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UOA 59 - Classics, Ancient History, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies

University of Liverpool

RA5a: Research environment and esteem

The period since 2001 has been one of significant change in the character of classical studies at Liverpool. Six new permanent appointments have been made, with Harrison’s move to the Rathbone Chair and Gibson’s promotion to a Chair in Latin introducing new leadership.  There has been a fundamental reorientation towards research and postgraduate teaching, with effective management enabling all staff to plan and implement sustained programmes of research. Moreover, staff have built on an established record of conference activity and other contributions to the broader research environment, with enhanced seminar activity and new collaborations such as the 'Ancient Market'. 


Classics and Ancient History forms part of the School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, consisting of thirty nine research-active staff and combining a broad range of expertise in the ancient world, from human origins through Egyptian and Near Eastern civilisations to Greco-Roman antiquity.  Although the School operates as a single entity, staff have necessarily been submitted to two Units of Assessment. Those submitted to Archaeology include a large number with research interests closely related to their classical colleagues: Greek archaeology (Mee), Iron Age Europe (Fitzjohn, Garrow, Pope), classical numismatics (Ponting), Egyptology (Chauvet, Collier, Eyre, Enmarch, Snape, Shaw), and the ancient Near East (Baird, Routledge, Widell). The wider ‘classical environment’ in Liverpool includes a specialist in the history of early medieval Italy (Costambeys) in the School of History, and a strong contingent of ancient philosophers (Clark, Gaskin, Vassilopoulou) in the Department of Philosophy. The School is also centrally involved (Paul, Oliver as Acting Director) in the new ‘Eighteenth-Century Worlds’ Centre based in the School of History.

Staff submitted to this Unit of Assessment are a young group (in academic age), ensuring that our research emphases will develop and expand.  Our research embraces ancient history, classical archaeology, and Greek and Latin literature, language and culture, from the archaic Greek world to the transition to late antiquity. Distinctive areas of strength in large part reflect the unique character of the School: great emphasis is placed on the interface of Greco-Roman and neighbouring civilisations, and on the integration of all evidence, material and literary, in comprehending ancient cultures. Particularly notable clusters of staff research expertise (characteristically cutting across the School) are: the ‘Liverpool School’ of the Ancient Economy (Archibald, Davies, Oliver; now augmented by Adams, Sommer, Ponting and Widell), the Achaemenid Persian world (Tuplin, Harrison, Baird, Greaves, Routledge, Sommer, Widell), Greek/non-Greek relations (Fitzjohn, Harrison, Tuplin, Archibald, Greaves), the social and cultural history of the Greek world (Davies, Hobden, Harrison, Oliver), the history of scholarship/classical reception (Freeman, Paul, Harrison, Gibson), the literary culture of the Roman empire (Gibson, Zadorozhnyy, Jones), the study of documentary sources (Oliver, Adams, Sommer, Tuplin, Eyre, Widell), and ancient historiography and narrative (Davies, Gibson, Harrison, Tuplin, Zadorozhnyy, Enmarch).

Research Management

Research activity is managed and developed in two main ways at School level. As part of the Personal Development and Review (PDR) process, staff produce an annual Portfolio of Activity which forms the basis for a meeting with the Head of School to discuss factors affecting their research. All staff meet annually with the ‘executive’ of the Research Committee to discuss research plans and progress, and opportunities for funding and collaboration. One Research Committee member acts as a mentor for the development of each grant application.

The School’s Research Committee allocates research funds (see below 2), coordinates seminar and conference activity, and develops ideas for collaboration and research grant applications, e.g. by organising open meetings and small colloquia of relevant staff members and others, and through a systematic peer review process for research grant proposals.

The prime support for research is regular study leave. Staff are entitled to at least one semester’s leave in every four years, and it is School policy that new lecturers (e.g. Hobden, Adams, Sommer) have a semester of leave in their second year of appointment. Staff are encouraged to apply for external funding, and have had notable success in applications to the Leverhulme Trust (Harrison’s Philip Leverhulme Prize, Tuplin’s Major Research Fellowship, Davies’ Major Research Fellowship), the AHRC (with a success rate of 100% in the Research Leave Scheme) and external fellowships (Zadorozhnyy, Center for Hellenic Studies).

