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City University, London

UOA 37 - Library and Information Management

RA5a: Research environment and esteem

RA5a

1. Introduction

The Department of Information Science (DIS) at City University is a research-focused, all postgraduate department. Founded in 1961, it has maintained its leadership role in the information science discipline. Special issues of journals dedicated to the Department’s research have been published on two occasions, since 2001: in 2002, the Journal of Information Science celebrated the Department’s 40th anniversary, and in 2007, Aslib Proceedings dedicated the entire issue to the research conducted at City. A Programme Chair of the prestigious 'Conceptions of Library and Information Science' conference, CoLIS7, London, 2010, and the Editor of a book celebrating 60 years of the Journal of Documentation, the leading European academic LIS journal, has been appointed from the Department (Bawden).

 

Dedication to innovation is demonstrated throughout the research portfolio, from an ambitious project to set out an agenda for Library and Information Science research for the next 20 years (LIS-RES-2030 project; D Bawden) to dissemination of information deploying mobile technologies (Raper, giCentre). UK and EU-funded research projects conducted in the Department include The Wellcome Foundation's project on biomedical bibliometrics (2000-2003, Rowlands), and EPSRC (LBS4All, Locus) and EU (Webpark) funded flagship projects (giCentre), with a spin-off company established (Camineo SAS). International recognition has also been received for work on information visualization, for example invitations to organise and chair a workshop at IEEE, 2007 (Dykes, Wood, Slingsby) and to edit a book on geovisualization (Dykes; Taylor and Frances, 2005).

           

The Department’s strong links with the profession and growing collaborations with industry and government are epitomized in the new research contract (2006) with Willis Re (global reinsurance company), as part of the consortium of 7 UK universities, focusing on information and risk (Fisher, Wood, Dykes, Slingsby).

 

The number of research students (FTE) has more than doubled during the assessment period.

 

2. DIS Staff

The Department maintains a wide range of skills through its staff, with 12 permanent academic members of staff (including 4 professors), 12 visiting and in-residence research staff and 20 FTE research students at the census date. It attracts collaboration with highly acclaimed academics and professionals in the UK and internationally through its visiting professorships, including Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of British Library, Carol Tullo, Director of the Office of Public Sector Information, Professor Blaise Cronin, Dean and Rudy Professor of Information Science at Indiana University, US, and Keith Clarke, Professor of Geographic Information Science at the University of California at Santa Barbara. 

 

Throughout the assessment period, Professor David Rhind, FRS, FBA, a member of staff in the Department, has served as Vice-Chancellor of The City University, while actively participating in the Department’s research, through weekly seminars, and influencing strategic decisions. As Professor Emeritus, he remains an active member of Department since he stepped down from the post of Vice-Chancellor on 31 July 2007. 

 

The Department has adopted the strategy of nurturing its own staff to the highest levels of seniority and most of the junior recruits since 2001 have now reached senior lecturer level. 

 

Research in the Department is organised following natural clustering around certain research themes. This results in a formation that has two distinct research groups: Centre for Interactive Systems Research and Geographic Information Centre, while the research into the core information science is designed to remain free and to associate itself organically with other themes in the Department. Details of the research structure are presented below.

 

Staff association with the research groupings in the Department are presented in Table 1, with individual staff members having possibly two affiliations, one dominant and one minor, if their research interests cut across disciplines (‘X’ = dominant,  ‘x’ = minor).

 

Staff movements since 2001 have been significant. The Department has recruited 4 new academic staff – Peter Fisher, a highly acclaimed professor in geographic information science, Ayse Goker, an expert in information retrieval and mobile technologies, Vesna Brujic-Okretic, now Head of Department and Lyn Robinson, a specialist in healthcare information with extensive international contacts - while 3 lecturers moved to other institutions and 2 retired.

 

All academic staff in the Department are submitted to the RAE with 4 publications, whether full or part-time. One early career Research Fellow is submitted with one publication.

