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UOA 36 - Business and Management Studies

Cardiff University

RA5a: Research environment and esteem

INTRODUCTION

Cardiff Business School is an established centre of international excellence in business and management research. Its research strategy is focused on the production and dissemination of leading-edge social scientific knowledge and expertise of relevance to the leadership and management of complex organisations. Delivery of this strategy builds on a strong interdisciplinary research culture and structure through the recruitment and development of highly talented research staff and students.

In RAE 2001 Cardiff secured a 5 rating. The School has built on this position by:

• more than tripling research income in the 2008 RAE assessment period compared with that leading up to the 2001 RAE. In 2006/07, research income was £4.4M compared to £1.4M in 2001/2002 while Research Council-sourced income increased from £0.4M in 2001/02 to over £1.4M in 2006/07
• securing the highest number of quota awards (14) of any UK business and management school in the 2005 ESRC Recognition Exercise
• expanding total research student numbers from 69 in 2001 to 83 in 2007 and awarding 138 doctorates over the assessment period
• jointly hosting two large-scale interdisciplinary research centres with other Cardiff-based Schools – Business Relationships Accountability, Sustainability and Society (BRASS) and Cardiff University Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre (CUIMRC) – funded, respectively, by the ESRC and EPSRC
• securing 4 Advanced Institute of Management (AIM) fellowships, 2 Leverhulme Trust fellowships, 2 Research Councils UK (RCUK) fellowships and an externally competitive Cardiff University Professorial Fellowship
• appointing and developing 31 early career researchers (ECRs) in targeted areas of future academic growth, almost all of whom are already publishing in international journals and securing research grant funding from Research Councils and other leading research funding bodies
• editing 11 international journals and publishing extensively in the full range of leading international business and management studies journals in the U.S., Europe and Australia/Asia
• making major intellectual contributions that have helped shape the field of business and management studies (eg. Delbridge’s Academy 2005 prize winning article in the Academy of Management Review).

These achievements have been embedded within a ‘twin-track’ strategy of ‘managed evolution’, building on established strengths, while simultaneously anticipating and exploiting new research areas and themes – such as sustainable development, logistics and new technologies, international accounting and financial control practices, new forms of work organisation and corporate governance, and innovative developments in public service performance management and evaluation. Cardiff is one of a relatively small number of UK Schools with the scale and breadth of high quality research activity and achievement to constitute a leading centre of international scholarly excellence, making major contributions to the field’s intellectual vitality and to the growth of the UK’s knowledge economy.

RESEARCH STRATEGY

Strategic Positioning

In August 2005, Professor Robert McNabb succeeded Professor Roger Mansfield as Dean of Cardiff Business School. This led to the formation of a new senior management team that has driven through strategic and operational change focused on enhancing the School’s established reputation as an international centre of scholarly excellence in business and management studies.

The School’s research strategy is underpinned by three main aims:

• to pursue ‘agenda-setting’ theoretical and empirical work across the full range of fields and disciplines relevant to business and management studies
• to implement a research funding strategy that generates sustained investment from the complete spectrum of potential sponsors
• to develop its research staff, and particularly its less established researchers, in a way that equips them to excel in all aspects of their professional work.

The School’s primary research mission focuses on achieving sustained academic excellence in interdisciplinary social science research relevant to business and management studies, combined with a strategic focus on the policy and practice-oriented needs of the wider business and management community within the contemporary knowledge-based economy. Thus, the School’s strategic positioning has focused on its collective contribution to interdisciplinary research knowledge, and the complex ways in which this feeds into the wider ‘knowledge value chains’ that emerge within international networks of academic and practitioner groups.

Research Profile

Research activity in the School has 6 key features that give it a strong and distinctive profile:

• a focus on innovative theoretical and conceptual development (eg. theory development by the interdisciplinary perspectives on accounting group; post-structuralist and critical realist theory development by the organisation studies group)
• a commitment to interdisciplinary and multi-methodology empirical research (eg. organisational performance research by the public management group)
• an involvement in multi-level, comparative research studies (eg. research on inter-firm relationships and globalised economies by the strategy, marketing and international marketing group)
• a sustained concern with the dynamics of change in managerial structures, systems and practices (eg. research on logistics dynamics via business systems engineering by the logistics systems dynamics group)
• an engagement with the policy and practice implications of system-wide and organisation-level changes in management structures and practices (eg. international accounting regulation research by the accounting and business history group)
• the implementation of an integrated knowledge dissemination strategy (eg. the regular programme of international workshops in macro-economic theory and policy run by the macro-economics group).

RESEARCH STRUCTURE

Research Management and Organisation

The School has a matrix of managerial and administrative mechanisms through which it regularly reviews and evaluates its research performance against its long-term strategic research aims.

An integrated set of organisational arrangements have been developed to achieve an effective balance and collaboration between large-scale research programmes and individual scholarship. Research activity within Cardiff is clustered and managed around three, interrelated, organisational units. First, there are the 5 academic ‘Sections’ (Accounting and Finance, Economics, Human Resource Management, Logistics and Operations Management and Marketing and Strategy, and which are the RAE Research Groups used in the submission) that provide the broad ‘disciplinary clusters’ within which the School’s research groups are located. Second, there are the research ‘Centres’ that provide concentrations of resources, knowledge, expertise and facilities at a sufficient level to sustain large-scale research programmes over extended periods of time. Third, there are research ‘Groups’ consisting of smaller concentrations of researchers, often containing membership drawn across disciplinary boundaries, working together to build and exploit new research ideas that need to be conceptually and methodologically ‘worked-up’ before larger-scale research activity and grant applications can be developed. These arrangements create a flexible network of overlapping research interests and narratives that provide individual researchers with a strong collective sense of shared academic identity and potential intellectual trajectory

The School’s Research Committee develops its research strategy, and ensures the presence of a research infrastructure that underpins the realization of longer-term objectives in relation to research grant funding, publication profile and doctoral programme. It supports the work of the Research Ethics Sub-Committee and that of the Postgraduate Research Sub-Committee by ensuring that they have the resources and facilities to operate effectively. The Research Committee also provides regular feedback and advice on collective and individual research performance. This includes the evaluation of existing research activity and output, such as the annual review of the performance of the School’s research centres and groups, and the initiation and development of innovative research through the building of new research groups and centres. Recent examples of this include a Centre for Global Labour Research (consisting of research staff drawn from the Business School and the School of Social Sciences) and the Investment Management Research initiative.

The Research Committee operates within an academic management structure consisting of a Dean’s Steering Group (Dean plus 5 Associate Deans and the Director of Administration) and a Senior Management Team (Dean’s Steering Group plus 5 Heads of Academic Sections). The Senior Management Team (SMT) acts as the strategic decision-making body for the School as a whole. It provides a forum in which the policy deliberations of the Dean’s Steering Group can be integrated with the more operational concerns of the Heads of Sections and the various research groups and centres that function within and across their disciplinary areas. It also considers recommendations for new initiatives in research activity and investment that emerge from debates within the Research Committee. The School Board, consisting of the membership of the Dean’s Steering Group, Senior Management Team and staff representatives from across the School, provides the wider arena in which research strategy can be reviewed. This management structure provides the framework within which the School’s research activities are embedded.

The Research Committee also has review and support mechanisms at its disposal, encouraging staff to develop their research and publication portfolios in the light of their research priorities and those of the wider research groups and centres. These include mechanisms such as: (i) ‘seed-corn funding’ for pilot research activities (£2K average per project) that will lead to future publications and research grant applications (aimed particularly, but not exclusively, at early career researchers); (ii) more substantial funding for early career researchers to spend extended periods of time working with colleagues in other, research-intensive universities; (iii) a system of internally funded research assistantships as an arrangement for developing early career academics, so that they are equipped to secure lectureships within the life-time of their contracts as research assistants; and (iv) mechanisms whereby research staff can progress their research and publication plans (such as regular training workshops and seminars on writing research grant proposals and how to get published in leading academic journals).