Every member of staff is guaranteed at least one day per week ring-fenced for research (and two days free of teaching); teaching hours are controlled.  There is also a non-teaching week in each semester to ensure continuity of individual research activity during term, as well as to enable visits to other research libraries.  


All centrally-funded staff receive a new PC every three years.  Additionally, infrastructure renewal is overseen by the School’s Information Services Committee, with general equipment funding of £40,000 pa (and additional discretionary funding from the University: c £35,000 in 2006-7). Staff and postgraduate IT needs are supported by a full-time School Technical Resources Manager, as well as a Teaching and Research Support Assistant. Staff and postgraduates have access to a wide range of software packages and electronic resources (including TLG, TLL, 3D Studio Max).

The School contains a number of archaeological laboratories and a recently built GIS suite, all used extensively for projects in classical archaeology. The School also houses the Archaeology Library (with a broad range of classical as well as Egyptological and Near Eastern journals) and the Garstang Museum of Archaeology, the basis for a number of current classical PhDs. This comprises c. 40,000 objects, including material from c. 50 Greco-Roman sites (notably Lefkandi, Al-Mina, and the temple of Artemis Orthia in Laconia, as well as coins from the Barnard and Chevasse collections), as well as an extensive photographic archive, field notebooks, correspondence and drawings. Development of further collaborative links with National Museums Liverpool is a high priority.

The University Libraries, central to our research activity, contain c. 45,000 classical monographs and c. 75 classical journals. They have recently received considerable additional investment, with a £20 million extension to the University Library, and a three-year budget increase of £1.8m above baseline. In addition to recurrent library funding, the School has in the last two years been allocated a further £61,000 with half spent on classical research monographs. All new staff are allocated £500 to purchase books to support their research.

The School has a Research Support Budget (in 2007/8, £17,800 pa), allocated in proportion to external grant income. This funds conferences and seminars (£7,800) as well as contributing towards an annual allocation of £15,300 for staff travel to conferences, libraries etc., and for other research-related expenses (e.g. publication costs). The Head of School can also allocate substantial funding for research assistance and casual teaching relief (£10,000) in order to facilitate the completion of research projects. 

The University provides further research support through discretionary and competitive awards. The Research Development Fund, giving particular assistance to new staff, offers pump-priming for new projects: for example, Hobden received funding to initiate her project on the ‘Rhetorics of the Symposion’ and Greaves for pre-excavation research and initial survey work in Turkey.

Research Culture

The School’s common research is developed in various ways: through the activities of the Research Committee (see above); through regular seminars, conferences and workshops; and through collaborative relationships within and outwith Liverpool. Seminar and conference activity is now coordinated at School level by the Deputy Director of Research, who organises thematic workshops and visits from overseas researchers to appeal to a broad range of staff.

In 2006-7 the School hosted an average of 3.7 seminars per week in term. This includes several series: in Egyptology, Archaeology, Evolutionary Anthropology, Near-Eastern Archaeology, a postgraduate seminar (run by postgraduates), as well as two specifically classical seminars, the ‘PORTUS’ research seminar (hosting research papers from visiting speakers weekly) and the fortnightly lunchtime seminar (for classical staff and postgraduates to discuss ongoing research projects). The PORTUS seminar incorporates both one-off topics and thematic series (one of which, on diasporas, is scheduled for publication). 

Liverpool’s strong tradition of conference activity has been built on, with numerous conferences, colloquia and panels organised in Liverpool and elsewhere. In a number of cases (denoted by asterisks) these will yield major publications. There have also been volumes published in this assessment period relating to previous conferences, notably Xenophon and his World, Pontus and the Outside World, Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture, Hellenistic Economies I; Hellenistic Economies II.  This activity relates closely to the main foci of the group’s research:

