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UOA 44 - Psychology

University of Manchester

RA5a: Research environment and esteem



UoA44 Psychology: RA5a
1. INTRODUCTION

The School of Psychological Sciences (SPS) at Manchester was established in 2004 with the creation of the new University of Manchester. The formation of SPS provided unparalleled opportunities for defining and setting of ambitious new research goals with strategic repositioning and reorganisation. We have made a major investment in new staff: 31.2FTE staff are returned here, 84% of whom have been appointed since RAE 2001. Our strategic assessment identified neuroscience in general, and clinical neuroscience in particular, as fundamental to our aspiration of being an internationally premier centre of psychology research. This has been reflected in relocating SPS to the Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences and investing in the formation of two new neuroscience-related groups in this RAE period, accompanied by key institutional investment in neuroscience infrastructure, including world-class imaging facilities.

1.1 Headline achievements.

Since 2001 our achievements include:
  • Building excellence for the future; over 50% of the returned staff are early career researchers.
  • Recruited two new Chairs of neuroscience (Lambon-Ralph, Mayes).
  • Reinforced international collaborations with the part-time appointments of McClelland (with Stanford) and Sanders (with Queensland).
  • More than doubled our grant income per FTE; we have secured new grants and funding worth £9M (award totals) from a wide range of funding bodies.
  • Increased the proportion of staff who have held external research funding (as PI or co-applicant) during the RAE period from 60% in 2001 to 87% in 2007.
  • Secured a number of large prestigious awards: MRC Brain Science Pathfinder and MRC Programme Grant (£1M), Lambon Ralph); MRC and DH award to investigate chronic fatigue syndrome (£1.4M, Wearden); funding from the Max Planck Institute in Leipzig for a dedicated Centre for studying the development of communication (£1.5M; Theakston, Lieven).
  • Increased Ph.D. registrations by 79% per FTE compared to RAE 2001. Increased Research Council funded studentships by 92% per FTE compared to RAE 2001.
  • Substantially increased the level of research output with a total of over 724 papers in peer-reviewed journals and over 134 invited international plenary lectures.
  • Major impact on Research Users, both NHS and commercial.

2. RESEARCH STRUCTURE
2.1 University/Faculty Context
Since RAE 2001 there have been major institutional changes with the merger of the Victoria University of Manchester and UMIST to form the University of Manchester (UoM) in 2004. UoM is the largest single-site University in the UK, with income of £620M, 11,700 staff and over 34,500 students. It has set ambitious goals to become one of the world’s top 25 universities by 2015.

The Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences (FMHS) is one of four faculties in UoM, incorporating 9 Schools. FMHS has a vibrant research environment with around 400 academic staff, 500 postdoctoral research staff, 1500 postgraduate students and annual research income of £65.3M, in addition to 7600 undergraduates.

2.2 School of Psychological Sciences
The formation of the new UoM enabled us to create a new School of Psychological Sciences (SPS) within FMHS. This has brought together three separate departments (Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Human Communication and Deafness), which had been in three different faculties, and enabled us to reprofile our activity around four research groups (see section 2.4). This was accompanied by major strategic recruitment of new staff. 31.2 FTE Cat A staff are returned here compared to 20 FTE Cat A in 2001: 51% of the Cat.A staff reported here are early career researchers. Early Career Researchers are highlighted with an asterisk* throughout. 23.5 FTE Cat A staff from SPS are returned in UoAs 9 (8), 12 (13.5) and 41 (2).

Research in the School is supported by a School Research Committee chaired by a professorial-level School research lead. A fulltime Research Business Manager (RBM) assists communication between groups, School and Faculty, disseminating best practice and assisting with grant applications.

2.3 Research Infrastructure
To ensure suitable infrastructure for its research goals UoM has embarked on a £600M programme of new building. UoM, FMHS and SPS have invested heavily to ensure first-class research facilities across the university, and strongly support multidisciplinary research through cross-faculty research institutes. Key new infrastructure and Institutes include:
  • FMHS and Wolfson Foundation £25M investment in core imaging facilities including the Wolfson Molecular Imaging PET Centre (opened in 2005/06), and research-dedicated MRI facilities (the Translational Imaging Unit) including a 3T Philips Achieva MRI facility (opened in 2005) and a 1.5T MRI sited within the Wellcome Clinical Research Facility. An additional MRI scanner will be placed at the WMIC by early 2008 (£400K contribution from Astra Zeneca) and all biomedical imaging facilities and research will be unified under a new, single Manchester Biomedical Imaging Institute. Montaldi Chairs the Users Group for MRI.
  • SPS investment (£650K) in two EEG laboratories, a neuroimaging analysis suite, zero tesla “mock” MR scanner, a large number of experimental cubicles (including a suite for the examination of computer-mediated communication), six dedicated eye-tracking systems for the eye movement monitoring of adults and children and two fully-equipped and staffed observational laboratories.
  • Opening of The Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, which has state-of-the-art facilities for conducting psychological and biomedical research with clinical groups (core to the work of the Clinical and Health Group, Brown* and Cartwright-Hatton*).
  • The Institute of Health Sciences: a networking organisation bringing together researchers from FMHS, the Faculty of Humanities and the NHS (SPS lead Wearden).
  • The Neuroscience Research Institute (NRI) (director Lambon Ralph) co-ordinates clinical and basic neuroscience research across the UoM. The NRI draws together expertise from the diverse fields of science, engineering and medicine, integrating basic lab-based research with its clinical applications.

