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UOA 37 - Library and Information Management
King's College London
RA5a: Research environment and esteem
1. RA5: UNIT OF ASSESSMENT – DIGITAL HUMANITIES, KING’S COLLEGE LONDON
Note For project abbreviations, see Appendix A.
1 The Unit comprises the Centre for Computing in the Humanities (CCH) and the Centre for e-Research ( CeRch). CCH is an academic department in the School of Humanities, and CeRch is in the Information Services and Systems directorate (ISS). The Unit is a world leader in ‘digital humanities’ – the advanced application of information and communication technologies in humanities research and teaching – and in digital management and preservation.
2 CCH includes King’s Digital Consultancy Services (KDCS) and King’s Visualisation Lab (KVL). The Unit has 48 staff: 4 professors; CeRch and KDCS Directors; senior lecturer; lecturer; 5 senior project leaders; 16 staff engaged in research projects, 12 in national research-support projects; 3 in teaching-related activities; systems manager; 3 technicians; 5 support staff. 15 posts are established, and 15 other staff have open-ended contracts.
3 King’s College London has been a digital humanities pioneer from the early 1970s, leading in 1995 to the establishment of CCH, which became an academic department in 2002 and now embraces a large portfolio including teaching, research and consultancy. CeRch was created in 2007, incorporating the activities funded at KCL by the AHRC and JISC as the Arts & Humanities Data Service (AHDS) Executive. The strength and prominence of the Unit owes much to its symbiotic relationship with the School of Humanities, and contributes in turn to the School’s strong research profile.
4 The Unit engages deeply in the research of the humanities disciplines, helping to transform methodologies and facilitate new methods, enabling questions to be posed in new conceptual frameworks, leading to highly original, often trans-disciplinary, research. One particular research focus is the intersection of digital methods with arts and humanities research; another is theorising the disciplinary relationships in this fundamentally inter-disciplinary field.
5 The Unit also researches the management, curation, preservation and re-use of complex research data, and the interaction between research and archival practice in the digital environment. It has a particular interest in research infrastructure, including technical standards, virtual research and teaching environments, and e-Science tools and methods.
6 The Unit has been influential in digital humanities development nationally and internationally. It hosts the AHRC ICT Methods Network (MethNet), the ICTGuides, the Arts and Humanities e-Science Support Centre (AHeSSC) and the 3D Visualisation in the Arts Network (3DVisA).
7 In 2005 CCH initiated the world’s first digital humanities PhD programme, building on its teaching of digital humanities at undergraduate and Masters levels. The Unit also leads an interdisciplinary Masters in Digital Cultural & Technology which epitomises its highly collaborative approach.
8 RA4 shows direct grant expenditure in the Unit since 2001. However, in collaboration with partners within King’s and beyond, the Unit has participated in grants worth more than £13 million during the assessment period (excluding £6 million AHDS core grant from AHRC, JISC). Since 2004 KDCS and KVL have earned more than £1 million in consultancy; they and CeRch have a key role in knowledge transfer to the cultural and commercial sectors.
3. RESEARCH STRUCTURE
4. Collaborative research
9 CCH is one of fourteen departments in the School of Humanities and a member of the Humanities Research Centres, an umbrella grouping promoting interdisciplinary research (Short is Co-Director). It collaborates closely across the School, with departments in other Schools and with other UK institutions, including Birkbeck, Courtauld, Royal Holloway, UCL, Cambridge, Durham, Glasgow, Queen’s Belfast, Kent at Canterbury, Oxford, Reading, Southampton and York.
10 CCH engages in collaborative research projects as an academic equal. Its use of technology is not to support preconceived agendas but to assist scholars from other disciplines as much by challenging their ideas as by implementing them. Collaboration begins with joint preparation of research proposals and continues through analysis, design and development of research outputs. CCH technical researchers must engage deeply with the humanities research questions. To foster and support research collaborations, CCH has three companion guides – Working with CCH: a) to develop a research idea; b) to develop a research proposal; c) in a collaborative research project (www.cch.kcl.ac.uk/cchguides).
11 CeRch supports and promotes e-research and the development of e-infrastructure, externally across the arts and humanities disciplines, and within KCL across all disciplines: it has strong links with War Studies and Computer Science departments, and the Medical and Health Schools. Its external collaborations are UK-wide. The Unit creates numerous possibilities for collaborative research projects with prominent national and international cultural heritage partners, e.g. British Library (NCSE), British Museum (BPI1700) and The National Archives (FineRolls, InSpect).
12 The Unit is active in national and international digital humanities initiatives. It is working with Sheffield, Glasgow and Queen’s Belfast to develop a network of centres of excellence, aiming to build on the achievements of MethNet and the AHDS, with links to the NEH-funded CenterNet initiative. it is a lead partner in the ESFRI Roadmap project DARIAH, with links to e-infrastructure initiatives in North America and Australia.
