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University of Oxford
UOA 43 - Development Studies
RA5a: Research environment and esteem
University of Oxford: UOA43
DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT:
QUEEN ELIZABETH HOUSE (QEH)
Insofar as two-thirds of humankind live in developing countries, and most of the world’s worst deprivation is located there, we believe that study of these societies is central to enquiry into the human condition. Founded 50 years ago to lead Oxford’s outreach to the newly independent Commonwealth, QEH has undergone radical transformation over the past decade. Through rapid expansion of postgraduate teaching, scholarly publication and project funding, QEH is now a University Department, acting as the hub of development studies across Oxford, with a worldwide reputation for research excellence.
Research Strategy: Implementation 2001-07
In pursuit of our aim to become a leading international research centre and to build a graduate school for an emerging generation of young researchers, we have won substantial competitive research funding from a wide range of international sources; launched new research centres with innovative agendas, involving established, junior (some newly recruited) and international scholars; and introduced and expanded inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary postgraduate degrees supported by student funding initiatives.
Our research focuses on issues of particular and growing importance in the early twenty-first century: diverse forms of deprivation, global dimensions of development and the social impact of policy-making. This informs our work on multiple fields, such as international finance, trade and macro-economic management; technology and its application; ethnicity, inequality and human security; human development, poverty, vulnerability and lifeworlds of the working poor; children and youth in poverty; the informal economy and its politics; violence, wars and conflict; refugees and migration.
Our aim of securing research grant funding to support our independent research agenda has succeeded, doubling income (from 2001 levels) by 2006, and tripling by 2007. This will rise further with projects already signed. Grants are secured through open competition from leading funders in the UK (e.g. ESRC, EPSRC, DfID, Leverhulme, Nuffield), Europe (e.g. OECD, SIDA, European Commission) and North America (e.g. MacArthur, Carnegie, Mellon, Ford, IDRC-Canada). QEH also has two major DfID research centres (CRISE, Young Lives) and is a senior partner in a DfID-ESRC Research Programme Consortium, with the Economics Department and LSE.
Our postgraduate student numbers have increased from 20 to 200 in a decade, with nearly 60 doctoral students at present. Nine new permanent faculty (Alexander, Chatty, Dercon, Friedrichs, Fu, Hall, Mustapha, Wood, Zetter; six of these are new posts) have been recruited since 2001 for their research excellence, to play a central role in our graduate degrees. While there is no international ranking for development studies as such, Oxford is rated as the top development economics school in Europe and fourth in the world: over half the Oxford development economists are at QEH.
We support field experience, primary data collection, comparative research, novel methodologies and innovative theory and analysis. In keeping with the ‘researcher-led’ research strategy of the University’s Social Science Division, to which QEH belongs, we do not impose centrally determined research priorities on academics, who are themselves responsible for pushing out the frontier of knowledge in their chosen fields, and setting our research priorities. The diversity of our external research funding encourages creative dialogue with users, while preventing the ‘aid agenda’ from determining our priorities. In consequence, our research findings often anticipate the policy debate: examples include research on global financial architecture, horizontal ethnic inequality, the risk vulnerability of the poor, and the impact of conflict on migration. This, in turn, enables us to generate further funding for frontier research (e.g. Young Lives, Conflict and Ethnicity, and International Migration).
Organization of Research
Although the Head of Department is ex officio the Research Director and formally responsible for all externally funded projects, consulting external peer opinion as needed, research is planned, executed and evaluated on a collegial basis, through the Departmental and Research Committees. We have worked to capitalize on our strengths by developing research clusters around the emerging interests of staff. Our eight research clusters cover various academic disciplines, as well as global issues and the main regions of the developing world. The eight clusters each combine externally funded programmes, centres, and international networks as well as individual research projects.
1. Children, youth and gender
Research on young people has developed rapidly, culminating in the DfID-funded Young Lives (YL) research centre (director Boyden) established in 2006 to analyse child poverty in two cohorts over fifteen years in four countries, from anthropological (Boyden) and economic (Dercon)perspectives. Panel data analysis reveals intergenerational and life-course poverty transmission and shows how the cycle of poverty may be broken. YL links DfID, Save the Children UK, Open University, World Bank, and LSHTM with leading research institutes and government agencies in India, Ethiopia, Peru and Vietnam. This aims to integrate multidisciplinary longitudinal research with policy engagement, and develop local capacity to monitor MDG progress and improve childhood poverty reduction initiatives. The full YL potential will be realized with second-round data, with further rounds planned for the next decade. Findings so far include new understanding of macro-micro linkages and children’s social capital.
Individual projects on children and youth include: Chatty on prolonged conflict impact on young refugees and child health in Jordan and Syria; and Gigengack on street children and youth in Mexico, and on substance abuse. Gender research includes Bano on women’s madrassas in Pakistan and Chatty on Bedouin reproductive health. Gooptu has researched sex workers, development intervention and collective action in India; while Lloyd studied gender and democratization in North Africa.