Research Income and Investment

Over the assessment period, the School has secured more than £18M of externally funded research income. Research Council income has steadily increased over the assessment period and forms around 33% of total research income (£1.4M out of £4.4M) in 2006/07. The continued high level of research income from UK government, 50% of total research income in 2006/07, is indicative of the value of the School’s research to the public sector and its relevance in policy formulation. Funding from industry and commerce (including Public Corporations and KTPs) is also an integral component of the School’s research funding strategy, and has been approximately 17% of total research income across the assessment period. The significance of the growth in research income can be seen from its contribution to the School’s total income, increasing from 23% in 2001/02 to 35% in 2006/07, a period of time when the School’s total income had increased by 55%.

This pattern of sustained success in securing large-scale, high quality research funding has underpinned a linked programme of initiatives relating to the employment and development of research staff and the creation of a research infrastructure appropriate to a centre of international excellence. It has also put the School in a position where it can return a far larger number of high quality researchers to RAE 2008 (115 FTEs) compared to RAE 2001 (85 FTEs). In particular, the growth in research income has enabled the School to implement its strategy of recruiting increasing numbers of both established and, in particular, early career researchers who will further enhance the level and quality of research outputs and activity achieved in the assessment period.

In addition to its core faculty, the School also currently employs over 20 contract research staff making a vital contribution to its research activity and culture. A number of contract research staff (currently 6) have progressed to faculty posts within the School over the assessment period, while others have secured similar posts in other leading schools. In addition, the School has made considerable investments in academic contract length with the percentage of academic staff on regular contracts rising from 64% to 88% from 2001 to 2006. This provides a high degree of long-term financial security that is crucial for the recruitment and retention of high quality ECRs, as well as sustaining more experienced researchers.

Investment in the School’s support staff has kept pace with the growth in research staff with the ratio being maintained at 1:5. Many newly appointed support staff are based directly within research groups and centres, or comprise support for research activities via investment in IT support and other aspects of research infrastructure.

Over the assessment period, the School has spent a total of £12M on non-staff costs and on research activities which, in the main, comprised support for conferences, IT and other general research-related expenditure (mail-shots, consumables, etc.). ECRs are treated preferentially when requesting financial assistance in support of their research activities and recently, a number of new initiatives and schemes have been established to reinforce this policy.

First, the School has operated a system whereby the large majority of any overheads or surpluses made on externally-funded research activities have been placed under the direct control of the academic investigators to reinvest in their future research activities. For research groups/centres, this has enabled extended research contracts to be offered to ECRs so as to attract and retain the highest quality individuals. It also allows research groups/centres to appoint research staff in new and emerging areas that can become ‘seed areas’ for future research activities supported by further, large-scale grants.

For individual researchers and smaller research groups, this has fostered a culture and climate of personal research destiny that has encouraged staff to further invest in their research goals. This component of our research investment strategy has thereby generated a ‘virtuous circle’. The level of investment in research groups and centres has grown from just over £600K to nearly £1.4M per annum over the assessment period due to the School’s continued success in securing large scale research grant funding from the Research Councils, government and the private sector.

The second major area in which the School’s research investment strategy has borne fruit is in relation to the direct personal support offered to individual researchers. The School empowers all active researchers through ‘individual research budgets’ (IRBS). These are currently set at £2,500 per annum for each research-active member of staff. The deployment of these individual research budgets is under the control of individual researchers, and is additional to any further funding secured through returns on research grant surpluses and overheads.

Third, this is complemented by the ‘seed-corn funding’ programme, in which the School funds around 12 projects a year with an average value of £2K, and by the University’s International Research Collaboration Travel Awards Scheme, that is primarily aimed at ECRs and provides travel funding for the establishment of international links. The School has consistently supported an active Visiting Fellow Programme, so that at any one time there are approximately 12 international visitors to the School. Due to the extremely high profile and contribution of the visiting fellows (eg, Professors Pfeffer (Stanford), Kaufman (Wisconsin-Madison), Lazear (Stanford), Hardy (Melbourne), Kochan (MIT), Strauss (Berkeley) and Alvesson, (Lund)), the School contributes around £60K per annum to the programme. This programme enables the School’s research staff to work with prominent researchers in a way that keeps them at the leading edge of new ideas and techniques and at the centre of international collaborative research networks.

Fourth, the School has hosted a number of high profile research fellowships. These include 4 AIM Fellowships, 2 Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship, a Cardiff University Professorial Research Fellowship, which is competitive externally and across all academic disciplines, and the RCUK Fellowships, of which the School’s research centres host 2. All such posts are partly supported by the School during the fellowship and typically become permanent after an initial supported period.

A fifth component of our research investment strategy is the PhD programme, and its related career development arrangements. Over the assessment period, the School has invested a total of over £1M (School studentships, fieldwork allowances and equipment) in its PhD programme. PhD students are treated as integral members of the School and are provided with offices, IT facilities, consumables, and financial support for other career development activities. In addition, each PhD student is provided with a fieldwork budget of £750 to deploy in support of their research activities. In many cases, PhD students are directly attached to research grants, groups and centres or with individual academics with IRBs. Consequently, there are often further financial investments provided by the School for attendance at research-related conferences and additional fieldwork activities.

Research Facilities

The School has its own dedicated library with 18 staff including 4 information specialists who are qualified librarians and who support the information needs of researchers across the School. The library houses some 60,000 books, more than 400 current journal titles in print format, and also provides full-text electronic access to over 1800 business and management studies journals covering the full range of academic specialist sub-disciplines relevant to the field. The impressive book collection has been built up largely from recommendations of research and teaching staff. In 2006/07, the annual library budget was £400k with the School contributing a further £50K per annum.

The library has recently been upgraded on the basis of a £325K competitively-won grant (Higher Education Funding Council Wales), with the aim of making it more ‘user friendly’ for disabled users and creating a ‘one stop shop’ for researchers. The library also subscribes to the key business and management databases, and co-ordinates access to other mutli-disciplinary electronic sources of information and journal access. In addition, there is now Wireless provision throughout the School. The current School budget for core computing is £200K per annum, with this being augmented by a high level of specialist IT hardware and software purchased by the School. As well as the standard suite of software provided by the University network, the School has licenses for over 50 academic and scientific packages for research.

The library also houses a number of specialist collections such as the European Documentation Centre, an Annual Reports Collection, with an archive and an international statistics collection of some magnitude. This is supplemented by Datastream which provides electronic access to international economic statistics, company and financial markets data and SourceOECD, the OECD’s online library of statistical databases, books and periodicals.

STAFFING POLICY

The recruitment, retention and development of high quality researchers are key components of the School’s research strategy and culture. This works at three, interrelated academic levels – senior staff, mid-career staff and early career staff. The following narrative focuses on provision at the early career level in relation to both University and School training and development activities.

Cardiff University has developed an integrated strategy for the training and development of all its ECRs. This strategy is based on the principle that appropriate development opportunities should be made available for ECRs as they progress through different stages in their research careers, and that the provision of ‘seamless’ training and development opportunities must be informed by a model of researcher development that recognises different levels of competence and skill through the research career. The University employs a three-tier approach to the delivery of development opportunities for ECRs: namely, Academic School for discipline specific skills; Research and Graduate School for discipline-based generic skills; and the University for generic skills.

At the School level, detailed policies and practices are in place to encourage the long-term development of ECRs. The School’s strategic plan includes a firm commitment to recruit and develop outstanding scholars at the initial stages of their academic careers. Each new entrant to the School is assigned a senior member of staff as a mentor, who supports and guides them through the early years of their careers. This mentoring process entails a regular programme of ‘one-to-one’ meetings in which current and future career development needs are reviewed and potential sources of appropriate training are identified. Also, all ECRs are integrated into one of the five Sections within the School and will also be members of research groups that provide smaller scale and more localised ‘research homes’ focused around specialised research interests and themes.

The School also provides dedicated training and development activities for early career and more experienced researchers. Professor Mike Wallace, AIM Lead Fellow/Associate Director for Capacity Building in Business and Management Research, has developed a suite of training and development courses (some of which are linked to the AIM training and development programme). This training and development programme is designed around the discipline-specific training needs of ECRs in business and management studies. It covers key areas – such as the preparation of research grant proposals, writing papers for internationally-ranked journals, and postgraduate student supervision – in an accessible and lively manner. Consequently, ECRs are exposed to the latest thinking and practices relating to core aspects of the modern academic’s changing role in a dynamic HE environment.