 

Table 1: Staff in DIS

Staff name (Category: A)

A

Centre for Interactive Systems Research

B.

Geographic Information Centre

 

Research  in Information Science

David Bawden

X

 

X

Vesna Brujic-Okretic

X

X

 

Jason Dykes

 

X

 

Tamara Eisenschitz

 

 

X

Peter Fisher

 

X

 

Ayse Goker

X

x

 

Andrew MacFarlane

X

 

 

David Mountain

X

X

 

Jonathan Raper

 

X

 

Lyn Robinson

 

 

X

Aidan Slingsby

 

X

 

Jo Wood

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Category: C

 

 

 

Richard Butterworth, Visiting Lecturer

X

 

 

David Rhind, Professor Emeritus

 

X

 

Stephen Robertson, Part-Time Professor

X

 

 

Blaise Cronin (Dean and Rudy Professor of Information Science, Indiana University), Visiting Professor

 

 

X

Lynne Brindley (Chief Executive of British Library), Visiting Professor

 

 

X

Carol Tullo (Director of the Office of Public Sector Information), Visiting Professor

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Other Visiting Staff (not submitted in RA2)

 

 

 

Peter Enser (Professor at Brighton University), Visiting Professor

X

 

 

Keith Clarke (Professor at University of California, at Santa Barbara), Visiting Professor

 

X

 

Penny Yates-Mercer (Emeritus Visiting Fellow )

x

 

X

David Livingstone (Senior Lecturer at Kingston University), Senior Visiting Fellow

 

X

 

Ruedi Haller (Deputy Director, Swiss National Parks)

 

X

 

Fotis Liarokapis (Senior Lecturer at Coventry University), Visiting Fellow

 

X

 

 

3. Research Strategy

The University Mission relating to research is "to increase high-quality research activity that influences strategy, policy and practice". We address this aim through collaborative research with a wide range of partners to ensure that the theoretical advances in information science and applied research in information systems and architectures find applications among practitioners, in industry, the voluntary sector and government, in the UK and internationally. For example, the Department's LBS4all project worked with the Royal National Institute for the Blind and Ordnance Survey to develop assistive technologies (AT) to support the mobility of the blind and visually impaired. LBS4all is one of the featured projects in the 2006 Dept of Health Parliamentary report on R&D in AT.

 

The Department’s research strategy is based on the areas in which it has particular strengths and where it has demonstrated sustainable growth over time. It endeavours to maintain diversity and it aims to support and nurture synergies and connectivity between the research areas it pursues. 

 

In the context of these drivers for research, the strategy is focused on the following key themes and objectives:

-          to carry out fundamental work on information and knowledge problems and issues, against a background of dramatic technical and societal changes in information provision generally, including social computing (e.g. blogging, social networking environments), which is altering the perception of information content and information sources, and the potential impact of virtual reality information spaces;

-          to continue international collaborations in healthcare and scientific information;

-          to remain in the forefront of both theoretical and applied research in information seeking and retrieval;

-          to study information production, analysis and understanding, especially in the geographic information science context and in the healthcare domain;

-          to investigate, use and evaluate information visualization methods;

-          to address the issue of information uncertainty, particularly in relation to terrain and urban modelling;

-          to investigate means of information dissemination in the context of mobile and emerging technologies, including novel paradigms of user interfaces;

-          to design and integrate system architectures to deploy location-based information using mobile networks and technologies;

-          to engage with users of information and to transfer our knowledge through partnership;

-          to influence the information policymaking process by engaging with government organizations (OPSI, Tullo);

-          to support scholarship in information science, nationally and internationally.

 

It is against this scientific background that the Department reaches out to seek partners for collaboration, which, in turn, informs the decisions on its long term research strategy.