As part of its continuing outreach mission, QEH hosts International Gender Studies, which provides research resources to a global network of independent scholars and activists working for the empowerment of women in developing countries.
2. Conflict, ethnicity and human security
The Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE) is a DfID Development Research Centre founded in 2003 (director Stewart; regional coordinators: Thorp, Latin America; Mustapha, West Africa; Brown, South East Asia). CRISE studies why some multiethnic societies achieve peaceful cooperation while others generate violent conflict, the key finding being that inter-group political, economic and social ‘horizontal’ inequalities underlie such conflicts, while their reduction requires social intervention. Economists, political scientists and anthropologists work in multidisciplinary regional teams with partners in Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Indonesia, Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru. The Centre has produced 40 working papers, 15 articles in refereed journals, and a collective volume (Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict: Understanding Group Violence in Multiethnic Societies, Palgrave, in press 2008).
Independent researchers in this cluster include: Friedrichs, developing new approaches to the social and political impact of terrorism and drugs; Hedman researching violence and displacement in Indonesia; and Meagher working on violent vigilantism in Nigeria and the capacity of ethnic commercial networks to reduce conflict.
3. Industry, technology and management
QEH has a long tradition of frontier research on industrialization derived from Stewart’s insights into technology transfer and the path-breaking and highly influential ‘technological capability’ framework of the late Sanjaya Lall. After his tragically early death in 2005, we plan to develop his ideas further through the inter-disciplinary Sanjaya Lall Programme for Technology and Management for Development, founded in 2007, which already has EPSRC, UNIDO, ILO and British Academy funding, under the leadership of Fu. Fu’s own research covers the experience of UK firms in Asian markets (China, India); the role of management in closing international productivity gaps; and rural e-services in India. Soderbom works on the closely related issue of investment and labour constraints on manufacturing industry in Africa.
4. International economics and global governance
The Finance and Trade Policy Research Centre (FTPRC), 1991-2006 (director FitzGerald), consolidated QEH’s research into the impact of changes in the global economy on sustainable development in poor countries, and the ways in which institutional arrangements made by rich countries affect world poverty. With funding from ESRC, Leverhume, Hewlett, Carnegie, Ford, EC, OECD and UNICEF, projects covered global market volatility, international investment, trade, industrial innovation and conflict economics. The Centre reached the end of a funding cycle in 2006, and FitzGerald became Head of Department in 2007. FitzGerald continues to work on international taxation and long run growth determinants in Latin America.
Adam’s work on the macroeconomic effects of aid and fiscal stances is based on analytical models and econometric evidence, for Africa in particular. His work is closely linked to that of the African Economics Research Consortium. Building on his seminal earlier work on trade and inequality, Wood researches resource endowments and growth, globalization and inequality, aid allocation models and aid policy.
On global governance, Friedrichs examines the commodification of force from an international relations perspective; Hall studies the social construction of the international financial order and the normative place of developing countries in the global political economy.
5. International migration
The Refugee Studies Centre (RSC) is internationally recognized as the leading centre for critical research on forced migration, working with academic institutions in the global South, and incorporating the knowledge of policy-makers and practitioners in the humanitarian and development fields. Three established faculty, Zetter (director), Chatty and Gibney, respectively sociologist, anthropologist and political scientist, lead work on asylum and liberal democracy, global governance of people flows, and development-induced displacement. RSC also supports several contract researchers and fellows (e.g., Hedman) with projects on refugee law, children and armed conflict, refugee integration and psychosocial programming, specializing in Africa and South East Asia.
In addition, the International Migration Institute (IMI), was inaugurated in 2006 (director Castles, de Haas), with funding from the James Martin 21st Century School, to develop long-term comprehensive research on global migration dynamics. Theoretical and methodological work involves cooperation with similar institutes worldwide; while the empirical focus is international migration across and from Africa, working closely with African migration scholars. New research on the culture and development of migration and ‘creolization’ is led by Cohen (ESRC Research Professor).
6. Norms, ideologies and identities
In Africa, Alexander’s path-breaking book on land politics, rural institutions and the state in Zimbabwe has led to research on the coercive apparatus of the state and its policing and punishment practices in shaping identity and citizenship.Meagher’s Wenner-Gren-funded research shows how ethnicity, religion and embedded cultural norms and practices shape informal entrepreneurship in Nigeria; while Mustapharesearches ethnic identity and politics in Nigeria, including ethnic structure and public sector governance (UNRISD).
In Asia, Bano’s ESRC-funded project examines religious and secular ideas in Muslim madrassas in Pakistan. Brown focuses on minority identity and politics in Malaysia. Gooptuexplores the changing norms of work and labour identities in urban India in response to globalization, and their impact on democratic politics and governance; while Harriss-White examines identities in the social regulation of India’s informal economy – her analysis of gender and caste informs the Harvard Indo-Chinese comparative project.