Wallace has recently secured a further award (£104K) in Round 3 of the ESRC’s Researcher Development Initiative that will be based in Cardiff Business School. This will be of direct benefit to researchers (both early and mid-career) within the School who are already participating in regional ‘training trainers’ workshops, in that it will have a more strategic focus on managing the training of academic researchers in their secondary role as trainers and supervisors of the next generation.

All ECRs are subject to the University-wide policy on probation involving regular meetings over the first three years of their employment. Both the School Dean and the Head of Section play central roles in these procedures and are closely involved in all stages of the mentoring and appraisal process. Their involvement ensures an effective alignment between the individual’s career development needs and the School’s strategic research objectives.

When staff complete the probation period they benefit from the annual appraisal and mentoring process that reviews staff progress on an individual basis, agrees new targets, particularly in relation to research and publication plans for the coming academic year, and identifies evolving training and development needs.

The School has a formal Staff Recruitment Policy that has been developed and implemented alongside its Staff Development and Training Strategy. Staff recruitment and development processes and procedures are linked to an annual strategic review of the School’s staffing needs in relation to early stage, mid-career and experienced researchers through its Senior Management Team. The SMT undertakes a systematic annual overview of the School’s longer-term staffing needs set against research and training needs in the light of emerging financial resource opportunities and constraints. A core component of this review entails an evaluation of the impact of the departure of Category B staff on the strength and coherence of the School’s research culture. This has led to a policy and programme of strategic replacement for category B staff which entails the recruitment of a very substantial number of new ECRs and more established researchers, who have made major contributions to the vitality of the School as an international centre for research.

The work of the SMT in this area is complemented by a School Staff Development Committee, in which a wide range of staff are brought together to consider staff development needs and the most appropriate ways of meeting them. There is also an Equality and Diversity Committee within the School that considers the wider implications of the School’s staff recruitment, retention and development policies and practices in the light of the most recent legislative and ‘best-practice’ benchmarks in the equal opportunities and diversity field.

RESEARCH STUDENTS AND RESEARCH STUDENTSHIPS

Cardiff Business School has a large, vibrant, high quality postgraduate research programme, mainly composed of full-funded, full-time PhD students. There are currently 83 full-time students on the Ph.D programme. Since the last RAE, 138 students have obtained PhD’s at the School. Over the assessment period (up to July 2007), 179 doctoral studentships, from various funding sources, have been awarded. Of these, 21 have been OST funded, 46 institutionally funded, 47 overseas funded and 19 ‘other externally’ funded.

A high-quality doctoral programme is an essential component of the School’s research strategy, providing a pool of creative and talented researchers that make a vital contribution to a dynamic and sustainable research culture. It also serves to renew the stock of Cardiff-based researchers. Several of the School’s ex-doctoral researchers are currently members of the academic staff, some at professorial level (such as Dr Svetlana Taylor (ECR) and Professor Rick Delbridge).

The main changes over the assessment period have been: (i) an increase the quality of entrants into the programme (mainly due to higher entry-standards and the obtaining of a number of new studentships); (ii) an improvement in the quality of the postgraduate research training (following a re-design of the training curricula): (iii) an increase in the linkage between the student and his/her subject-group; and (iv) an improvement in the quality of supervision available (via the expansion of supervisor training). The result has been the development of a virtuous circle mechanism within the programme and an increase in the quality of outputs at all points in the PhD cycle.
The School is a recognised outlet for ESRC postgraduate studentships in both Management and Business Studies and Economics. In the 2005 ESRC Recognition Exercise it received the highest number of quota awards (14) of any business school. It has also been very successful in winning EPSRC, ORS, ESRC open competition awards and Julian Hodge and Richard Whipp studentships (University-led, cross-school studentships), and has funded, on average, 4 students per annum under its own annual studentship competition.

The academic quality of Cardiff PhDs is indicated by the large number of awards obtained by its students, including top three places in the EDAMBA European-wide doctoral thesis competition and prizes at the annual Academy of Management meeting in the USA, full conference best paper awards and many doctoral stream best paper awards. Cardiff students have been very successful in obtaining post-doctoral fellowships from Research Councils and other prestigious academic bodies, including those offered by ESRC and AIM. Many students have moved into faculty positions in Schools at leading UK and overseas universities and have published several papers from their doctoral research following completion.

The School’s activities are nested in the wider University policies for the delivery of postgraduate research training. The University’s Code of Practice for Research Degrees ensures the design and implementation of effective quality assurance systems for postgraduate research courses. This dovetails with a rolling programme of Quality Progress Review, which allows regular consideration of the School in respect of the totality of its educational provision, and the exercise of its responsibilities for standards, quality and quality assurance procedures. The Annual Review and Evaluation of Postgraduate Research Activity provides the School with the opportunity to reflect critically on and to evaluate its postgraduate research student activity, the monitoring it receives, the quality of the student experience and the outcomes of activity, in order that opportunities for improvement can be identified and good practice built upon.

In addition, the University-wide Graduate Centre is recognised as a hub for the postgraduate community and is a provider of highly valued social and study facilities, as well as being a major contributor to the Research Students Skills Development Programme and Training Strategy that is structured by reference to the Joint Skills Statement of the Research Councils.

The School is also part of a consortium of social science research departments (all ranked 5 or 5* at RAE 2001) that combine to provide high quality research training and career development opportunities for postgraduate researchers within the Research and Graduate School for the Social Sciences (RGS). The latter is located within the Business School under the direction of Professor Keith Whitfield. It facilitates and promotes interaction between staff and research students from different social science schools and disciplines through a programme of continuous and integrated skills development. It also contributes to the fostering of an intellectually stimulating research environment where researchers are encouraged to share and develop interests collectively, allowing them to network and feel an integral part of a wider research community within the broad context of the University’s interdisciplinary research framework.

A key feature of the Graduate Centre and RGS is that their activities are presented as a single framework to which all students and supervisors have easy access. In the QAA’s report of the Special Review of Research Degree Programmes undertaken for Cardiff University in July 2006, one of the examples of good practice identified by the review team was ‘the integrated approach to training and skills development’.

RESEARCH GROUPS

Accounting and Finance

The work of the accounting and business history research group centres upon a number of major scholarly contributions to a set of overlapping research themes: comparative management accounting systems in the UK and Europe (Boyns, Edwards, J.R, Ezzamel); the professionalisation of accounting, with particular reference to changing professional cultures and identities (Boyns, Edwards, J.R, Ezzamel); the development of auditing technologies within the context of audit failures and new modes of accounting regulation (Anderson, Chandler, Matthews, D); the role of gender relations with particular regard to accounting, patriarchy and the performance of accounting functions by women in the household, business and philanthropic institutions (Walker); the link between accounting and government in relation to accounting systems in national and local government (Edwards, J.R, Walker) and discourses on the introduction of new techniques and regimes of social control (Ezzamel, Willmott); and theorising accounting in ancient societies (Ezzamel). A significant part of this work is informed by a strong engagement with critical accounting theory that draws on recent theoretical developments in other social science disciplines. Also, there is a very strong comparative and international flavour to the group’s work in relation to Western Europe, Brazil and India. The group hosts an annual international conference that brings together leading scholars from across the globe.

Members of the group have published consistently in the very top international journals such as Accounting, Organizations and Society, Accounting and Business Research, Accounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal, Abacus and Critical Perspectives on Accounting. Edwards and Boyns are founding editors of Accounting, Business and Financial History, while Walker edited the Accounting Historians Journal, 2001-05 and took up the Presidency of the Academy of Accounting Historians in 2007.

The major theme that drives the interdisciplinary perspectives on accounting research group’s research is the social and organisational aspects of accounting and control, as reflected, for example, in the new strategic performance measurement systems developed by global companies (Marginson) and on the practices of audit firms located within the ‘Big4’ commercial giants (Robson, K, Sharma). The group’s research has also focused on the relationship between political ideology and accounting regulation in countries such as the UK, Germany and China at state, sectoral/regional and company levels (Ezzamel, Walker, Xiao). Its work draws extensively on the most recent developments in social theory, anthropology, politics and organisation theory. There is also a consistent emphasis upon a multi-level, multi-method, comparative/historical research approach and design that straddles the accounting and management communities’ research paradigms.

