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UOA 59 - Classics, Ancient History, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies
University of Edinburgh
RA5a: Research environment and esteem
Since 2003 an almost total renewal of the UoA’s staff has transformed Classics at Edinburgh and created an outstanding, multi-national mix of gifted young researchers and scholars of established international reputation. Only Davies remains of those submitted in 2001, when nine FTE Category A staff were returned and a rating of 4 achieved. The present submission is 18 FTE. Research grants awarded are now well over £500,000 for the period, a significant rise over the c. £7,000 recorded in the previous submission, and 17.50 PhDs have been completed compared to 13 in the previous period. One consequence of this transformation is that the plans for the future submitted to RAE 2001 no longer bear much relation to the work of the unit or its members. Similarly, the feedback from the RAE panel in 2001 relates to a unit embedded in a structure wholly different from that which now exists and to a complement of staff almost entirely different from the present.
In 2002-3 academic staff in Classics had sunk to 9.5 FTE, of whom only 4 were potentially returnable in a future RAE. In that year, however, the University was restructured into three Colleges and 21 Schools. Alongside three former departments of History, Classics became part of the School of History and Classics, and, with a healthy devolved budget at his disposal, the inaugural Head of School began to implement an immediate strategy for renewal. A cluster of retirals in 2002-6, together with a number of departures to posts elsewhere, permitted a mixed strategy of early career and senior appointments. The Chair of Classics, vacant since the early retiral of Richardson on health grounds in 2002, was filled in 2003 (Cairns; he took up the post in September 2004). Three further senior appointments (Barringer and Erskine in 2004-5, now professors, followed by Berry in 2006-7) were then made to provide leadership in research, teaching, and administration. Since 2003 the School has made eight excellent junior appointments in Classics (Sauer 2003-4; Grig, Llewellyn-Jones, Roth, and Trépanier 2004-5; Kelly 2005-6; Lurje 2006-7; Rothe 2007-8). A further Chair appointment, in Classical Archaeology (Crow), was made in 2006, as part of the strategy to bring Archaeology at Edinburgh into the new School of History, Classics, and Archaeology (from August 2007). This has created exciting new opportunities for both parties and allowed Classics to capitalize on its traditional strengths in Classical Archaeology; as part of this new initiative Bolger, Leighton, Peltenburg, Schoop (appointed 2007), and Thomas are submitted via this UoA. They enhance the strengths represented by (Category A) Barringer, Crow, Davies, Sauer, and (Category C) Breeze, Gebhard, and Small. The enthusiasm, energy, and enterprise of the new appointees more than compensates for the departure of staff returned as Category B: the archaeological expertise that was lost with Ridgway and Lemos has been enhanced by the appointment of Sauer, Barringer, Crow, and Schoop and by the new links with Archaeology; the experience in Latin literature and the strength in late antique history lost with Rees are remedied by the appointment of Berry, Grig, Kelly, and Rothe. Rutter, formerly category A, and a number of other researchers with honorary status are sufficiently involved in the unit's research culture to warrant inclusion in the same category. There are 12 Honorary Fellows and two Post-doctoral Fellows, of whom five are returned as Category C in this RAE.
The research community of the Subject Area is regularly enhanced by the presence of visiting professors – every two years by the Leventis Professor in Greek (Konstan 2001; Deger-Jalkotzy 2003; Penner 2005; Bremmer 2007), and by ad hoc visitors (e.g. Dominik, 2006-7). All Leventis Professors have been major figures in one or more of the research specialisms of Edinburgh staff; have held research seminars for staff and research postgraduates; and have been generous with advice on individuals’ research. Funding is recurrent and permits further biennial appointments for the foreseeable future.
The development of collaboration within the School, especially between Archaeologists, Ancient Historians, Classical Archaeologists, Scottish Historians, and Mediaeval Historians, is a major plank of the UoA’s strategy for 2008-13. The co-location of the School in a refurbished listed building in 2010, for which a budget of £14m has been allocated, will be a significant milestone in this. Since 2003, the Subject Area’s strategy has been to increase both the absolute number and the proportion of research-active staff, to foster a collaborative approach to research (both within and beyond the School), and to attract postgraduate research students and external research funding. These remain our main operational targets for the next RAE period; within these parameters we shall continue to develop specific research foci in Hellenistic culture, material culture, late antiquity, intellectual history, and reception.
