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Aberystwyth University

UOA 56 - Celtic Studies

RA5a: Research environment and esteem

I. Research Environment

INTRODUCTION

The award of (5*A) in the 2001 RAE confirmed our success in achieving our stated aim (RA5c): to demonstrate that it was possible to be a research centre of international excellence in Welsh and Celtic Studies at the same time as maintaining a commitment to teaching excellence (we were rated ‘Excellent’ in the last TQA). The resulting QR funding since 2001 has enabled us to sustain our unique role in providing in-depth undergraduate and postgraduate education, through Welsh and English, in all the Celtic languages and literatures, of all periods, whilst developing the quality and extent of our research activities. We attach especial importance to supervising research students (46 MPhil/PhD degrees were awarded in 2001-7), fostering the careers of postdoctoral researchers, and editing major journals.

(i) STRUCTURE

Individual and Project work
Much of the Department’s research is conducted by individual scholars working within a supportive and collegial environment rather than within formal research groups. However, we also continue to encourage and support large research projects and have had notable successes in building and developing externally funded research teams and international networks of scholars during the review period. For example, our AHRC project (2006-) on Welsh Genealogies 300-1500 involves four members of staff (including the RA), plus a database officer, a part-time computer consultant, and external advisers such as Dr Michael Siddons. Our AHRC project (2001-6) on Ancient Celtic Place-Names in Europe and Asia Minor (final report assessed as ‘Outstanding’) involved one member of staff, two successive RAs (Drs Isaac and Falileyev), two successful PhD students who proceeded to posts in Universität Bonn and Lambeth Palace Library, and a group of 20 European scholars who held joint-workshops in Madrid, Aberystwyth, Munich, and Salamanca and prepared two volumes of proceedings (Madrid 2005, ed. de Hoz, Luján and Sims-Williams; Salamanca 2007, ed. García Alonso). Three members of the project, with external collaborators, compiled a CD of Additions to Alfred Holder’s Celtic Thesaurus (published 2006). This project, like the Celtic compound names project (see below), worked closely with the Ancient World Mapping Center in Chapel Hill, NC, and during 2006-7 its draft Dictionary (by Falileyev) received the highest number of hits among all items on the University’s interdisciplinary digital repository. The current Early Celtic Linguistic Evidence from Dacia and Moesia Inferior project is resulting in co-operation with scholars in Romania and Moldova. The inter-departmental project on The Development of the Welsh Language (University of Wales, Academic Support Fund 1999-2000) was supervised and located in our Department before transferring to Cardiff, first under the aegis of the Board of Celtic Studies (BOCS) and then under that of the AHRC. Its Aberystwyth-based phase of research (comprising all 13c manuscript prose), published on CD-ROM by Drs Isaac and Rodway in 2002, won the Vernam Hull Prize. In November 2007 Sims-Williams’s application for the project to be adopted as a British Academy Research Project was one of the eight successful applications to this competition (from an original pool of 72 applications). In 2005-6 Huws developed and ran a BOCS project in the Department on The Correspondence of Carneddog and his Contemporaries, with Dr Gwen Angharad Gruffudd as researcher; in 2006 she transferred to the Genealogies project. A BOCS grant also enabled Rodway to compile the Index to the Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies (2003). An earlier BOCS grant resulted in a complete concordance to early Welsh poetry, supervised by Haycock (Yr Hengerdd: Mynegeiriau Cyflawn, ed. Isaac, published by the Department, 2001). The Department has been extremely supportive of BOCS’s crucial role in promoting high standards in Wales and fostering collaboration (see Professor Haycock’s survey of Welsh scholarship since 1963 in her plenary in the Cork ICCS Proceedings, Dublin, 2003). Sims-Williams and Huws were members of BOCS’s Language and Literature Committee, Haycock was its Secretary until 2003, and Williams and Mahon edited two BOCS journals.