  • Documentary sources: ‘Cultures of Commemoration: war memorials ancient and modern’* (British Academy, 2004: Oliver; with P.J. Rhodes and Polly Low); ‘Epigraphy North’ workshops (jointly with Manchester). 
  • History of scholarship/reception: ‘Ancient and Modern Imperialism’ (London, March 2007; Stanford, November 2007: Freeman and Harrison with Phiroze Vasunia and Barbara Goff at Reading, and colleagues at Stanford and Dartmouth College); ‘Ruins and Reconstructions: Pompeii in the popular imagination’* (Bristol, July 2007: Paul, with Shelley Hales, Bristol). Planned: panel on modern uses of historical past (Harrison with Richard Phillips, Liverpool Geography, Royal Geographical Society Conference 2008), ‘Imagining Athens: Ancient and Modern Receptions of the City’ (Hobden, Liverpool, 2010).
  • Economies: ‘Hellenistic Economies II: Making, Moving, and Managing’ (Liverpool, 2002: Archibald, Davies, Oliver) and ‘Hellenistic Economies III’* (Copenhagen, 2005: Archibald, Davies, Oliver; with Vincent Gabrielsen). Planned: Retail trade (part of the Ancient Market project: Oliver and Archibald, Liverpool, 2009), Rome and the Hellenistic Markets (Hellenistic Economies IV/Ancient Market project, Archibald and Oliver, 2010).
  • Social and cultural history: ‘The Power of the Individual’* in honour of J.K. Davies (Liverpool, 2003: Archibald and Oliver); Transpennine seminar on intermarriage (Leeds, 2001), panel on ‘Complexity and Time’ at conference on ‘Science, Complexity and Society’ (Liverpool, 2005: Archibald); panel on ‘ethne and poleis’ at the 10th Thracological Congress (Athens, 2005: Archibald); ‘After Rome: Landmarks and Pathways’ (Liverpool, May 2006: Harrison and Costambeys). Before their appointment to Liverpool, Adams and Sommer organised respectively ‘Realities and Representations of Travel in Ancient Greece and the Near East’* (Nottingham, 2003, with Jim Roy) and ‘Krieg – Gesellschaft – Institutionen’* (Wittenberg 2003).
  • Near East: ‘Persia and the Greeks: Reactions & Receptions’* at the Celtic Classics Conference (Rennes, 2004: Tuplin; with Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones), ‘The Middle Euphrates in Antiquity’* (Rome, 2005: Sommer); AHRC-funded research training workshops on ‘Legacy of Alexander the Great’* (Sommer, ongoing). 
  • Historiography: ‘Polybius’,* in honour of Frank Walbank, (Liverpool, July 2007: Gibson and Harrison). Planned: Xenophon (Hobden, Oliver and Tuplin, Liverpool, 2009).
  • Literature and culture of the Roman Empire: Statius’ Silvae (Oxford, March 2002: Gibson) ‘Purse and Paideia: Money in Plutarch and the Second Sophistic’ (Liverpool, 2001: Zadorozhnyy and Gibson). Planned: ‘Globalisation and localisation in the Roman Empire’ (Bonn, 2008); Statius (Gibson, Liverpool, 2009); Pliny in Late Antiquity (Gibson with Roger Rees, St Andrews, 2009).
  • Classical Archaeology: Annual Conference of the Institute of Field Archaeologists (Liverpool, 2004: Freeman and others); Centenary Conference of the Liverpool Institute of Archaeology (Liverpool, 2004: Freeman and others); ‘Transanatolia: bridging the gap’* (British Museum, 2006: Greaves, with Alexandra Fletcher).

The 2008 Liverpool Classical Association conference also features panels around School research themes: notably on ancient economies, Flavian poetry, alterity, history of scholarship, and reception (both in the eighteenth century and in film).   

Collaboration has been a prerequisite for a number of our research projects, especially archaeological and epigraphical. Notable are Oliver’s ongoing participation in Inscriptiones Graecae; Sommer and Alessandra Avanzini of Pisa and Ted Kaizer of Durham (inscriptions of Hatra); Greaves and Gil Stein, Chicago (Belkis-Zeugma Hinterland project); Greaves and Engin Ozgen, Hacettepe, Barbara Helwing, DAI Berlin, Andreas Lang, Liverpool Geography (Oylum); Archibald and colleagues in Bulgaria, Turkey, Liverpool Engineering (Black Sea; Vetren-Pistiros).