13 The Unit also works with HEIs across Europe (Bergen, Oslo, Oulu, Cologne, Leipzig, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Pisa, Siena, Rome, Madrid, Albacete, Paris), and in South Africa (Wits, UWC) and Australia (Sydney, Newcastle, Monash). It co-sponsored with Siena the Digital Philology and Medieval Texts conferences 2006, 2007, co-organised with Monash a research conference Memories, Communities, Technologies (Prato 2006), and jointly hosted with Uppsala an ESF-funded workshop on prosopography in the humanities and social sciences (2007). It is developing a ‘Digital Humanities Island’ in Second Life in collaboration with Pisa.
5. New forms of collaboration
14 An important consequence of digital methods is transformation of discipline boundaries. Many projects involve researchers from more than one discipline, e.g. InsAph, which organised some fifteen international workshops, bringing together scholars interested in inscriptions, papyri, seals, onomastics, prosopography, and linguistics.
15 The Unit has been a catalyst in fruitful collaborations between arts and sciences, especially computer science and engineering. The MA in Digital Culture and Technology (Short, Lavagnino) from 2003 is a tangible result; a complementary MSc began September 2007. KCL computer scientists have participated in MethNet, and are collaborating to develop data mining tools for Unit projects. Tanner initiated a research partnership between Physics and the V&A to develop innovative interactive visitor facilities.
16 MethNet is a 3-year project (2005-08) promoting understanding and use of advanced ICT methods (Deegan, Short are Co-Directors, Anderson Associate Director, Hughes Manager). A programme of expert seminars has assembled leading researchers in particular areas to share knowledge, identify key developments, and contribute to a ‘state of the art’ publication, providing information for the wider community and specific guidance for future research. Subject areas include: History and Archaeology; Music; Digital editing; Linguistics; Arts research and practice.
17 MethNet also runs workshops on a wide range of subjects, fostering new collaborative partnerships, disseminating good practice, and producing extensive online and paper publications. Conference bursaries are provided for ten students per year. MethNet activities will have involved well over 1,000 academics by project end in March 2008.
18 AHeSSC coordinates and facilitates the integration of e-science tools, technologies and methods into research practice (co-directed by Anderson, Hughes). It works in close collaboration with NeSC, NCeSS, National Grid Service, Access Management Federation and others on e-research infrastructures, and co-hosts a project investigating barriers to uptake of e-research.
19 ICTGuides (Bellamy) and art-humanities.net (Reimer) investigate and promote new forms of collaboration and communication in research, using a mix of web services and social networking tools.
20 3DVisA supports research as a coordinator and clearing house for the application of 3D graphics in the arts and humanities. It publishes a bi-annual bulletin, produces reports on issues of critical interest, is compiling a public index of visualisation projects in the UK, and runs, with the national Visualisation Support Network, an annual conference/training event.
21 In preparing the first-ever scientific survey of the theatre of Pompey in Rome, KVL worked closely with archaeologists to prepare an initial 3D model. The results were fed into a second model and so on. In a British Academy-funded project, the 3D team worked with Melbourne archaeologists at Pompeii, creating 3D models to test alternative hypotheses. These examples illustrate a new mode of interactive collaborative research for the humanities.
6. Research groups
22 CeRch has three groups: e-Research Methods (Hughes), e-Research infrastructures (Hedges), and Management and Business Development (Anderson). Each group has research, knowledge transfer and service delivery responsibilities. The intersection provides fertile ground for identifying key research questions, and enables applied research to be conducted within a practical environment. Key achievements include: ICTGuides, the only methods portal of its type in the digital humanities, describing projects and the methods and tools they use; and the methods taxonomy – also the first of its kind – on which ICTGuides is based, also used in arts-humanities.net.
23 CCH is involved at any one time in more than 30 research projects, all involving collaboration and diverse computing technologies. Collaborators come from across the humanities disciplines; many projects transcend discipline boundaries.
24 A typical CCH project involves a ‘domain’ research team and a CCH technical research team led by a Technical Research Director, with a technical project leader, and two or more additional staff. Certain staff take primary responsibility for aspects of the technical research, including analysis and design, development of new approaches and tools where appropriate, and monitoring and assessment as the project develops. This is the basis of the relevant RA2 returns.
25 CCH research staff are organised in four groups:
digital representation of texts, electronic publishing, digital editions, text analysis and retrieval;
structured data and databases;
images, mapping and GIS;
The groupings are not rigid, and staff commonly contribute to more than one team.
26 The Text team is led by Spence, with Au, Ciula, Litta, Lopez, Pierazzo, Vetch, Vieira; Viglianti. Major achievements include the online publications for: ALA (2004) and IAph (2007), EMS (2005), ASChart (2006), Hofmeister XIX (2007), FineRolls (2007) – which has a parallel print publication, and ontology tools based on the semantic web (RDF and OWL) (Ciula, Vieira).
27 The Structured Data team is led by Bradley, with Brey, Hall, Vetch , Walda. Major achievements include: DIAMM (2003 and subsequently), CCE (2005), PASE (2005), PBW (2006), OCVE (2006), CFEO (2007). The team is at the forefront of new thinking on digital prosopography – Glasgow (2006), Leiden (2007) and a TEI workgroup on digital ‘personography’ (2007).
