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UOA 60 - Philosophy

University of York

RA5a: Research environment and esteem

1. Introduction

The Department has a long tradition, stretching back to its founding professor John Mackie, of believing that true excellence in research comes from a broad range of philosophical interests rather than narrow specialism. This is reflected in all areas of our research culture: from how we train our postgraduates, who we invite to visit, how we mentor junior staff, where we invest research funds, how we make appointment decisions and the overall shape we give to the Department. As our RA2 submission should make clear, we have active researchers of international quality in most areas and periods of philosophy (including, from October 2007, Indian philosophy), which is a great achievement for a small Department and something we value highly. 

This breadth of achievement rests upon the belief that the very best philosophy of any kind, be it continental or analytic, aesthetics or metaphysics, is grounded in a conception of the human mind: specifically, the character of conscious experience, the nature of rationality, and the role of language in both of those. Consequently, a common theme running through almost all our research is engagement with the deepest questions about the mind and human reason. This applies equally to research in ethics, where we foster engagement with normative ethics and its foundation in practical reasoning. This focus on normative ethics has also made the Department an excellent place for research in applied ethics. We are committed to the principle that no good philosophy is done without sensitivity to the subject's past, so we actively encourage research into the history of the subject, from the 5th century BC to the 20th century AD.

2. Research Strategy

In accordance with our vision of excellence in philosophical research deriving from broad intellectual interests, a grounding in the nature of mind and rationality and a sensitivity to history, the Department has consolidated, developed and expanded its research profile as described in RAE2001. Our overall strategy in the period 2001-7 has been to develop an interconnected web of research interests between multiple members of staff which will consolidate existing areas of expertise while creating interesting and exciting interactions leading to new avenues of research. We strive hard to maintain a culture in which everyone is intellectually engaged with everyone else's research.

The focus in the years running up to 2001 had been on 20th Century Philosophy and Aesthetics. Strengths in these areas have continued to develop and the projects outlined have come to fruition: e.g. Baldwin’s work on Contemporary Philosophy: Philosophy in English since 1945, his edited volume Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870-1945 and his edition of the works of Merleau-Ponty, McGinn’s ground-breaking study of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, Beaney's work on the history of analysis from Frege to Carnap and his co-editing of the definitive Gottlob Frege: Critical Assessments, Lamarque’s field-leading work as editor of the British Journal of Aesthetics and co-editor of Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art: The Analytic Tradition as well as his continued original research on narrative and the ontology of art, and Ward’s synoptic book on Kant's three critiques connecting his transcendental idealism with his aesthetics.

Furthermore, the continued growth of the Department during the assessment period has built on existing interests and given us a wider range of excellence in research. The appointment of Efird brought an expertise in metaphysics and modality which has stimulated new work in these areas by Baldwin and collaborative work with Stoneham. The appointment of Noordhof with his expertise in causation triggered the successful Knowledge Transfer project 'Causal Models: Applying Theory to the Biological and Medical Sciences’ as well as consolidating the interests of Everson and Stoneham in the Philosophy of Mind. The appointment of Holland, in conjunction with Baldwin's tenure as Deputy Chair of the HFEA, has resulted in much successful work in Bioethics. Everson's recent interest in practical reason has produced important synergies with Piller's ongoing work in that area. Stoneham's work on Berkeley and early modern idealism has connected with Ward's work on Kant's transcendental idealism and Allen's work on Locke, which all open up interdisciplinary connections within York (Ward is a member of the Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies and Stoneham the Centre for Renaissance and Early Modern Studies). Carpenter's work on Plato connects with Everson's long term project on Socrates' method which also relates to Beaney's study of analysis. Debus's work on memory, imagination and the emotions connects to ongoing work by Lamarque, Noordhof and Stoneham, while Allen's work on colour builds on work by McGinn and connects with metaphysical issues about value addressed by Everson and Holland. Clarke's work on Fichte and Hegel connects with the Political Philosophy Group (Department of Politics) while his work on recognition-based ethics has stimulated some of Baldwin's recent work in ethics. Though we have not created a formal Research Group, we now have a substantial number of staff doing work on consciousness, especially with respect to perception, namely: Baldwin, Noordhof (Leverhulme Major Fellowship on 'Consciousness and Representation'), McGinn, Stoneham (book contract with McGinn on naturalistic vs. phenomenological approaches to consciousness), Debus, Allen. We are also happy to encourage completely new themes, e.g. Efird's metaphysical work on Philosophy of Religion.

