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University of East Anglia

UOA 62 - History

RA5a: Research environment and esteem

The Department is notable not only for the broad chronological sweep of periods studied by its members, whose publications span the iron age to the late twentieth century, but also for its geographical diversity, which extends from the local to the global.  It is recognised for expertise in the fields of Austrian, Colonial African, East European, English, German, Italian, Russian and Spanish history, as well as in the study of international diplomacy, the process of globalisation (American Studies constitute a separate department at UEA), and, nearer home, the East Anglian region.  It enjoys a considerable reputation for the production of scholarly editions of texts, in which ten of its members are, or have recently been, engaged.  These range from twelfth-century charters to sources for Soviet history, and include episcopal acta, political correspondence and business records.  In tandem with this strong empirical approach, projects involving work on collective memory, the creation of virtual research environments and the application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to landscape studies place the Department at the forefront of new developments in the discipline.        


This flourishing research culture is reflected in the fact that every member of the Department eligible for inclusion in the RAE has been submitted for assessment.


a)         Research Environment


1.   Research Students and Research Studentships:

The total number of research students registered in the School (including first and fourth years) has grown from about 40 in 2001 to 55 in 2007 (from a starting point of barely a dozen in 1994).  Most are recruited from among our MA students, who number on average around 40 a year.  Three designated funds have been established specifically for their benefit.  The Barney and Mosse Funds (independently endowed) allow ₤250 a year to all research postgraduates to study in British and foreign archives.    A bursary of up to ₤9,000 a year has been established by the Norwich City Council and Heritage Trust to support postgraduates working on the city’s history.  Our postgraduates run their own fortnightly research seminar, with financial support from the Department, and participate annually in joint AHRC-funded colloquia with the Universities of Kent and York.


During the present RAE cycle 49 PhDs and three MPhils have been conferred in the Department, which has proved successful in bidding for studentships for doctoral research.  Since 2001, 18 have been awarded by the AHRB/C, and one each by the Wellcome Trust, the ESRC, the Leverhulme Trust and the US Federal Government.  No fewer than six doctoral students have secured fellowships at the Institute of Historical Research; one of them (Marten, Category A) won the Pollard Prize (2005) and now holds a British Academy postdoctoral fellowship in the Department.  Another obtained a visiting fellowship at the Huntington Library, California (2007).  The calibre of our research postgraduates may be further adduced from the fact that two new departmental appointments (Hicks and Liddiard) come from their ranks, while two others have recently secured permanent posts at Huntington College, Indiana, and Portsmouth University. A growing number of American, Canadian, European and Japanese postgraduates is being supervised by members of the Department.


All Roberts-funded research postgraduates receive a supplementary bursary of £750 to assist their studies.  They participate in a UEA based Transitions Programme, which is directed towards the enhancement of written and presentational skills, teaching and career development.  The Department provides specialist seminars for all postgraduates on the use of archives and writing for publication, as well as editorial training, particularly in advanced level Latin, palaeography and diplomatic.  Twenty-five of the postgraduates registered during the current RAE cycle have, between them, already produced eight books and have contributed some 54 articles and chapters to refereed journals and collections of essays published since 2001, or currently in the press.   In 2008 two of them will be appearing in the Royal Historical Society Monographs series.


2.   Research and Research-Related Awards:

Major grants in support of individual research projects are described in greater detail under Evidence of Esteem 6.  Since 1 January 2001, the Department has received (but not necessarily yet spent) a total of £2,401,109 from external funding bodies.  This comes from:


Research Projects

£900,548         nineteen grants from the AHRB/C

£289,058         five grants from the Leverhulme Trust

£231,287         twenty-four grants from the British Academy

£135,117         six grants from the Wellcome Trust

£63,699           European Commission

£22,500           Sutton Hoo Society

£18,222           Spencer Foundation

£10,000           Norfolk Gardens Trust

£9,791             Great Hospital, Norwich

£7,000             Broads Authority

£1,500             Barry Amiel and Norman Melburn Trust


Research-Related Projects

£513,713         HEFCE

£149,149         JISC

£49,525           Sage Publishing (European History Quarterly)


Projects begun in the two years before the start of the current cycle have additionally carried over, or subsequently generated, grants worth £1,603,819, giving a global total of £4,004,928.  That is an average per capita income of £154,035 for each of the 26 individuals submitted in the 2007 RAE. 