Our staff have made significant contributions to collaborative research projects based elsewhere. Edwards edited 33 poems for the Swansea AHRC Dafydd ap Gwilym project (also ‘Outstanding’), and he, Huws, Sims-Williams and Williams have contributed to and/or advised on CAWCS projects: Beirdd yr Uchelwyr, Celticity, Iolo Morganwg and Guto’r Glyn. Bryant-Quinn contributed heavily to Beirdd yr Uchelwyr and Falileyev and Sims-Williams supplied place-name data for the Atlas for Celtic Studies. Raybould assisted in 2006 with the preparation of The Roman Inscriptions of Britain Volume III (University of Oxford). Sims-Williams, sponsored by BOCS, contributed the linguistic commentary to the 3-volume Corpus of Early Medieval Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture in Wales (published 2007-), a project involving collaboration with the National Museum of Wales, the Department of History and Welsh History, Bangor, and Dr McKee (Category B). He also served on the Publications Committee of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, involving editorial work on e.g. Dr R. Suggett’s Houses and History in the March of Wales. Falileyev advises on the International Thracian Corpus project, and Mahon and Sims-Williams are advisers to the Cambridge Early Irish Glossaries project. Hincks was enlisted as a collaborator in the Kreizenn studi Kembre ha Kernev-Veur/Centre d’Etudes galloises et corniques, 2008-11 (University of Rennes 2). Staff contributed to reference works e.g. the Dictionary of National Biography (Edwards, Haycock, Sims-Williams, Williams), The Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture (Mahon), Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia (Bryant-Quinn, Edwards, Falileyev, Haycock, Hughes, Mahon, Rodway), and Gwyddoniadur Cymru yr Academi Gymreig (Bryant-Quinn, Williams).

Visitors
We have continued to welcome visiting scholars to the Department and benefit from their presence. Dr P. de Bernardo Stempel held a Leverhulme Visiting Fellowship in 2000-1, Professor J. Gorrochategui, the authority on Basque and Hispano-Celtic, came for a term from Vitoria-Gasteiz, and other visitors have included Professor L. A. Curchin (Waterloo), Professor P. K. Ford (Harvard), Dr Sylvie Gagnon (Canterbury NZ), Professor Elissa Henken (Georgia), Dr Elena Parina (Moscow), and delegations from the Saami Language Board of Norway, Breton Regional Council, and Republic of Udmurtia (Russian Federation).

Research income
With the encouragement of the University Research Promotion Group (chaired by the Vice-Chancellor) and the practical help of the Research Support Group, staff continued to seek external funding from the AHRC, British Academy, Leverhulme Trust, and other sources. AU’s Research Fund awarded £960 pump-priming for the Welsh Genealogies project to employ a consultant on genealogical computing in advance of our successful AHRC Resource Enhancement application. We succeeded in doubling our research income since the last RAE period, a total external income of nearly £700k in RA4 comparing favourably with the £261,308 reported in 2001.

Most external research income is covered in RA4, apart from Huws’s BOCS grant of £25,432 in 2005 for his project on The Correspondence of Carneddog and his Contemporaries, administered by the University of Wales. Three members of staff have obtained grants for Research Leave (AHRC, Leverhulme), and the University itself has financed five semesters of leave over and above the matching semesters required by the AHRC scheme. The largest awards have been: £319,868 AHRC 2001, for Ancient Celtic Place-Names in Europe and Asia Minor; £304,830 AHRC 2006, for An Electronic Version of Peter Clement Bartrum’s Welsh Genealogies A.D. 300-1500; £92,069 Leverhulme Trust 2003, for a Major Research Fellowship; £63,055 British Academy 2001, for a Postdoctoral Fellowship; £49,998 AHRC 2006, for Early Celtic Linguistic Evidence from Dacia and Moesia Inferior.


Editing
The Department continued to provide an editorial base for leading journals. See II below.

Seminars and conferences
The Department continued to support postgraduate and Celtic Studies research seminars, and also Rodway’s Old Irish reading group which is open to public participation, as are various Cymru-Llydaw events organized by Hincks. Distinguished visiting speakers included Drs Herve ar Bihan (Rennes), Nancy Edwards (Bangor), Brynley F. Roberts (Aberystwyth), Paul Russell (Cambridge), David Stephenson (Bangor), David Willis (Cambridge), and Professors T. O. Clancy (Glasgow), L. A. Curchin (Waterloo), P. K. Ford (Harvard), Thomas O’Loughlin (Lampeter), Peter Schrijver (Munich), and R. J. A. Talbert (Chapel Hill).

The main international event of the period, which occupied most staff for many months, was the 12th International Congress of Celtic Studies (2003). Over 500 delegates came from 25 countries and almost 250 papers were delivered, including 7 by our own staff and 10 by our research students. The Proceedings (July 2007) were edited by Sims-Williams and Williams.