At the global level, Gibney’s theoretical analysis of ethical issues in state responses to refugees has generated further research on value conflicts in public institutions, explaining recent asylum and deportation practice. Toye researches international economic institutions and the history of economic thought in relation to development. Hall examines the role of epistemic communities and normative processes in determining global rules of economic governance.
7. Politics, markets and states
Alexander analyzes the recent and dramatic expansion of state violence and contestations over land rights and citizenship in Zimbabwe. Friedrichs compares state and market authority in the international politics of violence. Gooptustudies India’s neo-liberal economic reforms and the impact of an emerging enterprise culture on urban development and work regimes, particularly affecting the poor and youth. Harriss-White’s longstanding fieldwork-based research, starting in the 1980s, on the state and India’s capitalist transformation has culminated in a definitive study of rural market power. Meagher researches the political economy of cross-border trade and urban informal markets in West Africa; small enterprise clusters and collective action in southern Nigeria (Nordic African Institute research network); and the comparative politics of informal economic networks in Africa, Europe and Asia (DIIS Markets for Peace project). Mustapha shows how pre-colonial legacies and institutional trajectories within the modern Nigerian state affect both state-rural linkages and regulatory capacities.
8. Poverty and human development
Stewart’s influential earlier work on human development culminated in a DfID project on multidimensional poverty with Harriss-White and colleagues in Oxford, India and Peru. Stewart’s and Thorp’s project (with Heyer in the Economics Department) on ‘groups’ demonstrated the importance of civil society and collective action in addressing poverty, as opposed to markets or governments.
The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) (director Alkire) was launched in 2007, with an international conference led by Amartya Sen. With Harvard, OPHI headquarters the Human Development and Capability Association, funded by IDRC, DfID and Tufts, and conducts frontier research on a new development model focused on human wellbeing.
Dercon researches links between poverty, risk and vulnerability and the long-term consequences of shocks: the findings of an initial WIDER project had a wide impact on policy thinking. In the new RPC, ‘Institutions of Pro-poor Growth’, Dercon coordinates work with partners in India, Uganda, Kenya, Bangladesh and Ethiopia on institutions for rural development and empowerment, constraints on rural transformation and migration, and the effect of insecure land tenure. Harriss-White completed collaborative research on poverty and disability, destitution and caste discrimination. Gooptu completed a comprehensive historical monograph on urban poverty in India, and now researches neoliberal cities and the poor.
Dissemination and Policy Impact
Staff are encouraged to publish wherever their work will maximize impact, in scholarly journals, in books with academic presses, and in the world of practice, encouraging accessibility and wider dissemination where they are expected to influence policy. As an international development hub, we provide publication outlets for scholars world-wide, subject to international peer-reviewing standards and journal governance. We have three refereed journals (Oxford Development Studies, Journal of Refugee Studies, Forced Migration Review); three book series (OUP 1996-2006, Berg and Berghahn); and RSC’s Refugee Resources CD-ROM and Forced Migration Online (leading electronic and web-based resources in the field).
QEH research plays a significant role in shaping UK and international development policy, and influences the practice of national and international NGOs. Some examples are:
• Thorp as Chair of Oxfam Trustees brought her research to bear on Oxfam policy thinking and practice, particularly through the Strategic Review process.
• Harriss-White’s work on disability and poverty had a major influence on policy papers by Action Aid, DfID and the World Bank; that on informal economies contributed to ILO’s Decent Work programme and the UK/FCO enquiry on South Asia; that on multidimensional poverty helped UNDP scale up successful projects in South Asia; and that on the economic-regulative role of religion contributed to the Indian Prime Minister’s Committee on Muslims.
• Mustapha’s research on ethnicity and governance influenced the UN Social Summit and contributed to the UNRISD ‘Democratization and Public Sector Reform’ programme.
• FitzGerald’s research provided policy advice on international trade and investment issues to governments and multilateral organizations, including DfID, UNCTAD, OECD and IADB. DfID converted his research results into a White Paper, and into the UK position on capital flows regulation at the OECD. His analytical work on debt sustainability defined the UNCTAD position on this topic.
• Stewart’s work on human development continues to influence policy and academic research on the subject, as reflected in a recent UNDP publication Poverty in Focus (2006), and in her election as the President of the Human Development and Capability Association.
• Adam’s work on African macroeconomics led to his appointment as DfID representative on the African Economic Research Consortium, the principal economic research and policy network in the region – thus influencing its training and research guidelines.
• Fu’s papers on exports, foreign investment and employment in China have been used for background research by the WTO and the ILO in their annual reports.
• Dercon’s research on risk, vulnerability and long-term poverty has been cited in: the Stern Review, the World Development Report, the Human Development Report, and DfID and UNICEF policy documents. In Ethiopia his work is a key source of evidence for government policy.