3.   Research Structure:


3a. Strategic Planning

Departmental research strategy is directed by a Research Committee, whose designated budget pays for visiting lecturers and at least three one-day conferences each year, as well as contributing towards the expenses of members of the Department when they deliver papers and study elsewhere.  Research Committee is supported by a part-time administrative officer and her assistant, who work specifically on research initiatives and grant applications.  The viability of this strategy is demonstrated by the 61 successful bids for research and research-related funding submitted to external organisations since the last RAE. 


3b. Research groups

The activities of members of the Department fall into seven clearly defined clusters, each of which provides collaborative support for specific types of research.  The work of individuals whose interests range across more than one group is discussed where appropriate.         


1. Medieval History

The cluster is noted for its many publications on Plantagenet history, although members of the group do not confine themselves to this period.  Vincent’s arrival marked a signal addition to the ranks of Church, Harper-Bill and Rawcliffe, fostering an even stronger spirit of collaboration. Rawcliffe’s Leprosy in Medieval England and Vincent’s Holy Blood reflect an innovative approach, linking medical, cultural and political history, and have received plaudits within the scholarly community.  Church and Harper-Bill have made significant contributions to regional history through their publications in the Suffolk Charters series, while Harper-Bill and Vincent remain editors for the English Episcopal Acta series of the British Academy. Harper-Bill has contributed two volumes to that series in the present RAE cycle alone, and, with Vincent, has edited The World of Henry II, the proceedings of a conference staged at UEA in 2004.  Between them, Harper-Bill, Rawcliffe and Vincent produced over 70 entries for the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.  Vincent’s work on ‘The Charters of the Plantagenet Kings’, sponsored as a major AHRB/C project under the auspices of the British Academy, continues to excite international attention.  Having completed his edition of the constitutio domus regis, Church is currently producing a study of Angevin kingship.  Bates’ recent decision to join the UEA medievalists after four years as Director of the Institute of Historical Research will have a significant impact on future projects, given his expertise in Anglo-Norman studies.  A distinguished cadre of honorary research fellows, including Ann Williams (Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman history), James Campbell (Anglo-Saxon and regional history), Jane Martindale (Aquitaine) and Neal Stacy (monasticism), has been recruited since 2001.   


2.  Early Modern British and European History

A team comprising Casey, Morgan and Wood has been augmented by the appointment of Evangelisti and Warde, who broaden its international horizons, together with Gaskill, an authority on witchcraft.  Evangelisti’s work on gender and visual culture complements that of Morgan (ritual and early-modern portraiture) and Casey (the family), while Gaskill and Warde share Wood’s interest in popular mentalities and custom.  During the current RAE cycle every member of this cluster has published at least one monograph with a leading university press.  They range from Casey’s exploration of Family, Power and Community in Early Modern Spain to Warde’s Ecology, Economy and State Formation in Early Modern Germany and Morgan’s contribution to the multi-volume History of the University of Cambridge.  Evangelisti’s recent study of Nuns: A History of Convent Life offers a radical reassessment of female monasticism and has received laudatory reviews.  Through his re-examination of the East Anglian witch trials of 1645-47, Gaskill has made a significant contribution to regional studies, while also producing Hellish Nell: The Last of Britain’s Witches (2001), an investigation into the survival of magic into the twentieth century for general readers.   Substantial grants from the AHRB/C and the Leverhulme Trust have enabled Wood to undertake a long-term project on ‘Custom, Memory and Perceptions of the Past’.  He has also published two monographs on popular culture and rebellion.      


3. Medical History

Despite the loss of personnel, Cherry and Rawcliffe, the Department’s two remaining medical historians, have increased the cluster’s output since 2001.  Cherry’s NHS Trust-funded work on mental health care (1998-2000) resulted in a monograph and several articles, which have together prompted a re-evaluation of the role of the modern asylum. His current exploration of rural health and medicine links UEA-based research on Russia, Bavaria and the East Anglian region with that being undertaken by colleagues in Canada, Germany, Spain and Norway.  It has already led to three conferences in Europe and one book of essays, and has attracted support from the Wellcome Trust and British Academy.  Rawcliffe’s earlier research on the Great Hospital, Norwich, has given rise to an AHRC-funded website on its history (under the new Knowledge Catalyst scheme).  Together with her book on leprosy, her recent edition of the cartulary of St Mary’s hospital, Yarmouth, ties in closely with the work of her fellow medievalists.  In addition, R. Church (Category D) has co-authored the official history of Burroughs Wellcome and Company, a study of the transformation of the pharmaceutical industry.   