Infrastructure

The Department benefits from the excellent IT and library resources in Aberystwyth. The rich holdings of the National Library of Wales (a legal deposit library) are complemented by the University Library, which buys new materials at a rate typically 10% above the national average per FTE. Welsh and Celtic Studies purchases are particularly generous, owing to the QR-based formula used. In 2001 the Department was bequeathed the specialist Library of Professor Thomas Jones, now located near the Department in the Old College Library. Staff have free printing from microfilms and free inter-library loans, and in their own field they have access to AU’s Sir David Hughes Parry Fund (travel, conferences, and publications) and to the Department’s Lady Enid Parry Fund (total disbursements to our staff 2001-6 were £4,200). The University makes available in open competition c. £90,000 p.a. for research grants and c. £50,000 p.a. for conference attendance.

(ii) STAFF AND STUDENTS

Staff
With a view to the long-term future of the Department and its field of study, our over-riding concern in making tenure-track appointments has been to pick individuals with high potential as teachers of undergraduate and postgraduate students across a wide range of courses, who have already demonstrated ability, vigour and creativity in research. All staff on eligible contracts are included in RA2.

In addition to the appointment of Chapman (DLitt 2004) [Category C in 2001], following the retirement of Professor Rowlands, and the appointment of Rodway to a three-year Lectureship in 2006, we have continued successfully to bring on other researchers through our research projects and replacement-teaching funds. We seek to maintain able researchers through rolling grants, e.g. Drs Constantine, McKee, and Isaac (who have progressed to other posts) and Drs Rodway and Falileyev. Rodway was supported by grants from BOCS, the Leverhulme Trust, and the AHRC, and Falileyev was employed on two successive AHRC grants until September 2007, when he was given a Lectureship in the Department. Similarly, Dr Raybould, who had collaborated part-time with Sims-Williams since October 2003 on the British Academy-funded project on The Incidence of Celtic Compound Names in the Latin Inscriptions of the Roman Empire, was appointed to a Lectureship in the Department pending the start of her participation in the next phase of the Academy project in 2007-8.

We have made a considerable contribution to nurturing Celtic scholars and derive satisfaction from the success of temporary staff who have moved to careers in Celtic elsewhere while maintaining an active connection with the Department, e.g. Dr Benozzo to the University of Bologna (where he inaugurated and edited Studi Celtici 1-4), Dr Constantine to CAWCS (while continuing to teach folklore in the Department), Drs de Bernardo Stempel and Isaac to the University of Vitoria-Gasteiz and NUI Galway (where they both continued to contribute to our Ancient Celtic Place-Names project), and Dr McKee to a research-active career-break in which she continued to collaborate with us on The Leiden Leechbook (Falileyev, Owen, McKee 2005) and vols II-III of the Corpus of Early Medieval Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture in Wales, as well as contributing to The Cambridge History of the Book. All those just named were returned by us in the 2001 RAE. Dr J. R. Davies, Dr McKee’s co-worker on our earlier Leverhulme Old Welsh MSS project, published his main contribution as The Book of Llandaf and the Norman Church in Wales (2003) and was appointed in the University of Edinburgh. Other young temporary staff who went on to obtain positions elsewhere include Drs S. Arbuthnot (Aberdeen, DIAS, Cambridge), C. Charnell-White (Lampeter and CAWCS), T. Hallam (Swansea), and Professor G. Toner (Ulster). Moving in the opposite direction, Bryant-Quinn was able to step up his long-standing contribution to teaching and research in the Department following his resignation from CAWCS in 2006.

In the category of ‘early career researcher’ we would mention Dr Raybould, an Aberystwyth graduate who retired as a Classics teacher in 2007; she collaborated part-time with Sims-Williams from October 2003 on the above-mentioned project on Celtic Compound Names.

The Department regularly monitors individual and collective progress in research, offering appropriate advice and support, and it mentors junior staff. The work in this area of Professors Williams (Head of Department) and Sims-Williams (Director of Research) is overseen and augmented by the University’s Research Monitoring Group (chaired by the Vice-Chancellor), which meets regularly with them. Research is a key element in AU probation and promotion procedures. In line with University policy, the Department operates a research leave system in which all staff are eligible to apply for research leave, with preference given to those with external funding. Seven took leave during the census period.

The Department’s Post-doctoral researchers receive training, support and advice from the grantholders and Head of Department, as well as from the University, and all those who have left have gone on to successful careers (see above). Here we should also mention Dr G. A. Gruffudd, RA successively on Huws’s Carneddog project and on the Genealogies project. She can be expected to follow earlier RAs along a traditional career path.

