiated in the last RAE period and produced its published output in this. Directed by Professors Cantor (Leeds) and Shuttleworth (Sheffield), it also includes contributions from Gooday and three research fellows, one of whom, Topham, now has a permanent staff post in Leeds. Its topic is the investigation of the places and uses of science in non-specialized Victorian periodical literature. A substantial electronic database has been compiled which surveys scientific content in certain periodicals for selected decades, and this is complemented by personal research on the scientific dimensions of selected periodicals. This work was supplemented by a conference programme in the UK and USA, the latter funded by the Dibner Institute, with MIT Press publishing the proceedings. SCIPER has now published all its outputs, to considerable positive recognition ('The SciPer index, together with the project’s books publications ...will change the way we understand how science was assimilated, debated and challenged in the 19th century', Prof. Rebecca Stott, Times Higher Education Supplement). The database itself is a highly flexible, and already much-used, research tool on Victorian literature, history and science. Its chief designer and architect was Topham and most of his submitted publications have originated in this work. These exhibit his adaptation of the techniques of general ‘book-history’ to productive use within the history of science. Beyond this project, Radick has both co-edited and contributed to the Darwin volume in the Cambridge Companions to Philosophers series, acquired analytical interest in the contemporary history of gene patenting, and expanded his research into a major work on the history of simian language study in relation to evolutionary theory. Gooday’s work on laboratory practice, electrical science and technology has been published in book form and he has co-edited a pioneering work on physics at Oxford, as well as contributing substantially to SCIPER publications. Cantor has played major directive and contributing research roles for SCIPER’s three volumes, and he has pursued his science-and-religion interest in a major work on marginalized religious groups and their relations to science in modern British history. Wilson has continued his hospital-history work with an essay on Birmingham, and has expanded his reflective historiographical analysis with articles on Collingwood and Foucault. The research of this group exhibits a particularly strong cluster of interest and expertise in the 19th and 20th centuries.


6.3 Research Futures. 

The following indicates the direction and content of Departmental research over the period 2007-10, particularly with regard to its research strengths in history and philosophy of science, metaphysics, and values theory in general, and expands on the developmental plans of the CEM, the CMM and the HPS Division. Considerable institutional emphasis is being placed on interdisciplinary research and the Department is well-placed to initiate and lead such developments, particularly in the areas of the history, metaphysics and philosophy of science. Significant examples include the proposed project on ‘Art in the Marketplace’ developed by members of CMM (see below) and the HPS Division’s development of the Information in Physics and Biology project (also see below).


i.                    Metaphysics, Mind and Language 

Modality will continue to be a central theme in this area. Divers’ main project will be the completion of his further monograph, Dispensing With Possible Worlds. Melia plans to pursue a similar vision, in the context of a parsimonious nominalism.  Shalkowski will develop his nominalist approach to logical consequence and his modal epistemology. Cameron also has planned papers on the source of necessity, and the relationships between truthmakers, modality and ontology. With regard to the latter, Williams plans to defend anon-error theoretic ‘nihilist’ metaphysics, as well as further developing his thesis theme of referential inscrutability, and also taking up questions of vagueness and indeterminacy. In addition to her planned monograph on ontic vagueness, Barnes aims to develop new work on the ‘open future’, and Steward’s book, A Metaphysics of Freedom, is expected to be published in 2008. Simons will also complete his BA Readership book on Quantities and plans to complete a monograph, Fabrications Métaphysiques, on the application of revisionary metaphysics to software, manufacturing and enterprise engineering. Le Poidevin will develop his metaphysical perspective toward philosophy of religion through his Cambridge Stanton Lectures on the metaphysics of incarnation. French will continue his exploration of the metaphysics of structure, leading to a projected monograph on this topic.