Members of the group have published in leading international journals such as Accounting, Organizations and Society, Accounting and Business History Research, Strategic Management Journal, Abacus, Journal of Management Studies, Organization Studies, Organization, Human Relations, Accounting Historians Journal, Accounting, Auditing and Accountability, Critical Perspectives on Accounting, International Journal of Human Resource Management and Research in the Sociology of Organizations. During the assessment period, the group has attracted significant research funding from the ESRC (£289K), CIMA (£120K), the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (£70K) and ICAS (£17K). The ‘Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Accounting Conference’, now hosted by this group, has become the major international forum for the interdisciplinary study of accounting and a central element in the international critical accounting movement.

The financial reporting research group’s interests focus around financial reporting and communication methodologies relating to narrative disclosure within areas such as company reports, social and environmental auditing, corporate governance and accountability. The group has undertaken highly innovative work in the use and abuse of graphics and photographs, internet reporting, accounting scandals and frauds, and national/international accounting regulations (Jones M, Peel, M, Clatworthy). Work on financial reporting in public sector organisations has led to the development of a distinctive body of research knowledge and expertise that is highly valued by practitioners dealing with complex reporting and accountability issues in public services (Pendlebury, Mellett, Clatworthy). A specialist interest group in this area was set up by the British Accounting Association (BAA) in 2004, consisting of 130 international members. Members of the group located within this network act as an information ‘hub’ or ‘voice’ to the BAA.

New areas of work, such as that on social and environmental reporting theory and practice, and new forms of corporate governance, have served to reinforce the group’s international reputation in this field (Solomon, MacNiven). There is also a very strong comparative and international dimension to the group’s work (Xiao, Karbhari, Ezzamel). Comparative research studies on accounting regulations, corporate governance and financial reporting techniques, combining quantitative and qualitative research methodologies, in China, East Asia and Western Europe, have further enhanced the group’s international standing and profile. Extensive collaboration with accounting researchers in China and the USA, facilitated by a programme of international seminars, workshops and symposia involving researchers from the Universities of Cornell, Bejing and Renmin, has been taking place in recent years. The group has hosted an annual international conference (‘The Financial Reporting Conference’) for the last 10 years in which scholars from around the globe are brought together to debate the latest research in the area. Members of the group publish regularly in leading international journals such as Accounting, Organizations and Society, Accounting, Auditing and Accountability, British Accounting Review, Accounting and Business Research, Abacus, Accounting Horizons, Critical Perspectives on Accounting, and Financial Accountability and Management.

The finance research group has a strategy to strengthen and expand research in finance in line with developments anticipated in the RAE 2001 submission. Steps have been taken to implement this strategy through a number of new appointments that have been made at senior and junior levels and drawn from both external sources and from within the School’s doctoral programme. The group has a balanced staff complement that lays the foundations for future expansion. Currently, it has 9 researchers led by Xu, Copeland and Taylor, N. In addition, the group benefits from the input of Professor John Doukas, Visiting Distinguished Senior Research Fellow.

The group has particular strengths in the following areas: properties of analysts’ earnings forecasts (Clatworthy and Taylor, N, Taylor, S); capital structure and dividend policy in Chinese list companies (Xiao), rational and behavioural explanations of equity ‘home bias’ (Xu); informational content of derivative prices (Taylor, N and Xu); institutional shareholder activisim (Solomon); corporate hedging and risk management (Solomon, Dhanani, Evans); volatility and price dynamics and forecasts using high frequency data (Evans, Taylor N, Doukas); extreme value theory (Tolikas); the nonlinear time series analysis of the behaviour of UK investment trust discounts (Copeland); and the impact of screen trading and the effectiveness of optimal hedging strategies in the index futures markets (Copeland). Research in the finance area has also been strengthened following the establishment of the Investment Management Research Unit, of which Copeland is the director, which has recently secured a research grant of £310k from the Welsh Assembly Government to examine the management of financial market volatility.

Members of the group have published in leading international journals such as European Journal of Finance, Journal of Applied Econometrics; Journal of Business Finance and Accounting, Journal of Banking and Finance, Journal of Finance, Journal of Financial Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Futures Markets, and the European Journal of Management. Xu was the co-chair of the 30th anniversary conference of the Journal of Banking and Finance in June 2006.

Economics

The key research themes that inform the macro-economics research group’s work are the relationship between the macro-economy and monetary and fiscal policy, business cycle and growth theory, and taxation. A distinctive feature of Minford’s research is its focus on the micro-economic foundations of macro-economic policy. This work draws on a wide range of theoretical models and the empirical application of these models to real-world economic behaviour and policy including the development of new methods for estimating and evaluating ‘second generation’, open-economy macro-economic models. This research is currently supported by funding from the ESRC (£200K). Other research includes the analysis of banking efficiency and competitiveness (Matthews, K); the measurement of inflation (Heravi); modelling the role of term spreads in forecasting (Matthews, K); modelling financial risk and volatility (Phillips); efficiency and bias in GARCH and simultaneous equation models (Phillips); and the macroeconomics of the EU (Arghyrou).

A second area of strength is work on business cycle and growth theory. This includes the analysis of business cycle behaviour under imperfect competition (where Dixon did some of the seminal work); modelling the effects of inflation on growth and its implications for the analysis of tax, financial development and corruption (Gillman); work on economic growth and R&D, focusing in particular on endogenous growth and its role in inflation and taxation, the impact of R&D spillovers, and of financial development on growth (Luintel); developing empirical methods of estimating and testing models of business cycles and growth, especially in the open economy (Gillman, Selim); UK productivity performance (Foreman-Peck); and wage inequality over the business cycle (Pourpourides).

The work of the group is also closely associated with the Julian Hodge Institute of Applied Macroeconomics and the Jane Hodge Foundation which has provided core funding of £610K during the assessment period. This has also facilitated the growth of a very large and cohesive group of PhD students (30) attached to the group. Members of the group are highly active in organising international conferences and seminars such as the European Monetary Forum (an international group of US and Northern European economists that meets regularly in Cardiff, Amsterdam, Maastricht, Bern, Bonn and York), the IEA Shadow Monetary Policy Committee (a group of monetary experts from academic life and the City which monitor the Bank of England’s MPC monthly), and the EMU Monitor group (a group of European Economics professors that meets quarterly in Bonn to monitor the ECB).

Members of the group have also published extensively in a wide range of top-ranked international journals such as American Economic Review, Economic Journal, Review of Economics and Statistics, Economic Letters, Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Review of Economic Dynamics, Economica, Economic Inquiry, Econometric Theory, Econometrics Journal, Journal of Business, Finance and Accounting, and Journal of Banking and Finance.

The research of the international business and labour economics research group is centred on research themes relating to industrial organisation, competition and trade policy and to earnings determination and the role of gender. Research in the area of industrial organisation, trade and competition policy focuses on: the gains from trade and trade policy (Clarke and Collie); international procurement (Collie); foreign-direct-investment (Clarke, Collie); and strategic trade policy and collusion (Collie, Azacias). The work on wage determination is focused on the sources of pay differentials in relation to gender, especially as it relates to professional labour markets, and those that arise as a result of policy changes, such as the introduction of the minimum wage, or through technical and organisational change (Makepeace, McNabb, Wass, Whitfield). A related area is work on the way gender impacts upon educational outcomes (McNabb).