Research Students
Students with research potential are encouraged to apply for external and internal funding. Six students were awarded AHRB/C studentships for doctoral research, and four were awarded AU studentships in a Europe-wide open competition in which four studentships per year are awarded within the Faculty of Arts. Three students were awarded AHRC studentships for MPhil research. Five MPhil students have been supported by the Department’s Caerwyn and Gwen Williams Memorial Scholarship, and nine have been awarded Thomson Foundation Scholarships administered by the Department of Theatre, Film and Television Studies. The Department runs its own PG training programme (organized by Haycock as Graduate Tutor); since 2004 students have also benefited from two centrally-provided Welsh-medium generic research training courses, Dulliau Darllen and (residentially at Gregynog) Dulliau Ysgrifennu. Williams was the joint designer of the former and Chapman is its current joint co-ordinator; Chapman also co-ordinates Dulliau Ysgrifennu. A full programme of Research Training and Development is provided by the University, co-ordinated by a Director of Postgraduate Studies, supported by a PG Skills Co-Ordinator and other staff. Postgraduates are granted subsidised photocopying and computing facilities. We have recruited MPhil and PhD students from other universities (Aberdeen, Aix-en-Provence, Bangor, Cambridge, Glasgow, Ljubljana, Oxford, Minnesota, Utrecht) and have exported them (Bangor, Cambridge, Cardiff, Oxford, Swansea); these exchanges make a positive contribution, as do our lively ERASMUS undergraduate and postgraduate exchanges with Brest, Galway, Limerick, Marburg, Maynooth, Oslo, Rennes, TCD, and Utrecht. ERASMUS and our MA programmes in Breton, Irish and Welsh are a source of PhD recruitment.

MPhil and PhD dissertations are an important part of the Department’s research output and involve a major investment of staff time. PhD topics have covered the whole range of Welsh language and literature, as well as Breton, Cornish, Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Continental Celtic and Anglo-Welsh. Between 2001 and 2007 ten postgraduates went on to university posts as lecturers or researchers.


Postgraduate students give papers to our Research Seminar, and are encouraged to give papers to learned conferences (with Departmental financial support). In the census period 18 postgraduates gave a total of 32 papers outside the Department. There were 20 publications by postgraduates in the review period, the most substantial being Jacqueline Gibson’s The Turn of the Ermine: An Anthology of Breton Literature (jointly with Gwyn Griffiths, London, 2006, 506pp.), Ashwin E. Gohil’s Ancient Celtic and Non-Celtic Place-Names of Northern Continental Europe (Bruxelles, 2006, 300pp.) and Emyr Hywel’s Annwyl D.J.: Llythyrau D.J., Saunders a Kate (Talybont, 2007, 377pp.). Another research student, George Jones, edits the journal Mercator Media Forum (University of Wales Press).

(iii) STRATEGY

The Department has developed a research culture which is international in outlook whilst serving Welsh needs. Key features are the presence of a critical mass of research students, a rolling programme of research projects involving new staff and new collaborations, active liaison with former research staff, rigorous standards in journal-editing and postgraduate supervision, and a wide-ranging programme of original research by individual staff members.

Our long-term aim is to continue to make a leading contribution to research in Celtic Studies and train the Celtic scholars of the future. We intend to have the capacity, in terms of linguistic and critical expertise, to anticipate developments in the field and to adapt to meet new challenges; e.g., we intend to make full use of the growing corpus of machine-readable Middle Welsh prose texts. Our tradition of preparing Celtic language teaching materials, illustrated by Hughes’s Dysgu Gwyddeleg (1998) and Hincks’s Breton manual in this RAE (Swedish translation 2005) and their consultancy work for Linguaphone etc., and by Falileyev’s Old Welsh handbook in Russian (2002, French translation in press), will continue, thanks to our award of €0,000 from the Irish Government for research on the teaching of Irish (of all periods) through Welsh and English. We expect the results of this research to appear in 2009, as will the book (submitted to OUP) resulting from Sims-Williams’s 2003-6 Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship (on ‘Interactions between Gaelic and Brittonic Languages and Literatures 400-1500’).