4. Research groupings
The transformation of the unit has led to the creation of new research links and to the enhancement of existing ones, both within the School and beyond; it has been and will be a deliberate strategy to foster such collaboration. The School has played a major role in this by encouraging the development of new Taught Masters (MSc) programmes that exploit and enhance shared research expertise throughout the School; these help focus the unit’s strengths in research, contribute to the research training of those who will become research postgraduates, and advertise the UoA’s wares to potential research students. Early career staff have joined with more senior appointees in projects such as:
- Hellenistic World: Barringer, Erskine, Llewellyn-Jones, Trépanier, Winder; MSc; conference and forthcoming edited volume; forthcoming joint monograph Llewellyn-Jones and Winder.
- Late Antiquity: Grig, Kelly, and Sauer, recently augmented by Crow and Rothe, in collaboration with medievalists and Scottish historians; MSc in First Millennium Studies; successful international conference panel, plus additional one-day conference, with forthcoming edited volume, on Rome and Constantinople (Grig and Kelly); inter-departmental Seminar in Medieval History.
- Slavery and Forced Labour Studies; MSc developed by Roth has led to research collaboration with Law, Economic and Social History, and Asian and African History; international Table Ronde on Slavery supported by internal and external funding.
- New (2007) MScs in Classical Art and Archaeology and Forensic Anthropology, together with revitalized programmes in Mediterranean Archaeology and Underwater Archaeology, will be the focus of the integration of Archaeology into the research culture of History and Classics. Collaboration of Leighton, Thomas, and Roth in Small’s Vagnari excavation; Lemba Archaeological Research Centre, Cyprus (Peltenburg, Bolger, Thomas); Leighton's collaboration with Dixon (Geosciences) on sources of stone tools in the central Mediterranean.
- Material Culture: Archaeologists and Ancient Historians (esp. Davies, Llewellyn-Jones, Rothe) collaborate with social historians (esp. Nenadic (UoA 62)) in new cross-school/cross-institutional MSc in Material and Visual Cultures of the Past.
- Ancient Philosophy: Cairns, Erskine, Lurje, Trépanier; inter-School collaboration with Philosophy and Islamic Studies in new (2007) MSc in Ancient Philosophy; Project Archelogos; Ancient Philosophy Reading Group; Leventis Plato conference.
- Classical Reception: Lurje’s arrival in 2006 facilitated collaboration with Davies and Llewellyn-Jones and links with colleagues in History and Philosophy in the development of a new MSc in Intellectual History.
In addition, Cairns, Llewellyn-Jones, Davies, and Rothe share research interests in dress and body language, reflected in Cairns and Llewellyn-Jones’s studies of veiling, a joint volume on dress by Davies, Llewellyn-Jones, and Cleland (Edinburgh PhD and Postdoctoral Fellow), and contributions by Llewellyn-Jones and Davies in volume edited by Cairns. At a College level, Cairns participated in an interdisciplinary seminar series on the emotions. Breeze, Crow and Sauer have shared interests in linear barriers and collaborate in the Northern Frontier Seminar; Crow’s arrival makes this an area for future development.
There are also extensive external collaborations:
- Berry’s arrival has facilitated collaboration with Glasgow and St. Andrews on a new edition of the fragments of Roman oratory and led to an international conference.
- Crow co-directs Water Supply of Constantinople Project with Istanbul TU supported by Turkish Science Foundation and BA.
- Leighton directs fieldwork in Sicily (Morgantina) with Princeton and Virginia.
- Llewellyn-Jones is working on a study of ancient Persia and modern Iran with Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies, Edinburgh, and with Ansari, St. Andrews; he is affiliated to the Centre for the Study of Ancient Textiles, Leiden.
- Roth is a long-standing member of the Mainz Academy research project, Antike Sklaverei, and has founded an International Table Ronde on Ancient Slavery; she is on the epigraphy team, NYU/Oxford Aphrodisias excavation.