2.4 Research Groups: Membership, Activities, Collaborations and Main Achievements
In developing its new research strategy SPS elected to focus its activity and new recruitment around four research groups: Neurosciences and Aphasia Research Unit (NARU), Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience Research Group (CCNRG), Language and Communication Research Group (LCRG) and Clinical and Health Psychology Research Group (CHRG).
2.4.1 Neurosciences and Aphasia Research Unit (NARU)
People
Caine, Jefferies (Cat B), Lambon Ralph, McClelland (C), Pobric*, Snowden (C), Welbourne*, Woollams* and Zahn* (all except Snowden appointed since 2001).

McClelland has been appointed as a consulting professor from 2007(10% FTE). The link between McClelland and NARU is well established with joint funding (National Institutes of Mental Health, NIMH, Center grant) and publications (e.g. Rogers, Lambon-Ralph, Garrard, Bozeat, McClelland, Hodges and Patterson, Psych. Rev., 2004). To extend the activity of this formal collaboration, Welbourne* was appointed in 2006 to link Manchester and Stanford (and has already resulted in a new EPSRC grant proposal by Welbourne* as PI for £850K to build a truly parallel PDP machine, with McClelland as consultant to the research).

Activities
This group studies disorders of memory, language and cognition using an interdisciplinary approach (cognitive neuroscience, neuropsychology, speech and language therapy, computational modelling, psychiatry, neurology, neurolinguistics) by applying convergent research methods and techniques. As such, it spans clinically-applied studies and basic neuroscience.

NARU’s research portfolio contains four research themes: Semantic memory; Language: production and comprehension, including acquired dyslexias and dysgraphias; Improved neuropsychological characterisation, assessment and diagnosis (to elucidate the cognitive, behavioural and language features of patients with frontotemporal dementia, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer’s and aphasia after stroke); Recovery, rehabilitation and neuroplasticity.


Collaborations
Main collaborations include with Patterson (MRC CBU, Cambridge) who holds an honorary chair position in NARU and is a co-grant holder (MRC programme grant), Price (UCL, NIMH funding), Wise (Imperial, Stroke Association funding), Plaut (Carnegie Mellon, Pittsburgh, NIMH funding), Rogers, Seidenberg and MacDonald (Madison, Wisconsin, all NIMH funding), Saito (Kyoto, Royal Society), Hutton and Baker (Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, MRC funding). Further evidence of such collaborations can be found in Lambon Ralph et al, Brain, 2007.
Main Achievements
  • Developed a new theory of semantic memory focusing on the role of anterior temporal lobes (a hitherto ignored region and underlying function: Rogers et al., Psych. Review, 2004), requiring the first direct comparison of the breakdown of semantic cognition in stroke aphasia, semantic dementia and HSVE (Lambon Ralph et al., Brain 2007; Jefferies and Lambon Ralph, Brain 2006; Snowden et al., Brain 2004).
  • Discovery of a critical role for the anterior temporal lobe region in social concepts (Zahn* et al., PNAS 2007).
  • Discovery of a second gene for frontotemporal dementia revealing that the underlying tau and progranulin genetic disorders lead to different neuropsychological profiles (Snowden et al., Brain 2007).
  • New and unified theoretical framework for explaining both normal reading and acquired dyslexias, which helps us to understand how acquired dyslexia emerges during recovery from acute brain damage as well as in neurodegenerative conditions (Welbourne* and Lambon Ralph, J. Cogn. Neurosci. 2007; CABN 2005; Woollams* et al., Psych. Review 2007).
  • Elucidation of the role of semantic representations in various aspects of language and verbal short-term memory (traditionally viewed as encapsulated functions divorced from semantic memory: Lambon Ralph et al., J. Cogn. Neurosci. 2001; Woollams*, JEP:LMC 2005; Jefferies et al., JML 2006).
  • A major new neurobiological, computational model of perceptual decision making (Usher and McClelland, Psych. Review 2001; 2004; Movellan and McClelland, Psych. Review 2001).

2.4.2 Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience Research Group (CCNRG)

People
Blanchette, El-Deredy, Jones*, Lander, Lloyd*, Mayes, Montaldi, Poliakoff*, Sirois, Stamatakis*, Tsivilis* (all except Lander appointed since 2001).

Activities
This group complements the more clinically-oriented work of NARU, and was formed to blend basic cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience research.

CCNRG ’s research portfolio contains four research themes: Memory and learning; Cross-modal and motor processing; Reasoning and decision making; Methodological development in imaging.
Collaborations
International collaborations include Grueber (Leipzig), Shultz (McGill University, Montreal), Dunbar (Dartmouth College), Kamachi (ATR, Japan), Norman (Princeton). Evidence of international collaboration can be seen in Mayes et al, Hippocampus, 2004; Sirois and Shultz, QJEP, 2006; Blanchette and Dunbar, JEP:LMC, 2002.