4. Modern British History

This cluster has derived particular benefit from the recruitment of new scholars.  Griffin, previously a prize-winning junior research fellow at Cambridge, brings an interdisciplinary social and cultural element, notably through her two books on English sport and hunting.  As director and editor of the AHRB/C-funded project for the publication of The Letters of Richard Cobden, and author of articles on free trade and globalisation, Howe has also broadened the scope of its research and teaching.   So too has Butler, whose Copper Empire illuminates the complex connections between business and the imperial state after 1945.  Noted for his revisionist approach to the history of modern British foreign policy, Charmley (who has served continuously as Head of Department throughout this RAE cycle) has now turned to the nineteenth century. His The Princess and the Politicians reached a popular as well as an academic readership.  It is part of a wider project reflected in the work of his postgraduates, one of whom (Hicks) has now joined the Department, publishing his first monograph, Peace, War and Party Politics, 1846-1859, in 2007.  The appointment of Otte adds further depth to the study of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century diplomacy.  His edited collection of essays, The Makers of British Foreign Policy, has already proved influential, and has been followed by an examination of The China Question.    


5. Modern European History

Three new appointments (Carmichael, Cole and Waldron) have led to the creation of a research cluster whose members share an interest in nationalism, ethnicity and the state.  Despite his administrative duties as Pro-Vice-Chancellor from 2003, Acton has continued to publish, notably through his collection of documents on The Soviet Union. Funded by the British Academy and AHRB/C, these volumes promise to become the Soviet equivalent of Noakes and Pridham’s texts on Nazi Germany.  He was also director of the ‘Visual Contextualisation of Digital Content (VICODI)’ project, which united seven European partners in an initiative designed by the European Union to facilitate electronic access to sources for the study of European history.  Waldron, an authority on Imperial Russian political and economic history, underscores the Department’s reputation in this area.  Carmichael’s arrival extended the group’s remit chronologically into the late twentieth century, while bolstering its expertise in Eastern European affairs.  Her publications on nationalism and ethnic cleansing in the Balkans have been followed by research on comparative genocide. The transfer of Kemp-Welch, a specialist in the history of Poland under Communism, from the School of Political Social and International Studies constitutes another development in this field of research.  Cole makes a cultural as well as a geographical contribution to the cluster, having established a widespread network of international connections through his work on the Habsburg monarchy.   His edited volume on The Limits of Loyalty is the product of one such collaborative project.


6. Landscape

Williamson was joined in 2002 by Liddiard, whose recruitment marked the creation of a new cluster devoted to the wider study of the discipline beyond East Anglia.  This move was prompted by the growing importance now attached to archaeological and historical studies of the landscape within the academic community.  Williamson’s many publications range from books on post-medieval designed landscapes and archaeology to his work on agricultural history, including The Transformation of Rural England and Shaping Medieval Landscapes.  Liddiard is the author of reinterpretations of both the medieval castle and the designed landscape.  Together they have attracted over ₤460,000 in external research funding, including a major grant from the AHRB/C for ‘A GIS-aided Study of Agriculture and the Landscape in Midland England’.  Much of this success depends upon the recruitment of able research assistants, largely drawn from among former postgraduates.  For example, Susanna Wade-Martins, assistant on a Leverhulme-funded project on ‘Agriculture and the Landscape 1870-1950’, is herself the author of The English Model Farm (2002) and Farmers, Landlords and Landscapes (2004). 


7. The Centre of East Anglian Studies

Now in its fourth decade, CEAS serves as a focal point for the activities of all members of the Department with an interest in regional studies, while also providing a network for the whole of East Anglia and beyond.  At any one time well over a third of research postgraduates in History are working and publishing on East Anglian topics.  The Ann Ashard Webb bequest (now worth ₤154,000), made in the previous RAE cycle to support the production of a multi-volume history of Suffolk, has funded Judith Middleton-Stewart’s highly regarded Inward Purity and Outward Splendour (2001), and will likewise underwrite the cost of Marten’s Late Anglo-Saxon Suffolk (2008). It has, meanwhile, secured the publication of Medieval Suffolk (2007), by the distinguished economic historian, Mark Bailey, who is a research fellow of CEAS.  So too is David King, whose study of The Medieval Glass of St Peter Mancroft (2006) appeared under the auspices of the international Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi (CVMA) and the British Academy.  King is currently working on the first ever Catalogue of Norfolk Medieval Stained Glass (see Evidence of Esteem 6, below).    