- Peltenburg collaborated with Lemos (Oxford) on her Lefkandi excavations, with Durham, Manchester, Stirling, and London on his multidisciplinary Syria project, and with Canadian, Cypriot, and UK scholars on his Souskiou, Cyprus project.
- Rutter is a collaborator in the multi-volume Historia Numorum and directs an international project on the royal coinages of Cyprus, assisted by Markou (Athens) and Destrooper (Cyprus), funded by Leventis Foundation (£10,000; not in RA4).
- Sauer’s projects at Alchester and in Iran involve collaboration with Oxford and Leicester and with the Iranian Archaeological Service and Durham (resp.).
- Small’s excavations in Italy involve archaeologists from Canada, Italy, and UK, and large numbers of Edinburgh students.
- Schoop directs fieldwork in Turkey (Çorum province) with DAI Istanbul.
- Joint publications include volumes edited by Barringer with Hurwit (Oregon), by Peltenburg with Wasse (Amman), by Cairns with Knox (Glasgow) and Liapis (Montréal), and by Llewellyn-Jones with Cleland and Harlow (Birmingham); a forthcoming article on Homer by Cairns and Allan (Oxford); a monograph by Llewellyn-Jones with de Souza (UCD) and Heckel (Calgary).
Several colleagues have close links with external organizations such as museums and galleries:
- Davies has published, under the auspices of the World Museum, Liverpool, the catalogue of the Ince Blundell Collection, and is part of an international group, headed by the Swedish School at Rome and Stockholm National Museum, on the treatment of Classical sculpture by G. B. and F. Piranesi.
- Llewellyn-Jones was involved in events to promote the British Museum’s ‘Persians’ exhibition, 2005.
- Sauer organized a project with museums in Germany and Spain on the Roman conquest of Europe (with €149,300 EU funding: not in RA4).
- National Museum, National Library, and National Galleries contribute to postgraduate research training, providing (e.g.) access to their expertise and collections and internships for MSc in Material Culture.
- National Museum, British Museum, Scottish Reactor Centre, and Peabody, Harvard, are engaged with Peltenburg on his Souskiou and Syria projects.
5. Research infrastructure and resources
5. 1. Research strategy and administration
Overall responsibility for research strategy in Classics rests with the Professor of Classics (currently Head of School) and the Head of Classics, but both exercise their responsibilities within a School and Subject Area structure. Research management for the School is the task of the School Research Directors (currently two senior colleagues), with the support of the School Research Office (staffed by a full-time administrator). There is a School Research Committee (on which Cairns and Erskine serve), and a School Ethics Committee, as well as a Classics Research Committee. The School Research Office administers research grants and completes grant applications, as well as maintaining School databases of publications and grants and disseminating information on research opportunities. The Research Committee handles research strategy, carries out regular research monitoring exercises, and also administers the School’s Research Leave Scheme. Matters pertaining to research postgraduates are dealt with by the School Postgraduate Office, staffed by a full-time administrator and a full-time secretary and overseen by a School PG Director, who chairs the School Postgraduate Studies Committee. Classics and Archaeology have their own Postgraduate Directors, who oversee research training, postgraduate seminars, and the local aspects of admission and assessment. Classics postgraduates also participate prominently in the STAGE (St Andrews, Glasgow, and Edinburgh) network of Scottish postgraduates, which organizes an annual research training event and an annual postgraduate conference.
Training in various aspects of research activity (e.g. writing research proposals, getting one’s work published, identifying sources of funding) – especially valuable for the large number of junior researchers in this unit – is provided in a number of contexts: Edinburgh Research and Innovation stages regular learning lunches on such matters; it also has regular meetings to disseminate information on research opportunities and on preparing proposals, and offers targeted group sessions; its liaison officers work closely with individual researchers and with the School Research Office on identifying sources of funding and framing proposals; and the School Research Office offers a regular digest of research opportunities tailored to individuals’ needs.
All new staff (of whatever grade) and any existing colleague who wishes are allocated a research mentor familiar not only with UK research culture but also with the environment and procedures of the University. The research activity of early career staff is monitored and fostered in the context of the University’s Performance Development and Review scheme, which both reviews performance against annually agreed targets and provides further mentoring on research, teaching, and administration. Research targets form part of the biennial cycle of appraisal for all staff.