 

Examples of formal collaborations include work with British Library, London Health Libraries, Open Society Institute, Microsoft Research Cambridge, Royal National Institute for the Blind, the Ordnance Survey, and, more recently, the City of London through the research contract with global reinsurance company, Willis. Here, City is part of the network of 7 leading UK universities together with Bristol, Cambridge, Durham, Exeter, Imperial and Reading, which aims to initiate, support and sustain collaborative research in which information science contribution is woven into other disciplines. Particular emphasis is placed on uncertainty of information and other aspects of risk management.

 

Our research strategy has evolved substantially since 2001, partly a result of the significant staff changes. However, both of our main research groups remain in place and the principles that govern our work are enduring: that is, to build an enterprising, innovative and interdisciplinary research culture. Our work in geographic and health information shows our ongoing commitment to this approach.

4. Research Environment

The Department endeavours to maintain and promote a stimulating research environment. A variety of activities take place in order to disseminate research results, promote new research, provoke collaborations and exchange ideas, in the form of cross-disciplinary seminars with other institutions (e.g. UCL) and by hosting conferences. We engage our visiting staff in these activities as they bring an external perspective to forming our research strategy and contribute to the actual research and teaching. This concerns particularly areas of information law and policy. Amongst our active visiting professors, we have the Chief Executive of The British Library (Brindley, awarded an Honorary Doctorate by City University), the Director of the Office of Public Sector Information (Tullo), and the Chair of the Statistics Commission (Rhind). We engage them as part of the Department’s ‘think tank’ when decisions on our research profile and position are considered. 

 

Particular activities enhancing our research environment include, but are not limited to:  

-          Initiating and organizing London Research Seminars in library information science (LON-LIS), in conjunction with UCL, to support the operation of academic research and connect PhD students and other researchers in the field of LIS in London; participants include a range of external speakers and our visiting professors, such as Blaise Cronin.

-          Organizing and hosting the annual Geographic Information Science Research Conference UK at City (Wood, 2003).

-          'Brown Bag Lunches' – weekly giCentre seminars delivered by internal and external speakers, to mentor and support our research students and exchange ideas and information on cutting-edge technology and research in areas of geographic information science including uncertainty of information, terrain modelling, information visualization and mobile and location based information.

-          Promoting and publicizing our research ideas and outputs beyond learned journals and other scientific communications, through research blogs, interviews (eg with Jonathan Raper, Financial Times) and other items in the press (eg brief communication on the Locus project in the New Scientist).

 

We are proactively maintaining the research infrastructure by supporting the development and release of software developed through our research. Examples include continuous maintenance of the Okapi information retrieval platform and a successful set-up of a commercial strand of our location based information research (e.g. Camineo SAS). 

4.1 School of Informatics

The School of Informatics (SOI), of which the Department is part, aims to conduct world-class multi-disciplinary research in strategic areas of Computing and Information Science. Information Science, as a brand, has been recognized as one of the School’s assets. To this end, School and University support for research is focused on investment in staff, support for research staff and students, encouragement of intra-School and intra-University collaboration and pro-active research planning. Examples include: 

-          The appointment of a Research Professor in DIS (Fisher) with support from the University's Strategic Development Fund (SDF).

-          SDF funding to carry out a series of linked activities which will help to establish an international information science research agenda in the longer term (LIS-RES-2030 project, led by Bawden).

-          The appointment of a young talent, Aidan Slingsby, as post-doctoral Research Fellow, funded by SDF to help broaden the research portfolio of the Department.

-          Funding of research studentships for full-time study: Ian Greatbatch and Stylianos Papakonstantinou (this support continues, with a further award after the census date).

-          The School proactively encourages a system of planned sabbatical and mini-sabbatical leave to help staff maintain and boost their research portfolio and assist cross-collaborations within and outside the University.

-          Joint project proposal submissions across the School, such as the ESRC-funded LBS4all project between DIS and the Centre for HCI Design; and support for continuing collaborative endeavours, such as the more recent ESRC-funded OurSpace project on 'personalisation of digital artefacts' with other University departments.