CEAS continues to foster collaborative projects, of which the two-volume History of Norwich (2004), edited by Rawcliffe and Wilson (Category C) furnishes a striking example.  Funded by local charities and the AHRB/C, it is regarded as one of the finest urban histories produced within the past fifty years.  The 33 contributors included members of the Department and its former postgraduates, as well as scholars from America, Canada, Australia and other British universities.  Managed by Arnold, Knights and Wood, the online research aid ‘Virtual Norfolk’ attracted funding of ₤349,789 from JISC in the previous and current RAE cycles.  Work on the fifth volume of the papers of Nathaniel Bacon of Stiffkey continues under the direction of Morgan, with continuing support from the British Academy.  


3c. Conferences and Colloquia

Besides the seminars organised by its research clusters, to which more than 120 outside speakers from the UK and overseas have been invited during the present RAE cycle, the Department regularly stages international conferences. The most recent have focused upon The World of Henry II (2004), The Power of the Past (2006) and Urban Mentalities (2007).  CEAS runs fortnightly research seminars and public lecture series, as well as annual conferences which have resulted in the publication of collected papers, including East Anglia’s History, ed. Harper-Bill, Rawcliffe and Wilson (2002), and Medieval East Anglia, ed. Harper-Bill (2005). 


The ongoing annual Anglo-Spanish colloquium, held in association with the University of Valencia, likewise produces conference proceedings, such as Cherry’s Health and Medicine in Rural Europe (2005).  The early modernists have also mounted a series of workshops and conferences in conjunction with the universities of Cambridge and Bologna.  Davis (Category C) has played a key role in maintaining these and other international connections.


Charmley, Cherry, Cole, Bates, Howe, Rawcliffe, Vincent and Waldron have each organised international conferences outside UEA. For instance, Howe’s bicentenary conference on Richard Cobden was held at Dunford House and funded by the British Academy.  The proceedings were published as Rethinking Nineteenth-Century Liberalism (2006) and mark a revival of interest in the study of political economy.  Charmley and his postgraduates likewise reinvigorated the study of Conservative politics and foreign policy in the nineteenth century by staging a conference on this theme at Knowsley in 2004, papers from which will appear in the first volume of a new series on diplomatic history (see 5 below).  As a founder and committee member of the International Network for the History of Hospitals (funded by the Wellcome Trust), Rawcliffe has helped to run conferences in Verona, Montreal, London and Barcelona, which similarly involved her research students.


3d. Research Infrastructure:

Since the last RAE, significant improvements have been made in both the University Library and the Departmental computing resources.  Between 2001 and 2004 the annual Library budget of ₤50,000 routinely dedicated to History purchases was supplemented by ₤24,000 each year for the support of research clusters and postgraduate teaching.  Besides investing in major publications (such as Monumenta Germaniae Historica), we were able to augment our extensive electronic resources (Early English Books Online, Eighteenth-Century Collections Online, and The Times digital archive), while developing our substantial holdings of microfilm from British and foreign archives.  Recent accessions include testamentary records, State Papers and Cabinet Papers in the National Archives, medieval cartularies, the papers of leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century American, European and British politicians and sources for Armenian, German, Polish, Turkish and Russian history.  Members of the Department serve on the steering committee of the recently refurbished Norwich Cathedral Library, which houses important collections on theology and ecclesiastical history, and on the management committee of the Norfolk Record Office.  Rebuilt on the outskirts of Norwich after the fire of 1994, the new Record Office ranks as one of the finest and best equipped in Europe.  Its holdings of medieval, early modern and landscape material are unparalleled in Great Britain (they are officially recognised as being of Outstanding National Importance) and constitute a unique asset which is fully exploited by staff and students.


3e. Relationships with research users:

Vincent has been employed as an expert consultant by Sotheby’s, notably regarding the sale in New York of Magna Carta (2007), and Rawcliffe and Wood by the Reviewing Committee for the Export of Works of Art.  CEAS boasts a long tradition of co-operation with local ‘enterprise partners’.  Specialist advice is routinely provided for bodies such as the National Trust, the Norfolk Gardens Trust and the Norwich Heritage Trust, as well as the Great Hospital, Norwich, for which the first of a projected series of historical websites has been produced in collaboration with the UEA School of Computing Sciences.  The landscape group works closely with voluntary organisations and public bodies, including county archaeological units, county councils, the Sutton Hoo Trust and the Broads Authority, which seek assistance in landscape restoration and the formulation of public policy concerning the historic environment. 