A School-wide workload model ensures that teaching and administrative duties do not overwhelm the time available for research. The model also includes allowances for new staff (a reduction of 33% of an average load) and for the preparation of new lectures by all staff; workload credit is also given for applications for external research funding.
Research strategy is developed at all levels of the School. Plans for study leave, potential applications for external funding, and applications for internal School research support are discussed at Classics Research Committee, the Classics Subject Area meeting, School Research Committee, and School Planning and Resources Committee. All staff on open-ended contracts may apply for one semester’s study leave after five semesters’ service. Colleagues may also apply for externally funded leave at any time and, where it is a requirement that externally funded leave must be matched by the home institution, the School will grant research leave without prejudice to the regular entitlement to apply.
5. 2. Research Facilities
Researchers at Edinburgh have access to around three million printed volumes across the University’s 21 sites, as well as to electronic resources through the University network. These include over 160 bibliographic databases and over 4,000 full-text journals. Library resources in Classics, both traditional and electronic, are excellent. Standard databases such as TLG, Dyabola, and Ann.Phil. online are available; e-journals provision in the main University Library is good, and off-campus access to many, including JSTOR, is possible. These facilities are enhanced by the proximity of the (copyright) National Library of Scotland (whose excellent MS collection is used in postgraduate research training) and the library of the National Museum of Scotland.
In addition to the usual facilities and equipment there are scanners, laptops, and digital cameras available to all who need them. The Subject Area also has a small reference library and an adjacent postgraduate computer cluster, while at School level there is a postgraduate centre, with wireless internet access, study space, and social area. Archaeology is exceptionally well endowed with laboratory facilities to support research and postgraduate teaching, and these are available to all in the School who need them. In addition, there are specialist computing facilities directly related to archaeological research (e.g. GIS, remote sensing, advanced graphics).
5. 3. Funding
The School Planning and Resources Committee controls a research fund which now stands at £25k per annum. Each member of staff is entitled to apply for £700 p.a. for conferences, £350 p.a. for research travel, and £250 p.a. for research expenses. The School also has a Conference Underwriting Fund which will indemnify conferences against loss, and a Seed-Corn and Pump-Priming Fund which supports projects suitable for development as applications for external funding. Typical awards are in the region of £500, though applications are permitted up to £4,000. The School allocates 40% of its share of FEC income on research council awards to the PI for research expenses not covered by the main grant.
In addition to School funds, all colleagues may apply to discretionary University of Edinburgh funds (e.g. the Edinburgh Development Trust, for Small Project Grants up to £5,000; the Moray Endowment Fund, up to £2000; the Development Trust Research Fund, for projects in Humanities and Social Sciences between £2-10,000; the Munro Fund, up to £2,000; the Hayter Fund, up to £1,000).
Applications for external research funding were limited prior to the foundation of the School in 2002. After a slow start, however, the School’s policy of incentivizing external applications (e.g. by requiring application to appropriate external sources before considering applications for internal funds; by returning a proportion of overheads to the PI; by granting a workload allowance for grant applications; by providing seed-corn funding for the development of applications), together with the change of culture inaugurated by the advent of a large number of new staff, has begun to have an impact both on applications submitted and on grants awarded. The largest source of external income in Classics, however, the Leventis Chair in Greek, was originally set up (in 1997) as an endowment account with a commercial bank, and so does not register in the University’s research accounts. This gift of £449,976 (£329,940 since January 2001; current balance £211,442, with further annual grants of £30,000 to come) has brought considerable prestige and recognition to the unit. Similarly excluded from RA4, Peltenburg obtained £45,000 from the White-Levy Foundation, Harvard, and £60,000 from the J. S. Gordon Fund, which is transmitted directly for research in Cyprus (where the government also awarded £70,000 for the same purpose). Several colleagues appointed within the RAE period attracted external funding in their previous posts:
- Berry: AHRB (RL) award, 2004 (£13,153).
- Cairns: £15,653 (AHRB RL, BA British and Overseas Conference Grants), 2002-4.
- Crow: over £300,000 (including Leverhulme Trust and AHRB).