 

4.2 Research Groups

The Department's research is organised into two major research groupings, Centre for Interactive Systems Research and Geographic Information Centre, representing two persistent foci, centred on information retrieval and on geographic information respectively. A variety of individual scholarship also takes place outside the framework of the groups to support and sustain the research into the core information science issues. As explained earlier, the latter has, by design, been left ‘unclassified’ in order to allow for movements and associations with other disciplines following natural synergies.

 

In the case of the giCentre there are strong interdisciplinary links with Geography, Computer Science and social science domains such as Gerontology and Education/Lifelong Learning. 

 

4.2.1 Centre for Interactive Systems Research (CISR)

The aim of the Centre for Interactive Systems Research is to develop work on the themes developed over 20 years, such as the Probabilistic Model of IR, and move into new areas such as structured document and multimedia retrieval. Through its scholarship it will develop new methods to improve the searching experience of a diverse range of users, using real world user studies on different kinds of media as well as traditional laboratory experiments. Its primary focus is on retrieval by text of all kinds of information.

 

The scope of the Centre focuses on access to, and retrieval of, information, which can be best expressed as a triangle. The internal part of this triangle comprises the basic concepts and models of recorded information and its retrieval. Each node of the triangle is related to the others, largely through the various theories that can be applied to IR. The information retrieval systems and algorithms 'node' reflects the majority of the Centre's interests to date, the contexts & resources of information retrieval 'node' addresses either IR for particular groups (such as disabled people, dyslexics, engineers, scholars of the humanities etc) or within some environment (such as libraries, information centres) and finally the information user behaviour 'node' addresses the issue of how and why users do IR. There is a great deal of interaction between each of these 'nodes': three examples are given below.

 

Much of the research done in CISR has concentrated on textual data, particularly for ad-hoc searching and information filtering tasks. Expertise in the user interface design and probabilistic models for information retrieval is being applied to new areas. For example, there is expertise in the area of relevance feedback for text, and there is evidence that these methods can be used on other types of media such as Images. The area of information retrieval for the disabled is an important if poorly understood issue. A particular problem yet to be addressed in any detail is that of the print disabled, i.e. IR for blind or dyslexic people. The Centre is currently working with the Centre for Human Computer Interaction Design on a project to understand the information seeking behaviour of dyslexic users. Democratic or user based indexing is intended for use in a dynamic retrieval system which would allow users to contribute to the indexing and retrieval process. CISR’s primary interests in the area of information media are to analyze and define meaning in relation to interpretative media and subsequently to design and develop retrieval systems that exploit 'levels of meaning' as generators of access points.

 

Much of the group's research is highly collaborative, and such discussions are common and intense. Links with other groups in the department (such as the giCentre) or the School (such as the Department of Computing and Centre for HCI Design) are also encouraged and maintained. For example, collaboration is taking place with the giCentre for 'Geographical Information Retrieval' issues, with the Department of Computing's Music Informatics group on 'Music Information Retrieval' and with the CHCID on user interaction issues in Information Processing. The group actively pursues publication of its research, e.g. the indexing work done on Okapi for Microsoft Research has been submitted to the Information Processing and Management journal. Research income may be used directly to fund work leading to publication, but is also used to build infrastructure, in particular software, to collect datasets, and to accumulate experience with using them. All such uses are expected to contribute to the generation of high-quality publications further down the line.

 

Okapi is heavily used by the research community and staff have continued to service the needs of the international information retrieval community, with the help of a grant from Microsoft Research (specifically for the maintenance of the Okapi system). The work done on the Okapi XML Indexing project is also available to the research community.

 

4.2.2 Geographic Information Centre

The giCentre is one of the largest groups of geographic information scientists in the UK with 7 academics, 2 researchers and 7 PhD students. It investigates geographical information with the emphasis on three particular areas: information visualization/geovisualization, terrain modelling, including the uncertainty of information and location based information dissemination using mobile technologies. 

