Philosophy at St Andrews is world class, thanks both to individual research and to collaboration. Our research has a very long and distinguished history at the highest scholarly level and we have continued to add to these strengths by appointing twelve new Category A Staff since RAE2001. The strategy has been to recruit key senior staff with outstanding research records to broaden the portfolio of our research while maintaining synergy and cohesiveness with our existing core interests, together with an uncompromising approach to the recruitment of new junior staff with high potential to develop strong internationally competitive research activities. We attract outstanding research students, staff and distinguished visitors from many parts of the world because of our high reputation for research coupled with the close-knit stimulating intellectual and supportive environment that makes up the University of St Andrews.
Three institutions are central to our collaborative research in philosophy at St Andrews, the Arché research centre, CEPPA (the Centre for Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairs), and the Philosophical Quarterly. Achievements related to each of these will be detailed in various sections below, but we begin with brief overviews.
Arché was founded in 1998. It is dedicated to the prosecution and publication of research of the highest quality in analytical epistemology and metaphysics, formal and philosophical logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics and philosophy of mind, and to the promotion of the research of younger scholars. Crispin Wright is Director, Sarah Broadie and Patrick Greenough are Associate Directors, while Martin Smith is Executive Director and Research Fellow. Jessica Brown and Herman Cappelen are the first permanent Arché Professors. Graham Priest, François Recanati, Jonathan Schaffer, Stewart Shapiro, Jason Stanley and Brian Weatherson are Arché Professorial Fellows. Since 2001, Arché has pursued major funded research projects on the Logical and Metaphysical Foundations of Classical Mathematics, Translating Grundgesetze, the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Modality, and Vagueness: its Nature and Logic. From 2007, the AHRC will fund a further major project on Basic Knowledge, and from 2008 a major project on Contextualism and Relativism.
The Centre for Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairs was founded in 1984. It aims to promote research and scholarship among academic philosophers and political theorists into the presuppositions of policy and practice, and to encourage those engaged in policy making and its implementation to reflect upon ethical and philosophical aspects of these. John Haldane is Director, and Lisa Jones is incoming Executive Director. In 2005-2007 CEPPA hosted two post-doctoral fellows, first Niall MacLean, then David Shaw; since the late 1980s the centre has hosted two or three visiting research fellows each year, as well as organising lectures and conferences. Imprint Academic has so far published six books in the CEPPA-sponsored series St Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs.
The Philosophical Quarterly was founded in 1950, and is published by Blackwells for the University of St Andrews and the Scots Philosophical Club. It reaches almost 3000 libraries world-wide, and receives more than 500 submissions each year. The current Editorial Chair is Katherine Hawley; her predecessor was Stephen Read. The Executive Editor is Sarah Broadie, the Chair of the Management Committee is Berys Gaut, and most St Andrews colleagues are members of the Editorial Board, along with representatives from the other Scottish departments. The Philosophical Quarterly funds the Scots Philosophical Club’s activities, which include conference sponsorship and Centenary Fellowships throughout Scotland.
Individually or collectively, many of our activities are at once marks of esteem and significant contributions to the development of the discipline, locally, nationally and internationally. The information which follows is divided into two main sections: the environment within St Andrews, and the broader research environment. A shorter final section details our research strategy and future plans.
2. The St Andrews Research Environment:
2.1 Staff, Staffing Policy and Early-Career Researchers
Since 2001, twelve new colleagues have joined the permanent staff at St Andrews.
Mulgan joined us in 2005 as Professor of Moral and Political Philosophy. Brown and Cappelen joined us in January 2007 as Arché Professors, securing the long-term future of the Centre. All three are integral to our research culture, supervising graduate students, leading seminars, sitting on the Editorial Board of the Philosophical Quarterly, and, in Mulgan’s case, directing the M.Litt. programme.
Recanati, Schaffer, Stanley and Weatherson have recently become Arché Professorial Fellows; they join Priest and Shapiro who have held such positions throughout the assessment period. Professorial Fellows are employed one-third time on five-year contracts, and make an extended visit to St Andrews each year. They teach courses at undergraduate and/or M.Litt. level, supervise and examine Ph.D. students, lead seminars, organise conferences and participate in bids for external research funding. They also provide two-way connections with Paris, ANU, Rutgers, Melbourne and Ohio State, embedding St Andrews within an international network, facilitating graduate student exchanges and contributing to our position at the forefront of philosophical research worldwide.
Greenough, Harris, Prosser, and C. Smith have joined us as lecturers since 2001, passing through our probationers’ scheme. Colleagues taking up their first permanent lectureship are given two-thirds of the standard teaching load during their probationary period, are assigned mentors, and their progress in research and teaching is regularly reviewed. M. Smith also took up a permanent academic position with us in 2006; he is half-time executive director of Arché, half-time research fellow. All these colleagues are now making their mark internationally, publishing in leading journals and speaking at conferences and departmental seminars.