Main Achievements
  • Generated new insights into how voice and face information are combined (Kamachi, Hill, Lander and Vatikiotistis-Bateson., Current Biology 2003). This work was reviewed in TICS (Munhall and Buchan, 2004) and had a mini-conference dedicated to it (ATR, Japan, 2005). Demonstrated how characteristic motion information is used when learning and recognising faces, and how these insights can be incorporated into automated computer recognition systems (Lander, Memory and Cognition 2004; Lander et al., QJEP 2006).
  • The first human fMRI study to demonstrate similar cortical regions involved in the visuo-tactile-proprioceptive spatial mapping of limb position, previously only documented in primate electrophysiological recordings. These findings have formed the basis for many subsequent studies in the field of multisensory limb representation in humans (Lloyd* et al., Nature Neuroscience 2003).
  • Discovered that ‘inhibition of return’ is reduced in Parkinson’s disease which shows how spatial attention is allocated to the environment with enormous implications for everyday activity including driving (Poliakoff* et al., Brain 2003).
  • New theoretical framework for memory processing incorporating novel evidence (neuropsychological, fMRI and behavioural) that distinct kinds of associative memory are mediated by different medial temporal lobe structures (Mayes et al., TiCS 2007; Montaldi et al., Hippocampus 2006). This provides a unique insight into the neural bases of disorders like Alzheimer.
  • Generated insights into the interaction between emotion and logical reasoning using novel behavioural and physiological data which sheds light on how people reason about issues that are highly consequential for them (Blanchette and Richards, JEP:General 2003; Psych Sci 2004).
  • Implementation of computational models of infant habituation that incorporate key biological neuroscience mechanisms which illuminates a fundamental process in developmental psychology (Sirois and Mareschal, TiCS 2002; J. Cogn. Neurosci. 2004).

2.4.3 Language and Communication Research Group (LCRG)

People
Beattie (RGL), Behne*, Connell*, Holler*, Lea, Lieven (C), Pika*, Serratrice, Shovelton*, Stewart*, Theakston (6 appointed since 2001).

Activities
The research in this group is multi-disciplinary (with two members, Leudar, Speer, who use a Conversation Analytic approach returned under UoA 41). LCRG’s research portfolio contains four research themes: Language acquisition and language processing; Use and development of gesture; Identity, language and media; Applied aspects of language and communication.

Collaborations
Key international collaborations include Tomasello (Leipzig), Rayner (University of Massachusetts at Amherst), Pickering (Edinburgh), Sanford (Glasgow), McNeill and Duncan (Chicago), Bavelas (Victoria), Spears (Cardiff), Chater (UCL). Evidence of this collaboration can be seen in Savage et al., Dev. Sci, 2003; Tomasello et al, BBS, 2005; Duncan et al (eds) Gesture and the Dynamic Dimension of Language, 2007.



Main Achievements:
  • Novel use of syntactic priming to reveal a role for lexically-based learning and a lack of abstract syntactic structure even at four, raising problems for more generative accounts of acquisition. (Savage, Lieven, Theakston, and Tomasello, Dev. Sci. 2003).
  • Discovery that adult readers often construct impoverished semantic representations during comprehension and delay the resolution of ambiguous pronouns with implications for on-line models of language processing (Stewart*, Holler*, and Kidd, QJEP 2007).
  • Demonstration that iconic gestures are crucial to semantic communication, with some semantic features more significant than language itself and that the viewpoint from which the gesture is generated has a significant effect on its communicative power (Beattie and Shovelton*, Gesture, 2001, 2006). Significant practical applications, including the design of TV ads, for example the ‘F’ campaign 2003, ITV (runner-up position in the Market Research Awards, 2004).
  • Frequency and form of iconic gestures in talk are regulated as a function of the developing common ground between speaker and listener and that pragmatic aspects of communication are a major influence on gesture production (Holler* and Stevens, Jnl. Lang. and Soc. Psychol., 2007) with major implications for how we should approach the study of speech and gesture.
  • Infants' early social cognitive abilities, including their understanding of others' instrumental and communicative actions, enable them to participate in uniquely human processes of cultural learning and development (Behne*, Carpenter, Call and Tomasello, Dev. Psych. 2005; Tomasello, Carpenter, Call, Behne* and Moll, BBS, 2005).
  • Discovery that the four great ape species take into account the attentional state of a human experimenter but there are significant differences in social cognition between these species with implications for how we think about the nature of human evolution (Liebel, Pika*, Call, Tomasello, Interaction Studies, 2004).

2.4.4 Clinical and Health Psychology Research Group (CHRG)

People
Brown*, Calam, Cartwright-Hatton*, Sanders, Wearden (3 appointed since 2001)

CHRG is a major part of the larger Clinical and Health Research Group: members of the group working on psychosis have been submitted to UoA9, those working on other clinical and health topics are included here. Research is focussed on both the understanding of core clinical and health issues and their treatment. Five members of the group are practising Clinical Psychologists (Brown*, Calam, Cartwright-Hatton*) or health and social/developmental psychologists (Wearden, Sanders. During the RAE period, links between Queensland and Manchester (already established with funding from the Home Office for ‘The Great Parenting Experiment’, 2005-6) were formalised with a 0.2 FTE appointment for Sanders.

Activities
CHRG’s research portfolio contains two main research themes: Understanding and treatment of medically unexplained symptoms; Prevention and treatment of behavioural and emotional problems, including anxiety in pre-adolescent children.