 

Information visualization/Geovisualization is an emerging field within information science that focuses on using dynamic and interactive graphics to analyse the data and to interpret digital data sets. The Centre developed novel approaches to the visual exploration of large complex datasets with a geographic and temporal component. It uses widely accessible technologies (e.g. Google Earth) in new ways based on scientific visualisation principles. The work includes attempts to evaluate the ‘mashup’ approach to software and data integration, and is particularly suited to analysing the social data provided by web users in the latest ‘Web 2.0’ environments.

 

Seminal work has been done on terrain modelling, data visualization, uncertainty analysis, and data transformations, supported by the development and maintenance of LandSerf software, downloaded by 30,000 users to date. The tools and methods developed are interdisciplinary, connecting information science with computer graphics, geographic information science, social policy and risk assessment. There is an extraordinary potential for LandSerf to act as a catalyst to transfer mature methods from one science to another (Wood).

 

Further development of the conceptualisation of uncertainty in spatial information has led to the reformulation of fuzzy logic for change analysis in land cover, and spatial explorations of type 2 fuzzy sets (Fisher, Wood). An EU-funded project (Fisher) focuses on the semantic aspect of land-spatial information. This work links to the recent collaboration on information uncertainty and risk, through the Willis project (Fisher, Wood, Dykes, Slingsby), expanding the principles to a business environment. 

 

Research into information dissemination using mobile technologies has been particularly intensive during the assessment period. It has concentrated on the design and implementation of innovative information architectures and systems, deployed on mobile devices, to retrieve location relevant information for use in urban navigation. Real-time integration of sensory information is employed to develop novel user-interface paradigms, using virtual and augmented reality techniques (Raper, Mountain, Brujic-Okretic).

 

Work has also been done on spatial information policy with consideration of access to personal location information (Tullo, Raper).

 

Since 2001, members have received funding from (cited Co-PI’s):

         EU Information Society Technologies Programme: Webpark Project IST-2000-31041 - Geographically relevant information for mobile users in protected areas, 2001-04, £153,000, and Hypergeo Project IST-1999-11641 - Easy and friendly access to geographic information for mobile users, 1999-2001, £90,000 (Raper)

         ESRC/EPSRC PACCIT LINK programme: LBS4all- Location based services for people with mobility problems, 2003-06, £206,586 (Raper, Wood)

         EPSRC, Pinpoint-Faraday programme: Locus- Development of location context tools for 3G services, 2004-07, £250,683 (Raper, Brujic-Okretic)

         ESRC: OurSpace, City collaborative, 2007, total £44000 (Raper)

         Willis Research Network, 2006-10, £150,000 (Fisher, Wood, Dykes)

         3D Topography project, part of the Dutch-led, EU research network, £10,000 (Raper, Slingsby)

         Irish National Centre for Geocomputation: 'Advanced Geotechnologies' project (Raper, member)

 

The transfer of IPR from EU WebPark Project into a part University-owned spin-off company (Camineo SAS) helped commercialisation and exploitation of the research results, now in use in tourism (Swiss National Park, Dutch Ecomare Centre, Parc Nationale de Mertcantour), transport (Loire valley cycleway guides) and for mobility support (LBS4all project with Royal National Institute for the Blind).

 

The giCentre has a fully equipped GIS/geovisualisation laboratory and a complete mobile applications testbed with a range of mobile devices, application servers and location/orientation determining technology. It has established links with GIS vendors such as ESRI through co-publishing and contract research, with GI content providers such as the GeoInformation Group, Cambridge, for joint research on urban content, and with mobile manufacturers such as Alcatel, through PhD CASE studentship funding.

 

Members meet weekly at Brown Bag seminars for discussion and presentations.  

 

4.2.3 Research in Core Information Science

Research into the core information science is designed to to associate itself with other themes in the Department in an organic fashion.

 

The subject areas covered include a large part of the information science domain, mainly centred on information policies and strategies,  information and knowledge management, and information seeking and information behaviour. Work focuses particularly on changes in the communication of information in the ‘digital transition’, with particular attention to applications in the healthcare domain, widely interpreted. Lately, the emphasis has been on understanding these areas through the perspective of information history (Weller, Bawden) and of the philosophy of information (Haider, Bawden); an example of the use of PhD studentships to pioneer new academic approaches at City.