The work of the group has a strong ‘policy and practice’ component. Clarke and Collie have both acted as advisers to the European Commission and have been influential in the formulation of competition and state aid policy. Members of the group have produced a number of research-related reports for the Equal Opportunities Commission, the Low Pay Commission, the Office for Manpower Economics and the Office of National Statistics. Research by McNabb and Wass on the way damages are determined in respect of loss of earnings following injury at work has been the basis for a number of awards made to groups of workers, such as the £3 billion damages paid to coal miners. In addition, The Ogden Committee (responsible for assessing damages for loss of earnings in the England and Wales legal system) draws on the work of McNabb and Wass as does the Police Negotiating Board for senior police officers. Members of the group have received funding inter alia from HMS Treasury, Low Pay Commission and the ESRC. Whitfield was co-author of an influential report examining the deficit in quantitative research in the social sciences in Wales, which has led to the development of an ESRC centre for quantitative research in Cardiff (see ‘future strategic developments’ section).

Members of the group have published in leading international journals such as the Economic Journal, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Labour Economics, Economica, Oxford Economic Papers, Canadian Journal of Economics, Economics Letters and the Review of International Economics.

Human Resource Management

Members of the organisation studies research group have made major contributions to key theoretical developments in organisation studies relating to post-structuralist theory (Willmott), critical realism (Reed), neo-institutional theory (Delbridge), discourse analysis (Willmott, Thomas, R) and theoretical perspectives on organisational culture (Ogbonna). They have also made highly significant contributions to core substantive research areas such as identity (Willmott, Thomas, R, Davies, A, O’Mahoney), gender (Thomas, R, Davies, A, Jenkins), control (Morris, Whittle), governance (Reed, Morris), change and innovation (Delbridge, Edwards, T), and globalisation (Morris, Murphy, Chung). There is a very strong multi-method, multi-level and comparative orientation to its work, encompassing empirically-based comparative case study research in Western Europe, US, Japan, China and India in which changes to national and trans-national managerial/professional structures and identities emerges as a central theme. Members of the group are extensively linked into a wide range of international scholarly networks such as the European Group for Organization Studies, Critical Management Studies and the International Centre for Research in Organisational Discourse (ICRODSC). Over the assessment period, members of the group have won 7 ESRC research grants and 1 EPSRC grant with a total value in the order of £500K. Delbridge has held a Senior AIM Research Fellowship (£666K) and Thomas, R, an AIM Goshal Fellowship (£89K). There is a substantial body (15) of Ph.D students attached to the work of this research group.

Members of the group have played central roles in organising and leading several international conferences, workshops and conference streams at the Academy of Management, Critical Management Studies Conference and the European Group for Organization Studies Colloquium. The Cardiff Business School/AIM International Workshop on ‘Making Connections’ (with keynote speakers from Lund, California Davis, Warwick and Finland) in April 2007 is indicative of this sustained dissemination programme through a series of linked international conferences, workshops, conference streams and seminars. Members of the group have also won best paper prizes at major international conferences, such as Delbridge’s award of the Academy of Management Review Best Paper 2005 for ‘Systems of Exchange’ with Nicole Biggart, UC, Davis. Given the intellectual quality and theoretical impact of its extensive body of research and publications, this group constitutes one of the most influential concentrations of organisation studies researchers internationally. They have published extensively in the leading international journals such as Academy of Management Review, Organization Science, California Management Review, Organization Studies, Journal of Management Studies, Human Relations, Organization, Work, Employment and Society and the International Journal of Human Resource Management.

The public management research group is recognised as one of the leading public management research groups in the world, and has produced an influential research programme on public management reform, organisational performance and public service improvement. Its outputs have been disseminated internationally in all three of the leading U.S. journals in the field (Administration and Society, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, and Public Administration Review). The group’s research is based on a multi-method, multi-level comparative research perspective and design in which existing theoretical frameworks (such as institutional theory and new public management theory) are subject to empirically-based testing and critical theoretical evaluation. There is also a very strong policy orientation to the group’s research.

The group’s research activity and output has been underpinned by substantial external funding from the Research Councils, and central and local government departments. This includes £1M from the ESRC for projects on organisational strategy (Andrews, Boyne), accountability and scrutiny (Ashworth), human resource management (Gould-Williams), audit and inspection (Downe, Martin), managerial strategy and networking (Andrews, Boyne, Meier) and leadership and public service change/modernisation (Wallace, Kitchener, Marinetto). Boyne held an AIM Senior Research Fellowship during 2003-04 (£126K) on public service failure and turnaround. Wallace held an AIM Senior Developmental Fellowship for managing complex and programmatic change (£138K) during 2003-05. Both of the end-of-award reports for these fellowships were rated as ‘outstanding’. Wallace is also currently AIM Associate Director for Research Capacity Building (£57K) and holds an AIM (Phase 2) Lead Fellowship for Capacity Building (£136K).

The group has also undertaken a set of very large research projects worth over £2M for the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister on local authority management and performance. This includes work on Best Value (Ashworth, Boyne, Entwistle, Martin), Local Public Service Agreements (Boyne) and the Local Government Modernisation Agenda (Ashworth, Boyne, Downe, Entwistle, Martin). These projects – and the programme of knowledge and policy dissemination flowing from them – are co-ordinated and managed through the Centre for Local and Regional Government Research which is a joint initiative between the Business School and the School of City and Regional Planning. Members of the group are prominent in a variety of international and national networks, both with fellow researchers and policy makers/practitioners. Boyne is the only UK member of the United Nations expert group on Public Sector Effectiveness. Meier was president of the Public Management Research Association from 2003-05, and Boyne is a current member of the Association’s board. Boyne will also become ‘president-elect’ of the Public Management Research Association for 2009-2011 – the first non-US academic to hold this highly prestigious academic post. Martin is a member of the board of the Improvement and Development Agency and was an adviser to the Lyons inquiry on the future of local government. Ashworth is a board member of the Local Government Data Unit. In addition to the leading US journals previously identified, members of the group have a prolific run of articles in journals such as Public Administration, Journal of Management Studies, Sociology and Political Studies. There is also a substantial group (11) of doctoral students complementing the work of the group on specific projects.

The employment studies research group has developed a broad programme of research that has encompassed key themes such as globalisation and the changing form of employment relations in international industries (Heery, Blyton, Turnbull, Wass), the changing nature of human resource management in the context of organisational restructuring and the re-regulation of labour markets (Poole, Whitfield, Sen Gupta, McNabb), and worker representation and trade union strategies of renewal and revitalisation (Heery, Foster, Hauptmeier, Nash). The group has a strong international reputation for innovative work on research themes that are central to the development of the field and its wider implications for policy makers and practitioners. There is a very pronounced interdisciplinary and multi-method emphasis throughout the group’s research and a strong commitment to comparative/international empirical studies. For example, Delbridge, Morris and Whitfield have collaborated with the ESRC funded research centre on Skills, Knowledge and Organizational Performance (SKOPE), located in the School of Social Sciences, to develop a programme of research projects and activity that places skills and training research within a broader organisational context.

Members of the group have published extensively in the key international journals such as British Journal of Industrial Relations, International Journal of Human Resource Management, European Journal of Industrial Relations, Work, Employment and Society, Industrial Relations, and Organization Studies. Poole is the founding editor of the International Journal of Human Resource Management and Heery is Chief Editor of the British Journal of Industrial Relations. Members of the group are also are engaged in a variety of academic and policy-related networks. Heery and Turnbull have served as advisors to the Trades Union Congress and the International Labour Organisation respectively, while Whitfield has served as ESRC’s Senior Academic representative on the Work and Employment Research Survey (WERS) 2004 steering group.

Logistics and Operations Management

The aim of the logistics systems dynamics research group’s research is to advance new management theory and practice in the field of logistics dynamics via business systems engineering. Its core research activities are sustainable logistics and distribution, health care logistics and supply chain uncertainty (Naim, Towill, Disney, Pottter, Hosoda, Wong). Its focus on applied operations research is complemented by the work on generic operations research undertaken by Curry, Beynon, Morgan, P, Lewis and Wang. The group brings together interdisciplinary work on control theory, system simulation, business processes and industrial engineering to provide an integrated approach to logistics systems dynamics. It is a world leader in its integrated approach to seamless supply chain management, and several of the group’s seminal research papers have been extensively cited in the Web of Science and in the Citations of Excellence Top 20. The Quick Scan technique developed by the group has become internationally accepted as a major analytical research tool.