ii.                  Moral Philosophy and Aesthetics

Heuer plans further exploration of the nature of moral reasons, and Lang will continue to produce work in normative ethics, including the justification of self-defence and aspects of consequentialism, as well as in applied ethics, practical reason and metaethics. His longer-term project is focused on distributive justice. Both Heuer and Lang will be involved in the continued expansion of the Centre for Ethics and Metaethics (see vi. below). Barnes will pursue her interests in this area with a paper on the moral status of disability and Megone plans to further develop his neo-Aristotelian approaches to both moral psychology and virtue ethics, particularly with regard to its application to business and professional ethics. Both McGonigal and Kieran will continue to research the value of virtue theory for aesthetic understanding and judgement, and Meskin plans to further develop a philosophy of the sequential image.


iii.                Philosophy of Science

Melia aims to pursue his research in the philosophy of mathematics, and develop his analysis of the realist commitments of relativity theory. Le Poidevin plans to explore a substantivalist argument for space-time atomism. French expects to go beyond his recent co-edited collection on the foundations of quantum gravity with further explorations of the historical origins of structuralism in physics. He will also continue to develop his model-based account of scientific representation and the nature of theories in general. Radick will continue his examination of contingency and counterfactuals, drawing on case studies from the history of science, and will edit a ‘Focus’ section of Isis on this theme, incorporating work from historians and philosopher of science. He also plans further work on the analysis of interpretative issues in the study of animal communication. Research in the philosophy of science is expected to be further enhanced by a permanent appointment in this area to be made in 2007/8. 


iv.                History of Science, Technology and Medicine 

Wilson will produce a second monograph on the history of childbirth and will develop his history of Birmingham and its hospital in the eighteenth century in book form. His work on skill in midwifery will be central to a planned workshop (with Divisional colleague Chris Kenny) on skill in early-modern science and medicine. Topham is preparing an extended study of the role of print in the development of modern science, and will also pursue his analysis of the nature and role of the Bridgewater Treatises in the history of relations between science and religion, with a planned monograph on the subject. Research on this history will also be further extended by Cantor’s planned close study of Jewish responses to evolutionism. Radick will expand his work on the history of genetics, with a critical edition of an unpublished manuscript and a new book-length history of the Mendelism-biometry debate. After completing his current book - a study of the popular reception of electricity in the years 1880-1920 - Gooday intends to produce a monograph on early electrical patent disputes and, with Radick and others, a volume on intellectual property in technoscience c.1900. He is also co-editing a volume of papers and guest editing a special issue of History of Technology, both arising from the ‘Electrifying Cultures’ conference (see 3. above). A further permanent appointment in the history of early modern and enlightenment science will also be made in 2007/8.


v.                  Centre for Ethics and Metaethics

The Centre for Ethics and Metaethics (CEM) was initiated in the spring of 2007, and held its first one-day workshop in June 2007. Its Director is Dr. Ulrike Heuer, and its Deputy Director is Dr. Gerald Lang, with members drawn from across the Philosophy Department and the IDEA CETL. The purpose of the CEM is to provide a focus for, and to promote, research into the philosophy of value, particularly moral philosophy. Its members meet weekly in term, either to present work in progress or to study books and articles of common interest. A series of one-day workshops is planned on various themes and topics within the philosophy of value, and a major international conference on the work of Bernard Williams is under development for the summer of 2009. It is anticipated that this will be the first of a series of such events and that the Centre will also support externally funded projects in this area, as in the case of CMM (see below). 


vi.                Centre for Metaphysics and Mind

CMM currently plans three major collaborative projects: ‘Layers of Reality’ (the subject of a major AHRC bid) is at a relatively advanced stage of preparation and treats central metaphysical relations of fundamentality, reduction and dependence. Aspects of the ‘Beauty, Truth and Goodness’ project have already developed through regular aesthetics workshops and the Kendall Walton conference (2007), for which external support was received. This topic is also the subject of a major AHRC and BA research grant application on ‘Art in the Marketplace’. This will critically investigate the extent to which socio-economic considerations may have  implications for the philosophy of art. Planned outputs include a public lecture series at the Leeds City Art Gallery, as well as structured research seminars, together with publications aiming to open up analytic aesthetics to a new area of enquiry. ‘Ontology of Science’ aims to integrate existing expertise in metaphysics and philosophy of science, and has already generated one conference, with external award support also being sought. Barnes, Cameron and Williams are also preparing a bid under the AHRC Early Career Researcher scheme to support a project on vagueness and indeterminacy at the intersection of metaphysics and physics. International visitors to the CMM include Ted Sider (Rutgers), Jesse Prinz (North Carolina), and Kendall Walton (Michigan).