The University research leave scheme provides relief from teaching and administrative duties for one semester in every eight. Staff are expected to apply for external funding for research leave and such applications have proven extremely successful (see section 2.8). Every member of academic staff is entitled to draw upon the departmental travel fund; the current budget is £1300 per person per annum.
Our ongoing success in attracting funded research leave means that we often employ teaching fellows and temporary lecturers. Such colleagues are entitled to the same travel funds as permanent members of staff, are assigned mentors, are invited to give papers, participate in ongoing research seminars and occasionally organise conferences or workshops. Philosophers who have held these positions at St Andrews since 2001 now hold permanent positions at the Universities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Newcastle, Bilkent, York, Nottingham and St Andrews (i.e. Prosser).
We have employed thirteen post-doctoral research fellows since 2001, including AHRC-funded Arché fellows, Gifford fellows, Philosophical Quarterly fellows and a current British Academy fellow (McCallion). Such colleagues are entitled to the usual travel funds, work with a sponsor, and take a full role in organising and leading research seminars and conferences. Philosophers who have held these positions at St Andrews since 2001 now hold permanent positions or further research fellowships at Glasgow, MIT, Otago, Minnesota, the Open University of Israel, Bologna, UNAM (Mexico), Stirling, and Belfast. One now works for HEFCE, one is a trainee barrister, and two are still in post at St Andrews.
2.2 Post-Graduate Students
St Andrews offers a joint M.Litt. programme in Philosophy with the University of Stirling, and we typically enrol 20-30 students each year. Students take two semesters of modules – including one in ‘Research Methods’ – then write a 15,000 word dissertation.
A few students each year transfer from M.Litt to M.Phil., writing a 40,000 word dissertation, and several transfer from the M.Litt. to the full Ph.D. programme. We currently have around 25 students enrolled for the Ph.D.; from autumn 2007 we will offer a joint Ph.D. programme with the University of Oslo (for more details, see section 4.1).
Each research student is assigned a first supervisor and a second supervisor. Supervisory duties are taken very seriously within the department, and are factored into teaching loads as 8 contact hours per student per semester (two per semester for the second supervisor). Progress is formally reviewed each June, by two members of staff other than the supervisors. The University runs its own ‘GRADskills’ programme of training and development, and in Philosophy we run regular workshops on publication, teaching, and getting a job.
All Ph.D. students have office space either in the Edgecliffe annexe or within Arché. They attend research seminars each week, and are required to attend and present at the all-important Friday Seminar (described in section 2.5). Regular reading parties in the Scottish hills provide further opportunities for staff-postgraduate interaction and for discussion of research. Students often play a significant role in organising conferences, including three postgraduate conferences since 2001.
Ph.D. and M.Phil. students are entitled to an annual travel grant of £300 (M.Litt. students receive £200), and they have presented papers at conferences around the world. Many of our students have had papers accepted for publication: these have included the winner of the 2005 Philosophical Review Young Philosopher’s Essay Competition, and papers in Mind, Analysis, and Philosophical Studies. Finally, they have been very successful in securing academic jobs: St Andrews philosophers who graduated since 2001 now hold permanent positions at the Universities of Aarhus, Queens Belfast, Edinburgh, Leeds (x3), McGill, Minnesota State, Modena, Ottawa, St Andrews (i.e. Greenough), Stirling (x2), Udine, Warsaw and York, and at Ithaca College and the Florida Institute of Technology.
2.3 Research Infrastructure
Most St Andrews philosophers are located in Edgecliffe, a large Victorian building overlooking the sea, whilst the Arché research centre is housed two minutes away. Edgecliffe has rooms for 21 academic staff (including an office for CEPPA fellows, which holds the Hall-McNeilly library), a general philosophy library, rooms for support staff (including our IT officer, our librarian and the Philosophical Quarterly assistant editor), a computer suite and three seminar rooms. Ten postgraduate students have office space in an adjacent building. In College Street, Arché has a seminar room, and twenty-five newly-refurbished offices, which house post-doctoral fellows, post-graduate students, support staff and visiting researchers.
Both Edgecliffe and College Street are a stone’s throw from the main University Library, which has extensive holdings in philosophy, including subscriptions to over 200 journals, with full online access both to new material and to archives such as J.Stor. The Research Grants and Finance Office has named staff assigned to philosophy, who support academics both in preparing grant applications, and in ‘post-award’ management. The University Conference Service offers a full range of support for organisers of one-day or larger events, including help with advertising, registration and so on, as well as the usual catering and accommodation.