The group’s research has been funded by a steady stream of external awards from both the Research Councils and industry bodies, and the group maintains an excellent network of academic, industrial and governmental contacts. It is a founding member of the £3.25M EPSRC sponsored Cardiff University Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre (CUIMRC) and is also part of a £4M EPSRC Sustainable Distribution Consortium managed by CUIMRC. CUIMRC was formed from three founding interdisciplinary research groups in Cardiff; the Logistics Systems Dynamics Group, the Lean Enterprise Research Centre (both in the Business School) and the Manufacturing Engineering Centre (based in the University’s School of Engineering) in 2004. It is one of 17 EPSRC Innovative Manufacturing Research Centres in the UK, but the only one focused on providing economically-sustainable manufacturing solutions.

Members of the group work closely with government departments such as the Department of Trade and Industry and major international companies such as Tesco, Hewlett Packard and Proctor and Gamble. They are also involved in an extensive international academic network, including the EURONIL network and the LRN network. Members of the group publish across the full range of international journals such as the International Journal of Supply Chain Management, International Journal of Operations and Production Management, European Journal of Operations Research, OMEGA International Journal of Management Science, International Journal of Production Research, International Journal of Production Economics, Transportation Research Part E, Journal of Operations Management and the International Journal of Management Science. Naim has been editor-in-chief (2000-04) and is currently editor of the International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications.

The primary focus of the research of the lean enterprise research group is the theory and practice of lean management principles and techniques (Hines, Bailey, Bateman, Simons, Taylor, D, Thomas, A, Zokaei). They have developed the Lean Competency System as a unique mapping and decision tool to assist organisations in developing effective process improvement techniques in relation to supply and value chain management, administrative management and defence procurement. Members of the group have worked closely with major government agencies and international business corporations such as DEFRA, the Food Supply Working Group at Chatham House, Welsh Assembly Government, Aerospace Wales Knowledge and Innovation Services, the NHS Modernisation Agency, Johnson and Johnson, and the Ministry of Defence’s Defence Logistics Organisations. They have also developed an international network of collaborations with researchers in their field at the Universities of Bologna, Italy, Curtain University and Victoria University, Australia, and Jonkoping University, Sweden.

They have published in the premier international journals such as Journal of Operations Management, Supply Chain Management, International Journal of Operations and Production Management, International Journal of Logistics Management, International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, International Journal of Production Economics, International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, and International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications.

The strategic theme that informs the work of the transport and shipping research group is to provide better understanding of key issues in freight transport and to improve policy and decision-making in the fields of transport operations, inter-modality, shipping economics as well as the modelling and simulation of supply chains and transport networks. Thus, the key substantive research areas for members of the group include multi-modal and combined transport, road transport management, and the valuation of time in freight transport and environmental aspects of transport (Marlow, Mason, Iosif). It also includes the fiscal treatment of shipping, the impact of the shipping sector on the economy, manpower issues and skill shortages and the economic regulation of international shipping services, working practices and prices in ports, and the role of distribution centres. The group’s research is pioneering in its methodology. Its multi-modal approach to transport and its work in the area of humanitarian aid are ground-breaking in that they are the first group to analyse these issues in terms of logistics and business decision-making. It is unique internationally in terms of its level, depth and diversity of expertise, and in relation to its global reputation in the field. Marlow is currently President of the International Association of Maritime Economists.

Research funding in support of the group’s activities and outputs has come from the World Bank/IMO, trade associations, the Institute of Logistics and Transport, and the EU framework Programme. They are active in international academic and policy networks such as the International Maritime Statistics Forum, The International Red Cross, The Tea Fund, The Maritime and Coastguard Agency, the Steering Group on Maritime Skills (NEPTUNE), The Institute of Logistics and Transport, and the Council of the International Association of Maritime Economists. They have also published in leading international journals such as Quantitative Methods in Maritime Economics, Studies in Maritime Economics, Advances in Maritime Economics, Transportation Research Part E, Marine Policy, International Journal of Maritime Economics and Logistics, International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications, Maritime Policy and Management.

Marketing and Strategy

The major focus of the work of the strategy, strategic marketing and international marketing research group is the emergence of firm-level market development and strategy from the complex inter-firm relationships that characterise globalised economies (Morgan, R, Robson, M, Reynolds). There is a very strong interdisciplinary, multi-level, comparative/international dimension to the group’s research in which advanced analytical approaches and quantitative methodologies are deployed to understand firm-level strategic capability development in its wider national and international context (Kaleka, Morgan, R E). This leads into a sustained interest in the specific techniques through which firm-level market development and strategy is enacted, such as market research techniques, brand projection/expansion and e-based marketing technologies (Bottomley, Doyle, Beynon-Davies). It is complemented by more micro-level work on relational and service-based marketing in the context of changing corporate cultures and control systems (Powell, Chew).

The group has forged very strong international research links by forming teams and strategic alliances containing researchers from leading universities, and has developed an integrated knowledge dissemination strategy working closely with major international scholarly associations, such as the Chartered Institute of Marketing, Academy of International Business, European Marketing Academy and the American Marketing Association. The group also co-ordinates a large number (18) of PhD students. Previous members of the latter have progressed as early career researchers within leading business /management schools. Members of the group have published across the full range of prestigious journals such as Journal of Marketing, Journal of Business Research, Journal of International Marketing, European Journal of Marketing, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Journal of Marketing Management, Journal of Marketing Research and Industrial Marketing Management.

The consumer behaviour analysis research group is a strong interdisciplinary team of researchers conducting conceptual and empirical studies on cognitive styles and consumer innovativeness in a range of substantive areas such as brand choice, technology consumer behaviour (eg. internet banking), technology acceptance, gender, and credit (Foxall, Yousafzai, Davies, F, James, Beetles). Their ground-breaking work brings together behavioural economics and marketing science to develop a new understanding of consumer behaviour and marketing processes. The group has formed an extended network of international research links with researchers in the US, Scandinavia, Australia and South America.

There is a strong multi-level, multi-method and comparative approach to its work, encompassing macro-level studies of trust and credit, cross-cultural research on values and consumer behaviour, and more micro-level work on electronic marketing services and brand choice. Emotional responses to complex consumer environments form an overarching theme that ties the group’s work together, and has established a strong focus for a dedicated group of PhD students (19) who are involved in workshops and a fortnightly forum on the latest development in consumer behaviour research. Members of the group have published in leading American and European journals such as the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour, Behavioural Processes, Business Research, Journal of Marketing Management, Journal of Consumer Behaviour, Journal of Business Research, Journal of Behavioural Research and the Journal of Economic Psychology.

The sustainability and accountability research group forms the core of the ESRC funded Business Relationships Accountability, Sustainability and Society Research Centre (BRASS) that draws on contributions from researchers across the University, including particularly Law and City and Regional Planning. This centre has recently had its ESRC funding renewed (for another 5 years) and it has now passed the £5M mark in terms of research income from all sources over the assessment period.

The group’s work is focused on the crucial link between business models and long-term sustainability needs across a range of sectors on a global basis. A highly distinctive feature of the group’s work is the intellectually path-breaking way in which its uses existing theory in industrial ecology to define innovative business models (Peattie, Wells). Currently, 40 empirically-based projects are underway. These projects are centred on the environmental, multi-level impact of business behaviour across a wide range of national/international economies and cultures. The conduct of these studies demands that researchers work closely with international, national and regional agencies (eg. UN, OECD, Defra, Environment Agency, DTI) that are focused on the long-term policy and practice-related issues of environmental sustainability and corporate innovation. They are also generating a new and radical research agenda in which sustainability and accountability issues are moved to the core of social science research and analysis, geared to the leadership and management of contemporary business and governmental organisations (Peattie, Solomon, Jones, M, Blyton).

Members of the group are also concerned with sustainable regional development issues, with a particular focus on the Welsh macro-economy and on certain industrial sectors, such as the automotive industry, tourism and sport, and the growth of SMEs (Munday, Roberts, A, Jones, C, Wells, Foreman-Peck).

Business school members of the group have published in international journals such as Journal of Management Studies, Organization Studies, Accounting and Business Research, OMEGA, British Accounting Review, Environment and Planning C Journal of Marketing Management, Urban Studies, Regional Studies and the Journal of Industrial Ecology.