Thus our recent and ongoing Research Strategy has been to avoid the creation of potentially isolated and competing Research Groups and instead to foster dynamic and multi-directional interactions involving all members of the Department. In a slogan: we apply the principles of inter-disciplinarity within the discipline.

3. Staffing Policy

Since 2001 the Department has expanded with 5 new Category A posts: Efird (Lecturer, 2002), Holland (Lecturer, 2005), Noordhof (Professor, 2006), Carpenter and Allen (Lecturer, 2007). There have been two Leverhulme Lecturers (Carel, 2002-4; Lee, 2006-9), who are not Category A but one of whom will stay on as a permanent member of staff from 2009. Three appointments replacing staff who had left were made, one upgrading a post from Lecturer to Reader (Clarke, 2004; Debus, 2007; Beaney, Reader, 2005). The Department also has 4 Graduate Teaching Assistants (0.2 FTE Grade 5, 3 years), all of whom are current Ph.D. students. With all these appointments we have sought to maintain the highly valued diversity of the Department while ensuring that we continue our active engagement with issues in Philosophy of Mind and Language and the study of the history of philosophy. We also actively seek collaborations with other Departments and expect to be making a joint appointment in October 2008 with the new Law Department: as with Holland, we expect this person to have their research 'home' in Philosophy.

With the junior appointments we have aimed to recruit young researchers with promise but at an early stage of their career whom we expect to flourish in a Department where co-operation and breadth of interest are strongly encouraged. Two of these (Efird, Clarke) were appointed immediately upon completion of their Ph.D.s and two more (Allen, Debus) to their first Category A jobs. Our experience with Efird and Clarke shows that the Department's research environment has stimulated junior staff to take on exciting new directions which take them beyond their Ph.D. work. The replacement of Gordon Finlayson with James Clarke continued our longstanding commitment to supporting research in continental philosophy and encouraging dialogue across the continental-analytic division. The appointment of Holland from a Teaching Fellowship to an academic Lecturer post in 2005 reflected the increasing value we place on applied ethics and its potential to inform more theoretical research.

The two more senior appointments (Beaney, Noordhof) have been opportunities to attract internationally renowned scholars with active and on-going research programmes which engage directly and indirectly with the work of other senior figures in the Department.

All new members of staff are given research leave during the early stages of their tenure at York, almost always within the first two years. All staff are given help and encouragement to apply for research funding from all available sources in order to supplement the leave provided by the Department. There is a mentoring system for junior members of staff and both the Department and the University have been proactive in ensuring that junior members of staff are (a) not overburdened with teaching and (b) awarded research leave early in their careers. Two staff (Efird and Piller) were each awarded one-year research leave as part of a University-wide competitive scheme to support junior researchers. All new staff with less than 3 years experience are required to take the York Certificate of Academic Practice which includes modules on time-management, research dissemination and grant applications.

4. Research students

The Department has worked hard to build up its student numbers since the last RAE and we are now proud of the active and enthusiastic community of postgraduate students at York. We have used a two-pronged strategy of (a) providing funding (through the four salaried GTA posts and up to three Department bursaries equivalent to Home fees) and (b) developing our MA programmes to give us a greater pool of suitably trained applicants. As a result the number of research students has increased from 2.5 FTE in 2000/1 to 10 FTE in October 2007, supervised by Baldwin (3.5), McGinn (3), Lamarque (0.5), Stoneham (1.5), Noordhof (1), Clarke (0.5). Five Ph.D.s have been successfully completed during the period 2001-2007, and two more are being submitted in 2007-8:

Tall, A. (2003): From Mathematics in Logic to Logic in Mathematics
(External: Michael Potter)
Kim, H-K (2003): John Locke: Agnostic Essentialist, Nominal Dualist, Symmetric Monist
(External: Bill Brewer)
Holland, S. (2004): A Critique of John McDowell's Philosophy of Value
(External: David McNaughton)
Turner, M. (2006): Language, Thought and Psychopathology
(External: Tony Stone)
Getachew, M-T (2007): The Redress of Metaphor
(External: David Cooper)
Dowling, C. (viva 21 Nov 2007): The Vindication of Aesthetic Empiricism
(External: Nick Zangwill)

The progress of all research students is overseen by the Departmental Graduate School Board. All research students are assigned a Thesis Advisory Panel (3 academic members of staff, including the supervisor), which reads work and reviews progress twice a year. There is a comprehensive programme for research training within the Department and 7 Research Skills modules are offered on such topics as: Reading Advanced Philosophical Papers, Presenting Philosophical Papers, Using Bibliographic Databases, and Writing an Abstract for a Conference. There are also two modules dedicated to career development: Directions for Career Development and Presenting a Job Talk. Many of these skills are employed at an annual internal workshop in June where all research students are required to read a paper to the academic staff.