vii.              Division of HPS

HPS has prepared a series of major applications to support collaborative research projects, on scientific communication and the public sphere, the intertwined histories of science and intellectual property, and the physics-biology relationship. The latter two projects in particular have attracted substantial funding, with, respectively, the previously noted AHRC award on the theme of ‘Owning and Disowning Invention’, held with a colleague in the Bristol history department, and two Templeton funded two-year postdoctoral fellowships, held with colleagues in physics departments at Leeds, Edinburgh and Surrey and in the Bristol philosophy department. A further proposal has been developed and submitted on ‘The Metaphysics of Objects in Physics and Biology’, involving colleagues at Oxford and Cambridge and extending recent considerations of objecthood in physics to the biological domain. Longer term plans include the development of an AHRC Network Bid on Information in Physics and Biology with colleagues in Bristol, Oxford and Utrecht. The recent visit of Evelyn Fox Keller (MIT, McArthur Fellow) has helped to further embed internal and external collaborations concerning biology-physics inter-relationships. The research expertise established through the SCIPER project will also be developed further in a planned interdisciplinary research centre, co-directed by Topham, which will promote comparative approaches to the study of the historical impact of print. There are also well-advanced plans to develop a Museum of the History of Science, which has already attracted internal and external funding and will serve as a resource for research in the history of instrumentation in particular. Finally, links are being developed with colleagues at Yale, Paris, the Max Planck Institute and elsewhere on intellectual property and plant-breeding.


7. Recognition and Esteem

All members of staff act as referees for the leading journals and publishers and hence details have been included for Early Career Researchers only; with respect to seminar and conference papers, only a selection is presented.


Offices Held

Barnes              Honorary Research Fellow, University of St. Andrews, Associate Fellow                                  Arché 2006


Cameron          Honorary Research Fellow, University of St. Andrews, Associate Fellow

                        Arché 2006


Cantor              President BAAS History of Science Section 2007, AHRC History Panel



Divers              Honorary Research Fellow, University of St. Andrews (2005);

                        Leverhulme Trust International Network Scheme: Member, Steering                              Committee Modality & Vagueness network (2003-06); Associate Fellow                             Arché Centre, University of St. Andrews (2003)


French              President British Society for the Philosophy of Science 2005-07; BSPS                                     Committee 2004-2008.


Gooday            Treasurer BSHS 1998-2001, Historical consultant International                                                 Electrotechnical Commission 2005-6; Chair of BSHS Outreach and                              Education Committee


Heuer               British Society of Ethical Theory Committee.


Kieran              Chair and Vice-President British Society of Aesthetics 2004-present and                                   Exec. Comm. 1997-2004; Programme Chair, American Society for                            Aesthetics annual meeting 2005; Chair of the British Society of Aesthetics                        annual conference 2003-2007


Le Poidevin      Committee member and Trustee Analysis, AHRC Peer Review College                                    2005.


McGonigal       Secretary, British Society of Ethical Theory 2005-07; Arché network


Meskin Executive Committee British Society of Aesthetics.


Melia                Analysis Committee; AHRC Peer Review College.


Radick             British Society for the History of Science Council.


Shalkowski       Arché modality project 2003-06, assessor Irish Research Council for the                                  Humanities.


Simons FBA 2004-present; AHRC PRC 2004-present, Arché Management                                         Committee 2003-present, Academia Europaea 2006; BA Section Chair.