Liverpool staff are also involved in a number of international networks: Impact of Empire (Adams), the Centre of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Studies Programme, Trinity College Dublin (Harrison, Adams), the International Complexity Network (Archibald), British Academy Black Sea Initiative (Archibald), International Plutarch Society (Zadorozhnyy), Salzburg Diaspora Network (Sommer), Freiburg Globalization Network (Sommer), Liverpool-Reading-Stanford network on classics and empire (Freeman, Harrison) and the CNRS-funded research network on the ancient market (Archibald, Davies, Oliver, Adams).

The School also participates in exchanges (of staff and postgraduates) with the Helmut-Schmidt-Universität (Hamburg), the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität (Erlangen-Nürnberg), and the Universities of Wrocław, Extremadura, and Macquarie. Additionally, an agreement for shared postgraduate teaching between the School and Trinity College Dublin is planned from 2008-9.


Postgraduate research is overseen by the University’s Graduate School, and the School’s Director of Postgraduate Research. Procedures for postgraduate research students require:

  • two supervisors (for whom training is mandatory),
  • completion of an online Personal Development Record to allow reflection on progress,
  • training in generic research skills, including an annual skills audit, Faculty-specific Workshops on Research Skills (first-years) and Career Skills (second and third years), and annual Research Days with mandatory poster presentations,
  • subject-specific training within the School, overseen by a School Postgraduate Research Training Coordinator, including German, Italian and French language-classes, as well as provision tailored to individuals,   
  • annual submission of an online Progress Report, sent via supervisors and School Director of Postgraduate Research to Faculty Director; the basis for an annual progress review meeting,
  • upgrade interview from MPhil to PhD status, requiring a detailed outline of the structure of the thesis, presentation of a draft chapter, and interview by two members of staff other than the supervisor. 

Research students are represented on all School committees and play a key role in the coordination of the School’s seminars (and the planning of topics and speakers). They also benefit from excellent resources. All have access to desk space in a large postgraduate resource centre, as well as to photocopying, printing, and fax facilities. The majority enjoy shared use of smaller offices with networked PCs; wireless access now covers the entire School, allowing the creation of further postgraduate study stations. For research-related expenses, students can apply to the University Graduate School and also to a School allocation (£6,000 pa in 2007/8). Students may bid for travel, research equipment, funding for colloquia, as well as hardship funding for those completing dissertations. 

A strategy for increasing the size of our classical postgraduate research community is now in place: increased marketing, one staff member responsible for overseas recruitment, targeting of bursaries at postgraduate taught level to attract candidates for external funding, and the development of Masters programmes with a heavy emphasis on research training. The School takes seriously the employability of our research students. Graduate teaching assistants undergo training, and are allocated a mentor. Masters and PhD students take part in workshops on job applications, presentations etc. and those applying for posts are offered mock presentations and interviews.

Research Income

Total research income from 2001 to date is £620k. This has made possible:

  • Archibald’s Expedition to Vetren-Pistiros, Bulgaria (AHRC, BA); Greaves’ Oylum Hoyuk project (BIAA); Freeman’s survey of Bezymyannaya, Crimea (University of Texas at Austin),
  • the completion of Gibson’s commentary on Statius Silvae 5; Freeman’s monograph on Francis Haverfield; Zadorozhnyy’s monograph on Plutarch; Adams’ current work on the Chester Beatty papyri (all AHRC); Harrison’s study of Greek religion and the historiography of Achaemenid Persia; Tuplin’s ongoing project on Achaemenid history (both Leverhulme),
  • Oliver and Lambert’s fascicles of Inscriptiones Graecae; Davies’ work on the ‘Athens, Delphi and documentary historiography’ project,
  • conferences on Transanatolia (BA, BIAA), and on Polybius (BA); research training workshops on Hellenistic history (AHRC); attendance at conferences in Arizona, California, and Spain,
  • smaller contributions to research projects: e.g. isotope analysis (SPRS).

Wider Research Environment

Many of the ways in which the School contributes to the wider research environment of Classics (and more generally) are highlighted elsewhere, in particular:

  • the organisation of conferences both in Liverpool and outside and participation in conferences and colloquia internationally,
  • the extensive range of  collaborations,
  • a full range of academic ‘service’, e.g. participation in national bodies, assessing grant proposals, advice on filling of chairs, refereeing, editing of monograph series, PhD examining (see below, Esteem).