2.4 Conferences and Workshops
St Andrews has hosted 61 conferences and workshops during this period, including many under the auspices of either Arché or the Centre for Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairs. These are listed below, with names of those speakers who were then based outwith the UK.
- Philosophical Perspectives on Pluralism.
- Spirituality, Philosophy and Education, (papers published 2003 by Routledge, eds. Haldane and Carr); Jacobs.
- Abstraction Workshop III.
- Abstraction Workshop IV; Demopoulos.
- Democracy and Contemporary Chinese Political Philosophy (co-sponsored by the British Council); Feng, Tao.
- Philosophy and its Public Role (held in Pittsburgh but sponsored by CEPPA; papers published as vol. II of St Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs, eds. Aitken and Haldane) Carr, Gruzalski.
- International Justice; Beitz, Copp, Miller, Pogge.
- Does Mathematics Require a Foundation? (proceedings published as issue 54.1 of the Philosophical Quarterly); Burgess, Field, Fine, Hodes, Parsons, Tennant, Yablo, Zalta.
- The History of Ethics in Ethics; Irwin, Louden.
- Abstraction Workshop V; Hallet, Linnebo, Uzquiano, Weiss.
- Abstraction Workshop VI; Elga, Ricketts.
- Paton Colloquium A Kantian Account of Humanity; Korsgaard.
- Scots Philosophical Club Spring Meeting; van Inwagen.
- The Scottish Moral Philosophy Tradition.
- World Poverty and Human Rights; Pogge.
- Abstraction Workshop VII; Jane.
- Abstraction Workshop VIII; McGee, Womack.
- Modality Workshop I; Chalmers, Correia, Linsky.
- Vagueness Workshop I.
- Arché Graduate Conference I.
- Aspects of Virtue.
- Philosophy and Literature.
- Paton Conference Kant on Theory and Practice (papers forthcoming as a special issue of the Journal of Moral Philosophy, eds. Flikschuh and Timmermann); Ludwig, Riley.
- Truth and Realism (collaboratively organised with Michael Lynch (U.Conn.), papers published by OUP in 2006 eds. Greenough and Lynch); Beall, Boghossian, Brandom, David, Devitt, Gauker, Hawthorne, Horgan, Horwich, Lynch, McDowell, Richard, Rorty, Sosa, Williams.
- Truth and Realism Graduate ‘Pre-Conference’; Devitt, Horgan, Jackson, Lynch, McDowell, Raatikainen, Velleman.
- Abstraction Workshop IX; Tennant.
- Abstraction Workshop X.
- Modality Workshop II; Hawthorne, Paul.
- Modality Workshop III.
- Vagueness Workshop II; Beall, Raffman.
- Vagueness Workshop III; Dorr, Garcia-Carpintero.
- Moral Demandingness.
- The Unity of Reason (papers forthcoming as Spheres of Reason, eds. Robertson, Skorupski and Timmerman); Bratman, Darwall, Engel, von Willegenburg.
- Modality Workshop IV; Rosen.
- Modality Workshop V.
- Vagueness Workshop IV; Eklund, Graff, Schiffer, Weatherson.
- Vagueness Workshop V; Dever, Horgan, Hyde, Varzi.
- Parts Workshop I; Hudson.
- Revenge Workshop (organised in St Andrews by J.C. Beall of U.Conn); Field.
- Arché Graduate Conference II; Heck.
- Distributing Health Care: Principles, Practices and Policies.
- The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Modality; Fine, Jackson, Stalnaker, Yablo.
- Truth and Truthfulness; Schapiro.
- Scots Philosophical Club Spring Meeting.
- Parts Workshop II; Markosian, Hawthorne.
- Abstraction Workshop XI Status Belli; Cook, Moltmann, Rayo.
- Vagueness Workshop VI; Pagin, Richard, Torrente.
- Vagueness Workshop VII; Lopez de Sa, Raffman.
- Basic Knowledge Workshop; Gunderson, Stanley.
- Arché Graduate Conference III; Raffman, Stanley.
- Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason; Kleingeld, Engstrom, Reath, Keller, Klemme, Willaschek, Bacim.
- Paton Colloquium on Kantian Ethics; Kleingeld, Engstrom, Reath.
- Northern Association for Ancient Philosophy conference.
2007 to July
- Theories of Vagueness; Forbes, Horsten, MacFarlane, McGee, Salmon, Smith, Soames.
- Meta-Ethics; Hurka.
- History of Ethics; Zuckert.
- Philosophy for Children.
- Metaphysics of Being Basic.
- CSMN Adjectives workshop; Graff-Fara, Kennedy, Ludlow, Pietroski, Rothschild.
- Workshop on Proof-Theoretical Semantics; Francez.
