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UOA 62 - History

Bangor University

RA1, RA2 and RA5c: Staff and output details and Category C staff circumstances


Ahronson, K. - Category : A

RA2 - Research outputs:

Number of outputs: 4

Output number: 1 of 4


Testing the evidence for northernmost North Atlantic papar: A cave site southern Iceland.

Output type: Chapter in book
Editors: Barbara E. Crawford
Book title: The Papar in the North Atlantic: Environment and History. Proceedings of St Andrews Dark Age Conference
Publisher: University of St Andrews
Year of publication: 2002
Pagination: 107-120
ISBN: 095125734X
Other relevant details: This commentary is designed to help the History panel decide whether the item should be cross-referred to the Celtic Studies panel or elsewhere. This chapter is a study of early Gaelic presence in the north Atlantic. It examines simple crosses carved into the walls of artificial caves in southern Iceland, and outlines Dr Ahronson’s programme of survey and excavation that attempted to date these caves. The chapter calls international attention to the remarkable collection of evidence for early, pre-Norse settlement in southern Iceland, and tests the traditions attributing such sites to the activities of early Christian communities of Gaels. Initial fieldwork results are included, which suggest that the cave Kverkarhellir was constructed before the Viking-Age Scandinavian settlement of Iceland.

Output number: 2 of 4


Atlantic Peoples between Fire, Ice, River and Sea. Past Environments in Southern Iceland. Introduction (p50-52); ‘One north Atlantic cave settlement’ (pp.53-70), ‘Dating the cave’ (pp.71-80, with Kate T. Smith). 

Output type: Journal article
Journal title: Northern Studies
Month/year of publication: January 2003
Pagination: 49-112
Volume: 37
ISSN: 0305-506X
DOI: Not supplied ?
Other relevant details: The studies contained in this collection focus on the late prehistoric to late medieval periods – with special attention given to the earliest settlement of Iceland. Taken together, the new work presented in this collection demonstrates inadequacies with the generally held view of Viking-Age settlement, and lays the foundation for a radical re-assessment of the origins and landscape management strategies of Iceland’s earliest settlements. This special edited section of Northern Studies contains (1) an introduction authored by Dr Ahronson, (2) a single-authored paper by Ahronson, and (3) a co-authored study by Ahronson together with Dr Kate T. Smith. For his co-authored contribution, Ahronson carried out the fieldwork and field analyses as well as contextualising research and the majority of the writing. Smith undertook specialist geochemical analyses and contributed to the writing. There are also papers by A.J. Dugmore, M.P. Kirkbridge, D.I Ashburn and A. MacNiven), the idea for the volume and choice of contributors originated with Ahronson. Ahronson worked closely with the contributors at all stages of the writing process, suggesting ways in which the contributions could be integrated in order to frame new research in such a way as to highlight the potential for inter-disciplinary work between the natural and cultural sciences. Ahronson then worked with the journal editors to ensure consistency of style, while the journal editors dealt with peer-evaluation.

Output number: 3 of 4


The Crosses of Columban Iceland: A Survey of preliminary research.

Output type: Chapter in book
Editors: Shannon Lewis Simpson
Book title: Vinland Revisited: The Norse World at the Turn of the First Millenium. Selected papers from the Viking Millenium International Symposium, 15-24 September 2000, Newfoundland and Labrador.
Publisher: Historic Sites Association of Newfoundland and Labrador, Inc.: St John's, Newfoundland
Year of publication: 2004
Pagination: 75-82
ISBN: 919735-07-X
Other relevant details: This commentary is designed to help the History panel decide whether the chapter should be cross-referred to the Celtic Studies panel. The study examines the evidence for pre-Viking-Age Gaelic settlement in southern Iceland through the study of a corpus of cross sculpture closely paralleling similar finds of early Christian origin in western Scotland. Scandinavian groups are believed to have settled the north Atlantic islands of Iceland and the Faroe Islands of their own pioneering initiative. This chapter discusses recent archaeological and environmental research that calls for a re-assessment of this scenario as well as cross sculpture from several artificial caves and rock shelters in southern Iceland, which has features paralleled in early Christian western Scotland.

Output number: 4 of 4


Viking-Age Communities: Pap-names and Papar in the Hebridean Islands.

Output type: Authored book
Publisher: Archaeopress, British Archaeological Reports Series 450
Year of publication: 2007
Number of pages: 80
ISBN: 9781407301624
Other relevant details: This commentary is designed to help the History panel decide whether the book should be cross-referred to the Celtic Studies panel or elsewhere. Viking-Age Communities is the culmination of an inter-disciplinary investigation which embraces material from across the northern regions. Place-name studies and medieval literature have been used to suggest early Christian migration(s) across the north Atlantic islands – related name-forms being found across a region incorporating the Scottish islands, Faroe Islands and Iceland. This long-standing assumption is challenged using a variety of evidence, including original research and the production of a toponymic inventory of a number of Hebridean islands. This work underpins Dr Ahronson’s conclusions: that there was an ill-defined – but real – relationship between the area’s Norse-speakers and early Christian communities. The inventory has been formatted and supplied for entry into the Scottish Place-Name Database, and hence has a clear application within Celtic studies as well as within archaeology.