The School is also working dynamically towards promoting the classical world and securing and developing the future of the discipline. Worth highlighting here are:

  • research training: Oliver’s role as co-organiser of International Epigraphy Summer Schools (Oxford, 2001, 2004); Epigraphy North (see above); Sommer’s ‘Legacy of Alexander’ workshops (2007-); Harrison’s HEA-funded colloquium (2005) on the definition of Greek history; Davies’ co-directing of the BSA postgraduate course (2004, 2006, 2008),
  • relationships with research users: in addition to consultancies with television companies and publishers (see Esteem), Archibald has been a consultant to the Council of Europe for their project, ‘The Black Sea Initiative on History’; Harrison was a participant in the United Nations ‘Alliance of Civilisations’ programme,
  • widening participation initiatives: the Classics 2008 initiative for the provision and support of Greek and Latin teaching to Merseyside schools; LTSN-funded outreach programmes, development of a national web-based discussion group for NAGTY.

Staffing Policy

The University has signalled its support for Classical Studies by significant new investment (and internal promotions: Adams and Oliver to Senior Lectureships, Gibson to a chair in Latin). Osborne (moved to UEA) and Fox (0.5 fte retired) were replaced by two full-time lecturers, Hobden and Zadorozhnyy. Sommer was appointed to a new post under the University’s ‘Future Research Leaders’ initiative; Archibald, previously part-time, was appointed to a full-time permanent lectureship from 2006. These and other changes (Harrison’s appointment vice Davies, Adams vice Seager, and Paul (3-year lecturer vice Tuplin) have developed our areas of strength whilst expanding expertise in cultural history (Hobden, Harrison, Zadorozhnyy) and in classical reception (Paul, Harrison), and deepening the intellectual links with other parts of the School (e.g. Adams, Harrison, Sommer in their work on Egypt, Persia and the Roman Near East).  

Policy has been mainly to appoint academically young researchers and to put great emphasis on support and development of new appointees (including for those on fixed-term contracts). New members of staff, unless they have significant previous experience, undergo 3 years’ probation, and are expected to complete the Certificate in Professional Studies in Higher Education. Teaching loads are capped at 75% of that of non-probationers, and new staff are given only minor administrative roles. All new members of staff are appointed mentors and, in addition to their £500 library allocation, receive a Personal Induction Award of £1,500, used to develop their research. All new lecturers are now given a semester’s leave in their second year.

The School has exceeded University requirements by allocating mentors (and in some cases leave) to fixed-term appointees, giving them the same access to research support as permanent staff, and the Personal Induction Award; all staff undergo the University’s Professional Development and Review process. This commitment to the future of the profession is reflected in the success of temporary lecturers in obtaining permanent posts: Konstantinos Nikoloutsos (2001/2) to an appointment at Florida Atlantic University, Stephen Lambert (Senior Research Fellow at Liverpool, 1999-2004) to a lectureship at Cardiff, Hobden (2003/4) at Liverpool, and Karen Ní Mheallaigh (2004/5) at successively Swansea and Exeter.

Research Strategy

Many of the mechanisms and policies for the support of research described above were in place at the time of the last assessment. In other areas – notably our support for new members of staff, research leave policy and forward research planning – significant changes to policy and practice have been made since 2001. The fruits of this concerted redirection are already evident in our published output. With six new appointments, an enhanced research environment and a current grant portfolio of £440k, our optimism for the period beyond 2008 is well-founded.

In the next 5 years, we expect to see:

a number of individual research projects completed:

  • Adams: Administration and Bureaucracy in Early Fourth Century Egypt (a study of the Chester Beatty papyri),
  • Archibald: a monograph on Classical Archaeology and Ancient History,
  • Freeman: a study of G.L. Cheesman,
  • Gibson: A Commentary on Pliny’s Panegyricus,
  • Greaves: The Land of Ionia (synthesis of archaeological research for archaic Ionia),
  • Harrison: Writing Ancient Persia (a study of the modern historiography of the Achaemenids),
  • Hobden: The Rhetorics of the Symposion,
  • Oliver: State Laws and Decrees of Athens 321-31 BC, fascicle 3 of Inscriptiones Graecae, vol. 2, 3rd edition,
  • Paul: a study of the receptions of Pompeii in modern culture; a monograph on the classical epic film,
  • Sommer: a monograph on the history of the city of Rome (with Volker Reinhardt); a project on the battle of the Teutoburg forest,
  • Tuplin: a history of the Achaemenid Persian Empire,
  • Zadorozhnyy: a study of ancient representations of literacy.