Steward           Mind Executive Committee 2002-5.


Topham            British Society for the History of Science Archivist.


Williams           Secretary, Analysis Trust; Honorary Research Fellow, University of St.                                     Andrews, Associate Fellow Arché.


Research Awards

Cantor              Leverhulme Major Fellowship and Templeton Foundation.


Divers              BA Readership 2004-06.


Gooday            IEC, AHRC, Smithsonian; Bakken Museum(USA) Joseph Hazen Prize of                                 the History of Science Society.


Heuer               Faculty Fellowship, Center of Ethics and Public Affairs, Tulane                                      University, 2003-04.


Kieran              Visiting research professor University of British Columbia 2003.


Le Poidevin      AHRB 2002, Stanton Lectureship in Philosophy of Religion, Cambridge                                    2007.


Radick             AHRC 2007-10, BA and RS (research trip USA), BA 2006, Leverhulme                                 2004, Templeton 2006-09.


Simons BA Readership 2004-06.


Steward           AHRC 2006


Topham            AHRC Innovations 2002-03.


Williams           Phil. Rev. prize essay 2005. AHRC award 2007-8.



Editorships, Editorial Board and Associated Duties

Barnes              Referee for Dialectica, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, Mind.


Cameron          Referee for AJP, APQ, Dialectica, Erkenntnis, Mind, Philosophical                          Quarterly, Philosophical Studies, Routledge, Synthèse, invited co-editor to                     contracted Routledge Companion to Metaphysics.


Cantor              Editorial boards: Studies in HPS, Quaker Studies.


Divers              Editorial boards: Facta Philosophica and Philosophy Compass.


French              Editor-in-chief Metascience. Editorial boards: BJPS, Phil. Sci. Editor-in-                                 Chief, Philosophy of Science series, Palgrave Macmillan.


Gooday            Editorial boards: NRRS, Endeavour, Isis.


Kieran              Editor special issue Phil. Papers, 32 (2003); Editorial board: Postgraduate                 Journal of Aesthetics


Le Poidevin      Editorial board: Religious Studies.


McGonigal       Co-editor of Puzzles in Philosophy series, Palgrave Macmillan.


Meskin Phil. Compass Aesthetics section editor.


Radick             Reviews Editor BJHS; Editorial board: BJHS; Contibuting ed. Studies                           HPBBS, supervisory editor (human sciences) Thoemmes Dictionary of                                   C19 British Scientists (2004), co-editor special section of Studies HPBBS.


Simons Editor HP Logic 1993-2001, Editorial boards: Monist, Eur. Jou. Phil.,                                   Dialectica, Brentano Studies, Philosophical Compass, Metaphysica,                              Grazer Philosophische Studien, Polish Journal of Phillosophy. Co-editor                               of Puzzles in Philosophy series, Palgrave Macmillan; Editorial consultant                                 on History of Analytic Philosophy series.


Topham            Editorial board: Thoemmes Press Science and Culture series.


Williams           Referee for Mind, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, British Journal for                            Philosophy of Science, Philosophical Quarterly, Erkenntnis, Synthese,                           Studia Logica. Book referee for OUP.



External Assessor Duties

Cantor              Idreos Professorship in Science and Religion, Oxford 2006.


Divers              Marsden Fund, New Zealand, Royal Society of New Zealand (June 2006);                   Austrian Science Fund (FWF; July 2007)


French              Promotions/Chairs: Boston, LSE, Notre Dame, Rutgers, Oxford, Toronto.                                National Science Foundation, USA.


Gooday            York University, Toronto.


Le Poidevin      Chairs: Liverpool, Nottingham, St. Andrews. Marsden Fund, Royal                               Society of New Zealand (2005); Research Council of Canada (2007)


Simons Innsbruck.


Topham            Tenure reviewer Toronto 2001; Proposal reviewer Wellcome Trust 2003.