Most research plans outlined in the 2001 return have been realised, although some researchers have retired or moved on (e.g. Dr Benozzo published his Landscape Perception in Early Celtic Literature in 2004, after moving to the University of Bologna). Sims-Williams deferred publication of his work on Llyfr Llandaf in order to concentrate on work funded by the AHRC and the Leverhulme Trust. Similarly, for Williams and Huws, the AHRC grant for Welsh Genealogies meant some shift in priorities. Haycock’s volume on Women and Medieval Welsh Literature has grown in scope and publication has been deferred, though she has produced preliminary articles and lectures on the subject. All staff have published work not anticipated in 2001; e.g. Williams, Haycock, and Sims-Williams contributed three Celtic chapters to the medieval volume of The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism (2005), whilst Morgan has published four novels and two volumes of poetry.

Examples of current research plans are: Chapman’s volume (150,000 words) on c. 1740-2000 for the Oxford Literary History of Wales;
Hincks’s studies on changes in twentieth-century literary Welsh, and on the role of translation in publishing in Welsh compared to other minority languages; Haycock’s edition and study of early Welsh prophetic poetry; Hughes’s further Mabinogi editions; Huws’s studies on the cywydd iacháu, edition of the Correspondence of Carneddog and his Contemporaries, and a volume of T. H. Parry-Williams’ uncollected works; Rodway’s introduction to medieval Irish and work on Cormac; and Falileyev’s study of Celtic linguistic remains south and east of the Danube. Beyond the review period, a grant has already been secured from the British Academy for further work on Celtic Personal Names in the Latin Inscriptions of the Roman Empire (£29,488, 2007-8), and further large-scale projects are in gestation, e.g. Edwards and Bryant-Quinn are jointly developing a nineteenth-century research project.

We will respond creatively to new opportunities and emerging research themes and will seek to play a constructive role within any genuinely collaborative structures that may replace BOCS.

Other Research Outputs
We have published much more than the listed items. AU Departmental Reports 2001-6 list 261 publications by the Department’s staff and 20 publications by its postgraduates. These include 137 articles in scholarly volumes and journals, 17 monographs, 9 edited volumes, and 49 reviews. The topics covered range from medieval and modern literature in Welsh, Irish and Breton to aspects of Celtic linguistics and philology.


II. Indicators of Esteem

Academic Honours: Hincks was awarded the rare Breton honour Kolier urzh an Erminig (only the second recipient from Wales). Chapman was awarded a DLitt (University of Wales, 2004) for his published works. Sims-Williams was awarded a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship (2003-6) and the Cambrian Archaeological Association’s G. T. Clark Award in 2007 for Celtic Inscriptions of Britain. In July 2007 he was elected as the next President of the International Congress of Celtic Studies. Haycock was awarded a Personal Chair by AU and an AHRC Research Leave Award (both 2006). Hughes was elected Faculty of Arts Research Fellow at NUI Galway (2004). Rodway with Isaac (member of staff until 2004) won the 2003 Vernam Hull Prize (awarded for an academic work on pre-1700 Welsh prose) for their CD-ROM Rhyddiaith Gymraeg o Lawysgrifau’r 13eg Ganrif: Testun Cyflawn (2002). Owen was successfully nominated for a University of Wales Hon. D.Litt. (2003); Rowlands received an honorary position in Bangor and a Festschrift in 2007.

Editorships: Llên Cymru (Williams); Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies (Sims-Williams); Dwned, co-editor (Huws); Llên y Llenor series (Edwards); Language and Literature section of Studia Celtica, co-editor until 2002 (Mahon); Breizh/Llydaw (Hincks); Meddwl a’r Dychymyg Cymreig (Rowlands).

Membership of Editorial Boards: Chapman: Llenyddiaeth mewn Theori, Ysgrifau Beirniadol; Edwards: Y Traethodydd; Falileyev: Lublin Studies in Celtic Languages, Tyragetia (serie nouă); Haycock: Journal of Celtic Studies, Llên Cymru; Hincks: Enwau Planhigion Blodeuol (Cymdeithas Edward Llwyd); Mahon: Journal of the American Association of Celtic Language Teachers; Morgan, Astudiaethau Rhywedd yng Nghymru; Rodway: Studi Celtici; Sims-Williams, Anglo-Saxon; Rowlands: Taliesin; Constantine: Planet.