In addition, a number of archaeological projects will be completed: Vetren-Pistiros, Bulgaria (Archibald); Bezymyannaya, Crimea (Freeman); Oylum Höyük and Kilis in Turkey (Greaves). Moreover, we anticipate the further development of a number of collaborations: e.g. ancient economies (Adams, Archibald, Davies, Oliver, Ponting); Classics and empire (Harrison, Freeman with Phiroze Vasunia, Reading, and others); Roman provincial administration (Adams and Jonathan Prag, Oxford), ancient panegyric (Gibson and Roger Rees, St Andrews).



All staff contribute to esteem in a variety of areas. To highlight this, in each sub-category an individual’s name is in bold on first mention; early career researchers are asterisked.

1. Academic Service

1.1. Liverpool staff have acted as assessors for the AHRC (Davies, Greaves, Tuplin), European Science Foundation (Davies), Leverhulme Trust (Davies, Greaves, Tuplin), MacArthur Foundation (Davies), the Higher Education Academy (Greaves), the Australian Research Council (Freeman), Council for British Research in the Levant (Freeman), the Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes (Sommer). 

1.2 Staff have advised on the filling of chairs at Boston University (Tuplin), University of Wales Cardiff (Tuplin), Princeton (Harrison), Southern Illinois (Tuplin), Yale (Davies). Davies and Harrison were assessors for lectureships at Nottingham and University College Dublin respectively, Harrison for a research post at Princeton.  

1.3 Staff have served as PhD examiners at: Cambridge (Archibald, Davies, Harrison), Edinburgh (Freeman), London (Gibson, Harrison), Newcastle (Freeman), University of Western Australia (Freeman).

1.4 They have served on the councils of the British School at Athens (and the BSA Studentships Awards Committee, Oliver), Classical Association (Harrison), the Council for British Archaeology North West (Archibald), the Hellenic Society (Harrison, Oliver), Institute of Classical Studies Advisory Council (Harrison), Roman Society (Adams, Gibson), Virgil Society (Gibson), the research council of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara (Greaves), and the Merseyside Archaeological Society (Greaves); Oliver was chair of the BSA studentships committee, Harrison was chair of the JACT Ancient History committee, and is now chair of JACT, Gibson is Secretary of CUCD, and Davies is Chair of the ICS Advisory Council.

2. Editorial Work and Reviewing

2.1 Staff are or have been on the editorial boards of Bryn Mawr Classical Review (Gibson), Chilufim (Sommer), Inscriptiones Graecae (IG II3, Oliver), Journal of Conflict Archaeology (Freeman), Migrations and Identities (Sommer), Mnemosyne Ancient History and Archaeology supplements series (Harrison), Scottish Archaeological Journal (Freeman), Symblos (Davies), Translated Texts for Historians (Davies). Harrison designed and is a member of the publishing committee of Bristol Classical Press, co-edits Edinburgh Readings in the Ancient World and edits a number of series for Duckworth.