• Most RSC commissioned research responds directly to emerging policy needs, e.g., advice to DfID on policy towards refugees and internally displaced people; a UNICEF evaluation of data collection on children and armed conflict; and work on conflict migration to Europe for the EC/DG Justice and Home Affairs.
Libraries and e-resources
The Social Science Library is the main, specialized library serving development studies. It holds a multi-disciplinary collection of 200,000 volumes, and provides state of the art electronic facilities. Subject specialist librarians provide expertise in the acquisition of research materials, and hold training sessions for students and staff. University desktop delivery has been expanded, doubling e-subscriptions and database investment. The Oxford University Library System subscribes to all the significant social science datasets. E-journals and an extensive range of bibliographic and other databases are available to all students and staff directly via the Ethernet or remotely via the University VPN – particularly useful to those in the field.
Our own Refugee Studies Centre Library holds 172 periodicals and 39,000 predominantly unpublished or unavailable items such as NGO documents, conference proceedings, and field trip reports. It also holds the Refugee Health Collection, deposited by the LSHTM.
Other relevant collections include the area studies libraries: Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House, and specialist libraries at the Indian Institute, Middle Eastern Studies Centre, Latin American Centre, Oriental Institute, Modern Chinese Studies Institute, and Russian and Eurasian Centre.
We make regular investment to ensure that all staff, students and post-doctoral researchers have their own workspace, PC and software; a full-time IT officer provides support. Oxford University Computing Services provide subsidized software and hardware, a digital repository for research outputs and data, and training in data collection and analysis.
The University runs a centralized system of regular electronic transmission of information on UK and overseas research grants. Support with applications includes legal issues of contract and intellectual property rights. QEH has its own dedicated support staff, providing expert help on project finance, costing and accounting, including to overseas partners.
The University Language Centre provides tuition, documentation support and study aids for staff and students preparing for fieldwork.
Research Income and Funding
Our international experience of, and reputation for, evidence-based policy research and cutting-edge analytical and theoretical work have generated a rapid growth in competitive national and international funding during 2001-7 (see page 1 above). In competing for research funds, we have pursued a strategy of international collaboration and multi-disciplinarity in fields where we have comparative strength (e.g., CRISE, YL, and the Pro-Poor Growth RPC).
Our graduate teaching programmes reached steady state by 2006 with a student body of 200, thus providing financial stability for the Department, both directly through overseas fee income and indirectly through HEFCE funding. Combining this with income from endowments, we have been able to sustain research by individual scholars as well as provide seed funds for larger externally funded projects. This approach has permitted independent and innovative research, often critical of current orthodoxy or academic fashion that might not attract external funding. The University has also helped at critical moments, e.g., by funding a fixed-term professorship (Wood) or helping with relocation and building costs.
Staff are entitled to up to £1500 per annum from endowed funds to support fieldwork, conference attendance, research assistance, etc., and further grants for organisation of international conferences are available. The University’s John Fell Fund competitively allocates some £5 million a year to innovative early research initiatives, from which QEH has received two grants of £48,000.
QEH prides itself on the international character and gender distribution of its staff, with 58% from overseas and 50% female. The primary criterion for faculty appointments has been research excellence.
We spread teaching and administrative loads across all staff, with respite for early career people. Staff appraisals enable discussion and monitoring of the balance of teaching with research, and aim to achieve particular research plans, such as writing-up or fieldwork. Academic staff members are entitled to sabbatical leave of one term in seven. Special University-funded research leave, after a period of heavy administration, has benefited some staff in the RAE period. Early career academics have a Departmental mentor to help define research goals and plan publication and funding during their five-year probation. QEH has also invested in fixed-term departmental lecturers, to encourage younger scholars and to allow established staff extended sabbatical leave for field research and writing-up. With a view to releasing permanent staff for research, research officers have been appointed with limited teaching responsibilities, which has, at the same time, helped the latter to gain teaching experience for their future career.
External Linkages, Interdisciplinary and Collaborative Research
QEH capitalizes on the unique and thriving community of scholars in cognate subject areas and disciplines elsewhere in the University, 40 of whom are elected Senior Research Associates of QEH. Close interaction and shared activities with the School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies and St Antony’s College link QEH to research centres on Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, China and South Asia. Examples include: Thorp’s project on decentralization in Colombia, Chile and Argentina with colleagues at the Latin America Centre; Harriss-White’s British Academy-funded research on the comparative politics of renewable energy with the Environmental Change Institute; work by Dercon, Adam and Soderbom with the Centre for the Study of African Economies (Professors Collier and Vines, both Category A, UOA34); FitzGerald and Thorp with colleagues in history and politics on the transmission of economic doctrines.