Major invited lectures: Chapman: Friends of the National Library of Wales Annual Lecture, 2002; National Eisteddfod Annual Literary Lecture, 2003; Islwyn Ffowc Elis Memorial Lecture, Welsh Academy, 2004. Haycock: G. J. Williams Memorial Lecture, Cardiff University, 2003; Vernam Hull Lecture, Harvard University, 2003; Anderson Memorial Lecture, St Andrews University, 2005; Caerwyn and Gwen Williams Memorial Lecture, Swansea University, 2005; Plenary, CSANA Conference, University of Georgia, 2005; Van Hamel Lecture, University of Utrecht, 2006. Huws: National Eisteddfod Annual Literary Lecture, 2005. Sims-Williams: University of Wales O’Donnell Lecture, 2001; Chadwick Memorial Lecture, Cambridge University, 2005. Williams: Parry-Williams Memorial Lecture, 2003. Rowlands & Owen: G. J. Williams Lectures, Cardiff University.

Dissemination of research through other invited presentations: University of Cambridge (Bryant-Quinn, Sims-Williams); Seventh Celtic Christianity Summer School, Lampeter University (Bryant-Quinn); Bangor University (Chapman, Haycock, Mahon); Universities of Glamorgan and Swansea (Edwards); Manchester University (Falileyev); University of Utrecht (Haycock); Colloque International: Cultures, Langues et Imaginaires de l’Arc Celtique, University of Rennes (Hincks); Keio University, Tokyo; Keio University, Hiyoshi; and Dokkyo University, Himeji (Hughes); CAWCS (Edwards, Mahon); Catholic University, Lublin (Rodway); Britannia Latina Conference, Warburg Institute, London; Conference of the Society for Name Studies in Britain and Ireland, Cambridge; VIth Fontes Epigraphici Religionis Celticae Antiquae Workshop, UCL; Symposium Sprache und Geschichte, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich (Sims-Williams); The March in the Medieval West, 1000-1500, Micheál Ó Cléirigh Institute, University College, Dublin (Williams); Rowlands, Harvard Celtic Colloquium 2001; McKee: Oxford University and British Academy postdoctoral symposium.

Peer-reviewed conference papers: e.g. Bryant-Quinn, CSANA Conference, University of Toronto; Chapman, ‘Saunders Lewis a “Cymru Fydd”’ Conference, Aberystwyth University; Edwards, Festival de la parole poétique, Moelan-sur-Mer; Cynhadledd Dehongli Cymru, Aberystwyth University; Falileyev, Languages and dialects of the smaller ethnic groups in the Balkans (International Commission for Balkan Studies, St Petersburg); IX International Congress of Thracology, Chişinau, Moldova; Ethnic Contacts and Cultural Exchanges North and West of the Black Sea, Iaşi, Romania; Symposium Deutschsprachiger Keltologen, Linz; Celtic and Neighbouring Languages throughout Ancient Europe Conference, Universidad de Salamanca; International Linguistic Conference, Serbian Academy of Sciences, Belgrade; Hughes and Mahon, Symposium on Celtic Studies, University of Uppsala; Societas Celtologica Nordica, University of Oslo; Morgan, Cynhadledd Dehongli Cymru, Aberystwyth University; 4th Mercator International Symposium on Minority Languages; Rodway, Medieval Manuscripts Conference, Aberdeen University; 13th International Congress of Celtic Studies, Universität Bonn; Sims-Williams, Tercer Coloquio Internacional de Tolomeo, Universidad Complutense de Madrid; Celtic and Neighbouring Languages throughout Ancient Europe Conference, Universidad de Salamanca; 13th International Congress of Celtic Studies, Universität Bonn; Williams, The Renaissance in the Celtic Countries (Society of Renaissance Studies), Swansea University; NAASWCH 2006 International Conference on Welsh Studies, Swansea University. Bryant-Quinn, Chapman, Falileyev, Huws, & Rodway, Milestones Conference, CAWCS, Aberystwyth. Constantine: International Ballad Conferences Leuven, Budapest, Latvia, etc.; McKee: Medieval Manuscripts Conference, Aberdeen University.

Member of Research Sponsor Evaluation Panels: Haycock, AHRC Peer Review College; Sims-Williams, assessor for British Academy Visiting Fellowships.

Professional service to the subject: Williams was Chair of Cymdeithas Astudiaethau’r Gymraeg (Association for the Study of Welsh Language and Literature) from its inception in 2004. He and Huws were members of the QAA’s Welsh Benchmarking Panel (2001-2). Williams chaired the QAA’s Welsh Benchmarking Revision Panel in 2007, and Hughes was a member of the Panel.