- Grig: British School at Rome studentship (£4,050 + 9 months residence).
- Lurje: €26,000 (DFG), $28,000 (Harvard)
- Llewellyn-Jones: BA Conference Grant, 2001 (£2,000).
- Trépanier: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2003-5.
- Sauer: 20 grants (c. £42,000).
Full data on grant expenditure by staff in post at Edinburgh appear elsewhere in this submission. They reflect an increasing culture of application for external funding, from 8 applications in the years 2001-4 to 54 in 2004-7.
6. Conferences, colloquia, and workshops.
The Classics Research Seminar has been revitalized by the influx of new staff in 2004 and its reorganization by Roth from the 2005-6 session onwards. In academic year 2003-4 it was still a lunchtime event with mainly local speakers; since its reorganization it has been an evening seminar with around 19 speakers a year, from UK, Europe, North America, and Australasia. Co-ordinated planning with the Classical Association of Scotland (Edinburgh and South East) means that Edinburgh has a visiting speaker in Classics virtually every week in term-time. Postgraduate Research Students have their own weekly seminar in semester 2 of each year, and were also instrumental in the organization of the Scottish Postgraduate Conference in Classics, first held in Edinburgh in 2006 and now an annual event. The prestigious Munro lecture series, hosted with Social Anthropology, showcases speakers from the UK and abroad.
Thanks to a series of grants from the A. G. Leventis Foundation, Classics has been able to appoint five Leventis Research Professors in Greek. Each of these has, during his/her tenure (normally one semester), organized a major international conference on a theme of his/her choosing. Four of these have been held in the current RAE period. Each results in a peer-reviewed collection of papers (Konstan and Rutter (2003); Deger-Jalkotzy and Lemos (2006); and Cairns, Herrmann, and Penner (2007)). Other major international conferences held within the period include Colours in Antiquity (2001; published 2005); the centenary conference of the Classical Association of Scotland (held jointly with the Classical Association, 2002); Ted Hughes and the Classics (2005; publication forthcoming); Creating a Hellenistic World (2006; publication forthcoming); Form and Function in Roman Oratory (2007; publication forthcoming). In Spring 2007 Roth brought the Annual Meeting of the British Epigraphy Society to Edinburgh. Peltenburg and Wilkinson (now Durham) brought the annual conference of the British Association of Near Eastern Archaeology to Edinburgh in 2006 (two volumes forthcoming). In hosting major international conferences, especially those held under the auspices of learned societies and subject associations, Edinburgh also makes a substantial contribution to the discipline.
The same might also be said of contributions to external events held in collaboration with others. Edinburgh has made substantial contributions to the biennial Celtic Conference in Classics (CCC). The panels from which this event is constructed consist of up to 20 speakers (normally established scholars), each offering a substantial research paper; publication of successful panels by the Classical Press of Wales is a normal expectation. There has been at least one panel organized by a current member of Edinburgh staff at every CCC since its inception in 2000. At the most recent (2006), Edinburgh staff organized two panels and contributed to a third; a volume arising from a panel at CCC 2002 has been published by Cairns (2005) and a further volume by Davies is forthcoming.
Classics is also regularly host to national research events such as those associated with the STAGE postgraduate network/Scottish Postgraduate Conference and the twice-yearly one-day colloquia of the Classical Association of Scotland, held biennially in Edinburgh.
7. Postgraduate community
In 2001-7 Classics admitted 22 PhD students and 19 MSc by Research students. In the same period, 19 PhD and 26 MScR students have completed their studies. Eighteen students have been funded by studentships (3 students with more than one award; NB RAE data do not capture students awarded studentships in a subsequent year of study). Twenty-four non-UK students were recruited in the period (15 EU; 9 overseas), testimony to the international standing of the unit. [Figures above are headcounts.] PGR recruitment is a challenge for a unit with such a large number of new and junior staff; yet recruitment has risen steadily since 2004 (two PhD in 2004, four in 2005, five plus one joint with History in 2006, five in 2007). More than two-thirds of the intake of PhD students for the period derives from the four years since the revitalisation of the unit in 2004. Rising recruitment to the MScT programmes to which Classics contributes also bodes well for future PGR recruitment.