Conference and Seminar Invitations

Barnes              Invited speaker, ‘Metaphysics of Being Basic’ workshop, St. Andrews;                                    invited respondent: Bellingham Summer Philosophy Conference; seminar:                      Manchester.


Cameron          Invited respondent: Arché research seminar; seminars: Birmingham                                Nottingham


Divers              Invited speaker: William Evans Visiting Fellowship, University of Otago;                                    APA Eastern Division (Boston), ANU (Canberra), Melbourne, Macquarie,                Oxford (Jowett Philosophical Society), UNAM Mexico City,                                       Metaphysical Mayhem (Syracuse), Fribourg, Geneva; plus over 20 UK                                     research seminars.


French              International seminars/conference papers include Belgium, Brazil,                                               Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Switzerland and USA; UK                                    seminar papers in Bristol, Canterbury, Durham, London, Oxford.


Gooday            Conference papers HSS (USA) 2001, 2004, 2005, keynote Aarhus 2004;                               seminars: Bristol, Cambridge, Imperial, Oxford, and others.


Heuer               International seminar/conference papers: Columbia University, Rutgers,                          Temple, Tulane, Pacific APA (San Francisco), Syracuse, Goettingen,                             Konstanz, Hannover, Vienna; UK seminar papers: Oxford, London.


Kieran              Invited speaker: Knowing Art series Tate Britain (2007-8), National

                        Icelandic Visual Arts Awards 2007, American Society of Aesthetics

                        Author meets Critics session on Revealing Art (2006); conference papers:

                        American Society of Aesthetics (2001, 2002, 2004); Seminars:

                        University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Columbia University, NY,                                       Geneva, Glasgow, Indiana, Liverpool, Maribor, Tate Britain, Vanderbilt                                      and Warwick.


Lang                 Hume Society, Las Vegas, Mexico City, Oxford, Stockholm, Uppsala.


Le Poidevi   n   Invited speaker: Kirchberg Wittgenstein Symp., Zürich: RIP seminars:                                 Aberdeen, Durham, London. Senior Philosophical Society, Oxford.


McGonigal       Invited speaker: American Philosophical Association, American Soc.                             Aesthetics, keynote at ‘Properties and Relations’ conference, Geneva, ;                               Seminars: Amsterdam, Bristol, Glasgow, Manchester, Oxford, RIP,                                Sheffield, Southampton, St. Andrews, Stirling, York. Visiting                                         Professorship Sage School of Philosophy, Cornell 2007.


Meskin International seminar/conference papers: American Soc. Aesthetics, Amer.                    Phil. Assoc., Hong Kong, Illinois, Kansas State, New Mexico, Tulane.                              Seminars: London Aesthetics Forum, Nottingham, Southampton, York.


Radick             International seminar/conference papers: Harvard, Indiana, Yale; research                                 seminar series, University of Chicago 2004; seminars: Cambridge, Trinity                                   College Dublin, Durham, Lancaster, Manchester, UCL; lecture series at                               the Royal Institute of Philosophy (2003) and the Durham Institute of                                     Advanced Study (2007).


Shalkowski       Conference/ seminar papers: Nancy, Nantes, Ghent. Simons Kaminski

                        Memorial Lectures Lublin 2005, research seminar series Finland 2006,                          numerous international invitations.


Simons Numerous international and national invitations.


Steward           International seminar/conference papers: Berlin, Nijmegen, Oslo,                                               Pittsburgh; seminars: LSE, Liverpool, Stirling, Warwick.


Topham            International seminar/conference papers: Aarhus, Minorca (STEP), Paris-                                  CAK, Toronto.


Williams           International seminar/conference papers: Barcelona (Logos). Responses at                                Boise, Idaho INPC conference; paper ‘Eligibility and Inscrutability’                              subject of Cornell Philosophical Review workshop. Invited workshop at St                    Andrews. Seminars: Durham, Oxford, RIP conference Leeds, St Andrews,                          York.


Wilson              International seminar/conference papers: American Assoc. Hist. Med.                           2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007.