4.   Staffing Policy:

Since 2001, Professors Church (Category D), Davis, Searle, Sanderson and Wilson (Category C) have retired, while Cooter left in 2002 for University College, London, and Fairclough in 2005 for the University of Leiden.  In addition, a senior lecturer (Munting), a reader (S. Wilson) and a lecturer (Logan) reached retirement; and another reader (Knights) and lecturer (Arnold) have moved elsewhere.  In total, half the Department as constituted in 2001 has gone.  But well before then we embarked upon a creative recruitment strategy, designed to consolidate and expand existing areas of research strength and to foster new ones, especially through the employment of younger scholars.  Meanwhile, those who contributed to the Department’s success in 2001 have been promoted. Among the medievalists, this approach resulted in Rawcliffe’s advancement to a chair and S. Church’s to a senior lectureship, while first Vincent and then Bates, both scholars of international stature, joined them and Harper-Bill as new professors.  The recruitment of Liddiard, a landscape historian near the start of his career, further reinforced a strong team of pre-modern historians, notably by providing support for Williamson, whose achievements are reflected in the award of a chair.  Wood has also been made a professor, while Casey and Cherry have secured readerships and Morgan has become a senior lecturer.  The newcomers Griffin and Gaskill have together enhanced the department’s reputation for research in British social and cultural history between the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. 


The appointment of Hicks and Otte represents a comparable investment in the field of British external policy, while Howe and Butler extend our reach into globalisation and Empire.  We have thus assembled a team of scholars working on diplomacy, the politics of foreign policy and the international political economy.  At the same time, we have greatly increased our coverage of European history by creating five new posts in this area.  Through the recruitment of Evangelisti we have gained a specialist in gender, the family and material culture, areas that the Department seeks to develop.  In Warde we have acquired a young scholar already making his mark not only in early modern German history, but also in historical ecology, a topic which promises to occupy an increasingly important place on the global research agenda. Carmichael’s work on the Balkans and Cole’s on the Habsburg Empire further widen our geographical and chronological coverage, while Waldron’s appointment to a chair brings us another Russianist to complement Acton.  Additionally, as one of its investments in the Department, the University has facilitated the transfer of Kemp-Welch to strengthen our expertise in Eastern Europe.  In recognition of their efforts, three post-2000 recruits, Butler, Carmichael and Otte, have recently been promoted to senior lecturer. 


Because of their success in attracting external funding, members of the Department have been able to enlist a number of high calibre research assistants, associates and fellows, who play a notable part in its activities. Acton, Cherry, Howe, Morgan, Rawcliffe, Vincent, Williamson and Wood, among others, have presided over projects which have together employed 25 such individuals on a part-time or full-time basis within the present RAE cycle.  As in the case of research postgraduates (many of whom eventually become research assistants), every encouragement is given to publish.  Twelve of the assistants engaged since 2001 have between them produced eight books, 17 articles in refereed journals and 26 essays, as well as over 67 entries for the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, during this cycle.   Two, Andrew Hopper and Simon Morgan, have secured academic posts in other universities. 


Particular care is taken to integrate new appointees (including contract researchers) into the Department.  All are allocated a mentor for a period of at least two years, while those at, or near, the start of their careers are mentored throughout a three-year probationary period.  The latter are required to secure a postgraduate certificate in higher education practice, awarded by the UEA Centre for Staff Development, which also runs regular training sessions in IT, research methods, time management and career development for everyone.  All members of the Department undergo a biennial process of appraisal. Research assistants are mentored throughout their period under contract, and are appraised on an annual basis. 


With support from the University, it has been possible to maintain a generous scheme of research sabbaticals, permitting all research active members of the Department to take one semester in every six as research leave.  During the present RAE cycle ten of them have obtained AHRB/C study leave awards or equivalent funding, thus extending the sabbatical period. 


5.   Research Strategy:

The Department’s staffing policy is designed to support and consolidate its seven research clusters, while facilitating collaborative projects.  These objectives are reflected in our collective and individual priorities after 2007, which include: 


Medieval:  Members of this cluster envisage five major editorial ventures. Having almost finished work on the charters of Henry II, Eleanor of Aquitaine and John, count of Mortain, Vincent plans to edit those of Richard I.  He also proposes to direct a project on the chancery of King John, while collaborating with Harper-Bill in the production of an edition of the acta of the archbishops of Canterbury, 1207-1278, funded by the Leverhulme Trust.  They will also support Bates in a project for the editing and digitisation of private charters in East Anglia, 1066-1200.  As well as his biography of William the Conqueror, Bates intends to publish his Ford Lectures, which are to be given in 2009-10 on the theme of ‘Empire’. After completing his study of Angevin kingship, Church will produce a new edition of the Red Book of the Exchequer


Early Modern: Following our three new appointments, the work of this cluster has become truly international.  Evangelisti’s plans include a collaborative study of the domestic interior in Early Modern Europe, as well as a research project funded by the Italian Ministry of Education on the history of the family.  Morgan will explore the urban ritual and culture of northern Europe, while Casey is writing a monograph on The Moors in Early Modern Spain.  Gaskill’s next book will focus upon the English in seventeenth-century America and Warde’s upon energy use in early modern and early industrial Europe.  Wood’s current AHRB/C project will result in a comparative exploration of social memory, as well as a monograph concentrating upon England between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries.       