 

A series of ‘research units’ initially provided the structure to support this, focusing on information policy (Rowlands, Eisenschitz), information and knowledge management (Yates-Mercer, Webster), and healthcare information (Bawden). Subsequently these were largely amalgamated into the CIBER research unit (Nicholas, Rowlands), with other staff loosely associated with this. CIBER attracted a good deal of research funding, including oversight of the Wellcome Research Unit, reflected in a range of reports and journal articles. PhD students attached to CIBER (Huntingdon, Williams, Polydoratu, Monopoli) also contributed to these activities.

 

Outside CIBER, funding was received from the Open Society Institute for a variety of activities aimed at promoting an open information society in Central and Eastern Europe, and Central Asia (Bawden, Robinson); an example of the practical application of a philosophy of information. PhD students (eg Beesley) have continued the study of the effects of information policy on public health.

 

After the move of CIBER to UCL, activities in this area were restructured around the Centre for Information Policy Studies (Rowlands, Bawden, Eisenschitz, Robinson, Cooke), with a strong supporting cast of visiting professors (e.g. Cronin, Brindley, Tullo) to promote a new slant on the subject area. 

 

While research income will continue to be sought, the main emphasis in future is likely to be on publication of papers in the highest quality journals, largely from PhD research and personal scholarship. PhD students both lead new theoretical approaches (Weller, Haider) and focus on specific application areas, such as healthcare (Khudair, Robson). A strongly international focus is maintained by a continuing involvement with the Open Society Institute (Robinson), by a leading role in a European curriculum development project (Bawden), and by several joint projects and publications with colleagues from Slovenia and Lithuania (Bawden, Robinson).

 

4.3  Research students

The Department has experienced more than a doubling of its research student population over the RAE census period rising from 7 FTE in 2001 to 20 FTE in 2007. These students (from a wide range of companies, government organisations and consultancies) have been predominantly self-funded although the annual rate of studentships awarded has also risen from 0.5 per year in 2002 to 3.5 in 2005. Studentships have been secured from OST Research Councils and overseas funders, with two CASE studentships being awarded through EPSRC with Alcatel and Leicester County Council/East Midland Regional Development Agency. Given the timing of this growth in registrations (and the staff turnover in 2002-04), only in the last three years have PhD completions begun to rise as the new intake begin to complete.

 

Research students are an important part of the Departmental research community and take part in all research activities as peers. The primary form of research support is the supervisory process. Research students are asked for updates on their progress at the beginning of every month, and regular supervisor meetings are set up, fortnightly being usual for any full-time student, monthly for part-time students. All students agree a research contract with their supervisor. Research students also participate in the Research Group meetings, for example, giving termly presentations to the giCentre Brown Bag seminars.

 

5. Esteem Factors

Our esteem reflects our influence and expertise and is tabulated as requested by the LIM Panel I37:

 

Esteem category

 

Listings

 

 

a. Honours and awards from professional societies and public and other bodies.

Wood: Winner 2004 GIS Research UK Visualization challenge; 

Goker: Blackberry Women in Technology Award finalist, 2005;

Rhind: CBE for services to geographical and social sciences 2001; Fellow, Royal Society 2002; Honorary Fellow, British Academy 2002; Fellow, Academy of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences 2004; Honorary Fellow, Chartered Insurance Institute 2006;

Cronin: Award of Merit, American Society for Information Science and Technology, 2006

b. Recognition from the academic or user community in connection with the impact of research work.

MacFarlane: Committee Member: BSI Standards Committee on Information and Documentation; 

Raper, Mountain recognised with Inventor status as University transfers its IPR into the Camineo company spun off from the EU-funded WebPark Project;

Mountain: City University Research Prize: "2005 staff prize for excellence in research"

c. Consultancy, or policy advice given to business, professional bodies, government or regulatory bodies, not-for-profit organisations or other users of research.