Our research has a strong international orientation, with a focus on outreach and collaboration with overseas colleagues. Most of our major research projects rely on international collaboration, being designed to undertake cross-cultural and cross-country comparisons; collect extensive survey data in various developing countries; generate and analyze long-term longitudinal data sets; conduct ethnographic research and qualitative interviews and case studies over a period of time; and/or build analytical and theoretical frameworks in interaction with scholars in the countries that we study. Our Visiting Fellowship programme enables scholars from developing countries to spend periods of up to one year in Oxford working with colleagues. Examples of this extensive collaborative outreach include:
• CRISE has funded researchers from its partners in developing countries to come to Oxford to work on its research programme.
• Dercon collaborates with IFPRI and Addis Ababa University in publications on risk and social institutions; his work on HIV-AIDS has led to journal articles co-authored with Tanzanian colleagues.
• Adam has maintained collaboration with colleagues at Swarthmore College, in an extensive programme of work on macroeconomic management in low-income countries.
• Stewart, Harriss-White, and doctoral students collaborated with colleagues in Peru and India, to test the application of four theoretical approaches to poverty, leading to journal articles and a book.
International conferences organized at QEH are central to our collaborative and interdisciplinary research effort. QEH’s 50th anniversary conference in 2005, supported by DfID, involved 250 delegates and 60 papers. The British Academy has supported international workshops on environment and anthropology (2005) and environment and politics (2006). All research centres hold regular international meetings and conferences with their partners. For instance the International Migration Institute (IMI) hosted the Bellagio Dialogue on Migration in 2006 with the Red Internacional de Migración y Desarrollo, with a follow-up policy conference in Mexico City in 2007.
Staff have organized around 25 international conferences and workshops. Examples:
- Boyden: ‘Voices out of Conflict’, (85 international academic, practitioner and child participants; part-funded British Academy), Cumberland Lodge, 2004
- Chatty: ‘Conservation and Mobile Peoples’, (funded by Ford Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation, World Wildlife Fund, DfID, FCO, and UNESCO; 30 papers), Wadi Dana, Jordan, 2002
• Dercon: Chair of Academic Committee, Annual Conference on Economic Development in Africa, (300 submissions, 45 sessions), Oxford, 2006, 2007
- Stewart: ‘Conflict Prevention and Peaceful Development: Policies to Reduce Inequalities and Exclusion’, (60 academics, policymakers and NGO representatives worldwide), Oxford, 2007
We invest heavily in the formation of a new generation of international development scholars by integrating teams of senior established academics, early career researchers and doctoral students. Currently we employ over 15 postdocs in addition to our established staff. Our research centres supervise and fund doctoral students. We help our newly graduated students to secure postdoctoral fellowships (at present one British Academy, two ESRC). Senior academic staff and our interdisciplinary research centres support, and sometimes fund, them, while they in turn make an invaluable contribution to our research and teaching.
Our thriving academic visitors’ programme hosts overseas postdoctoral scholars, some of whom have been funded by the Association of Commonwealth Universities. Fifteen postdoctoral scholars from South Asia were mentored under the Visiting South Asia Scholars Programme. In 2007-8, a University Fell Fund grant allows a young Indian scholar to write up research on lower castes. The Charles Wallace Trust provides a dedicated QEH fellowship to Pakistani researchers.
We also emphasize overseas capacity-building: the Young Lives Project and the new RPC on Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth have extensive capacity building programmes based in eight developing countries, including training in statistical techniques for policy analysis, and, for Young Lives, in qualitative data collection on children. CRISE has given research grants to 30 local senior and early career researchers; sponsored research workshops in Ghana and Nigeria, and has supplied the researchers with computer software for qualitative analysis; provides publication outlets for local researchers through the CRISE working paper series; and helps to connect African researchers to similar networks in Asia and Latin America. QEH has also supported the development of archives, libraries, research capacity and curricula in Nigeria, Morocco, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, India, Timor and Bangladesh; and established an online Latin American economic and social development database to assist researchers in the region to access high-quality time series data.
RSC runs weekend courses and an annual three-week International Summer School to prepare practitioners and policy-makers to respond better to humanitarian crises, and to reflect critically on the forces and institutions that dominate the world of the displaced. RSC also hosts senior and mid-career practitioners, policy-makers and academics under the guidance of an adviser (62 fellows from 24 countries since 2001).
Postgraduate Degrees, Research Students and Studentships
QEH has five postgraduate degree programmes: DPhil (2001) and MPhil (1996) in Development Studies; and MSc’s in Economics for Development (jointly with Economics Department, 1995), Forced Migration (1998) and Global Governance & Diplomacy (2006). The MPhil is a research degree, specifically designed as a preferred route into the DPhil and involving research methods training, substantial fieldwork and a thesis. DPhil enrolment requires a distinction in a postgraduate research programme of equivalence to our MPhil. The MScED is a recognized route into the DPhil in Economics for development economists, and the recently established MScGG&D will be a route into the DPhil in International Relations. All three MSc programmes involve an extended essay equivalent to a publishable working paper, as well as research methods training.