Collaborations
Key international collaborations include Van der Hart (Leiden), Cardena (Lund), Per Fink (Aaarhus), Bogels (Amsterdam), Schneider (Basl). Evidence of collaborations with Lund and Leiden can be seen in, for example, Brown* et al., Psychosomatics, 2007.

Main achievements
  • A novel model of the mechanisms underlying medically unexplained symptoms which shows how it is possible to experience disabling physical symptoms through variations in normal psychological processes (Brown*, Psych Bull, 2004). Browns* research has resulted in a proposed classification change in DSM-V (see Brown* et al, Psychsomatics).
  • A new model of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) which explains CFS in terms of physiological dysregulation, maintained by cognitive and behavioural factors. (Wearden et al, BioMedCen.Med.2006). Has provided a new theoretical framework for treating a poorly understood disorder.
  • A new theory of how parents influence behavioural and emotional development in their offspring and how parenting interventions can be used to ameliorate serious behavioural disturbance in children (Mazzucchelli, Studman and Sanders, J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol, 2006). This theoretical perspective has been adopted by a number of countries world-wide (including Canada, China, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, Switzerland, Iran).
  • Development and validation of a new instrument to measure meta-cognitions in children as well as adults, which revealed that children as young as 13 hold complex beliefs about their thoughts which are highly correlated with mental health (Cartwright-Hatton* et al., J Anx Dis, 2004). Has informed CBT for anxious children.


3. RESEARCH STUDENTS AND RESEARCH STUDENTSHIPS
FMHS has a vibrant postgraduate community offering postgraduate students a structured supportive environment with a novel doctoral student workbook, which takes students through all phases of the PhD, a new research "contract" between supervisor and student which spells out the expectations of both parties, independent progress monitoring, a dedicated comprehensive FMHS graduate intranet, a range of on-line training modules (e.g. presentation skills, statistics) and "drop-in" advice centres.
At School level recruitment and monitoring of progress of PGR students is overseen by Postgraduate Tutors. In 2004, the School adopted a formal procedure which involves close and regular monitoring of PhD student performance over the course of the programme. In first year, PhD students are required to produce and are examined on a literature review (due 3 months after registration) and a continuation report (11 months after registration). The continuation report is examined in a viva by the student’s advisor and an examiner external to the supervisory team. Satisfactory performance in this viva is a requirement for transfer to second year. During second and third year, students meet with their supervisory team for formally scheduled meetings. The outcomes of these meetings are recorded and monitored at both School and Faculty level. Any causes for concern with respect to timely progress are brought to the School Postgraduate Committee for resolution. PhD students are required to complete a number of Faculty-led training programmes on matters such as ethics, research design and thesis planning and preparation. These training programmes are complemented by a dedicated comprehensive graduate intranet, a range of on-line training modules, and "drop-in" advice centres, and an induction programme for new students. PGR students attend research group meetings where they are expected to present their work on a regular basis. It is a formal requirement that second year students present a poster and that third year students present a spoken paper at the annual School-wide Postgraduate Research Forum. Students are also encouraged to present their work at national and international meetings. These presentations have resulted in elections to various international positions (Holler*, elected General Secretary of the Executive Committee for the International Society for Gesture Studies, 2007) and numerous invitations to talk at further conferences with full funding.

PhD studentships in the UoA are funded through competitive bids to BBSRC, ESRC EPSRC, and MRC, including CASE and ORS awards (13 ESRC, 2 BBSRC, 3 EPSRC, 5 MRC and 1 ORS in the RAE period). SPS funds 5 PhD bursaries each year, and the Max Planck funds 3 PhD studentships biannually. Potential applicants are linked with appropriate supervisors to develop projects, and go through a rigorous shortlisting and interview process guided by explicit scoring procedures based on the ESRC model. Those on 1+3 studentships undertake an MRes in year one before proceeding to the PhD. All students have one or more supervisors (junior academic staff are paired with more experienced senior staff) and an Advisor who oversees the student's monitoring and support processes. PGR students have specified formal monitoring and reporting procedures meetings with supervisor(s) and Advisor at six monthly intervals (starting at 3 months) to allow progression, in addition to the regular meetings with supervisor(s), monitored by the Faculty PG Committees.

Across the UoA, 205 students have been registered since 2001 for either doctorates (80 PhD students, 111 ClinPsyD) or M.Phil (14). Following the formation of SPS, the number of Research Council funded studentships has increased from 6 (2001-2003) to 18 (2004-2006). In the current RAE period 34 students were awarded PhDs, 65 ClinPsyDs and 13 MPhil.