Medical History: Rawcliffe and Cherry are also widening the geographical scope of their research interests.  The former, along with two of her former postgraduates, has embarked on a study of ‘Urban Health in the Later Middle Ages’, utilising continental as well as British sources. Cherry is currently researching pre-1917 Russian health care, while continuing to publish on medical perceptions of the ‘Outdoors’ and ‘Nature’. Developing a network of international connections, he plans a collaborative European-wide study of rural health, which will utilise the expertise of members of other clusters, especially Waldron and Warde.


Modern British: The creation of a critical mass of expertise in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century diplomatic history at UEA will be further signalled by an innovative series, ‘New Directions in Diplomatic History’, to be co-edited by Charmley, Otte and Professor Jeremy Black (Exeter).  Together, Charmley, Hicks, Howe and Otte will pursue four closely related topics designed to reinvigorate our understanding of Britain’s international power in the nineteenth and early-twentieth century.  Otte has begun a study of the Foreign Office Mind, while the Radical critique of British foreign policy stands at the core of volumes three and four of Howe’s Letters of Richard Cobden.  Charmley’s future research will focus on the Eastern Question; Hicks plans a monograph on Disraeli and the politics of foreign policy.  Griffin, meanwhile, will direct a project on working class autobiography.  Building upon research undertaken for Copper Empire, Butler intends to edit the correspondence of Sir Ronald Prain, which provides a unique insight into Africa during the years of decolonisation.


Modern European: Cole is completing a long-term study of militarisation in late Imperial Austria before undertaking a collaborative project on Austria in the Napoleonic era.  While continuing to publish on the Russian frontier and landscape, Waldron will write a monograph on Russia in Revolution 1900-1930.  Acton is currently at work on The Fall of the USSR and The Case for Comparative History.  Carmichael’s book on The Origins of Genocide in Europe is now nearly finished, after which she plans to edit another special issue of The Journal of Genocide Research.  Following the appearance of his Poland under Communism (2008), Kemp-Welch will join the team engaged on The Cambridge History of the Cold War.   


Landscape: Besides publishing the findings of their current research projects, Liddiard and Williamson are collaborating on a jointly-authored exploration of English Garden Design, 1250-1800: Continuity and Discontinuity.  Liddiard will also pursue research on English deer parks, which will be the subject of a new monograph, while also moving forward in time for a study of the landscape archaeology of twentieth-century defence.  Williamson’s future plans include a textbook on landscape history aimed at postgraduates and a work on The Ecology of the Anglo-Saxon Landscape.  Close involvement in Cherry’s project on rural health and Warde’s work on historical ecology is also envisaged. 


CEAS: A major restructuring of CEAS will take place over the next year.  Through a programme of conferences and joint funding bids we intend to consolidate links with the UEA School of Environmental Sciences (Williamson and Warde) and foster research on early East Anglian emigration to America (Gaskill).  Knowledge Transfer Partnerships are currently under discussion with the National Trust (Williamson) and Norfolk Archaeology Unit (Rawcliffe).  Both partnerships will utilise the expertise of the Urban Modelling Unit in the School of Computer Science.  Collaboration with other local organisations will continue, especially regarding Norwich Heritage Trust’s plans for a European Centre for the History of the Parish Church.     


b)         Evidence of Esteem


Besides those already noted, exceptional marks of esteem demonstrating international recognition or a signal contribution to the discipline may be itemised as follows:


1.   External Assessors:

Individuals who have acted as assessors for chairs include Acton (Oxford, Warwick), Bates (Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Hull, Reading, Sheffield, Southampton and York), Charmley (Sheffield Hallam), Howe (Hertfordshire), Waldron (West of England) and Vincent (Kent at Canterbury).  Well over half the members of the Department have examined doctoral theses in other British universities since 2001, Harper-Bill alone accounting for at least ten.  Casey, Bates and Vincent have jointly supervised theses and served on examining juries in France and Spain, while Carmichael sits on the International Scientific Board of the University of Ljubljana’s graduate school.  Rawcliffe, Wood and Vincent have been employed as external readers for junior research fellowships at Cambridge, and Rawcliffe as an assessor for the Wellcome Trust. 