28 The Text and Structured Data teams have developed generalised online editing and publication frameworks for XML and RDB technologies respectively called xMod (Spence, Vetch, Vieira) and rdb2java (Bradley, Vetch). Both provide sophisticated presentation, browse and search functions that can be tailored to the specific requirements of each research project.
29 The Image and Mapping team is led by Jessop, with Brey, Vetch, Walda. Major achievements include the manuscript viewer for DLV (2007).
30 Research on integration of text-based, structured, image and mapping data has been undertaken jointly, e.g. CCE (2005), CVMA (2004, 2007), CRSBI (2007), Hofmeister XIX (2007), and continues in LangScape (completion 2008).
31 The focus for 3D Visualisation is KVL, directed by Beacham and Denard, with Baker, Blazeby and Magruder. It leads a number of international and collaborative projects including Pompey, Skenographia, Theatron, BMATS, MSpace, and 3DVisA. Its work uses numerous media and technologies in interdisciplinary research areas including theatre and art history, archaeology, cultural heritage.
32 KDCS (Tanner) supports CCH research projects, carries out research on its own initiative and on behalf of clients and funding agencies – e.g. Mellon Foundation – and provides advice, training and consultancy on all aspects of digital projects and services.
7. Individual research
33 McCarty is a leading theorist of the digital humanities, demonstrated in his monograph Humanities Computing. Lavagnino, Co-Editor of the new Oxford Middleton, is a leading international expert on digital publication and Co-Director of CELM. Jessop has written and presented extensively on mapping and GIS in the humanities. Bradley has published on representing Humanities materials in highly structured applications, on architectures for text analysis tools, and developed the annotation tool PLINY. Deegan, Hughes, Tanner have published on digital library developments. Short is Technical Research Director of a number of projects (PASE, CCE, FineRolls, PBW, CFEO, InsAph, NCSE). Denard publishes on the history of ancient drama, and had a key role in the London Charter. Beacham is a prominent international expert on ancient Roman theatre with major books published by Yale and Harvard, and a third, co-authored with Denard, in press at Yale. His published translations of Plautus (Johns Hopkins and Methuen) are widely performed, including a professionally staged reading at the National Theatre in September, 2004. He is the world authority on the Swiss theatre theoretician and designer, Adolphe Appia.
34 Anderson is a leading researcher in e-Science for the arts and humanities, and the curation and preservation of complex research data, authoring/co-authoring a number of influential reports. Hughes, Blanke, Dunn contribute significantly to research in e-Science methodologies, including information retrieval and ontologies. Hedges specialises in research infrastructures, and data grids in digital curation and preservation.
8. Management of research
35 The CCH and CeRch Directors hold devolved budgets and are responsible for research management in each Centre. They hold regular meetings to ensure coordination. In CCH, the Postgraduate and Research Committee (PARC) reviews strategy, allocates department responsibilities and monitors PhD students. Group leaders advise and support the research of group members; in the larger groups (KVL, Texts) some responsibility is devolved to senior staff. In CeRch the Director and Deputy Directors are responsible for overall research strategy, for developing specific research areas and for supporting staff research.
9. Research students
36 CCH began formally to supervise PhD students in 2005, and currently has two: Kaskell, supervisor McCarty, registered 2005; Carvalho, supervisor Short, 2006. Carvalho holds a KCL Strategic Initiative studentship. McCarty co-supervises one student (Blaxill) with History. The number of enquiries is growing rapidly - over 20 in the first half of 2007. PG students participate in the whole range of ‘research culture’ activities. A number of interdisciplinary events are organised to facilitate interaction with PG students in other departments. CCH offers specialist advice and training for all postgraduate students in Humanities, and funds two bursaries for PGRs in Computer Science, engaging the recipients in CCH research projects and thus providing practical training.
10. Research culture
37 CCH may apply for sabbatical leave for specific projects: McCarty (2003-04, book); Lavagnino (2005-06, Middleton edition); Beacham & Denard (2005-06, book);Bradley (2005-06, PLINY); 2006-07 – Deegan (two books) and Jessop (book, to be published in 2008). CCH has a programme of visiting fellowships (see Esteem Indicators), and its own public Seminar in Humanities Computing (www.cch.kcl.ac.uk/shc/) organised successively by Short, McCarty, Lavagnino; McCarty organises the London Seminar on Digital Text and Scholarship, jointly sponsored by the Institute of English Studies. CCH hosts Humanist (McCarty), and the ‘web-based hub’ Digital Classicist (www.digitalclassicist.org) (Bodard, Ciula, Dunn, Mahony); this group initiated a weekly summer seminar at the Institute for Classical Studies (2006, 2007). CCH runs a weekly departmental research seminar for staff and PGRs.
38 In 2002 CCH inaugurated a bi-annual Lecture in honour of Roy Wisbey, a pioneer of digital humanities. Speakers: Stanley Katz (2003), John Unsworth (2004), John Burrows (2006).