4. RESEARCH INCOME
The UoA was awarded 79 new grants in this period with a total value of over £9M, with over £6M of external award value direct to SPS. Awards were from all major sources including research councils, AMRC charities, direct from government departments, EU and NIH. . Commercial companies like Unilever and ITV provided additional indirect support for research. Award highlights include:
  • Revealing the neural basis of semantic memory and its breakdown in semantic dementia and stroke aphasia. Lambon Ralph (MRC Programme: £807K).
  • Towards a neurobiologically constrained framework for modelling human cognition. National. Director: McClelland (Institute of Health [USA]: Integrative Behavioral Science Center; $10M overall; $1.5M to UK).
  • Assessing the effectiveness of Communication Therapy in the North West - The ACT NOW study. Lambon Ralph et al., (HTA - RCT: £1.3M).
  • £1.5M funding from the Max Planck Institute in Leipzig to fund a dedicated Centre for studying the development of communication (Lieven; Theakston).
  • A Randomised Controlled Trial of Nurse-led Self-help Treatment for Patients in Primary Care with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Wearden (MRC and DH: £1.4M in total).
  • Anxiety in Young Children: a New Cognitive-Behaviourally Based Intervention for Parents, Cartwright-Hatton* MRC Clinician Scientist Fellowship, 2005-09 £530K.
In addition our Early Career Researchers have already demonstrated their potential, securing 23 new awards worth over £1M.


5. RELATIONSHIPS AND IMPACTS ON RESEARCH USERS

5.1 The NHS
The Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences integrates its research strategy with that of local NHS Trusts, through the appointment of a Deputy Dean for Clinical Liaison and by working with the Greater Manchester Research Alliance (GMRA). The GMRA co-ordinates research activity across the University and NHS sectors in the Greater Manchester region and helps to ensure patient impact.

As a result the UoA benefits from some of the richest clinical links available in the UK, thus supporting access to large populations of key patient groups including those with aphasia after stroke (NARU has its own dedicated NHS specialist aphasia clinic run by Sage, Caine and Lambon Ralph) and patients with neurodegenerative disease including Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal dementia and Huntington’s disease. There are excellent links with local primary and secondary care NHS trusts, particularly Manchester Mental Health and Social Care NHS Trust and Central Manchester and Manchester Children’s University Hospitals NHS Trust, facilitating the recruitment of relevant clinical groups for research. These include major depression, CFS, somatoform disorders, PTSD and anxiety disorders. Examples of patient benefit from our research are:
  • A major impact on differential diagnosis in behavioural neurology in the region which has been rolled out to local clinics (Snowden) including the Cerebral Function Unit at Hope Hospital.
  • Aphasia research (Lambon Ralph and colleagues) has led to the setting up of a specialist Aphasia Clinic in Burnley General Hospital with bimonthly meetings for Speech and Language Therapists in the region to update them on new developments in aphasia research.
  • Cartwright-Hatton’s* research on meta-cognitions in childhood anxiety has been incorporated into training professionals in the treatment of anxiety in children in a number of Clin.Psy.D. programmes.
  • Sander’s and Calam’s research on how parenting interventions can be used to ameliorate serious behavioural disturbance in children now underpins an intervention programme that has been adopted by governments world-wide including Canada, China, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Australia, New Zealand, UK, Germany, Switzerland and Iran. In the UK, presentations at Downing Street led to it being incorporated into the Respect Agenda.
  • Wearden’s MRC-funded clinical (FINE) trial is investigating the efficacy of a treatment that can be delivered by general nurses rather than by trained specialists for patients with CFS. New NICE guidelines (August, 2007) incorporate many of the elements of the approach of the FINE trial.

5.2 Industry and the Commercial Sector
The University strongly encourages knowledge transfer in general, and the creation and commercialisation of intellectual property in particular. Support is provided to academics by the technology transfer company UMIP (University of Manchester Intellectual Property Ltd), which is one of the largest in the UK, handling over 200 internal disclosures per annum. Academic promotion policy has been changed to place greater emphasis on knowledge transfer.

In this UoA, consultancy work has been carried out for Unilever (Beattie, El-Deredy, Lloyd*, Stewart*) HSBC, LearnDirect, BT, Colgate, Expedia and ITV (Beattie), Advanced Telecommunications Research, Kyoto, 2003 (Beattie, Shovelton*) and Mead Johnson (Sirois). Other evidence for the impact of our work in commerce includes:
  • The new model of everyday semantic communication developed at Manchester that specifies a unique role for iconic gesture acting alongside speech has led to invited keynotes at major marketing and commercial conferences (e.g. Beattie and Shovelton* at the Marketing Forum Conference, New York, 2003 and major Unilever Conferences in New York, Berlin, Tokyo, 2004 and to PriceWaterhouseCoopers, London, 2004, 2006, and at the TV Matters Conference, Zurich 2004) and major presentations to ITV and Carlton TV, and subsequently to the making of a new type of TV commercial incorporating this theory.
  • Beattie’s work on communication has been incorporated directly into various commercial training packages including a Royal Mail video on bullying and harassment at work which won three awards from the International Visual Communication Association, 2006.
  • El-Deredy’s consultancy for Unilever has resulted in a new cognitive-neuroscience research strategy developed for Unilever foods which has resulted in an EU funded project on food product design involving both Unilever and UoM.


6. STAFFING POLICY
The University recognises the importance of effective staff development offering induction programmes and annual Performance and Development Review (PDR). Staff have free access to the staff development programmes offered by the Staff Training and Development Unit (e.g. Management Development, Health and Safety, Interpersonal and Communications skills, Self Management and Organisation, Teaching and Learning Support, Disability Services, and Counselling). Central computing services provide training in software applications and Corporate IS applications.