FUTURE STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENTS

Cardiff Business School has evolved an innovative interdisciplinary research culture in which new themes and areas are continually identified and developed to form agendas that help shape national and international business and management research directions. The intention is to maintain this basic academic direction into the future and enhance our current reputation for such contributions through a number of key strategic initiatives.

Following a thorough review of its current research activities, the School is extending its research strategy in order to selectively further develop already-established areas of international excellence so as to further improve their profile and performance. This builds on the current ‘twin-track’ strategy of consolidating the standing of established areas of international excellence and investing in new initiatives that have been targeted as future areas of innovation and expansion. The School will also be fully engaged in the thematic research initiatives currently being developed at the University level, both directly and via its role within the Research and Graduate School in the Social Sciences. Key areas identified for enhanced growth and expansion include:

• further investment in the School’s established international strengths in the critical management studies area, especially in relation to accounting and organisation studies research
• the development of a new Public Management Research Institute that will create a large, critical mass of leading public service and management researchers from across the Business School and other social science schools
• further support for the activities of the ESRC BRASS Centre and the EPSRC Innovative Manufacturing Centre via secondments and linked initiatives
• continued support for a recently-created Centre for Global Labour Research - a joint initiative with leading labour researchers in the School of Social Sciences
• significant involvement in a new ESRC/HEFCW supported (£4.4M) institute for social and economic research in Wales, aimed at both capacity building and the generation of new data-sets and knowledge, with particular focus on the quantitative, survey and policy-evaluation areas
• further development of the School’s links with the ESRC Centre for Skills, Knowledge and Organizational Performance, in which researchers from the School will play a strategic role in deepening our understanding of the organizational context of skills provision and training.

These initiatives constitute a coherent and challenging portfolio of projects that will further strengthen the School’s strategic capability to undertake internationally excellent interdisciplinary social science research and to transfer the key findings and implications of that research into the policy and practice needs of the business and management community within the global knowledge economy. They will also support individual research staff to develop their interests and achievements in ways that make significant contributions to the field’s continued intellectual vitality and growth by providing a strong and dynamic research culture in which new ideas can emerge and be developed into sustainable research programmes.
ESTEEM INDICATORS

Plenary/Keynote Addresses

Edwards, J R delivered the plenary address at the 10th World Congress of Accounting Historians, St Louis, Missouri and Oxford, Mississippi, USA in 2004 and jointly presented the R J Chambers Memorial Research Lecture, University of Sydney, Australia, November 2004. Walker gave plenary addresses at the Academy of Accounting Historians Conference, San Antonio, Texas, August 2002, the Accounting History Conference, City University, Dublin, November 2004, and the Accounting History in Italy Workshop, January 2005. Xiao gave a plenary presentation at the 4th International Conference on Management Accounting (European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management), Brussels, April 2005. Copeland was a keynote speaker at the Conference on International Macro-Economics and Finance, Crete, May 2005. Gillman gave invited presentations at the Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies Workshop, November 2003 and at the Bank of England’s September 2007 conference on the ‘Great Stability’. McNabb was an invited keynote speaker at the Association of Forensic Economists, USA, May 2004. Minford was a keynote speaker at the New Zealand Economics Association Conference, Wellington, June 2004 and a discussant of an IMF-authored paper at the Federal Reserve/European Central Bank Joint Research Forum, November 2003. Heery was an invited keynote presenter at the Labour and Employment Relations Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 2003, the Future of Work, International Conference, July 2003, and the Union Revitalisation in Comparative Perspective Conference, ILO, Geneva, April 2001. Poole gave a keynote address at the Third International workshop on Human Resource Management, Seville Spain, 2001. Foxall and Reynolds (ECR) were invited, by the Centre for Behavioural Sciences, Cambridge, MA, US, to give a keynote address at the International Behavioural Economics Research Conference, Philadelphia, PA, September 2004. Ezzamel was the invited keynote speaker at the Accounting Society of China Financial Management Conference, Beijing, May 2007. Willmott was the invited keynote speaker at the Critical Management Studies interest group of the Academy meeting at Atlanta, August 2006.

Honours and Awards

Delbridge was awarded the Academy of Management Review Best Paper 2005 for ‘Systems of Exchange’ with Nicole Biggart of University of California, Davis. Ogbonna was awarded the American Marketing Association Best Paper for 2007 for ’Service sabotage: a study of antecedents and consequences’, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 2006 with Lloyd Harris (Warwick University). Boyns won the Basil Yamey Prize for the Best Paper published in Accounting, Business and Financial History in 2005 for ‘Scientific Management and the Pursuit of Control in Britain to 1960’. Meier was awarded the Charles H Levine Memorial Award for Excellence in Public Administration, American Society for Public Administration, 2005 and the William E Mosher and Frederick C Mosher Award for the best article published in Public Administration Review, 2004. Reynolds (ECR) was awarded the Outstanding Paper award for the Journal of Services Marketing in 2005. Morgan R E was a recipient of the William R Darden Award for the Most Distinguished Research Methodology Paper at the 2003 Academy of Marketing Science Conference (co-authored with T Mc Guinness) and a ‘Third Best Paper Prize’ by the Strategic Management Society from over 1000 submissions. Naim won the 2004 Award for Excellence, Outstanding Paper, for a paper published (with Childerhouse, Lewis and Towill) in Supply Chain Management. Foxall’s paper in the Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behaviour (with Oliveira-Castro and Schrezenmaier), 2006, was accorded the status of lead article and appeared on the journal website with immediate accessibility to all users (not just subscribers). Potter (ECR) received a ‘highly commended’ award for his PhD thesis in the 2006 Emerald/EFMD Outstanding Doctoral Research Awards in the field of operations and supply chain management. Andrews and Boyne won the best paper of the year award for 2006 in the journal Public Management Review.

Fellowships/Visiting Appointments

Delbridge was an AIM Senior Research Fellow. Boyne held an AIM Senior Research Fellowship, Public Services, Wallace an AIM Senior Development Fellowship, Public Services and is currently Lead Fellow/Associate Director for Capacity Building. Thomas, R was an AIM Goshal Fellow. The three ‘final reports’ submitted on the completion of these fellowships so far have been rated as ‘outstanding’. Rich (category B) and Wong are RCUK fellows. Ezzamel is a Cardiff University Professorial Research Fellow, a Distinguished Visiting Professor at Instituto de Empresa Madrid, and Visiting Research Professor at Radboud (Nijmegen) University and Open University, Holland. Meier is Phi Beta Delta Honorary Life Member Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration, elected in 2005. Willmott has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Sydney in 2006 and is currently Visiting Professor at Lund University. Blyton has been Visiting Professor at Deakin Business School, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, 2004-05 and a Landsdowne Professorial Scholar, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, 2004-05. Whitfield and Whittle (ECR) have both held University of Sydney Short Term Visiting Collaborative Research Fellowships in December 2007 and 2006 respectively. Makepeace was a research fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labour (IZA), University of Bonn, 2003, a visiting research fellow at the Centre for Longitudinal Studies, Institute of Education, London (IOE), 2001-04 and a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the Birth Cohort Studies, ESRC. Wass and Robinson (Category B) were awarded Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowships. Turnbull will be a Visiting Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies, La Trobe University, Australia, January-June 2008.

Editorships

During the assessment period the following international journals have been edited by leading researchers and scholars from Cardiff:

Accounting Business and Financial History (Edwards, J R/Boyns – joint editors)
Accounting and Business Research (Ezzamel – joint editor)
The Accounting Historians Journal (Walker – editor)
British Journal of Industrial Relations (Heery – chief editor)
British Journal of Management (Public Sector Management – Boyne, associate editor)
International Journal of Human Resource Management (Poole –founding editor)
International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications (Naim – editor-in-chief 2000-2004/editor 2004-present)
Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory (Boyne and Meier – co-editors)
International Marketing Review (Morgan, R – joint editor)
Organization: the Critical Journal of Organization, Theory and Society (Reed – founding editor/Delbridge – associate editor)
European Journal of Industrial Engineering (Disney – associate editor)

Cardiff researchers have edited, and are editing, special issues of journals in their respective fields such as Jones, M (Accountancy Forum), Foxall (Journal of Economic Psychology), Delbridge and Ezzamel (Organization), Ezzamel and Reed (Human Relations) and Ezzamel (Accounting History), Whitfield (British Journal of Industrial Relations, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Industrial Relations Journal).