- Reasons and the Good.
St Andrews also hosts the Knox lectures (Raz, Scheffler, Gray, Ryan, Putnam, Honderich, Broome), and the Gifford lectures (Plantinga, van Inwagen). Lectures in Philosophy and Public Policy have been given by public figures including Roger Mosey, Richard Demarco, David Lorimer, Harry Cayton, and Sir Michael Quinlan.
2.5 Research seminars:
The fortnightly Philosophy Club is our key forum for visiting speakers from around the world. There are numerous other regular meetings, including seminars associated with large-scale funded research projects. At present, the department hosts weekly seminars on Relativism and Contextualism, Translating Grundgesetze, Knowledge and Language, Meta-Ethics, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Logic, and Metaphysics, plus an Ancient Greek reading group and a graduate reading group in Moral Philosophy. Seminars on Vagueness, on Philosophy of Mathematics, and on Epistemology meet once or twice a month. Some meetings involve a talk from a visiting speaker, a St Andrews staff member or a graduate student, whilst others have a ‘reading-group’ format. The Mathematics seminar has used video-conferencing to collaborate with philosophers at MIT and Stanford.
Friday afternoons are reserved for a fairly formal post-graduate seminar, coordinated and chaired by a member of staff. Students are expected to present a paper once or twice each year, and to respond to prepared comments from another student; staff participation is central to the ethos of this seminar, which forms part of our professional-development programme for research students.
Amidst the flurry of conferences, workshops and international visitors, the twice-yearly Reflectorium provides a focus for the research culture of the department. Staff and post-graduates spend a day in January and a day in June hearing and discussing six brief talks about colleagues’ current research, across the whole spectrum of philosophy and its history.
In addition to the speakers mentioned above, many philosophers have spent longer periods as visitors to St Andrews. These include:
- Sally Haslanger and Stephen Yablo, who visited for summer 2002 as Scots Philosophical Club Centenary Fellows.
- Twenty visiting research fellows of the Centre for Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairs
- Annual visitors from Colgate University and from Baylor University.
- Kit Fine, Frank Jackson and Mark Sainsbury, who have all made several visits to St Andrews as official Arché auditors.
- Dan López de Sa, who spent two years in St Andrews on a Spanish government post-doctoral fellowship.
- Visitors from Navarra, Long Island, Neuchatel, Warsaw, Göttingen, Milan, Rutgers, and Essen.
Visiting Ph.D. students have been welcomed from Stockholm, Ohio State, Barcelona, Venice, Western Ontario, Eastern Piedmont, Bologna, and Toronto.
2.7 External Funding
With Wright as Principal Investigator, Arché has secured several major grants:
- Logical and Metaphysical Foundations of Classical Mathematics (AHRB, £449,154)
- Funding for the AHRB Research Centre for Logic, Language, Mathematics and Mind: projects on Vagueness and Modality (£761,112).
- Translation of Frege’s Grundgesetze der Arithmetic (Leverhulme, £115,352)
- Basic Knowledge (AHRC, £664,370 plus graduate studentships).
Cappelen and Wright have recently secured a further major grant:
- Contextualism and Relativism (AHRC: £774,901 plus graduate studentships).
Cappelen has been granted major funds from the Norwegian Research Council:
- £400,000 as sole applicant for a project on Shared Content.
- £10 million as one of eight applicants to fund the Centre for the Study of Mind in Nature. With Deidre Wilson, Cappelen is director of the Linguistic Agency stream. CSMN research will be closely integrated with Arché programmes: for more details, see section 4.1.
Many colleagues have secured funding for periods of research:
- AHRB/C research leave scheme: Ashford, Brown, Gaut, Hawley, Read and Timmerman.
- Philip Leverhulme Prizes: Brown, Hawley.
- Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship: Skorupski
- Five-year Leverhulme Research Professorship: Wright.
- Leverhulme Research Fellowship: Gaut
- British Academy Post-Doctoral Fellowships: Harris, McCallion, C. Smith.
Other grants include:
- Theories of Vagueness network grant (Leverhulme: £69,020).
- Post-Doctoral Fellowship (Philosophical Quarterly: £56,490)
- Trends Within the Philosophy of Mathematics network grant (Leverhulme: £50,000)
- Foundational Research Grant (A.M. Monius Institute: $15,000)
- Network grant for The Scottish Enlightenment and the Classics (British Academy: £7,000)
- Grant to develop e-learning for schoolteachers (Higher Education Academy £4,967)
- International Collaboration grant for the Metaphysics of Parthood (British Academy: £4,500).
- International Collaboration grant for Logical Structures and Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (British Academy: £4,400)
- Travel grant (Royal Society of Edinburgh: £2,550)
- Grant for Kantian Moral Philosophy (Royal Society of Edinburgh: £1,350).