Our strategy in this RAE period has been to invest in the recruitment of outstanding ECRs (17 in the period). We support the development of these staff by giving them protected research time and reduced teaching and admin loads during their three year probationary period. Experienced mentors support their research plans and career development between formal annual Professional and Development Reviews. Senior research group leaders have devolved School funds available to support international conference attendance and to pump prime research activity. The probation period allows us to assess an individual’s research trajectory. This policy has had success as shown by the number of ECRs returned here, their RA2 outputs and research income (see section 4.).

To further encourage new researchers, the School has annual rounds of competitive bidding for funds to cover start-up research projects, international conference attendance, and participant payments. In 2005, 29 awards were made from these funds. There is also a basic consumables allowance for each research active staff member.

We aim for genuine international significance in all of our research groups. To this end, the research groups:
  • Use the annual PDRs for all staff to balance workloads, streamline teaching, initiate actions to meet training needs and agree individual research plans.
  • Mentor all staff to support and develop their research activity; this includes review of grant proposals; encouragement of collaborative research and international collaborations; and assistance with the dissemination of research findings in the leading journals in the field.
  • Control finance for strategic investment in their group. Each has a proportion of the Research Support Fund and the International Conference Fund to strategically develop research in their area and encourage presentations at international conferences.
  • Encourage and support new lecturers to apply for FMHS Research Start-up Fund (awards up to £15K).

In addition we have minimised the time spent by academic staff on administration by doubling the number of administrative support staff from 5 to 10 since 2005. In addition, four Teaching Fellows and four Teaching Assistants (2 FTE) have been recruited who deliver small group teaching across the first two undergraduate years. This has resulted in more research time, whilst ensuring the highest-quality learning experience for our undergraduates (e.g. satisfaction score 4.2 out of 5 for semester 1, 2006-7). The Teaching Fellows and Teaching Assistants deliver 90 contact hours per week with 120 hours preparation and marking, allowing Cat A staff approx 7 hours per week additional research time.


7. RESEARCH STRATEGY
Since 2001 we have made a major investment in new staff, particularly aimed at building neuroscience with the formation of two new research groups (NARU and CCNRG). We have also aimed to recruit young staff with excellent future research prospects across all four of our current groups and this is reflected in the demographics of this submission.

In the next RAE period we
will ensure that our research development continues to be world class in all our areas. To achieve this, our objectives in the next five years are as follows:
  1. 1.To develop a world leading centre of Neuroscience research, and position it as central to the ambitions of the new University of Manchester.
  2. 2.To create stronger links between our research groups, recognizing that many of the core issues in psychological research are best approached from a number of different theoretical perspectives.
  3. 3.To explicitly introduce the neuroscientific approach to some of the core issues in cognition and language and communication research, including face recognition, language production and comprehension and the generation and interpretation of iconic gesture.
  4. 4.To exploit fully the enormous practical applications of the new theory of human communication developed at Manchester, that semantic communications depends upon speech and gesture working closely in tandem, to fund new developments in communicational research.
  5. 5.To build on the links between Manchester and Queensland to develop a centre of excellence for parenting research.
  6. 6.To connect together our developmental psychologists who focus on infants, pre-schoolers, school age children and adolescents to build novel theories of the origins and development of language, cognition and conversation and also the developmental origins of maladaptive cognition.

To help achieve these ambitions, in 2009 all of SPS will move to refurbished accommodation in Dover Street, linked to the existing Zochonis building, at a total cost of £11M. Research facilities will also be improved by the establishment of an additional EEG lab, a sleep lab to investigate the consolidation of memories, new TMS facilities, additional observational facilities for language and communication research and new remote eye-tracking equipment.

We will recruit to a further two new Chairs, one with a focus on the CCNRG-NARU interface and one in CHRG with a focus on the developmental aspects of maladaptive cognition. We will also recruit additional young staff, with an emphasis on staff who have the potential to win external fellowships. This will be coupled to continuing refinement of our Staffing Policy to maximize the research potential of staff at all levels.

We
will further maintain our upward trajectory of PhD studentships by 10% per year with emphasis on increasing our share of funding from research councils. We also aim to exploit our growing commercial reputation and links for both CASE studentships and studentships fully funded by industry and commercial bodies.

8. ESTEEM INDICATORS
(note: lectures/presentations included are 'all expenses paid')
8.1 Summary Data

Research group A. Prizes awards and fellowships B. International plenary lectures C. Committees D. Editorial Boards
Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience 3 18 11 2
Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit 3 45 8 13
Language and Communication 7 39 10 8
Clinical and Health Psychology 2 30 17 8
UoA TOTAL: 15 132 46 31

8.2 Highlights
Blanchette (see also RA5b)
  • Invited lecture University of Ottawa, 2003.
  • Invited lecture McMaster University, Ontario, 2001.
  • Popular media coverage on: You and Yours, BBC Radio 4, November 2004. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 2007.

Beattie
  • Keynote talks, Marketing Division of Unilever (New York, Tokyo, Berlin), 2004.
  • Keynote lecture international conference on speech and gesture, Chicago, 2003. International on-site reviewing and invited lecture, Advanced Telecommunications Research, Kyoto, Japan, 2003.
  • President, Psychology Section of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 2005-06.
  • Resident psychologist on ‘The Farm of Fussy Eaters’ (UKTV Style, 2007), also transmitted in Hungary and Czech Republic (through HBO); Presenter of The Body Politic nightly on the main ITV news at Ten Thirty on the run-up to the General Election, 2005. Expert commentator on CNN, Sky News, BBC News 24, BBC World Service, News Asia, GMTV.