 The Roberts Fund money has been delegated to the students themselves to organize an annual one day conference at which research students present their work to an audience of academics, including a visiting keynote speaker of their choice, giving them experience and feedback on a range of essential research skills from conference management to handling criticism of their work in a public forum. The University Graduate Training Unit provides a range of non-subject specific courses on topics from leading a seminar to preparing for a viva. All training and skills development are recorded through SkillsForge, the University's online personal development software and discussed regularly with supervisors.

Research students are strongly encouraged to attend conferences (for which funding is available) and to present papers. In 2006-7 we introduced a formal allowance per student for conference expenses, which has resulted in students attending conferences at Essex, Lampeter, Leeds, Manchester, Milton Keynes, Oxford, Antwerp and Graz.

Three of our doctoral students organised a highly successful series of ‘Masterclass’ workshops, funded by the AHRC, the Mind Association and the Aristotelian Society and supported by the British Postgraduate Philosophy Association; David Papineau (KCL), Brad Hooker (Reading) and Peter Goldie (Manchester) have been invited speakers so far. The 9th National Postgraduate Analytic Philosophy Conference was organised and hosted by York research students in 2005 and one of our students has given two papers at conferences in this series. A York doctoral student was the 2005- 6 President of the NPAP Association and others are actively involved. Three York postgraduates organised a workshop at a PG research skills conference in York in 2007 on 'The Conference Scene and Organising Conferences'. In the review period several doctoral students have had their work published, including two papers in the online Postgraduate Journal of Aesthetics, and even a paper in James Bond and Philosophy (Open Court, 2006). Research students have a large office in the department for their exclusive use, with wireless and networked computing facilities. 

The University has recently created an interdisciplinary Graduate School in Philosophy, Politics and Economics with the appointment of Professor Mozaffar Qizilbash. The first Masters students started in October 2007 and we expect to recruit research students for October 2008 from that pool. Research students in PPE will have supervisors from at least two of the participating Departments. The Graduate School of PPE recently hosted a major international conference with papers by Amartya Sen, Akeel Bilgrami and others.

5. Research income

Since RAE2001, the Department has steadily increased its research income from almost nothing to about £55k p.a.. Other sources of income, such as that from the Mind Association for editing Mind (£65k p.a.) and from the White Rose Consortium for Knowledge Transfer projects (£48k) are used in part to support research in the Department by buying out teaching time.

• Six members of the Department have been awarded AHRC one-term Research Leave Grants to complete personal projects (Lamarque (Ontology of Art), Stoneham (Epistemology of Inference; Metaphysical Nihilism), McGinn (Elucidation of the Tractatus), Everson (Explanantion and Ontology in the Philosophy of Mind), Noordhof (Indeterministic Causation), Efird (God, Morality and Modality).
• Two have been awarded Leverhulme Major Research Fellowships for new projects (Baldwin (2002-4, Continental Philosophy especially Merleau-Ponty), Noordhof (2006-9, Consciousness and Representation)).
• One is in receipt of a Humboldt Fellowship for work in Erlangen and Jena on Frege and Conceptions of Analysis (Beaney).
• Two were awarded a year’s research leave (2005-06) through the University of York’s competitive scheme to support the research of junior staff (Efird, Metaphysical Nihilism; Piller, Normativity and Practical Reasoning).

The Department has also received:

• a British Academy Small Research Grant for two international workshops (one in York, one in Toronto) on ‘Temporal Externalism’ (£7K, organised by Stoneham),
• a White Rose Research Grant for a series of six workshops on ‘Causal Models: Applying Theory to the Biological and Medical Sciences’ (£48K, organised by Stoneham and Noordhof),
• a grant from the European Commission (Osteocord Project, £18k) for a research project on the ethics of stem cell research (Baldwin, Holland),
• external funding for organizing or attending international conferences (Baldwin, Beaney, Piller, and Stoneham).
• and Lamarque has received external funding of c. £10K to give invited lectures at home and overseas

6. Research structure

The Department recognizes the close connection between the vitality and productivity of its academic staff and a supportive and stimulating research environment.