During the assessment period, CARBS research staff have also been editorial board members of over 50 leading international journals in their respective fields, encompassing the total range of top-ranked North American, European and Australian/Asian journals.

Learned Society Involvement and Collaborative Projects

Boyne is member of the Scientific Committee for the International Research Symposium on Public Management and was a member of the Programme Committee for the Public Management Research Conference in Los Angeles, USA (the only non-USA member). He is also a member of the commissioning panel for the ESRC’s Research Methods Programme. Boyns is a member of the scientific committee of the annual French Accounting and Management History Conference and is a member of the scientific committee for the 11th World Congress of Accounting Historians, Nantes, France, July 2006. Ezzamel was a member of the Scientific Committee, European Accounting Association Congress, Gothenburg, 2005 and served as a member of the Commissioning Panel, ESRC/AIM, 2003-04. Foxall is an elected Chartered Scientist (CSci) by the Science Council and British Psychological Society and is also a core, founder member of the Behavioural Economics Group, a global academic network working at the leading edge of quantitative behavioural economics research. Robson, K, Ezzamel and Walker are the organisers of the Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Accounting Conference, the world-leading interdisciplinary accountancy research conference and network. Blyton and Heery are joint editors of the Sage Handbook of Employment Relations, the leading world-wide handbook in the field of employment relations. Heery is joint convener of the International Chapter of the US-based Labour and Employment Relations Association and a joint series editor (with Delbridge) of the Routledge book series in Employment Relations (with 20 research monographs published to date). He has also been invited to join the steering group that will plan and host the International Industrial Relations Association European Congress in the UK in 2007. Poole has been a visiting scholar on the Visiting Scholar Programme, Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley, in 2004. Morgan, R E is ‘representative at large’ for the Strategic Management Society (Purdue University, Indiana, USA); this is an academic, business and consultancy network recognised as the leading management strategy group in the world. Willmott organized the Critical Management Studies Conference, 2005 and has contributed to the first volume of the Annals of the American Academy of Management. He also organized a ‘showcase symposium’ at the Academy of Management, 2006.

The School has an extensive programme of seminars, symposia and workshops in which distinguished visitors from around the world participate. The School’s investment strategy ensures that a dedicated revenue stream supports external networking with the international academic and practitioner communities. Visiting speakers from around the world that have visited the School (or who have participated in Cardiff run symposia, conferences and workshops held overseas) over the last two years include: Professors David Cooper (Alberta), Jeff Pfeffer (Stanford), S Zeff (Houston), Charles Lee (Cornell), Nicole Biggart (UC Davis), Weiguo Zhang (Chief Accountant of the China Securities and Regulatory Commission), Bin Ke (Penn State), Zhaoyang Guo (Carnegie Mellon), Bill Starbuck (New York), Barbara Czarniawski (Gothenburg), Stan Deetz (Colorado), Lowell Turner (Cornell), Stanford M Jacoby (UCLA), Jane Tienari (Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland), Ruth Bolton (Arizona State), Christine Moorman (Duke), Dan Bello (Georgia State), Jan Stirton (National Botanical Gardens) K. Aspinwall (Chair of the Sustainable Development Corporation), Dan Cornfield (Vanderbilt), Mildred Warner (Cornell), Paul de Grauwe (Leuven University, Advisor to Mr Baroso, Head of European Commission) Lord Adair Turner of Ecchinswell (Chair of Low Pay and Pensions Commission), Brendan Barber (TUC General Secretary), Baroness Kingsmill (Deputy Chairwoman of the Competition Commission), David Smith (Business Editor, Sunday Times) Ben Summerskill (Chef Executive, Stonewall), Mary Keegan (Chair of the UK Accounting Standards Board) and Alistair Campbell ( ex-Communications Director, Prime Minister’s Office).

Policy and Advisory Work

Boyne is a member of the United Nations Expert Group on Public Sector Effectiveness (the only UK member) and an academic advisor to the Welsh Local Government Association. Delbridge is a member of the Sunningdale Institute’s Virtual Fellowship. Karbhari is a member of the Advisory Board of the Asian Academy of Applied Business. Xiao is a member of the Board of Directors for the Chinese Auditing Commission. Collie was a Research Visiting Fellow, Directorate-General Economics and Financial Affairs, European Commission, 2005. Jones, C is a Special Advisor to the Parliamentary Select Committee on Welsh Affairs on Manufacturing and Trade in Wales and to the World Trade Organisation providing expert advice on regional satellite accounting techniques. Makepeace has co-authored several confidential policy reports for prestigious external bodies such as the Treasury, DfES, OECD, QCA and HEFCFE. Minford regularly gives evidence to parliamentary committees. He contributed to ‘The Treasury’s Five Tests’ enquiry on the UK joining the Euro (published as part of a Treasury Report) and he is a member of the Chancellor’s panel of expert economic advisors since 1997, a members of the IEA’s Shadow Monetary Policy Committee (SMPC) since 1997 and an economic advisor to the Julian Hodge Bank. Matthews, K is secretary to the Shadow Monetary Policy Committee. Heery was an advisor to the TUC’s New Unionism Task Group, 1997-2003 and wrote a series of reports for the TUC, as well as being consulted on strategic industrial relations policy issues by policy groups and organisations such as Renewal. Martin is Co-Chair of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister’s (ODPM) Local and Regional Governance Research Network, a Board Member of the Improvement and Development Agency, an advisor to the Treasury (Lyons) Inquiry on Local Government Funding, and advisor to the Ministerial Review of the Balance of Funding, an advisor to the Deputy Prime Minister on Best Value regimes, an advisor to the Neighbourhood Renewal Unit, an expert witness to the House of Commons ODPM Select Committee inquiry on the role of the Audit Commission and a specialist advisor to the National Assembly for Wales Public Services Committee Inquiry into Inspection Regimes. Turnbull was commissioned by the ILO (Geneva) to undertake research and publish a report on Social Dialogue in the Process of Structural Adjustment and Private Sector Participation in Ports that was published in several languages and provided the basis for an international workshop on social dialogue in ports at the ILO’s Training centre in Turin, Italy, 2006. He has also been appointed as a consultant expert to the European Transport Workers’ Federation and he is currently working on a project for the Department of Transport in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi on regulatory policy for maritime and civil aviation. Wass is an advisor to the Ogden Working Party of leading lawyers, accountants and actuaries, including the Government Actuary, on methods for accounting for the impact of disability in the calculation of future loss of earnings. She has also been an expert witness in several high profile personal litigation cases in this area. Whitfield is a Senior Academic Consultant for the ESRC in relation to the 2004 Workplace Employment Research Survey (WERS) and a member of the WERS 2004 Steering group. Marlow is an external advisor to the Research Committee of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency.

Professional Bodies

Boyne is a member of the ESRC Research Grants Board. He is also elected vice-president of the US Public Management Research Association (PMRA) that runs the premier conference and journal (JPART) in the field. As vice-president, he is also ‘president elect’ for 2009-2011 – the first academic outside the US to hold this highly prestigious professional academic post. McNabb is a member of the Executive Committee of the Association of Business Schools. Ogbonna is a member of the Panel of Advisors for Commonwealth Scholarships, The Commonwealth Scholarship Commission, UK. Marlow is President of the International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME). Boyne, Delbridge, Thomas, R and Wallace are all members of the Advanced Institute of Management (AIM). Reed is a member of the Council of the British Academy of Management (BAM) and he and Delbridge are members of the BAM Directors of Research Network (DoRN) Steering Group. Mellett is Secretary to the British Accounting Association Public Services Accounting Special Interest Group. Solomon is Chair of the Corporate Governance Special Interest Group of the British Accounting Association. Jones, M is Chair of the Financial Accounting and Reporting Special Interest Group of the British Accounting Association.