Each member of staff supervises on average six doctoral students, which includes students enrolled in other departments such as anthropology, sociology, history, economics and politics. About a third of QEH research students are from developing countries, a further third from ‘home’ countries (UK and other EU), and a third from other developed countries – particularly North America. About one third of our research students receive scholarships in various modalities. We currently offer two ESRC quota awards each year, and often win a further award though the open competition. CRISE provided scholarships to two students from developing countries during 2003-7. From 2007, QEH has introduced full scholarships for students from developing countries financed from increased fee income. Once fully implemented, this scheme will fund a stock of two MPhil, three DPhil and three MSc students each year. In 2001-7, our students have received the following scholarships, among others: Clarendon (funded by Oxford University), ORS, Marshall, Rhodes, Felix, Commonwealth, Chevening, Shell, Inlaks, Wingate, Frere, Radhakrishnan and ORISHA; various College scholarships and research fellowships, such as the Swire at St Antony’s; and scholarships from their home country sources such as CONACYT in Mexico. QEH allocates about £10,000 each year in needs-based bursaries for doctoral students in the final stages of their research; travel grants of up to £500 to support fieldwork; up to £1000 for a conference or workshop organized by doctoral students; and small grants for travelling expenses to present papers at conferences, translation of research material, and language training. Since 2006 QEH has funded recently graduated research students to publish monographs or journal articles. The funding for these bursaries and grants is mainly generated by Oxford Development Studies. CRISE and OPHI sponsor students’ fieldwork. Area studies funds within the University are available for research support, fieldwork, fellowships etc (e.g. ORISHA and ORENGA for African Studies; Beit and Rhodes for Commonwealth Studies; Radhakrishnan for South Asian Studies).
Integration of Research and Teaching
We ensure that students’ theses are related to our research programmes and/or their supervisors’ own interests. Some doctoral students work as part of externally funded research teams and centres, and some of the latter offer bursaries or scholarships. Students are encouraged to obtain feedback on their research through presentations at conferences and workshops and at the weekly Departmental doctoral seminar.
Our postgraduate research training explicitly integrates the current research of staff. The MPhil in Development Studies is modified each year to reflect research interests and developments in the field. The research methods course uses the experience of household surveys in East Africa, agriculture and health research in India, anthropological studies in the Amazon and interviewing ethics in the Maghreb. One option paper ‘Violence and Historical Memory’ draws on Alexander’s ongoing fieldwork in Zimbabwe and Kenya; another on ‘Economic Development: Problems and Policies’ uses Dercon’s work on vulnerability and Wood’s experience as chief economist at DfID to inform aid allocation criteria; while another on ‘Forced Migration’ grows out of Gibney’s current research on liberal democratic states and the evolution of asylum. The MScED module on ‘Aid and Capital Flows’ draws on Adam’s and Wood’s work on aid in Africa and FitzGerald’s on international investment. The MScGG&D option on the politics of international financial institutions uses Hall’s work on private authority in global governance and the role of central banks.
Outlook for 2008-12
A major opportunity - and challenge - for our research strategy over the coming years is the demographic regeneration of academic staff. During this period four professors (FitzGerald, Harriss-White, Wood, Zetter) and two readers (Chatty, Thorp) retire from the established academic staff, as well as three research professors (Castles, Cohen, Stewart). One professor in this submission has recently retired (Toye) and another tragically died (Lall). This transition thus involves nearly half the active researchers in this RAE submission, including the intellectual leaders who constructed QEH in its present form. However, during RAE01-7, a series of outstanding younger appointments have been made to QEH at the professorial (Dercon) and lecturership (Alexander, Friedrichs, Fu, Hall, Mustapha) levels. In addition, we have a strong cadre of future research leaders at the readership level (Adam, Gibney, Gooptu). Research excellence, reflected in international publication records, and interdisciplinary approach are paramount criteria for the regeneration process in coming years, which will also involve joint appointments with other Oxford departments, strengthening our broad disciplinary reach throughout the University. This transition will also permit the incorporation of new research themes and disciplines as well as of outstanding young scholars.
The fabric of QEH is now being transformed. In 2005 we moved into new premises, which will be further enlarged over the next 12 months. A total funding of £4.6 million has been provided by the central University and HEFCE’s SRIF grants. Thus RSC and Young Lives (presently located elsewhere in Oxford) will be incorporated physically into the Department in early 2009, consolidating QEH for the first time on one site and generating even greater research synergies.
• QEH’s unique contribution to refugee studies was recognized by the Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education in 2002, awarded to RSC.
• QEH’s Olof Palme Lecturers have been Nussbaum, Chomsky, Cardoso.
• Peter Evans (Berkeley), Balliol College George Eastman Visiting Professor, was based at QEH, 2004-5.