- Various conference and travel grants from the British Academy, Mind Association, Scots Philosophical Club, the Analysis Trust, the Hellenic Society and the Classical Association.
Philosophy also benefits from sources of funding internal to St Andrews. The Gifford bequest funds an annual lecture series and post-doctoral research fellowships; these alternate between Philosophy and Divinity. The Paton bequest funds biennial colloquia on Kantian themes. The J.N. Wright fund and the Anne Wright bequest finance conferences in Logic and Metaphysics.
3. St Andrews and the Wider Environment
St Andrews philosophers publish extensively, travel widely, and contribute significantly to the discipline through lecturing, editing, refereeing, and committee work.
During the assessment period, we have published 22 monographs, 7 scholarly editions and commentaries, over 300 journal articles and book chapters (of which 35 were co-authored with collaborators outside St Andrews), and have edited or co-edited 21 collections (including the Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics, and the Routledge Companion to Aesthetics) and two book series (St Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs: Haldane; Blackwell New Directions in Aesthetics: Gaut).
Our work has been widely discussed, cited and reprinted. Of particular note:
- Brown’s Anti-Individualism and Knowledge was the subject of the Spring Book Series, Birmingham University in 2002.
- Cappelen and Lepore’s Insensitive Semantics was the subject of symposia in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, in Mind and Language, and at the 2005 Canadian Philosophical Association conference; it is the focus of the 14 essays collected in Context Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism (OUP 2007).
- Clark’s work on determinism and predictability is the subject of a 2008 conference in Coruna, Spain.
- Gaut’s ‘The Ethical Criticism of Art’ has been reprinted three times, in Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art (Blackwell 2004), The Philosophy of Literature (Blackwell 2004) and Aesthetics (Blackwell 2007). His ‘The Paradox of Horror’ is reprinted in Arguing about Art (Routledge 2002); his ‘Identification and Emotion in Narrative Film’ is reprinted in The Philosophy of Film and Motion (Blackwell 2005); his ‘Cinematic Art’ is reprinted in Aesthetics (Routledge 2005); and his ‘Creativity and Imagination’ is reprinted in Imagination and Creativity (Open University Press, 2003). His ‘“Art” as a Cluster Concept’ has been translated into German, and his ‘Art and Ethics’ has been translated into Portuguese.
- Harris’s Liberty and Necessity was the subject of an author-meets-critics session at the 2007 Pacific APA.
- Hawley’s ‘Persistence and Non-Supervenient Relations’ is reprinted in Persistence (MIT Press 2007), as are excerpts from her How Things Persist.
- Mulgan’s Future People is the subject of a 2007 symposium in Filosofia e Questioni Pubbliche.
- Priest’s Beyond the Limits of Thought was the subject of an author-meets-critics session at the 2006 Central APA. Earlier books have recently been translated into Portuguese, Romanian and Spanish.
- Read’s ‘The Truth-Schema and the Liar’ is the lead article in Essays on the Liar Paradox (Springer, forthcoming), remaining articles discuss Read’s paper.
- Schaffer’s ‘Trumping Preemption’ was reprinted in Collins, Hall, and Paul (eds.) Causation and Counterfactuals (2004), his ‘Quiddistic Knowledge’ was reprinted in Jackson and Priest (eds.) Lewisian Themes (2006), and his paper ‘Causation: the Black Hole’ has been translated into French (2006).
- Skorupski’s work was the subject of the 2005 Netherlands Summer School in Philosophy.
- Stanley’s Knowledge and Practical Interests is the subject of a forthcoming symposium in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research; his ‘Knowing How’, co-authored with Tim Williamson, was reprinted in the Philosopher’s Annual XXIV; his ‘Truth and MetaTheory in Frege’ was reprinted in Gottlob Frege (Routledge 2005).
- Wright’s ‘On Being in a Quandary’ was reprinted in the 2001 Philosopher’s Annual; his ‘On Basic Knowledge’ reprinted in Bermudez and Miller (eds.) Reason and Nature; his Truth and Objectivity was translated into German in 2001.
(Reprints and translations are mentioned when they appeared during the assessment period; the date of original publication is before 2001 in several cases.)
3.2 Editorial Work
As described in our Introduction, the Philosophical Quarterly is edited from St Andrews, with the collaboration of philosophers from the other Scottish Universities.
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science was edited by Peter Clark in St Andrews until 2004, with Katherine Hawley as Deputy Editor.