The University benefits from one of the largest campus computing networks in Britain, constantly updated to provide postgraduates with state-of-the-art facilities. Access to computers is good, with 20 free labs situated across the various campuses. All postgraduate research students have access to an extensive menu of research training options, from language training (ancient and modern, e.g. academic German) to IT skills, from beginners’ computing to programming. Completion of two 20-credit research training modules is compulsory for all, either as part of their Masters programme or independently (for those who have not completed a Masters here or elsewhere). Targeted and subject-specific training is delivered by supervisors and overseen by means of an annual reporting cycle and review meeting administered by the Classics PG Director. Funds are available to facilitate PG attendance at conferences and for research travel and expenses.
PG attendance and presentation at conferences is encouraged (e.g. Maciver, a first-year PhD student, presented a paper at an international conference on Quintus Smyrnaeus in Zürich, 2006 (published, 2007); he combined this with a two-week sojourn at the Fondation Hardt, funded by the SPHS; he was followed in the latter by Cummings, 2007). PGR students in their second year of study normally carry out undergraduate tutorial duties, up to an average of four hours per week.
Research postgraduates organize their own work-in-progress seminars, which staff attend by invitation only, and are increasingly involved in organizing events under the aegis of STAGE and its associated Scottish Postgraduate Conference in Classics. Conference organization by postgraduates is not, however, a new phenomenon: the conference on ‘Games and Festivals in Classical Antiquity’ in 2000 was jointly organized and subsequently edited for publication (in 2004) by a then doctoral candidate, Sinclair Bell (PhD 2005), who has since published 3 articles and an edited book; Cleland’s contribution, as a graduate student, to the organization of the ‘Colours’ conference has led similarly to a volume jointly edited by her (2005) which takes its place alongside her jointly edited volume (with Llewellyn-Jones and Harlow), The Clothed Body in the Ancient World (2005), and the publication of a by-product of her 2003 dissertation as a monograph (The Brauron Clothing Catalogues, 2005); the publication of the thesis itself is awaited. A collaboration with Llewellyn-Jones and Davies, Ancient Dress: An A-Z (Routledge), is imminent. Other PhD graduates to have published their research include Hansen (PhD 2001; 3 co-edited books (2000, 2001, 2007), another forthc., plus two forthcoming monographs (2008)); Kolotourou (2005; 2 articles; thesis awarded Hellenic Foundation Prize, forthc. as BICS Supplement), Kotsonas (2005: 6 articles), Thomatos (2005: one book), and Saro Wallace (2001: 9 articles). Bell, Hansen, Kolotourou, Kotsonas, Thomatos, Saro Wallace, Gibson (PhD 2005), and Liveriatou (2005) have gone on to academic or academic-related careers (Manitoba, BSR/Butrint Foundation/Cabot University Rome, Edinburgh, KCL/Rethymno, NYU/Hunter College, Reading, St Andrews, and Archaeological Society Athens respectively). Two current PhD students (Cummings and Shane Wallace) have won Marie Curie/European Doctoral Scholarships. The MScR thesis of Richert, a current PhD student, was published as BAR 1382 (2005).
8. Evidence of esteem
The 2001 panel’s main criticism was excessive reliance on Category C staff, especially for evidence of esteem. This is no longer the case: the current Category A staff already have or are well on the way to establishing international reputations.
An enhanced research profile has brought an increasing number of research visits from overseas scholars, additional to conferences and regular research seminars. Goette (Berlin), Neils (Case Western), Ekroth (Stockholm) have worked with Barringer and collaborated in the teaching of graduate students. Cairns, Erskine, and Llewellyn-Jones have welcomed scholars and visiting research students from the UK, US, and Europe. Roth’s table ronde on Ancient Slavery has brought scholars from Germany and the UK and its last meeting in autumn 2007 involved c. 20 scholars from Germany, France, Italy, Canada, the US, and the UK. Sauer’s EU project on the Roman Conquest of Europe had its final workshop in Edinburgh with delegates from Spain, Germany, and the UK.
In the following CD = contribution to discipline; PR = peer review; IP = invited papers; ECR = early career researcher.