39 In 2003-4, McCarty organized a special lecture series, Digital Scholarship, Digital Culture, sponsored by the School of Humanities and funded by the Royal Academy of Engineering and Vodaphone. It featured eminent international speakers: Stanley Katz, Gordon Graham, Yorick Wilks, Timothy Murray, Ian Hacking, Michael Mahoney, Jerome McGann, and Deegan, with papers published as a special issue of Interdisciplinary Science Reviews (30.2 2005, editor McCarty).
40 Deegan, Short co-direct OHC, a founding sponsor of DRHA, with an influential publications series.
11. Research infrastructure
41 The Unit draws on College support through relevant committees, KCL Business and External Relations. The Graduate School provides opportunities for PGRs to develop core skills. The School of Humanities has a Graduate Studies Committee and a Director of Research Training; its Research Committee provides 2 full studentships each year, funds annually 3 bursaries for existing PGRs, and awards Small Research Grants to staff and PGR Students to support leave of absence, fieldwork, organising and attending conferences.
42 The Unit itself contributes significantly to research infrastructure across the arts and humanities at institutional, national and international levels. The AHDS Executive (CeRch) has contributed crucially to the development of standards in research, digital library and archival practice. It has, with the five AHDS subject Centres, published a Guides to Good Practice series and a series of information papers and case studies, and runs a workshop programme attended by over 900 people since 2002. Its preservation handbooks and ingest manuals contribute to the standards framework for curating research data; these have been downloaded over 15,000 times since 2005. AHDS supported the AHRC by evaluating the technical appendix of grant applications and attending panel meetings, with the AHDS at KCL responsible for panels 6 and 8.
43 Anderson, Hughes, Blanke and Dunn led a 2007 ‘e-Science Arts and Humanities Theme’ funded by the e-Science Institute in Edinburgh, highlighting the scope and potential for e-Science research across the arts and humanities. Anderson gave the inaugural lecture. The Theme is the basis of a special issue of Digital Humanities Quarterly, edited by Dunn, Blanke. Hughes, in collaboration with the AHRC ICT in the Arts and Humanities programme, led a series of international workshops addressing tools development, and sustainability of 'living' research data. Anderson, Blanke have played a lead role in a series of European meetings to develop the DARIAH project (see Future Plans). Hedges is collaborating with STFC to research and develop an iRODS data grid as the basis of distributed networks for curation and preservation of research data.
44 In the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI), staff serve/have served on the Board of Directors (Short, Lavagnino), on the Council (Lavagnino, Ciula, Bodard, Pierazzo), in Special Interest Groups (Ciula, Pierazzo, Spence), and have a leading role in the EPIDOC standard for epigraphic representation (Bodard). Denard drafted The London Charter – a set of principles on ‘3D visualisation in the research and communication of cultural heritage’. Already adopted by the EPOCH Network, it is being officially instituted by the national cultural heritage departments in Italy and Belgium and has been commended by the European Commission, ICOMOS and UNESCO.
12. Knowledge Transfer
45 KDCS has worked closely with the national libraries, influencing and shaping strategy: National Library of Scotland – digital access strategy for the John Murray Archive, and strategic planning for the Trusted Digital Repository; National Library of Wales – feasibility study on digitisation and delivery of Welsh printed texts; British Library – the large-scale newspaper digitisation programme (following the BL Newspaper Pilot with CCH in 2001). The National Library of Ireland retained KDCS to write its national digitisation policy and programme document, design its digitisation facilities, specify equipment and train staff.
46 KDCS runs the annual week-long Digital Futures Academy (2003-) which provides training on the creation, delivery and preservation of digital resources. Participants come from all over the world, primarily senior professionals in libraries, archives, museums and galleries.
47 KDCS is transferring knowledge to museums and galleries from the findings of the Mellon-funded research into charging models and rights policies for digital images in American art museums. The work includes a seminar series with the London Centre for Arts and Cultural Enterprise and has led to collaboration with the Imperial War Museum, the National Gallery, the Museums Copyright Group and the MDA.
48 The Unit disseminates knowledge through workshops, conferences and training events. The 2007 Connecting Culture and Commerce conference at the National Gallery, with a keynote address from Alan Yentob, was attended by over 240 senior figures from HE and the creative and cultural industries. Training includes EPIDOC summer schools and courses in: XML, XHTML and CSS; information analysis and database design; 3D visualisation; data creation, management and preservation; project management.
49 KVL’s commissioned documentary on the history of Kew Gardens is permanently displayed and used in a DVD by Lord Attenborough. KVL produces and markets worldwide a series of DVDs incorporating research-generated models and their interpretation, as education materials. The Unit also produced the Theatron project, part-funded by the European Union, featuring interactive real time walkthroughs of accurate 3D models of present and past European theatres, augmented by extensive explanations and related resources.
50 The AHDS/CeRch is widely consulted on preservation and research infrastructures, recently advising the MRC and the German DFG.
13. STAFFING POLICY
51 Unit staff are recruited from a variety of academic backgrounds, many having qualifications in more than one area. Disciplines include Library Science, Computer Science and a large number of arts and humanities disciplines.