Research Culture

• The Department runs a weekly Philosophy Colloquium during term, at which visiting speakers give research papers and which is attended by staff and postgraduate students.
• The Department also hosts a Royal Institute of Philosophy lecture series (lecturers 2001-7 include David Wiggins, Hugh Mellor, Graham Priest, Joseph Raz, Roy Sorenson, Mark Sainsbury, Robert Adams, Alan Wood, Mary Warnock, Ingmar Persson).
• It was host to the Joint Session of the Mind Association and Aristotelian Society (2001) as well as the National Postgraduate Analytic Philosophy Conference (2005) and will host the British Society for the History of Philosophy annual conference (2008).
• The Department funds and hosts an annual one-day conference in the Summer Term ('Literature, the Literary and the Literal', 2006; 'Values and Reasons', 2007).
• There is a departmental research fund which is used to support attendance at conferences by both staff (min. £400 each p.a.) and research students (min. £200 each p.a.).
• We offer the option of laptop computers to staff who want more flexible working arrangements and use a Virtual Private Network to enable off-campus access to all electronic research resources.
• The University Library stocks a very large range of journals and staff may order books for their research through the Department's annual Library budget (c. £20k). Research staff also each have an annual allowance of 30 free interlibrary loans.
• The University has also been making substantial capital investment in humanities research resources through the Raymond Burton Humanities Research Library, which has allowed for the purchase of more than £18k worth of reference works and primary sources in Philosophy, many in electronically accessible formats.

Research Management

• The Department Research Committee awards periods of research leave on the basis of an entitlement (one term in six) and submission of a project, and monitors productivity through reports from staff after periods of leave.
• All eligible staff are expected to apply for AHRC Research Leave Awards.
• The Head of Department monitors available grants through alerting services and notifies individual staff of suitable opportunities.
• Staff returning from a period of research leave are required to present their research as a paper to the Department.
• As part of the annual Performance Review process, all staff complete a form detailing their research activities during the year which is returned to the Head of Department.
• The University Research Committee monitors and facilitates research across the institution and the Research Support Office gives advice on research applications (e.g. to AHRC, Leverhulme, etc.)
• A comprehensive internal Research Review of the Department, by the University Research Committee, was undertaken in 2004.

7. Contributions to national and international research environment

Members of the Department have been consistently active in maintaining and enhancing the research infrastructure of the subject through editorial work, scholarly societies, advisory bodies and attending and organizing international conferences.

• Two of the leading UK journals are based in the Department:

o Mind (edited by Baldwin, with editorial support from Stoneham, Efird and Noordhof)
o The British Journal of Aesthetics (edited by Lamarque);

• Three staff act as editors for monograph series (Beaney, Lamarque, Noordhof); one is an editorial consultant to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Baldwin);
• In all, eight members of staff contribute to the editing of leading journals and book series (Baldwin, Beaney, Efird, Lamarque, McGinn, Noordhof, Piller, Stoneham) and thirteen members of staff have been involved in refereeing for international journals and major publishers;
• Five members of staff have served on the boards of scholarly societies (Baldwin, Lamarque, Beaney, McGinn, Noordhof);
Baldwin has served on a number of government advisory bodies (HFEA, Nuffield Council on Bioethics, UK Stem Cell Bank Steering Committee),
• Six have acted as advisers for funding bodies, including the AHRC (both Peer Review College and studentships panel), the Analysis Trust, the Mind Association, the Leverhulme Trust, the Guggenheim Foundation, the Wellcome Trust and the Finnish Academy (Baldwin, Beaney, Holland, Lamarque, McGinn, Noordhof);
• Two have acted as external assessors for professorial appointments (Baldwin, Lamarque);
• Three have acted as external examiners for foreign Ph.D. degrees (Beaney, Budapest; McGinn, Joensu Finland; Lamarque, ANU, Melbourne);
• Six have acted as external examiners for Ph.D. degrees in the UK (Lamarque x5, Baldwin x4, McGinn x4, Noordhof x3, Beaney x1, Stoneham x1); and one is the External Examiner for the Oxford B.Phil. (Stoneham, 2006-9)
• Thirteen staff have contributed papers to international conferences and workshops, and McGinn gave the Hagerström Lectures in Uppsala, Sweden in 2004;
• The collaborative work of two members of staff (Stoneham and Efird) has been the subject for a one-day conference (Leeds, 2005);
• Four members of staff have organized international conferences and workshops with the support of funding bodies (Baldwin, Beaney, Piller, Stoneham);
• The work of Lamarque has been translated into French and German and the work of McGinn has been translated into Chinese.