2.2  Liverpool staff have refereed book manuscripts and proposals for Blackwell (Hobden*, Paul*), Brill (Harrison), Bristol Classical Press (Harrison), Cambridge University Press (Davies, Harrison twice, Oliver, Tuplin), Duckworth (Harrison), Edinburgh University Press (Harrison), Exeter University Press (Tuplin), Routledge (Adams, Greaves, Harrison, Tuplin), Cambridge University Press (Harrison, Oliver, Tuplin), Oxford University Press (Davies twice, Gibson five times, Harrison, Oliver, Tuplin), Penguin (Tuplin), Tempus (Davies), for the monograph series of the American Philological Association (Gibson), the supplements of the Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society (Harrison) and journal articles for the American Journal of Archaeology (Archibald, Greaves), American Journal of Philology (Harrison), Ancient West and East (Archibald), Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (Tuplin), Classical Bulletin (Adams), Classical Quarterly (Freeman, Harrison, Tuplin), Colloquia Pontica (Archibald), Journal of Economic History (Archibald, Greaves, Oliver), Levant (Freeman, Sommer), Mousaion (Harrison), Journal of Hellenic Studies (Adams, Harrison, Tuplin), Journal of Roman Archaeology (Freeman), Materiali e discussioni (Gibson), Phoenix (Gibson, Harrison, Oliver, Tuplin), Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society (Harrison), Proceedings of the Langford Latin Seminar (Gibson), Prudentia (Tuplin), Review of Politics (Zadorozhnyy), Scholia (Zadorozhnyy).

3. Fellowships, Prizes and Visiting Positions

Harrison was awarded a Philip Leverhulme Prize for the period 2004-6, Tuplin a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship (2006-9). Greaves was the Holgate Visiting Fellow at Durham University (2005), Adams a visiting scholar at the University of Calgary (2005), Oliver a Professeur Invité at the École Normale Superieure, Paris (2006), Hobden* a Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Classical Studies, London (2006), Gibson a Visiting Scholar at Harvard (2002) and a Visiting Professor at the University of Cordobá (2006), and Zadorozhnyy a Junior Fellow of the Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington (2007-8). Davies was Senior Fellow, Istituto di Studi Avanzati, Bologna, and is a corresponding member of the Deutsche archäologische Institut.

4. Invited Lectures and Conference Papers

4.1 Liverpool staff have in this period given invited lectures and papers internationally at Ankara (Greaves twice), Athens (BSA, Davies; Scuola Archeologica di Atene, Davies), Austin Texas (Freeman), Bologna (Davies), Calgary (Adams), Catania (Davies), Dublin (TCD, Harrison four times), Extremadura (Gibson, twice), Harvard (Davies), Huelva (Gibson), Konya (Greaves), Mannheim (Harrison), Macquarie (Greaves), Melbourne (Greaves), Munich (Davies), Newcastle NSW (Greaves), Paris (Sorbonne, Archibald), Princeton (Harrison), Rome (Sommer, several times), Sandbjerg (Århus Univ., Archibald, Greaves), Sydney (Greaves), Turin (Davies), Urbino (Tuplin), Venice (Davies), Wrocław (Archibald).

Within the UK they have given invited lectures or papers at: Aberdeen (Harrison), Bristol (Harrison, Paul*), Cambridge (Freeman, Harrison), Durham (Greaves twice), Edinburgh (Harrison, Oliver), Glasgow (Archibald, Freeman, Harrison twice), Leeds (Greaves, Harrison, Oliver), London Institute of Classical Studies (Archibald, Davies three times, Gibson, Harrison three times, Hobden*), London Accordia Research Centre (Archibald, Oliver), Manchester (Archibald, Freeman, Harrison), National Army Museum (Freeman), Nottingham (Harrison), Oxford (Archibald, Davies three times), SOAS (Greaves), Virgil Society (Gibson), Maryport Lancs. (Camden Memorial Lecture, Freeman), Oxford (Greaves, Oliver, Tuplin, Sommer four times), Royal Holloway (Gibson), St Andrews (Freeman, Gibson, Harrison, Hobden*), Warwick (Adams, Harrison).

4.2 They have spoken at conferences internationally at Amsterdam (Gibson), Ankara (Archibald, Tuplin), Ann Arbor, Michigan (Harrison), Athens (Davies, Oliver twice, Tuplin), Augst (Tuplin), Barcelona (Zadorozhnyy), Bergamo (Tuplin), Bonn (Adams, Oliver), Bordeaux (Archibald, Oliver twice), Boston (Archibald, Paul*), Capri (Adams), Córdoba (Gibson), Dublin (TCD, Harrison), Esbjerg (Univ. of Southern Denmark, Freeman), Freiburg (Hobden*), Groningen (Gibson), Innsbruck (Sommer), Istanbul (Tuplin), Lyon (Tuplin), Nicosia (Harrison, Tuplin), New York (Columbia Univ., Harrison; United Nations, Harrison; NYU, Harrison), Nijmegen (Zadorozhnyy), Olympia (Sommer), Padua (Tuplin), Palermo (Paul*), Paris (Tuplin), Rethymno (Davies, Sommer, Zadorozhnyy), Rhodes (Davies, Oliver, Tuplin), Sandbjerg (Århus Univ., Archibald), San Francisco (Gibson), Schloss Elmau (Sommer), Schloss Salzau (Tuplin), Sounio (Davies), St Bertrand-de-Comminges (Oliver), Tallahassee, Florida (Gibson), Tours (Oliver), Vienna (Sommer), Volos (Greaves), Washington DC (Archibald), Wrocław (Archibald). 