External assessor for chair appointments: Williams served twice in connection with chair appointments at Bangor and acted in an advisory capacity in connection with the appointment to the Chair of Celtic at Harvard. Sims-Williams was an external assessor for chair appointments at Trinity College, Dublin and University College, Cork.

External examining (research degrees): Chapman (Bangor); Edwards (Bangor, Swansea); Falileyev (Russian State Humanitarian University, Moscow); Haycock (Bangor (2), Cambridge, Edinburgh, Swansea, Sydney); Hincks (Rennes (2)); Huws (Bangor (2)); Williams (Bangor (4)).

Advisory and other roles: Falileyev: Co-director, Computer-based Thracian Corpus International Project, Institute of Thracian Studies, Bulgarian Academy of Science, Sofia, and Institute of Linguistic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg; Haycock: member, Place-names Panel, Cambrian Archaeological Association; Hincks: Welsh language consultant, Linguaphone Institute Inc.; Welsh and Breton consultant, Logos dictionary; Breton consultant, Oxford English Dictionary; member, Terminology Committee, Office de la Langue Bretonne; Hughes: Irish language adviser, Leeds Metropolitan University; Irish language adviser, Lexicelt project, Bangor University and University College, Dublin; Irish language adviser, Routledge; Huws: Chair, Cymdeithas Lyfrau Ceredigion; member, Journals Panel, Welsh Arts Council; Mahon and Sims-Williams, members, Advisory Board, Early Irish Glossaries Project, Cambridge University; Sims-Williams: Commissioner, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales; Adviser in Celtic Studies, Carnegie Trust of the Universities of Scotland; Adviser for Senior Research Fellowship Scheme, Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences; member, Council of the Philological Society; Advisory Board, Early Christian Monuments of Wales Project (BOCS Archaeology and Art Committee); National Committee for the Recording and Protection of Early Medieval Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture, Ancient Monuments Board for Wales; Rhys Memorial Lectureship Committee and Derek Allen Prize Committee (British Academy); Williams: Chair, University of Wales Welsh and Celtic Studies Subject Panel (until 2002); Vice-President, Merioneth Historical and Records Society. Edwards, Haycock, Huws and Williams served on the CAWCS Project 3 (Unedited poetry 1300-1525) Advisory Committee, and Edwards and Williams served as members of the Steering Committee of the AHRC Dafydd ap Gwilym Project (Swansea University). Huws (2003), Williams (2004), and Edwards (2006) have acted as Vernam Hull Prize adjudicators; in 2004 Huws adjudicated the Ellis Griffith Memorial Prize. During the review period members of staff have acted as External Examiners as follows: Edwards, Trinity College, Carmarthen; Haycock, Glasgow University; University College, Dublin; Hincks, University College, Cork; Hughes, University College, Galway. Hincks acted as Chief Examiner in Welsh for the International Baccalaureate. Rowlands served on Welsh Arts Council committees, Owen was Secretary of the BOCS Law Seminar, Constantine served on committees of the Folklore and Chatterton Societies.

Translation of work into other languages: C. Meredith’s English translation of Morgan’s novel Melog was published by Gwasg Gomer in 2005 (inscribed in the List of the UNESCO Collection of Representative Works by the Clearing House of Literary Translation). Partial translations of this work into English and Bulgarian appeared in The Literary Review, 44 (2001) and in Plamak, 3 & 4 (2002). Translations of his poetry were published in The Bloodaxe Book of Modern Welsh Poetry (2003). An Italian translation of his short story ‘Te gyda’r Frenhines’ was published in Un Mondo, il mondo (Faenza, 2002) and an English translation of his poem ‘Yr Iddew Crwydr’ in G. Davies (ed.), The Chosen People: Wales and the Jews (2002). Poems by Edwards have been translated into Bulgarian (Plamak, 3 & 4 (2002)), Asturian (Nel país de la borrina, ed. G. Davies (2004)), and Galician (No país de la brétema, ed. G. Davies (2004)). G. Hansson’s Swedish translation of Hincks’s Kentelioù brezhoneg diazez was published by Uppsala University’s Engelska Instutionen in 2005.

Literary prizes: Edwards won the Chair at the 2004 National Eisteddfod. Works by Morgan were shortlisted for the Welsh Academy’s Book of the Year Prize in 2001, 2002 and 2006 and for the Tír na nÓg Prize in 2002. Chapman’s Un Bywyd o Blith Nifer won Radio Cymru’s Readers’ Prize in 2007 and was shortlisted for the Welsh Academy’s Book of the Year Prize.