8. Evidence of Esteem (* indicates early career researcher)

Editing

Baldwin: Mind (2005-)
Beaney: Monograph series on the History of Philosophy (Continuum, 8 vols.);
monograph series on the History of Analytic Philosophy (Palgrave Macmillan, 18+ vols.)
Lamarque: The British Journal of Aesthetics (1995-); monograph series, co-editor, Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art (Ashgate)
Noordhof: Reviews editor Mind (2000-); monograph series, co-editor, International Library of Philosophy (Routledge)

Editorial Boards

Baldwin: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2006-)
Efird: Associate Editor of Mind (2005-)
Lamarque: Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Journal of Aesthetic Education, Journal of Comparative Literature and Aesthetics, Cuadernos de musica, artes visuals y artes escenicas
McGinn: Associate Editor of Philosophical Investigations (2000-)
Noordhof: Mind (1991-)
Piller: Grazer Philosophische Studien (2006-)
Stoneham: Associate Editor of Mind (2005-), Berkeley Newsletter (2005-)

Peer Reviewing for Journals


*Allen: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Dialectica, Mind, Philosophia
Baldwin: The Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Analysis, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, The European Journal of Philosophy
Beaney: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Collingwood and British Idealism Studies, Dialectica, Erkenntnis, Grazer Philosophische Studien, History and Philosophy of Logic, International Journal of Philosophical Studies, Journal of the History of Philosophy, Journal of Philosophical Research, Mind, Philosophical Quarterly, Philosophical Studies, Science in Context, Synthese
*Clarke: Inquiry
*Debus: Philosophical Quarterly, Mind
Efird: Philosophical Papers
*Holland: Mind, Journal of Applied Philosophy, Journal of Medical Ethics, Human Fertility, Social Science and Medicine
Lamarque: Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, British Journal of Aesthetics
McGinn: Mind, Philosophical Quarterly, The Australasian Journal of Philosophy, International Journal of Philosophy, The Philosophical Review
Noordhof: Philosophical Studies, Mind, Analysis, Nous, Theoria, Erkenntnis, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly
Piller: Acta Analytica, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Conceptus, Erkenntnis, Grazer Philosophische Studien, Mind, Philosopers’ Imprint, Philosophical Papers, Philosophical Quarterly, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
Stoneham: Mind and Language, The Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Philosophical Quarterly, Philosophical Papers, British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Journal of the History of Philosophy, American Philosophical Quarterly, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Eighteenth Century Thought
Ward: British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Hume Studies, Mind

Peer Reviewing for Publishers

Baldwin: Routledge, Cambridge University Press
Beaney: Blackwell, Cambridge University Press, Continuum, Harvard University Press, Oxford University Press, Palgrave Macmillan, Polity Press, Routledge
*Clarke: Palgrave
*Debus: Blackwell
Efird: Routledge, Oxford University Press
*Holland: Blackwell
Lamarque: Oxford UP, Blackwell, Routledge, Tate Publishing
McGinn: Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Harvard University Press
Noordhof: Routledge, Oxford University Press, Palgrave, Blackwell
Piller: Oxford University Press, Blackwell
Stoneham: Routledge, Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press
Ward: Polity Press

Fellowships

*Allen: Jacobsen Fellow, Institute of Philosophy, London (2005-7)
Baldwin: Major Research Fellow, Leverhulme Trust (2002-4)
Beaney: Alexander von Humboldt Visiting Fellowship (Erlangen, 2003; Jena, 2006)
Everson: Visiting Fellow, School for Advanced Studies, London (2004-5)
Noordhof: Major Research Fellow, Leverhulme Trust (2006-9); Editorial Board Fellowship, Mind Association (2002)
Stoneham: Visiting Fellow, School for Advanced Studies, London (2002-3); Visiting Fellow, Rhodes University, South Africa (2001)

Service on Learned Societies

Baldwin: President of the Aristotelian Society, President of the Mind Association, Trustee of the Analysis Trust
Beaney: Management Committee of the British Society for the History of Philosophy
Lamarque: Executive Committee of the British Society of Aesthetics, Management Committee of the Journal of Applied Philosophy
McGinn: Executive Committee of the Mind Association
Noordhof: Executive Committee of the Royal Institute of Philosophy