2.   Distinctions and Prizes:

In recognition of his achievements, Casey was granted a doctorate honoris causa by the University of Valencia in 2004; Bates holds an honorary doctorate at the Université de Caen-Basse-Normandie, and has been elected one of the 25 Centenary Fellows of the Historical Association.  Griffin is a winner of the Thirlwall Prize and Seeley Medal, awarded by the University of Cambridge in 2001 for the best doctoral dissertation on a historical topic; her thesis appeared as England’s Revelry, which won the Lord Aberdare Prize for Sport History in 2005.  Following the publication of A New England, his contribution to the New Oxford History of Britain, Searle (Category C) was elected a fellow of the British Academy.  Rawcliffe became an elected fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 2004, joining Bates, Harper-Bill and Vincent; she is also an honorary fellow of the Harveian Society of London.  Charmley, Cherry, Gaskill, Rawcliffe, Vincent, Williamson and Wood make frequent appearances on national television and radio, while Carmichael is a contributor to the BBC World Service.


3.   Editorship of journals and monographs:

Since 1989 Harper-Bill has been general editor of Boydell’s Studies in the History of Medieval Religion, in which capacity he has seen 28 volumes through the press. Williamson edits Rural History and Bates Historical Research; Cole is co-editor of European History Quarterly (housed at UEA) and Otte is reviews editor of Diplomacy and Statecraft.  Church has been medieval editor for the Royal Historical Society Monograph Series since 2003.  Howe succeeded Wilson as editor of the Norfolk Record Society’s publications in modern history in 2007.


4.   Conference papers and keynote lectures:

Not only have all members of the Department delivered conference papers and/or lectures in the UK since 2001, but each has also addressed academic gatherings overseas.  Between them, they have spoken in virtually every country in Europe, many travelling regularly to Australia, Asia and both North and South America.  Some are in particular demand.  Williamson regularly attracts audiences in America, the Netherlands and Italy, as well as Great Britain.  Vincent has delivered keynote papers at over 25 international conferences in England, France, Germany and Norway.  Both he and Charmley have addressed the Royal Historical Society within the current cycle.  Howe’s international engagements included a lecture tour of Japan in 2002 and of Japan and Korea in 2005. Church lectured at the University of Kumamoto in 2001, his visit being funded by the British Academy and the Japanese Government.  Carmichael’s numerous speaking engagements have taken her to Ankara, Berne, Izmir, Ljubljana, Sarajevo, Sydney, Trondheim and Uppsala, as well as many American universities.  Cole has delivered conference papers in Austria, Italy and Germany, Waldron in Russia and Finland, and Otte in America (notably at the McCormick-Tribute Foundation Conference at Cantigny in 2003), Canada and Israel.


Otte is a convener of the International History Seminar at the Institute of Historical Research.  Wood was invited to speak at the 2004 Sir John Neale Colloquium, and appeared in the published proceedings.  Bates has been appointed to the Ford’s Lectureship at Oxford University for 2009-10.


5.   Editorial Boards:

Several members of the Department sit on the editorial boards of refereed journals, including: Annales de Normandie (Bates); Annales du Midi and History Compass (Vincent), Cuadernos de Historia Moderna, Estudis and Manuscrits (Casey), Cultural and Social History and Law and History Review (Wood), Defence Studies (Otte), European History Quarterly (Evangelisti), Europe-Asia Studies (Waldron), Geschichte und Region/Storia e Regione and Österreichische Zeitschrift (Cole), Landscape History, Landscapes and Historia agraria (Williamson), Ljudska Bezbednost (Carmichael), Revolutionary Russia (Acton), The Fifteenth Century (Rawcliffe) and The International Journal of Regional and Local Studies (Cherry). 


6.   Research Awards:

Twenty-one individuals in Categories A and B have been awarded external funding during this RAE cycle.  Four projects in particular promise to enrich the study of history for decades to come.  Funded by a combined award of ₤261,055 from the Leverhulme Trust and AHRC, Wood’s exploration of ‘Custom, Memory and the Power of the Past’ has been described as ‘an enormous contribution to our understanding of social and cultural world of the poor’, which ‘will change the way historians think about plebeian culture’.  The award of ₤370,889 to Williamson and Liddiard for their work on the application of GIS (a computer mapping technology which allows the manipulation and comparison of large spatial datasets) to the study of the landscape and agriculture of Midland England marks a similar advance in approaches to established areas of research.  Howe’s multi-volume of edition of The Letters of Richard Cobden, supported with grants of ₤112,382 from the AHRC, will likewise provide scholars from several disciplines with a major research tool.  Rawcliffe’s online and printed Catalogue of Norfolk Medieval Stained Glass (awarded ₤170,000 by the Leverhulme Trust, and undertaken in collaboration with the International CVMA) will provide the first complete survey of this vulnerable component of the county’s rich material culture, helping to conserve it for the future and promote its use as an historical source.      