NEH Fellow, Gertrude Smith Professor, American School Athens (2006-7), Guest Professor, Freiburg (2001), Visiting Fellow, Yale (2003-).
PR: CUP, Princeton University Art Museum, University of Michigan Press, Yale UP, Arethusa, CP, Hesperia, TAPA.
IP: 18 (7 UK, 5 USA, 6 Europe).
CD: Roman Society Council (1999-2002), invited contributor, BBC History website (2003), invited collaborator, Oratorum Romanorum Fragmenta, led by C. Smith (St Andrews).
PR: OUP, CUP, Routledge, CQ; PhD examiner, Oxford (2003)
IP: 9 (8 UK, 1 Europe (keynote, Dublin)).
CD: honorary secretary, Classical Association (2002-), CA Classical Journals Board (do.), Chair of Council, CA Scotland (2006-)
PR: AHRC Peer Review College; external reviewer NUI Maynooth, Greek National Research Institutes (Institute for Byzantine Research, Institute for Greek and Roman Antiquity), both 2005; external assessor on tenure reviews, Yale (2005), Montréal (2005), Temple PA (2006, 2007), on appointment, Maynooth (2007); referee, CQ, JHS, Studia Humaniora Tartuensia, Routledge, Blackwell, OUP, CUP. Examined research degrees Leiden (2004), Bristol (2005), Swansea (2005), Birmingham (2006).
IP: 21 (6 UK, 10 N. America, 5 Europe, incl. keynote, Celtic Conference in Classics 2002; plenary and seminar, Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, Geneva, 2007).
CD: honorary secretary, Society Promotion Byzantine Studies (2001-6); Trustee and Research Committee, British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara (2002-); Editorial Board, Late Antique Archaeology; media – BBC World Service, History Channel, Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
PR: AHRC, Leverhulme, CBRL, BIAA; referee, JRA, Variorum, Australian Byzantine Association,Anatolian Studies; PhD examiner, Courtauld (2002), Nottingham (2003), Oxford (2004), Siena (2006).
IP: 17 (9 UK, 8 Europe, incl. keynote, AHRC Religion and Society Initiative, Edinburgh 2006).
CD: CA Council 2003; Piranesi Workshop, National Museum of Stockholm,
PR: AHRB, AHRC, AJA, BAR, Hesperia, Britannia, Edinburgh UP.
IP: 5 (2 UK, 3 Europe).
CD: invited editor, A Companion to the Hellenistic World (2003, French translation, 2004), A Companion to Ancient History (forthcoming); General Editor, Blackwell Encyclopedia of Ancient History, ten volumes with updateable online counterpart, a collaboration with Columbia and Mannheim; Editorial Board: Ancient Cypriot Literature Series.
PR: CP, Blackwell, California UP, Edinburgh UP, Polity Press, OUP, University Oklahoma Press, Yale UP, American Academy in Berlin Prize Fellowship (2004, 2005), British Academy (2006), Israel Science Foundation (2006), Yale senior appointment (2006); PhD examiner, Oxford (2002, 2007), Exeter (2006), Helsinki (2007).
IP: 11 (3 UK, 2 N. America, 6 Europe, incl. EU Presidency inaugural conference, Athens 2003).
CD: AHRC Steering Committee on PG training in Classics, JACT Ancient History Committee.
PR: CUP, Duckworth.
Fellowships: Rome Scholarship, British School at Rome, 2002.
IP: 5 (4 UK, 1 Italy).
CD: Roman Society Council (2005-), Council, CA Scotland (2006-); series editor: Late Antique History and Religion (Peeters)
Fellowships: Peterhouse (2001-4), Manchester (2004-5).
IP: 4 (3 UK, 1 Holland).
PR: Leverhulme (2002, 2004); National Science Foundation USA (2004); National Science Foundation Switzerland (2004); Antiquity; Journal Mediterranean Archaeology; PhD examiner, Bristol (2001).
IP: 5 (4 UK, incl. keynote, 1 US).
CD: CA Council, Council, British Centre Study Iranian Civilization, Hellenic Society Council; Fellow, Textile Research Centre, Leiden, Fellow, University of Wales Institute Classics Ancient History; historical consultant, Oliver Stone’s Alexander; presenter, Channel 4’s Lost Worlds: Persepolis.