Behne*
  • Invited talk, Kyoto University, Primate Research Institute in Inuyama, Japan, 2006.
  • Convenor and speaker in symposium at the /Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development in Atlanta, Georgia, 2005.
  • Invited chair of the symposium at the EFS Workshop Understanding Actions and Minds in Budapest, 2004.
  • Invited talk, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 2004.




Brown*
  • Guest Editor, appointed 2006, Special Issue of Clinical Psychology Review on Medically Unexplained Symptoms.
  • Member of the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation Annual Conference Scientific Program Committee, 2005-2007.
  • Invited member at the International Society for the Study of Dissociation research planning conference for DSM V, Toronto, 2005.
  • Invited presentation at the Psychogenic Movement Disorders Workshop, Atlanta, Georgia, 2003.

Caine
  • Grant Reviewer, National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia), Australian Research Council, MS Society of Australia, 2003-present.
  • Reviewer Journal of International Neuropsychological Society, Brain, Cortex, Neurocase, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Cognitive Neuropsychology.
  • International Neuropsychological Society Invited lecture: Cerebral anoxia: Mechanisms of pathology and neuropsychological outcomes 2002.
  • Invited talk, Frontotemporal Dementia, Malaga, Spain, May 2007

Calam (see also RA5b)
  • External Examiner, PhD theses, University of Queensland, Australia, 2004-2006.
  • Invited keynote International Congress of Psychology Beijing, 2004.
  • Member scientific committee Triple P International, University of Queensland, 2003.
  • Member scientific committee Internet, media and mental health, Brisbane, 2003.

Cartwright-Hatton*
  • MRC Clinician Scientist Fellowship, 2005-2009.
  • Stream co-chair at European Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies conference, 2004.
  • Editorial board Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 2004.
  • Stakeholder representative for British Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies in development of NICE guidelines for treatment of depression in childhood.

Connell*
  • Reviewer for ESRC research grant scheme January 2007-present.
  • Research achievement reward, Embark Initiative, Irish Research Council, 2006.

El-Deredy
  • International Faculty Member, Universidad Politecnica de Cataluna, Barcelona, May 2007.
  • International programme committee: Second International Conference on Computational Intelligence in Medicine and Healthcare, 2005.
  • International Society Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, invited lecture on Statistical and Neural network methods in MR data analysis, Toronto, 2003.
  • European Patent EP1271341: Cronin et al, System for analysing textual data, published 2003.

Holler*
  • ESRC funded seminar at Deafness, Cognition and Language Research Centre, London, January 2007.
  • Invited talk Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, March 2007.
  • Elected General secretary of the Executive Committee for the International Society for Gesture Studies, June 2007.

Jones*
  • Invited lecture, Anatomy of Time conference, UCL London, April 2007.
  • Reviewer for Neuropsychologia, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Acta Psychologia, Perception and Psychophysics, 2006.

Lander (see also RA5b)
  • Invited chair, symposium on ‘Face Perception’ at European Society for Cognitive Psychology, Leiden, 2005.
  • Invited researcher Advanced Telecommunications Research (ATR) labs, Kyoto, Japan 2002-2005. Plus award for outstanding research, 2003.
  • Recorder for the Psychology Section of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 2003-7 with major international coverage of BAAS’s events.
  • Invited chair and symposium organizer for ‘Recognizing Moving Faces’, European Society for Cognitive Psychology, Granada, Spain.

Lambon Ralph
  • Keynote speaker, Japanese Psychological Society, Kyoto, May 2007.
  • Member MRC Panel Experimental Medicine 2005, MRC Brain Sciences II (2004) and MRC College of Experts, 2006-10.
  • Action editor for Cognitive Neuropsychology from 2001 and for Neuropsychological Rehabilitation from 2004.
  • Elected Honorary Fellow, Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists, 2003.

Lea
  • MemberInternational Program Committee, Annual Conference of the International Federation for Information Systems on Virtuality and Society, July 2007.
  • Member review panel, Shared Cyberinfrastructure Directorate, U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF), 2005.
  • Visiting Fellowship, Nanyang Technological University, 2005.
  • Invited talk University of Milan, 2003.

Lieven (Cat C)
  • Invited keynote, International Conference on first and second language acquisition, Paris, 2006.
  • Invited keynote at the third Emergence and Evolution of Linguistic communication workshop, Rome, 2006.
  • Invited keynote: Cognitive Linguistics workshop, University of Jena, 2005.
  • Editor: Journal of Child Language 2001-2005.

Lloyd*
  • Organiser of invited symposium at British Psychophysiological Society meeting, UK, 2004.
  • Invited lecture Division of Neuropsychology, University Hospital, Lausanne, 2004.
  • Selected multimedia exhibition stand at The Royal Society: New Frontiers in Science Exhibition, 2001.

Mayes
  • Editor-in-Chief, Neuropsychologia, 2005.
  • Invited lecture, 2nd International Meeting on Brain, Memory and Language, Bar-llan University, Israel, 2005.
  • Member, Wellcome Trust Basic science interview committee, 2004 –present.
  • Invited lecture, Int. Neuropsychology Society, Toronto, 2002.