Advisory

Baldwin: College of reviewers for AHRC (2004-); HFEA (Deputy Chair 2002-5, Chair Ethics and Law Committee, 2003-5), Nuffield Council of Bioethics (2000-6), UK Stem Cell Bank Steering Committee (2003-6); External Assessor for Chairs of Philosophy: Edinburgh (2004), Birkbeck (2005), Cambridge (2006); External Reviewer for Philosophy Department, University of Pennsylvania (2007); Leverhulme Trust Philosophy Prize Panel (2005-)
Beaney: Independent Assessor for Post-Doctoral Awards Scheme, Irish Research Council
*Holland: Assessor for Wellcome Trust research proposal
Lamarque: External Assessor Chairs of Philosophy: Southampton (2004), Durham (2006), Hull (2006); External Assessor for Philosophy Subject Review: Edinburgh (2001), Hertfordshire (2002) Durham (2005); External advisor Philosophical Quarterly fellowship award (2004); External advisor, Lingnan University, Hong Kong (2003-7)
McGinn: External member of the Board of Assessors of the Finnish Academy (2001)
Noordhof: College of reviewers for AHRC (2004-7); AHRC postgraduate panel (2006-9)
Stoneham: Arts & Humanities Consultative Group of Research Information Network (2005-)

Major Conferences Papers and Invited Presentations

*Allen: Oxford (2004), Lund (2005), Geneva (2007)
Baldwin: Budapest (2001), Munster (2002, 2003), Tartu, Estonia (2003), Luxembourg (2003), Amiens (2003), Copenhagen (2004), Cambridge (2004), Paris (2005), Oxford (2005), Leuven (2005), Cambridge (2006), Vienna (2006), Chicago (2006) Madison WI (2006), Aix-en-Provence (2006), Columbia (2007).
Beaney: Oxford (2001), Vienna (2001), Memphis (2001), Jena (2001), Oxford (2002, three times), Erlangen (2003), Seville (2003), Lille (2004), APA, Boston (2004), International Leibniz Forum, Nürnberg (2005), Collingwood Society, Lake District (2005), Genoa (2005), Santa Maria, Brazil (2005), Buenos Aires (2005), Cambridge (2006, twice), Paderborn (2006), Bristol (2006), Berlin (2006), Jena (2007), Mexico
City (2007), Montreal (2007)
Carpenter: Istanbul (2003), Fordham (2004), Delhi (2005), Riga (2005), Braga, Portugal (2005), Hvar, Croatia (2006), Helsinki (2007), Dublin (2007)
*Clarke: Hegel Society (2006)
*Debus: Fribourg, Switzerland (2001), New York (2002), Turin, Italy (2003), Geneva (2007), Hertfordshire (2007)
Efird: St Andrews (2006), Czech Republic (2006), Rijeka (2007)
*Holland: Keynote speaker, Birmingham (2007)
Lamarque: Minneapolis (2001), Oxford (2001), Hong Kong (2001), Bergen (2001), Aix-en-Provence (2001), Tokyo (2001), Miami (2002), San Francisco (2003), Oxford (2003), Manchester (2003), Houston (2004), London (2004), Uppsala (2004), Providence (2005), Hertfordshire (2005), Erfurt (2005), Oberlin (2006), Milwaukee (2006), Nancy (2006), Los Angeles (2007) and Oslo (2007).
McGinn: Paris (2001), Kirchberg (2001), Amsterdam (2001), Bologna (2001), Chicago (2002), Hagerstrom Lectures, Uppsala, Sweden (2004), Abo, Finland (2005), Groningen, Holland (2006), Chicago (2006)
Noordhof: Paris (2001), Lund (2002), Paris (2003), Aix en Provence (2003). Metaphysics and Science workshops Athens (2003), Ghent (2005), Lund (2007), American Philosophical Association (2004), Invited speaker to International Conference on Emergence in Belfast (2007), Toronto (2007) (contributer to Mohan Matthen’s Canadian Research Professorship funded Perception project)
Piller: Valencia (2001), Lund (2001), Oxford (2002), Graz, Austria (2003), London (2004), Cambridge (2004), Porto, Portugal (2004), Bled, Slovenia (2005), Helsinki, (2005) Braga, Portugal (2005), Slovenia (2005), Vienna (2006), Lisbon (2006), Stirling (2006), Berlin (2006), Siena (2007), Amsterdam (2007), Granada, Spain (2007)
Stoneham: South Africa (2003), London (2003), Amsterdam (2003), Lund (2005), Estonia (2005), Oxford (2005), Helsinki (2007), Rotterdam, (2007)
Ward: University of Memphis (2003), Baylor University, Texas (2004), Sao Paulo, Brazil (2005), Athens (2006), Calcutta (2006)