7.   Committee Work:

All members of the Department participate at a regional or national level in the work of organisations established to promote the study of History and allied disciplines, Bates being still employed on a part-time basis as Director of the Institute of Historical Research.  He was a vice-president of the Royal Historical Society (2003-6) and occupies a similar position in the Dugdale Society.  Waldron plays a prominent role in the British Association of Slavonic and East European Studies, principally as chair of its research and development committee.  He is a member of the History sub-panel in the current RAE and chaired the Academic Advisory Board of the County Durham Victoria County History between 2004 and 2006.  


Acton, Bates, Charmley, Howe and Rawcliffe are members of the AHRB/C peer review college.  Charmley is a council member of the British International History Group, vice-chair of the Conservative History Group and President of the Norfolk branch of the Historical Association.  Vincent directs the British Academy’s Angevin Acta project and is a corresponding member of the Ecole des Chartes. He sits on the steering committee of the Fine Rolls project at King’s College, London, and advises the Henry I project at Oxford.  Both are funded by the AHRB/C.  He is also secretary to the Pipe Roll Society, on whose council Harper-Bill serves.  The latter remains a member of the executive of the Canterbury and York Society.


The range of committees to which members of the Department belong is striking.  Rawcliffe has been appointed to a number of national committees, including the Victoria County History Trust, the Victoria County History Committee and the Library Committee of the Institute of Historical Research. At a more local level, she is a member of the council of the Norfolk Record Society, as is Howe.  Carmichael serves on the executive committee of the International Network of Genocide Scholars; Liddiard on the committee for the Medieval Settlement Research Group; Williamson on that of the Society of Landscape Studies; and Wood on that of the Social History Society.  Otte is a trustee of the advisory committee on the Foreign and Commonwealth Office Historical Collections, and (like Charmley) a member of the council of the British International History Group. Morgan belongs to the Norfolk and Norwich Heritage Trust and has advised on the development of the library of the Dean and Chapter of Norwich.  


8.   Translations:

During the present RAE cycle the work of members of the Department has been translated into a number of languages, including: Albanian (Otte); Chinese (Carmichael and Otte); Croatian (Otte); French and German (Charmley); Japanese (Howe and Sanderson, Category C); Polish and Russian (Acton); Spanish (Acton).  Casey publishes regularly in Spanish, Cole in German, Evangelisti in Italian and Vincent and Bates in French. 


9.   Visiting Fellowships and Professorships:

Since 2001, eleven members of the Department have held visiting fellowships or professorships at fifteen major UK, American or European institutions, namely: the International History Institute, Boston, Massachusetts (Otte); Peterhouse, Cambridge, the Ecole des Chartes, Paris, and the University of Poitiers (Vincent); Pembroke College, Cambridge (Howe); Columbus State University, Georgia (Carmichael); the National Portrait Gallery, London (Morgan); the University of Paris VIII and New York Public Library (Griffin); the Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes, Paris (Bates); the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences (Kemp-Welch); the University of Murcia (Casey); the Newberry Library, Chicago, and the Villa I Tatti, Florence (Evangelisti); and the University of Vienna (Cole).


10.   Visits from Overseas Researchers:

The Department has welcomed a number of distinguished guests during the present RAE cycle.  In 2001 Professor Shen Han, head of History at the University of Nanjing, spent a semester here.  As a member of the official British delegation and keynote speaker at the 2002 International Conference on Parliamentary Institutions in Nanjing, Charmley further cemented relations between our two universities. Two Chinese scholars have subsequently visited us every year from Nanjing.   Dr David Rollison, of the University of Western Sydney, has twice been a visiting fellow during the current RAE cycle, and has collaborated with Wood on various projects.  In 2005-6, Professor Keith Neilson, of the Royal Military College of Canada, held a visiting professorship in the Department, in order to benefit from the expertise of its diplomatic historians.  Professor Sabrina Ramet, of the University of Trondheim, was then working with Carmichael.  Most recently, in 2006, the Japanese Government sent Professor Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa, of Shizuoka University, to spend six months with Rawcliffe, as a precursor to the introduction of research programmes in the history of medieval medicine in Japan.