52 McCarty, Lavagnino, Denard have particular responsibilities for the academic teaching programmes, although most staff have some teaching commitments. As a matter of policy, teachers draw on CCH research projects in their teaching.
53 The management structure is designed to ensure that each staff member has a more senior colleague responsible for supporting and guiding their development. New arrivals have a detailed induction programme. All staff are encouraged to attend relevant internal courses, and external training is funded where appropriate.
54 Conferences are particularly important: staff are strongly encouraged to submit papers, and while presenters receive priority, the Unit funds a significant number of additional attendances. Beyond the importance for staff development, this policy is key to the the Unit’s international standing and its position at the forefront of digital humanities research.
14. RESEARCH STRATEGY
55 The Unit’s research strategy is based on: collaborative research and new forms of collaboration; innovative exploitation of technology to enable new research questions to be asked; assessment of how advanced technology-related methods change established research practice; infrastructures to support research, including e-research tools and methods; curation and preservation of research data; promotion of an active research culture.
56 The strategy also encourages publications of different kinds in different venues:
Research resources– e.g online publications or electronic editions.
Written work about the research– e.g. conference papers, journal articles, monographs, reports.
Writings based on results obtained from the use of digital methods.
Theoretical and historical writings.
57 The KCL Strategic Plan 2001-2010 specifically recognized CCH as contributing to ‘the outstanding quality of our work in the arts and humanities’. The College has provided substantial financial support for CCH and CeRch (as the AHDS Executive from 1995). In the College’s 2004 Strategic Investment Fund initiative, CCH received five new posts, including the key post of Director of Research Development (Deegan). The College’s policy has been to subsidise CCH grants until fEC is fully implemented.
15. Future plans
58 The overall 5-year strategy is to: consolidate the research of CCH and CeRch; build on current success in attracting research funding; significantly develop postgraduate research; maintain the commitment to international research excellence and innovation; significantly expand knowledge transfer activities. Note: the Unit is typically involved in up to 20 research grant applications annually; this level will be maintained or increased.
59 CCH and CeRch will be the founding elements of an Institute for Innovation and Digital Scholarship, to be established 2008. It will have an integrated Research Committee and will consolidate and enhance the scope of research activities and range of technologies covered.
60 An early initiative is a collaborative project to create an interdisciplinary technology-enabled research centre, including an innovation lab, access grid and performance studio, acting as a hub for research and teaching. It will facilitate the recruitment of PG students, strengthen links with research partners through virtual collaborations, create new opportunities for collaborative performance and performance research, and contribute to knowledge transfer activities.
61 A major expansion of the PhD programme is planned, with income from the expanded Knowledge Transfer activities being used to create a number of research studentships. Work is under way to increase the number of joint supervisions, and new Masters programmes are in preparation as feeders: Digital Asset Management and Applied Visualisation.
62 Careful succession planning is already in process to ensure retirement of senior staff is appropriately phased: Deegan 2008, Short 2010, Beacham 2013, McCarty 2015. Funding is being sought to endow a Research Chair.
63 From summer 2008 McCarty will become Editor of Interdisciplinary Science Reviews; he will also develop a theoretical framework for modelling literary context by integrating work across several disciplines of the humanities and sciences, leading to further publications. The volume of papers from CLiP 2006 will be published in 2008, edited by Ciula, Spence. McCarty, Short will edit Methods in the Digital Humanities, with all chapters written by Unit staff; Deegan, Short will edit Modes of Collaboration in the Digital Humanities; Short will co-edit, with David Robey (Reading), a volume on Evidence of Value in Digital Research in the Humanities. In 2008 Deegan will publish two volumes on digital editing with Kathryn Sutherland (Oxford) – a co-authored monograph, and a volume of co-edited essays. Deegan, Hughes and Short are Series Editors of the MethNet Research Guides, with 9 volumes to be published 2008-2009. Also in 2008, Jessop will publish Digital Visualization in the Humanities with University of Illinois Press. Baker and Denard will co-edit a volume of commissioned essays on 3D visualisation in humanities research. Denard will revise The London Charter, and will develop intellectual transparency, comparative visualisation and evaluation models for Multi-User Virtual Environments (MUVEs). Beacham will publish: Spectacle Entertainments of Later Imperial Rome (Yale), the Cambridge Sourcebook for Greek and Roman Drama, and a major monograph assessing the outcomes of the Pompey project. The KVL team will publish the third edition of the Theatron Module using the Second Life platform. The 3DVisA bulletin will be developed into an academic journal.
64 Spence, Vetch and Vieira will extend xMod; Bradley, Brey and Hall will extend rdb2java; both will be released as open-source systems. Vieira will extend Ereuna, and a digital editing suite will be completed by the Texts team. Vetch will complete work on sUPL (simple Unified Presentation Layer) to enrich the integrated interface for multi-technology projects. Pierazzo and Lopez will develop a generalised framework for preparing XML-encoded research materials as print-ready copy; Vieira, Ciula and Spence will extend the work on ontologies. Baker will extend his ‘intellectual transparency’ tool to open-source release. Short, Bradley, Hall will complete the ‘career modelling’ component of CCE, generalising the approach for application in prosopographical research across the humanities and social sciences.