• OPHI Launch Conference in 2007 was led by Amartya Sen.
• Out of QEH’s 28 Category A staff in this submission, nearly half are professors or readers: eight Professors, including one Statutory Professor (Dercon), one holding a personal chair (Wood) and one ESRC Research Professor (Cohen), and five Readers. Oxford University conducts ‘Recognition of Distinction’ exercises, whose principal criterion is research of significant international distinction, attested by international peer reviewers and external assessors. Through this exercise, titles of Professor and Reader have been conferred on Castles, FitzGerald, Harriss-White, Stewart, Zetter (Professors) and on Adam, Chatty, Gibney, Gooptu, Thorp (Readers).
External Academic Appointments
Adam: Visiting Scholar IMF 02-04; Professeur Invité, Auvergne (95-).
Alexander: Research Associate, Zimbabwe 02-05.
Castles: Visiting Professor, Cornell, 05.
Dercon: Fellow of BREAD (US) and CEPR (UK).
De Haas: Visiting scholar, American University, Cairo 04-05.
FitzGerald: Extraordinary Professor of Development Economics, Institute of Social Studies, Netherlands, 93-07; Princess Elena Visiting Professor, Complutense, Madrid, 03-05.
Friedrichs: Max Weber Fellow, European University Institute, Florence 06-07.
Fu: Visting Professor, Guandong, Senior Research Fellow, Hunan, Senior Research Associate, Judge Business School, Cambridge.
Gibney: Visiting Professor, Monash 03.
Harriss-White: Visiting Fellow, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris 04; CAPORDE Lecturer, Cambridge 02-07.
Lloyd: Visiting Professor, Algiers 05-06.
Thorp: Visiting Professor, Catholic University, Lima 02.
Toye: Economics Department Evaluation, Manchester University.
External Advisory Appointments
Adam: Advisor, Africa Department, IMF; Macroeconomic Adviser, Policy Division, DfID; Board, representing HMG, African Economic Research Consortium.
Alexander: Council for the Assistance of Refugee Academics (Board, Allocations Committee).
Alkire: Mexican government advisor on poverty measurement.
Boyden: Council, Royal Anthropological Institute.
Castles: Chair, Home Office Advisory Panel on Country Information, 03-05.
Chatty: Chair, Commission on Nomadic Peoples, International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences; Chair, Syrian Studies Association, MESA; Member, Council for British Research in the Levant; Scientific Council, IUED, Geneva.
Cohen: President, Global Studies Association 04-06.
Dercon: Task Force for Africa, Columbia; Board of Directors, Praxis Ethiopia; Advisory Council DIAL, Paris.
FitzGerald: Member, ESCOR, DfID; Advisory Board, UNICEF State of the World’s Children Report; Technical advisor, UNCTAD Sustainable Debt Programme; Senior advisor, UN/DESA World Economic and Social Survey; Policy Board, CAFOD.
Fu: Board, Chinese Economic Association (UK).
Gooptu: Advisory Board, International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam.
Harriss-White: Advisor, ILO, IBRD; Council, DSA; Trustee, Action Aid 01-06; Trustee, IFPRI.
Mustapha: Trustee, DRPC, Kano; Scientific Committee, CODESRIA, Dakar.
Stewart: Council of ODI; Board of Eminent Advisers, Human Development Centre, Islamabad; Board of Overseers, Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown; Advisor for UN Secretary General on UN priorities; Vice-chair, IFPRI Board; International Advisory Committee, National Human Development Network, Costa Rica; Committee of the North-South Roundtable; Malaysian Prime Minister’s expert advisory panel; President, Human Development and Capability Association.
Thorp: Chair of Trustees, OXFAM.
Toye: Honorary Trustee, IDS.
Wood: Trustee (formerly Governor), IDS.
Editorships and Editorial Board Memberships
Adam: Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics (editor), Journal of African Economics (editor), OEP, Revue Economique du Développement, ODS.
Alexander: Journal of Southern African Studies (editor), Africa; Cultural and Social History, ODS.
Alkire: Journal of Human Development (associate editor).
Castles: Journal of Refugee Studies, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Ethnicities, International Migration Review, Migration, Diaspora, Journal of Intercultural Studies, Global Networks, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
Chatty: International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, Anthropology in Action (consulting editor), Journal of Nomadic Peoples, Arabic Forced Migration Review.
Cohen: Global Network (co-editor).
Dercon: OEP (editor), Applied Economics, World Bank Economic Review, Economic Development and Change, ODS.
FitzGerald: JDS, ODS, Development and Change, Economía Mundial, Principios, Palgrave International Finance and Development book series (editor).
Fu: International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Devlopment, ODS.
Gooptu: ODS (editor); St Antony’s-Palgrave Book Series.
Hall: International Studies Quarterly, ODS.