Weatherson is editor-in-chief of Philosophy Compass, formerly co-edited the Philosophical Review, and is an associate editor of Noûs. Stanley is subject editor in Philosophy of Language for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, and an associate editor of Noûs. Stewart Shapiro is an editor of The Journal of Symbolic Logic. Priest is an associate editor of the Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
Colleagues serve or have served on the editorial boards of numerous journals, in addition to the Philosophical Quarterly. These include
- the American Journal of Jurisprudence,
- Analiza I Egzystencja,
- Cambridge Studies in Philosophy,
- Ethical Perspectives,
- Ethical Theory and Moral Practice,
- European Journal of Philosophy,
- Forum for Modern Language Studies,
- Innes Review,
- Journal of Moral Philosophy,
- Journal of Philosophy of Education,
- Mediaeval Philosophy and Theology,
- Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic,
- Philosophers’ Imprint,
- Philosophia Mathematica,
- Philosophical Explorations,
- Philosophical Studies,
- Philosophy Compass,
- the Polish Journal of Philosophy,
- Studia Logica,
- Studi Kantiani,
In addition to these journals, colleagues have refereed for the Adam Smith Review, American Philosophical Quarterly, Australasian Journal of Logic, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Behavioural and Brain Sciences, British Journal of Aesthetics, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, the Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Dialectica, Dialogue, Erkenntnis, Ethics, Inquiry, Journal of Aesthetic Education, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Journal of the History of Philosophy, the Journal of Philosophical Logic, theJournal of Political Philosophy, Linguistic Inquiry, Linguistics and Philosophy, Mind, Mind and Language, the Monist, Noûs, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, the Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, Philosophia, Philosophical Imprints, Philosophical Papers, Philosophical Psychology, Philosophical Studies, Philosophers’ Imprint, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Philosophy of Science, Phronesis, Political Science, Semantics and Linguistic Theory, Synthese, Theoria, Topics in Contemporary Philosophy, and Yeditepe’de Felsefe.
Colleagues have refereed manuscripts and proposals for Ashgate, Blackwell, Broadview, Cambridge University Press, Harvard University Press, Hodder Arnold, Kluwer, MIT Press, Oxford University Press, Princeton University Press, and Routledge.
3.3 Invited lectures and keynotes
St Andrews philosophers have given more than 250 papers overseas during this period, in 30 different countries, and have given many talks within the UK. Particular highlights include:
- Ashford: opening address at the Human Rights Symposium on Global Poverty at Yale Law school (2005).
- Broadie: six Nellie Wallace lectures at Oxford, 2003; Corbett lecture at Cambridge, 2006; the A. N. Whitehead lectures at Harvard, 2007; two triennial meetings of the Symposium Aristotelicum (Lille, 2002; Venice 2005).
- Clark: keynote address at the international conference on Philosophy and Methodology of Science (Coruna, Spain, 2005).
- Greenough: main speaker at the conference on Probability and Vagueness, Prague, 2006.
- Haldane: Stanton lectures at Cambridge 2001 and 2002; six Gifford Lectures at Aberdeen, 2005; five named lectures at different US universities including Georgetown and the Columbus School of Law.
- Priest: Lazerowitz-Tymoczo Logic Lecture at Smith College, Mass., 2001.
- Read: opening plenary address to the annual meeting of the Australasian Association for Logic, Wellington, 2001; Brigitte Rosenberg Lecture at the University of California at Los Angeles, 2002.
- Prosser: invited commentator for the Philosophy of Time Society’s online discussion forum.
- Schaffer: keynote addresses at four graduate conferences
- Shapiro: plenary address to the British Logic Colloquium in 2003, and the keynote address to the Association for Symbolic Logic in 2006.
- Skorupski: keynote lecture in moral philosophy for the 5th European Congress of Analytical Philosophy in 2005; keynote lecture at J. S. Mill bicentennials in London, Yokohama, and Bucharest in 2006; Warrender Lecture in the Politics Dept., University of Sheffield in 2007.
- Stanley: keynote speaker at four graduate conferences, at the Society for Exact Philosophy (2005), and at Milan conference on Covert Variables in Logical Form (2004).
- Timmermann: invited speaker at Kant bicentennials in Kaliningrad , Berlin and Beijing in 2004.
- Wright: principal speaker at the Notre Dame conference on Logicism, 2001; the Rutgers epistemology conference, 2001; University of Wales Wittgenstein conference, 2001; University of Bologna Concepts conference, 2001; Bologna SIFA Wittgenstein conference, 2001; University of Connecticut Liars and Heaps conference, 2002; Kirchberg Annual Wittgenstein Symposium, 2003; Cambridge conference on Epistemic Entitlement, 2003.
3.4 Visiting Positions
Several colleagues have held visiting positions, at institutions around the world:
- Ashford: H.L.A.Hart Visiting Fellowship, Oxford Centre for Ethics and Philosophy of Law (2006); Faculty Fellowship in Ethics, Harvard Center for Ethics and the Professions (2005-6)
- Brown: Program Visitor at Australian National University (2002).