65 Tanner will continue his research with the Israeli Antiquities Authority to digitise the Dead Sea Scrolls in full; Short and Tanner will continue to develop the Tutu project. Anderson and Hedges will continue work with the War Studies Department to create an interactive 'Military Experience Archive', combining the archive with web 2.0 technologies. Collaborative bids to EPSRC and ESRC are in preparation with Computer Science, War Studies and Geography on text and data mining, historical mapping, and ‘open source meets open source’ – ‘open-source’ computational tools to collect and analyse data from open information sources.
66 CeRch will continue to lead in e-research, focusing on cross-disciplinary potential: Hedges on distributed e-research infrastructures and data grids with bids planned to EPSRC, ESRC and AHRC; Bellamy, Reimer will extend ICTGuides and art-humanities.net, with recently announced funding for 2008-2010 from the AHRC and JISC Committee for the Support of Research. Anderson and Blanke will lead the UK contribution to the DARIAH project to create an interoperable European arts and humanities e-research infrastructure. Funding of ca.3 million Euros is expected from the EU for the preparatory phase. Blanke, Dunn, Hughes will coordinate this with emerging US initiatives. Hughes and Dunn will work with the e-Science Institute to extend the e-Science Theme, and will organise a follow-up training programme.
67 With the University of Victoria, Canada, the Unit is developing an annual Summer Institute, beginning 2008, to provide introductory, intermediate and advanced training in digital humanities topics, aimed specifically at postgraduate students and young scholars.
68 The expansion of the Centre’s knowledge transfer activities, including consultancy and training, will significantly increase collaborations with the cultural sector. Following a recent pilot project with the Museum of London on a reconstruction from Roman fort remains, plans include a 3D reconstruction of medieval St Paul’s Cathedral, and negotiations with a number of major London-based institutions, including the Royal Society and the Royal Palaces and Gardens.
16. ESTEEM INDICATORS
ADHO: Alliance of Digital Humanities Organisations
ALLC: Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing
ACH: Association for Computers and the Humanities
CLiP: Computers, Literature and Philology (conferences)
COCH/COSH: Canadian Consortium of Computing in the Humanities, now SDH/SEMI
DH: Digital Humanities (annual conference), previously Joint International Conference of ALLC and ACH
DRHA: Digital Resources for the Humanities and Arts (annual conference)
LLC: Literary and Linguistic Computing, Oxford University Press
SDH/SEMI: Canadian Society for the Digital Humanities
TEI: Text Encoding Initiative
Note: Many CCH staff serve as members of International Programme Committees and are regular reviewers for DH and DRHA. Most CeRch staff review Technical Appendices in AHRC grant proposals.
Anderson: Editorial Boards: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, International Journal of Digital Curation. Standing Committee, DRHA (2001-2007); Programme committee All Hands, DCC conferences. Policy advice: JISC Working Groups – Moving Images and Sound (2001-04), Digital Repositories; Advisory Committee Economic and Social Data Service. Steering Committee, AHRC ICT Programme (2004-); Associate Director, MethNet. Referee: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, International Journal of Digital Curation; All Hands and DCC conferences. Reviewer: New Opportunities Fund, EPSRC, JISC.
Beacham: 21st Century Achievement Award: Laureate, ‘Computerworld Honors Programme’ (2002). Translation of Plautus' ‘Casina’, published by Methuen (2003), was given a staged professional reading by the National Theatre at the Olivier , July 2004. Co-organiser: MethNet Symposium Making 3D Visual Research Outcomes Transparent (2006); ‘The Body and the Mask in Ancient Theatre Space’ (2006). Accordia Research Lecture 2004, 14 keynote/invited lectures in 8 countries. Extensive favourable press reviews for German language Appia book, e.g. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 3 August 2007. Promotion advice on professorship – Goldsmiths (2006). Referee: Cambridge (2006); Harvard (2007). Funding advice: AHRC (Member, AHRC Peer Review College), Leverhulme Trust, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, British Academy.
Blanke: Secretary, Open Grid Forum’s Humanities Arts and Social Sciences Research Group. Co-organiser: Humanities e-Science Theme, Edinburgh (2007); e-Science workshops – All Hands (2007), Manchester (2007); Open Grid Forum, Manchester (2007); DRHA (2006). Invited lecture, Goettingen (2006). Referee: Hegel-Jahrbuecher (2004-), European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL) (2006), IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Systems (2006), All Hands (2007). Funding advice: JISC.
Bodard: Non-fiction editor, The Future Fire; Co-Editor and Board member, Digital Medievalist (2006-), Editor, Digital Medievalist special issue (2007). Organiser: ‘Power and Authority in Greco-Roman Inscriptions of Asia Minor’, Istanbul (2006); Council member, TEI Consortium (2007-). MethNet seminar 'Open Source Critical Editions' (2006). Invited lectures: e-Science theme, Edinburgh (2007); Changing the Center of Gravity, Kentucky (2007); Markup for Museums, Brown (2005); Open Source Critical Editions workshop, London (2006). Referee: Computers and the Humanities.