PR: Osprey, OUP, Routledge, University Toronto Press.
IP: 8 (5 UK, 1 US, 3 Europe, incl. inaugural Dorothy Buchan lecture, Leicester 2001).
Fellowships: German Research Foundation (DFG), Oxford (2004-5); Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington DC (2005-6).
IP: 4 (2 UK, 3 Europe, 1 N. America).
Corresponding member, Austrian Academy of Sciences.
CD: Team Leader, European Science Foundation ARCANE project (2005-10); Advisory Editor, Syria, Revue d’Art et Archéologie ; correspondent, Antiquity; Director, Lemba Archaeological Research Centre, Cyprus; RAE subpanel Archaeology; British Academy’s BASIS (2007)
PR: journals, Anatolian Studies, Antiquity, American Schools Oriental Research, Current Anthropology, Journal Anthropological Archaeology, Journal Mediterranean Archaeology, Levant, Near Eastern Archaeological Society; Radiocarbon; AHRC, Australian Research Council, National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation; PhD Examiner: Durham (2002), Cambridge (2002), Cardiff (2002), Lampeter (2005), London (2005), Lyon (2005), Paris (Sorbonne) 2003; Oxford 2007; External Assessor: British School Athens (2003), University Manchester (2004), chairs at Halle and Cardiff.
IP: 16 (4 UK, incl. keynote, 10 Europe, incl. keynote, 2 Syria).
IP: 4 (1 Germany, 3 UK, including keynote, UCL Captivity conference, 2005).
PR: Irish Research Council Humanities Social Sciences (2006); Acumen; Blackwell.
Honorary Lecturer, Leicester; FSA (London), 2003; FSA (Scotland), 2004; British Academy PDF, Oxford.
PR: Netherlands Organisation Scientific Research; Britannia, Oxford Journal Archaeology.
IP: 23 (16 UK, 6 Europe; 1 Iran).
Fellowships: Deutsches Forschungsgemeinschaft (2003-6), Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (2007).
IP: 9 (5 Europe, 4 Turkey).
Social Sciences Humanities Research Council Canada postdoctoral Fellowship, Oxford (2003-5).
PR: CQ, REG
IP: Cambridge (2006).
CD: Chairman, British Archaeological Awards (2001-), Culture 2000 Frontiers of Roman Empire project (2005-08), Bratislava Group (UNESCO); Vice-President, Royal Archeological Institute (2002-5); Hadrian's Wall Management Plan Committee (2004-), Roman Society Council (2001-3), European Heritage Prize Award Committee (2001-), ICOMOS UK World Heritage Committee (2001-), International Committee Archaeological Heritage Management (2001-), Visiting Professor, Durham (1994-), Honorary Professor, Newcastle (2003-), FSA, Hon FSAScot, Corresponding Member, German Archaeological Institute.
PR: AHRB, Queen’s Jubilee Prizes, Britannia, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Archaeologia Aeliana.
IP: 6 (4 Europe, 2 UK).
Research Associate (Professor), U. Chicago; FSA (2005).
CD: Trustee and Managing Committee, American School Classical Studies Athens; Trustee, American Research Institute Sophia, Bulgaria; Trustee, Demos Foundation; Editor, University Chicago Excavations, Isthmia.
PR: AJA, Routledge.
IP: 5 (4 Europe, 1 US).
CD: BA committee, Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum (British), co-editor, revised Historia Numorum, Organising Committee, International Numismatic Congress 2009, Hon. Treasurer, CUCD (2001-4).
IP: 4 (3 Canada, 1 Brazil).
Awards: Leventis Foundation (Cypriote coinage project).
PhD examiner: Manchester (2003), Glasgow (2004, 2006), UCL (2005), Leeds (2005).
CD: Cotton Foundation awards committee (2002), Comitato Scientifico, Ist. Stor. Arch. Magna Grecia (2006-).
PR: ancient history appointment, Worcester College, Oxford (2005); JRA, U. Michigan Press.
IP: 7 (3 UK, 3 Europe, 1 Canada); Travelling Lecturer, Atlantic Classical Association, Canada (2001).