- Haldane: Royden Davis Chair in Humanities, Georgetown (2001-2) Director Summer Institute, University of St Thomas MN (2003), Gifford Lecturer, Aberdeen (2004), Joseph Lecturer, Gregorian U (2005), Research Professor of the Institute for the Psychological Sciences.
- Hawley: Gillespie Professor, College of Wooster, Ohio (2003)
- Mulgan: Program Visitor and Australasian National University (2001).
- Priest: Institute for Higher Tibetan Studies Sarnath, India (2001 and 2005); Summer school Chengdu, China (2002), Visiting Scholar, Kyoto (2004), Visiting Scholar, UC Berkeley (2004).
- Skorupski: Visiting Fellow, All Souls (2002-3)
- Timmermann: RSE European Fellowship Feb-April 2005, Göttingen, Visiting Fellow, SNS Pisa, July 2006 and July 2007, Permanent Visiting Lecturer Helsinki, Corti Fellowship, Etikzentrum Zuerich April-June 2007.
- Read: Visiting Lecturer, University of Waterloo.
- Recanati: Visiting Professor, Northwestern University (2004), Visiting Professor, Harvard University (2004-2005).
- Schaffer: Visiting Professor, University of Aarhus (2005), Program Visitor, Australian National University (2006), Visiting Professor, Sun Yat-Sen University, China (2006).
- Stanley: Visiting Fellow, New College Oxford (2003), Visiting Fellow, Australian National University (2003), Visiting Professor, University of Barcelona (2006).
- Wright: Global Distinguished Professor, New York University (permanent half-semester visiting appointment (2002-).
3.5 Service to the Profession
St Andrews philosophers have reviewed grant applications for the AHRC, the British Academy, the Arts Council, the Austrian, Swedish and German government research foundations, and the European Science Foundation.
Colleagues have served the American Society for Aesthetics (trustee: Gaut), British Philosophical Association (executive committee: Hawley), the British Society for History of Philosophy (executive committee: Harris), theCambridge History of Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century (advisory board: Skorupski), the Center for Ethics and Culture, University of Notre Dame (advisory board: Haldane), the European Congress of Analytic Philosophy (chair of moral philosophy section: Skorupski), the European Philosophy of Science Association (programme committee: Hawley), the International Thomas Reid Society (executive committee: Harris), the Royal Institute of Philosophy (executive council: Haldane), and the University of London Institute of Philosophy (advisory council: Broadie).
Broadie serves the British Academy as Section Chair for Philosophy, Philosophy representative to the Humanities Group, on Council, and as Vice-President for Arts and Humanities.
Clark serves as Secretary-General of the International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science.
Colleagues have acted as elector for a chair (Oxford) and for a readership (Stirling); as assessors for the philosophy programmes at NUI (Maynooth) and at Oxford; as assessors for a number of promotions to full professor and to tenure in the US; as external examiners for PhDs and Masters degrees in numerous universities in the UK and overseas (including Leiden, Lund, Pamplona, Helsinki, and the Free University of Berlin)
3.6 Honours and Prizes
- Broadie was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2002, Fellow of the British Academy in 2003, Member of the Academia Europaea in 2006, and Honorary Fellow of Somerville College in 2006.
- Brown was awarded a Philip Leverhulme Prize in 2001.
- Haldane was awarded the Aquinas Medal in 2001.
- Hawley was awarded a Philip Leverhulme Prize in 2004.
- Priest was awarded Litt.D. of the University of Melbourne in 2002 for his work on Dialethism and Paraconsistency.
- Schaffer was awarded the Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Young Epistemologist Prize in 2002, and the Philosophy of Science Recent Ph.D. Essay Prize in 2001.
- Stanley’s Knowledge and Practical Interests was awarded the 2007 APA book prize.
- Wright was awarded an honorary D.Litt. by the University of Aberdeen in 2003.
In addition, Haldane has been FRSE since 1995, Skorupski FRSE since 1992, and Wright FBA since 1992 and FRSE since 1996.
3.7 Media and other Outreach Activities
- Clark was a member of the General Teaching Council for Scotland until 2002.
- Haldane has served on the Vatican Pontifical Council for Culture since 2005. He is a regular contributor to BBC Scotland’s Thought for the Day, and has made many other TV and radio appearances, on programmes including Newsnight, The Brains Trust, Today, the Moral Maze and Start the Week.
- Sinclair, Haldane, Jones have given talks in schools around the UK; Shaw and Busch have addressed the Café Scientifique.