They have spoken at conferences within the UK at: Bristol (Paul*, Tuplin), Cambridge (Harrison twice, Oliver), Cardiff (Tuplin), Durham (Freeman), Edinburgh (Gibson, Harrison, Oliver, Tuplin), Glasgow (Tuplin), Leeds (Gibson, Greaves five times, Harrison, Hobden*), Leicester (Freeman, Oliver), London Institute of Classical Studies (Harrison), British Academy (Archibald, Greaves), British Museum (Harrison, Tuplin), Liverpool (Gibson, Greaves, Tuplin), Milton Keynes (OU, Paul*, Tuplin), Newcastle (Tuplin), Nottingham (Adams, Harrison, Hobden*, Paul* twice), Oxford (Gibson, Sommer), Reading (Hobden*, Paul), Royal Holloway (Oliver), Warwick (Hobden*)

5. Visits from Overseas Researchers

Overseas visitors have included: Peter van Alfen (New York), Makis Aperghis (Athens), Lawrence T. Babits (East Carolina), Julian Bennet (Bilkent University), Lucas de Blois (Nijmegen), Kai Brodersen (Mannheim), Kostas Buraselis (Athens), Francois de Callatay (Brussels), W.J. Dominik (Otago), Paolo Desideri (Florence), Gert-Jan van Dijk (Nijmegen), Lydia Domaradska (BA Visiting Fellow), Peter Edwell (Macquarie), Michele Faraguna (Trieste), Figen Furtuna (Kars University, Turkey), Vincent Gabrielsen (Copenhagen), Johannes Hahn (Münster), Lisa Hannestad (Aarhus), Sally Humphreys (CEU), Margaret Imber (Lewiston, Maine), Heinz-Gerd Ingenkamp (Bonn), Willem Jongman (Groningen), Gabriel Laguna Mariscal (Cordobá), Patricia Larash (Boston), Mark Lawall (Manitoba), John Lund (Copenhagen), Ricardo Martínez-Lacy (México), Krzysztof Nawotka (Wrocław), Alanna Nobbs (Macquarie), Francis Prost (École Normale Superieure, Paris), Gary Reger (Hartford CT), Robert Rollinger (Innsbruck), Vladimir Stolba (Aarhus), Sven-Tage Teodorsson (Göteborg), Frances Titchener (Logan, Utah), Alberto Quiroga (Spanish government-funded postdoctoral fellow)

6. Consultancies

Davies, Freeman, Greaves and Harrison have all acted as consultants to television documentaries; Hobden* was interviewed by BBC local radio in connection with the Oliver Stone film of ‘Alexander’. Harrison is consultant editor for the publishers, Duckworth. 

7. Reference Works and Republications

Liverpool staff have contributed to a number of reference works: the Cambridge History of Ancient Warfare (Adams); Cambridge Guide to Classical Civilization (Adams, Greaves, Oliver), Edinburgh Companion to Ancient Greece and Rome (Gibson, Harrison, Oliver; co-edited by Harrison), the Oxford Companion to Military History (Tuplin), as well as to numerous Blackwell companions (Archibald, Gibson, Harrison, Oliver, Paul*).

The value of our research is reflected also in the republication of papers by Freeman, Gibson and Oliver in, respectively, an edited volume on The Archaeology of Jordan, Oxford Readings in Ancient Literary Criticism and (in French) in a collection Économie et Societé en Gzèce antique; the Turkish translation of Greaves’ monograph on Miletus is now in its fourth reprint.