Raper: called to give evidence to the House of Commons Select Committee on Transport on location-based services; 

Robinson: consultant to London Health Libraries;

Brindley: Adviser, US Library of Congress


 

d. Participation in the work of advisory, review, funding, standards or planning bodies.

Fisher: Member of Research and Innovation Advisory Board for the Ordnance Survey; 

Raper: Member of Steering Committee of the Location and Timing Knowledge Transfer Network; Member of DTI GlobalWatch Mission on Location Based Services to Japan 2005;

Rhind: Chairman, National Commission on the Social Sciences, Statistics Commission

e. Plenary/keynote addresses at major conferences.

Raper: four invitations to give keynotes at Professional Societies in the USA (2), Spain, Denmark; 

Bawden: two invitations to give keynotes at international research organisations; 

Fisher: Invited Presentation to National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC;

Wood: Keynote speaker, International Symposium: Landform - structure, evolution, process control, Bonn, 2007;

Robertson:  Keynote speaker, (a) International Conference on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR) London 2005; (b) International Workshop on Research in Digital Libraries, Kolkata 2006; (c) European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR) Rome 2007

f. Editorships and participation in editorial boards or conference organisation.

Bawden: Editor, Journal of Documentation, Board member, EUCLID, the European Association for Information Education and Research, International Journal of Information Management, Portal: Libraries and the Academy, ATLA: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Workgroup leader for the 'LIS-EU: European curriculum development' project; 

Fisher: Editor International Journal of Geographic Information Science, Chair, Organising Committee for International Geographical Union Spatial Data Handling Symposium 2004; 

Raper: Editor, Journal of Location Based Services, GeoInformatica; 

Dykes: co-editor, IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications special issue ‘Exploring Geovisualization’, Member, International Cartographic Commission on Visualization (ICA), Lead Editor ICA publication ‘Exploring Geovisualization’, Programme Committee member, IEEE Information Visualization 06-07, Chair, Geovisualization session InfoVis 06, Programme Committee member, IV05-07, Editorial Board , Computer, Environment and Urban Systems; ‘geovisualization’ entry in Encyclopedia of GIScience, 2007;

MacFarlane: Board Member, Journal of Information Science; 

Wood: Chair, Organising Committee for GIS Research UK 2003 at City University, Steering Committee Member, GIS Research UK;

Mountain: Reviewer,International Journal of Geographic Information Science, Transactions on GIS, International Conference on Information Visualization, IEEE Conference on Wireless Rural and Emergency Communications;

Robertson: Joint Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Information Retrieval, until 2003, editorial boards of several journals, Programme Committees of SIGIR, CIKM, TREC, ECIR passim

g. Prestigious fellowships or visiting appointments.

Raper: Swiss Science Commission Fellowship for sabbatical visit;

Robertson: Fellow, Girton College, Cambridge 2003-;

Goker: Royal Society of Edinburgh Enterprise Fellowship

h. Learned society involvement.

MacFarlane: Secretary, British Computer Society Information Retrieval Specialist Group Committee

Goker: Chair, BCS-IRSG (British Computer Society, Information Retrieval group), 5 years

Robertson: Chair, John Campbell Trust (associated with CILIP), 1999-2007

i. Patents awarded.

Raper, Mountain: inventor status at City University in connection with University shareholding in Camineo SAS, based on transferred IPR

j. Leadership of consortia and or major collaborative projects.

Raper, Wood: PIs of PACCIT Programme award with RNIB and OS; 

Raper, Brujic-Okretic: PIs of Pinpoint Faraday Partnership Programme award with mobile operator ‘3’ and GeoInformation Group, Cambridge;

Wood, Fisher: Willis Research Network, PIs of Information Uncertainty project

k. Prize-winning publications or independent reviews of books or other material included in the submission.

Wood: Landserf, original software, monitored downloads 30,000