Bradley: Advisory Board, Text Analysis Portal for Research, McMaster; Member, British Academy Committee on PBW (2004-). Program Committee, Canadian Symposium on Text Analysis (2006). Keynote/invited lectures: 2007 – Saskatoon, Leiden, Uppsala, Jadavpur; 2005 – McMaster; 2004 – Kentucky, McMaster, Maryland. Referee: LLC.
Ciula: Council member, TEI Consortium (2006-); Co-Editor and Board member, Digital Medievalist (2007-). Co-organiser, Digital Philosophy and Medieval Texts, Siena (2006); Co-Organiser, ‘Literatures, Languages and Cultural Heritage in a digital world’, CLiP 2006. Keynote/invited lectures: Munich, with Spence (2007); Sorbonne (2006); Siena (2005); Rome (2003).
Deegan: Editor-in-Chief, LLC (1997-); Publications Director OHC (1995-); Editorial Board, Arts and Humanities in Higher Education (Sage); Co-Series Editor, Digital Futures (Facet). Co-Director, MethNet. Standing Committee, DRHA (throughout), Chair (-2002). Policy advice to 4 institutions/agencies. keynote lectures: London, Newcastle, Glasgow. Promotion advice, New York (2005). British Academy International Travel grant (2006-07). Funding advice: AHRC, ESRC, JISC, MethNet.
Denard: Editor, Didaskalia: Ancient Theatre Today (2001-). Editor and Joint Convenor, The London Charter. Article, ‘Virtuality and Performativity: Recreating Rome’s Theatre of Pompey’, highlighted in the Chronicle of Higher Education's Daily Report, February 2001. Extended review in Performing Arts Journal 75 25:3 2003. DRH Standing Committee (2007-). 18 invited lectures and panel participations in 5 countries.
Hughes: Chair, Selection Committee, Busa Award (2005-07). Editorial Board, LLC; co-editor, LLC special issue Vol 20 Suppl 1, 2005; Co-Editor, Computers and the Humanities special issue 37: 1 2003. President, ACH (2004-); ACH Council (2001-03); ALLC committee (2001-2006). Chair, International Programme Committee, DH (2003), local organizer, DH (2001); Chair, Programme Committee DRHA (2003). Keynote/invited lectures: Sheffield (2006); National Library of Scotland; Institute for Historical Research, London; Glasgow; Victoria, Canada (all 2005); Chicago (2004); Washington DC (2003). Funding advice: AHRC, JISC.
Jessop: Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society (1989), MBCS, Chartered IT Professional (2005), Chartered Engineer (1988), Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (2005), Member of the International Cartographic Association's Digital Technologies in Cartographic Heritage Working Group (2005-). Standing Committee, DRHA (2005-). Referee: Journal of Digital Information, LLC.
Lavagnino: Editorial Board, LLC; Co-Editor, Computers and the Humanities special issue 37: 1 2003; Board member, TEI Consortium, (2005-); Board member, Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities (2001-); ACH Council (2001-); Chair, International Programme Committee, DH (2001); Organiser, ACH sessions at MLA conference (2001-). External examiner, University College London (2007-). Consultancy: Reedex (2006). Keynote lectures: Brown (2007, Alabama (2004). Referee: LLC, Computers and the Humanities. Funding advice: AHRC.
McCarty: The Lyman Award, US National Humanities Center (2006); Award for Outstanding Achievement, COCH/COSH (2005). Selection committees: Richard W. Lyman Award (2001), The Lincoln Prize (2001-), Busa Award (2005-07). Editorial Boards: Digital Humanities Quarterly (2005-), Digital Semiotics Encyclopedia (2003-), Text Technology (throughout); Editor, Humanist (throughout); Co-editor, CH Working Papers (throughout); Interdisciplinary Science Reviews: Editor, special issue ‘Digital Scholarship, Digital Culture’, 30:2 2005. Vice-President, ACH (2001); ACH Council (2001-). Policy advice: Programme for Research in Third Level Institutions, Ireland (2007), Ministry of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Ireland (2005), UCLA (2007). Two award lectures (2006, 2005) and 27 keynote and invited lectures in 8 countries. Promotion advice on 4 professorships – McMaster (2007), Calgary (2006), Queen's U, Canada (2001), Georgia (2004) – and 6 other appointments. Core Resource Faculty, ‘Contextualizing Classics. Renewal of Teaching Practices and Concepts’, Department of Classics, Sofia (2005-8); Referee for Journal of Computers, Illinois University Press, Routledge, Blackwell. Funding advice to 15 government and charitable agencies.