- Timmermann has contributed to a number of summer workshops for school students and undergraduates in Germany
In addition, we have strong links with teachers of philosophy in Scottish schools, running regular study days for Highers students, and (separately) for teachers of the subject. Jones has coordinated these events, and holds a Higher Education Academy grant to develop online modules in philosophy aimed specifically at teachers.
4. Research Strategy and Future Plans
4.1 Collaborative Research
Philosophy in St Andrews often depends on internal collaboration, and we have developed an unusually large number of external relationships with high-profile individuals and institutions around the world. In particular, the future is bright for our three major collaborative institutions – Arché, CEPPA and the Philosophical Quarterly.
Arché goes from strength to strength, with the recent announcement of AHRC funding for two major research projects on Basic Knowledge and on Contextualism and Relativism. Each grant provides for post-doctoral researchers and post-graduate students, following the model of previous successful projects. Collectively, Brown, Cappelen, Greenough, Recanati, Schaffer, M. Smith, Stanley, Weatherson and Wright make St Andrews one of the world’s leading centres for advanced research in epistemology, with a particular focus upon current, fruitful interactions between epistemology and philosophy of language. Further plans include a project on Intuitions and Philosophical Methodology, led by Brown and Cappelen.
Brown and Cappelen are also central to the new collaboration between Arché and the Oslo Centre for the Study of Mind in Nature. A joint St Andrews-Oslo Ph.D. programme will be inaugurated in autumn 2007: students will move between the two institutions and ultimately receive a jointly-awarded degree. The Linguistic Agency and Shared Content streams of CSMN will involve workshops in both St Andrews and Oslo, following the successful Adjectives workshop held in May 2007.
With Martin Davies, Wright is Partner Investigator for an Australian Research Council Discovery Grant which funds a project on Epistemic Warrant between St Andrews, Oxford, and the Australian National University. Greenough is Postdoctoral Research Fellow at ANU during 2007-2008 associated with this project; a number of St Andrews Ph.D. students will visit ANU during this period.
The long-standing connection between Arché and the Barcelona LOGOS centre continues, including joint workshops to be held in St Andrews during 2008.
CEPPA also continues to thrive. Haldane holds the five-year Research Professorship of the Institute of Psychological Sciences, but remains in St Andrews as Director of the Centre. Lisa Jones has recently appointed as Executive Director; one of her first tasks will be to oversee a major conference on Elizabeth Anscombe, financed by a $50,000 grant from the Liberty Fund. Further volumes are planned in the series St Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs, and we will again welcome visiting research fellows in 2008, as we have done each year since 1984.
The Philosophical Quarterly receives more and more submissions each year, making publication ever more competitive. An unusually fast response time (two-thirds of decisions are made within two months), together with Online Early publication, means that the time from submission to publication can be as little as six months. This is a significant service to the discipline provided by St Andrews philosophers, in collaboration with board members from Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Stirling.
Our new publishing contract guarantees a large income each year for the next six years both to the Scots Philosophical Club – for the benefit of all Scottish philosophers – and to St Andrews philosophy. The St Andrews portion will be dedicated to graduate studentships, and several Ph.D.s will be funded this way.
4.2 Individual Research
Whilst many colleagues pursue their research under the auspices of Arché or CEPPA, many are focused on individual projects; the success of the research centres has helped cultivate high levels of mutual expectation and personal aspiration across all areas of philosophical research, as our extensive record of events, publications and honours demonstrates.
The department’s research strategy is responsive mode, or, more resonantly, ‘let a hundred flowers bloom’. All academic staff members are encouraged to pursue their research in whichever way they judge best, with equal access to travel funds, opportunities to apply for research leave and recognition for graduate supervision. All applications for external funding – whether for personal research leave, conference grants, or major collaborations – are supported, and there is a standard internal grant of £500 available to support any St Andrews workshop or conference.
We do have areas of particular research concentration, notably epistemology and philosophy of language (Brown, Cappelen, Greenough, Recanati, Schaffer, M. Smith, Stanley, Weatherson and Wright), philosophy of logic and mathematics (Clark, Read, Priest, Shapiro, Wright), ethics (Ashford, Gaut, Haldane, Mulgan and Skorupski) and history of philosophy (Broadie, Clark, Haldane, Harris, Read, Skorupski, C. Smith, Timmermann and Wright).
But we also have small yet beautiful representation in aesthetics (Gaut), philosophy of mind (Brown, Prosser, Recanati), philosophy of science (Clark, Schaffer) and metaphysics (Hawley, Schaffer, Weatherson), and we recognise the value of these specialisms.
Our open attitude to the very best philosophical research, collaborative and individual, has enabled us to flourish during the last seven years, and this attitude will carry us into the future as one of the world’s leading centres for philosophy.