Hedman: Government and Opposition.
Harriss-White: JDS, ODS, Journal of Agrarian Change, Review of Development and Change (Chennai), ERDR, Socialist Register (contributing editor), Journal of South Asian Development.
Lloyd: Revue des Deux Rives, ODS.
Mustapha: ROAPE, ODS.
Stewart: World Development; JID, Bangladesh Development Studies, ODS (chair), Development and Change, Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Journal of Human Development, European Journal of Development.
Toye: JDS (chair, 76-06), ODS (managing editor), Journal of African Economics (book reviews editor).
Wood: ODS (editor).
Zetter: Journal of Refugee Studies, Refugee Studies Quarterly, Journal of Migration Health and Social Care
External Ph D Examination
Staff have examined over 70 doctoral theses at the following universities:
UK: LSE, Warwick, Nottingham, Manchester, Cambridge, Liverpool, Edinburgh, Swansea, Manchester, SOAS, Keele, Sussex, UCL, Cranfield, York, KCL, Hull, UEA, Exeter, Staffordshire
Europe: Gothenburg, Clermont-Ferrand, Free University Amsterdam, Wageningen, Leuven, Brussels, Barcelona, Madrid, Bilbao, Tilburg, Trondheim, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Oslo, Paris-Nanterre, Roskilde, Tampere
India: Osmania, Kolkata, Visva Bharati, Jadavpur, Delhi, JNU, Madras.
Australia: Melbourne, Latrobe, Macquarie, Sydney
External Appointments and Promotions Boards
Dercon: Namur, Paris I, Cornell, Northwestern, IDS, Louvain, Addis Ababa.
FitzGerald: IDS, Cambridge, The Hague, Madrid.
Harriss-White: UTexas-Austin, UC-Santa Cruz, UC-Berkeley, UC-Irvine, LSE, SOAS, Cambridge, Sussex, OU, Brookes.
Awards and Honours
Bano: ESRC Post-doctoral Fellowship
Chatty: Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship 05-07.
Castles: Founding-director of International Migration Institute, Oxford.
Cohen: ESRC Professorial fellow 06-11; DLitt Warwick 07.
Dercon: Election to CEPR (UK) and BREAD (US) 07.
FitzGerald: International Gabarron Foundation Prize in Economics 07.
Fu: European Commission Gate2Growth “European Best Paper” 05.
Harriss-White: Invited founder-fellow HDCA; Member BA South Asia Panel 07; EADI working group on Asia.
Gibney: American Library Association Outstanding Reference Work Award 2006.
Meagher: African Studies Association Prize: British Academy Fellowshsip.
Stewart: Scientific American Outstanding World Technological Leader 2003 (Economic Development Strategies).
Wood: CBE, 2005 (for services as Chief Economist, DfID).
Zetter: Paper among ‘hundred most significant’ published by OUP journals.
Keynote Speeches and Public lectures
During 2001-7, over 60 keynote speeches and public lectures were given by Category A staff, including 2 early career researchers. Examples:
Adam: Keynote, Economic Research South Africa (ERSA) Workshop, Pretoria, 2007
Alexander: Invited lecture, Interdisciplinary Research Group on Africa/Conflict Research Group, Ghent 2006
Alkire: Keynote, Latin American Regional Human Development and Capabilities Association conference, 2006
Boyden: Keynote, Child Centred Community Development Conference, Sussex, 2003
Castles: Keynote, Labour Migration conference, Hamburg, 2006
Chatty: Invited lecture, on Globalization and Environment, Yale, 2003
Cohen: Presidential address, Annual Meeting of the Global Studies Association, Newcastle, 2005
Dercon: Public lecture, Annual Conference for Development Economics, World Bank, Amsterdam, 2005
FitzGerald: Keynote, UNCTAD Expert Meeting on Debt Sustainability and Development Strategies, Geneva, 2005
Fu: Public speech, CBI and Cambridge-MIT Joint Conference, 2006
Gibney: Plenary Lecture, UNU/WIDER Conference on Poverty, Migration and Asylum, Helsinki, 2002
Gooptu: Keynote, South Asian Studies in the North, Inaugural Symposium, Manchester, 2006
Hall: Invited address, Prospects and Challenges for the World Polity symposium, Tokyo, 2003
Harriss-White: Plenary lecture, Indian Society for Labour Economics conference, New Delhi, 2005
Meagher: Keynote, Markets for Peace, Danish Institute of International Studies, Copenhagen, 2007
Mustapha: Public lecture on the Nigerian elections 2007, Royal African Society, London, 2007
Stewart: Fifth Annual WIDER Development Lecture, Helsinki, 2001
Thorp: Keynote, Inter-American Development Bank Anniversary Conference, 2003
Wood: Keynote, Development Studies Association Annual Conference, 2003
Zetter: Keynote, Refugees in Europe conference, La Sapienza, Rome 2004