McClelland (Cat C)
  • William James Fellow, APS, 2004.
  • Elected member, National Academy of Sciences, 2001 and action editor for PNAS 2003-present.
  • IEEE Neural Networks Pioneer Award, 2002.
  • Awarded Doctorate Honoris Causa, New Bulgaria University, Sofia, Bulgaria, July 2003.

Montaldi
  • External examination of PhD thesis: Karolinska Institute, Sweden, March 2007.
  • Member, Scientific Committee, International Conference in Human Brain Mapping, January 2007.
  • Elected member Memory Disorders Research Society, 2005.

Pika*
  • Invited speaker, Mathematics and Science conference, Bremerhaven, 2003.
  • Reviewer, American Journal of Primatology, Current Anthropology, Ethology, 2006-2007.
  • Invited speaker PhD Course, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands, April 2007.
  • Invited speaker, Faculty of Language, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands, January 2007.

Pobric*
  • Marie Curie Fellow: RTN: Network: Brain and Language, 2005-6.
  • Invited talk, CNRS, Lyon, France, 2005.
  • Invited talk, Bar Ilan University, Tel Aviv, Israel, June 2007.

Poliakoff*
  • Co-organiser of ESRC-funded series of workshops on Body Representation 2006-2008.
  • Invited lecture, Max Planck Institute for Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany 2005.
  • Organiser, BBSRC funded Brain Awareness Week 2004-06.
  • Invited talk to BAE Systems, 2005.

Sanders
  • Nine keynotes at international conferences during 2006 (including Early Childhood Intervention Conference, Adelaide).
  • WHO consultant on parent education in the Middle East and Malaysia, 2005.
  • International Collaborative Prevention Research Award from the Society for Prevention research, 2004.
  • Elected to Academy of Experimental Criminologists in USA, 2004.

Serratrice
  • Reviewer for the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, 2004.
  • Invited speaker, University of Utrecht, September 2006.
  • Secretary of the International Association for the Study of Child Language, 2006.
  • Member of editorial board of Journal of Child Language, 2006.

Shovelton* (see also RA5b)
  • Invited keynote address, Interacting Bodies International Conference, Lyon, 2005.
  • Invited keynote address Advanced Telecommunication Research, Kyoto, Japan, September 2003.
  • Runner-up, Marketing Research Awards 2004.
  • Invited keynote address, TV Matters Conference, Zurich, 2004.

Sirois
  • Research featured in CBS 'The Early Show', January 2007.
  • Referee for European Commission FP6 NEST-PATHFINDER initiatives, 2005.
  • External doctoral examination. PhD, Universite de Liege, BE, 2004; Member of the Program Committee of the International Epigenetic Robotics conference, 2004.
Snowden (Cat C)
  • Member, editorial board, Neuropsychologia from 2006.
  • Organiser and Programme Chair for World Congress on Huntington’s Disease, Manchester, 2005.
  • Invited Keynote lectures at La Société de la Neuropsychologie de Langue Française. Grenoble, France. May 2005, and Inaugural meeting of the Japanese Academy for Pick’s Disease. Tokyo, Japan. 2005.
  • International Neuropsychological Society Arthur Benton award, for outstanding achievement in neuropsychological research, 2002.
Stamatakis*
  • Member, Editorial board of Neuroscience, 2006- present.
  • Imaging member of scientific Committee for International Conference on Human Brain Mapping, 2005, 2006, 2007.
  • Invited talk, Department of Radiology, University of California at San Francisco, 2004.

Stewart*
  • Invited lecture, University of Warwick, 2006.
  • Member Donald Broadbent lecture selection panel, 2005.
  • Invited lecture, Society for Chemical Industry, Belgravia, London, 2004.
  • Member BPS Cognitive Section committee, 2003-2005.

Theakston (see also RA5b)
  • Keynote speaker, Netwerk Eerste Taalverwerving (NET) symposium, Tilburg, Netherlands, February 2007.
  • Member editorial board, Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic theory, 2004-present.
  • Treasurer, International Association for the Study of Child Language, 2002-2008.
  • Invited specialist tutor at international workshop for training in use of CHILDES system, Warwick, 2002.


Wearden
  • Associate Editor of British Journal of Health Psychology, 2006.
  • Elected chair, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Network 2005-2007.
  • Chair , Data Monitoring and Ethics Committee, for Wellcome funded RCT (Ridsdale, Institute of Psychiatry), 2004.
  • Invitedlecture, Symposium on functional somatic syndromes, 8th International Congress Behavioral Medicine, Mainz, Germany, 2004.

Welbourne*
  • Invited speaker, British Neuropsychological Society, 2006, London.
  • Invited speaker, British Aphasiology Society, 2003.

Woollams*
  • Grant reviewer for ESRC.
  • Reviewer for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Journal of Neurolinguistics, Memory and Cognition, Language and Cognitive Processes, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.
  • Invited speaker British Neuropsychological Society, 2005, London.

Zahn*
  • Ad-hoc reviewer for the Scientific Advisory Board of the international conference of the Organisation for Human Brain Mapping, June 2007.
  • Elected professional membership: The Academy of Aphasia, 2004.
  • Journal reviewer for Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging, Cerebral Cortex, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, Neuropsychologia, Cortex.