Magruder: Contemporary Art Exhibitions (180+ in 30 countries): 11th Visual Arts Biennial Serbia, Circulo de Bellas Artes Madrid, Courtauld Institute of Art London, EAST International 2005, Georges Pompidou Center, National Museum Wroclaw, Netherlands Media Art Institute, SESI Gallery São Paulo, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Trans-Media-Akademie Hellerau. International New Media Art Festivals: Cybersonica (2006), CYNETart (2006, 2007), d/Art (2007), DRHA (2006), FILE (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007), Filmwinter (2005), International Digital Art Awards (2005), Mobile Exposure (2005, 2006, 2007), New Forms Festival (2004), prog:ME (2005), Rencontres Internationales (2005, 2006, 2007), SeNef (2004), Siggraph (2006), Split (2006, 2007), VAD (2005, 2006), VideoFormes (2005), Videomedeja (2004, 2006), Web3DArt (2006, 2007) and WRO (2007). Networked-Art Collections: Computer Fine Arts, Rhizome, Soundtoys, Turbulence. Arts Funding: Arts Council England (2004, 2005, 2006), Esmée Fairbairn Foundation (2007), US National Endowment for the Arts (2004, 2006, 2007).
Pierazzo: TEI Consortium: Council member (2007-); Chair, Manuscripts SIG (2007-). Invited lecture, Pisa (2007).
Short: Board member, TEI Consortium (1998-2002); Editorial Board, LLC (2004-). Member, British Academy Committees on PBW (2001-) and CRSBI (2001-). Co-Director, MethNet. Member of British Computer Society, Chartered Engineer. Director, Office for Humanities Communication (throughout). Chair, ALLC (1997-); Secretary, ADHO Steering Committee (2006-); Standing Committee DRHA (1997-2003). Co-organiser, Memories, Communities, Technologies, Prato (2006); Co-recipient, ESF grant and co-organiser, ‘Exploring New Methods for Prosopography in the Humanities and the Social Sciences’, Uppsala (2007); Scientific Committee LREC conferences (2002-), CLiP conferences (2002-). 17 keynote and invited lectures in 8 countries. Funding advice: AHRC, ESRC. Referee: Canada Council - Killam Fellowship.
Spence: Vice-Chair, International Programme Committee, DH (2007); Member, Tools SIG, TEI Consortium (2003-); Co-Organiser, CLiP 2006. Keynote/invited lectures: Munich, with Ciula (2007); Albacete, Arezzo (both 2006).
Tanner: Thematic editor , Journal of Digital Information; Special Issue Editor, JODI 4:2, 2003. Chartered Member CILIP (2004); Member of Museums Association (2006); Member of Institute of Imaging Science and Technology (2006). Organiser: ‘Connecting Culture and Commerce: Getting the Right Balance’, National Gallery, London (2007); ‘Parallel Lives’, with National Preservation Office (2003). Policy advice: Independent Member and Chair of Web Archiving sub-committee, DCMS Legal Deposit Advisory Panel, Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (2005-); Digital Curation Centre; British Library; National Library of Scotland; National Library of Ireland; National Library of Wales; Imperial War Museum; Andrew W Mellon Foundation; JISC; OCLC-PICA. Keynote/invited lectures: Helsinki (2003); Persistence of Memory Conferences, Boston (2005), Tucson (2006). Referee: Institute of Imaging Science and Technology Archiving Conferences.
Vetch: Organiser, Borderlines VI conference, Dublin (2002); Co-organiser Undisciplined conference, (co-founder) (2002). Referee: LLC.
Walda: Academic adviser for President of the Department of Libyan Antiquities (2007-). UNESCO Panel of Experts on Arabic archaeology (2007-).
Conference presentations, posters and attencance
Unit staff have participated >150 conferences, presenting >250 papers and posters. There is some concentration in the DH and DRHA conferences, but the disciplinary range is extremely wide.
Ray Siemens, English and Digital Humanities, Victoria, Canada (2002-3, 2005-); Michael Barlow, Linguistics, Rice (2002); Laszlo Hunyadi, Linguistics, Debrecen, Hungary (2004-).
Visits from overseas researchers and research students
Researchers: John Burrows, English, Newcastle NSW (2006, 2007); Frank Sear, Classics and Archaeology, Melbourne; J Patrick Greene, Victoria State Museum, Australia (both 2007); Jerzy (Jurek) W. Jaromczyk, Computer Science, Kentucky; Sukanta Chaudhuri, Jadavpur University, Calcutta (both 2006); John Unsworth, Englsh, Digital Humanities, Library Science, Virginia then Illinois (2001, 2003, 2005); Hilary Carey, History, Newcastle NSW (2005); Patrik Svensson, Umea, Sweden (2004); Jerome McGann, English, Virginia (2004, 2007); Michael Mahoney, History of Science, Princeton; Ian Hacking, History & Philosophy of Science, Collège de France; Timothy Murray, Comparative Literature, Cornell (all 2004); Stanley Katz, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton (2003); Matthew Kirschenbaum, English and Digital Humanities, Maryland (2002); Peter Shillingsburg, English, then North Texas (2001).
Research student: Vika Safrin, Brown (2001)
17. Appendix A: PROJECT ABBREVIATIONS