This submission is made on behalf of the Research Institute (RI) for the Built and Human Environment (BuHu) which consists of 110 research-active academic staff (76 Category A of which are included in this submission), 56 research assistants/fellows and 171 registered research students.
The RI’s Vision is “To play a leading role in setting the Built Environment research agenda nationally and internationally through real-world focused research in order to create a sustainable high quality industry and society which adds value to current and future stakeholders”.
The focus of our work is on research excellence and relevance-in-application, demonstrated by being:
- A 6* RAE rated RI for the Built Environment: an indication of our international lead over the last 10-15 years with an overall increase in critical mass over this period;
- Presented with the Queen’s Anniversary Award in 2001 for our contributions to improving the performance of the construction industry;
- Named by the Sunday Times as “The Gold Standard Centre of Excellence in the Built Environment” (2006);
- Awarded one of four Innovative Manufacturing Research Centres (IMRCs) in the Built Environment, the Salford Centre for Research and Innovation (SCRI) in 2002 (recently renewed until 2011 due to its research quality) and a core member of a newly established IMRC, the Health and Care Infrastructure Research and Innovation Centre (HaCIRIC), in collaboration with Imperial College, Loughborough and Reading Universities.
The RI is committed to the development of its entire staff and around 15% (11 members) of this submission are Early Career Researchers (ECRs) and around 20% (15 members) are staff who joined us in the last three years.
There are three key principles that underpin our ethos and activity:
- Firstly, the development of internationally, nationally and regionally leading research in the three key themes of Management, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), and Environment within the built environment disciplines, to play a key role in setting research agendas through publications, funded research, workshops and seminars;
- Secondly, the recognition that the issues facing the built environment are becoming increasingly complex, requiring both strong monodisciplinary excellence and interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary knowledge. Our work is organised to promote holistic and integrated concepts and solutions, within and across our research themes, whilst being informed by world class research in other disciplines;
- Finally, ensuring growth in the capacity and capability of academia, industry and policy communities, to tackle complex policy and business issues by ensuring effective knowledge exchange between our research and users. Our work targets a seamless flow between research, education/training and application.
Committed to the diversification of our areas of research, whilst maintaining our research focus (as reported in RAE 2001), the RI has addressed the above issues in a number of complementary ways. These are outlined in relation to plans put forward in RAE 2001 and additional progress made around key issues. Further details are provided within the research theme narratives.
The RI has:
- Expanded its membership (from 47 to 110) in a deliberate attempt to increase its capacity and capability across the three research themes. This was achieved through the full integration of the Sustainable Urban and Regional Futures (SURF) Research Centre and the Acoustics Research Centre (ARC); the establishment of the Research Centre for Education in the Built Environment (RCEBE), the Urban Quality Research Centre (UQual), and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funded IMRCs (SCRI and HaCIRIC); and targeted recruitment in the research themes (reported in the themes narrative);
- Attracted research funds totalling more than £25m (compared with £7m in the 2001 submission). Our yearly income has increased from £1m in 2001 to over £6m in 2007, and more than £10m of in-kind and cash contributions from industry have been received;
- Increased the number of completed degrees from 79 to 150;
- Produced more than 650 refereed journal articles, 1100 conference papers, 150 major influential project reports, and delivered more than 100 keynote addresses, 200 research events, including workshops, seminars and conferences.
Capability/Capacity Building and Agenda Setting
The RI has/is (for example):
- Initiated eight EPSRC and EU funded networks (Networks of Experts in Construction IT (NECIT), nD modelling, SCRI Forum, Integrated Design and Construction, Process, ICALL, European Group for Lean Construction (EGLC), BEQUEST);
- Led three main EU funded agenda-setting roadmaps (RoadCon, INTELCITY and Future Workplaces);
- Represented in the European and National Construction Technology Platforms (ECTP-NTP) High-Level Groups (HLG);
- Chairing the CIB (International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction) which has 2,000 international members and leading the core theme of ‘Revaluing Construction’;
- Established the then unique (2003) annual International Research Week (IRW - incorporating a two day international conference, an industry day and a two day international postgraduate research conference) and the annual Built Environment Education Conference (BEECON, started in 2005);
- Established a world-class research environment for postgraduate research and training (including novel modes of delivery) demonstrated by the ‘Think Lab’ and the utilisation of advanced IT technologies to deliver the unique on-line PhD programme (MERIT);
- Established the unique journals of Postgraduate Research in the Built Environment, Education in the Built Environment (JEBE) and the International Journal of Law in the Built Environment;
- Coined the term ‘nD’ which is now used internationally for research in process modelling and IT in construction;
- Leading two Sustainable Urban Environments (SUE) EPSRC funded collaborative projects (Vivacity and SURegen) and is leading the EPSRC and Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) funded project on Virtual Environmental Planning Systems;
- Provided technical leadership in the Intelligent Cities (IntelCities) EU funded (€13m) Integrated project (IP), with 10 EU cities and 65 other European partners including Nokia, Cisco and Barco;
- Leading (technical co-ordination) the EU Framework Programme (FP) 7 funded IP Future Co-Spaces with 21 UK and European partners;
- Partnered with 20 UK and European companies and 3 European universities on the only EU FP6 funded IP in construction (ManuBuild).
Industrial Engagement and Knowledge Exchange
We have (for example):
- Collaborated with more than 500 industrial companies and institutions across the demand and supply spectrum (including research organisations);
- Engaged appropriately with other disciplinary groups across health, education and policy, and industrial stakeholders;
- Made significant effort in the way we interact with industry in terms of capability building and how we optimise the processes of innovation adoption/diffusion and knowledge exchange. This is achieved primarily by RCEBE, the Centre for Construction Innovation (CCI) (which has generated around £7m over the submission period, working specifically with the industrial community), and our other centres for academic enterprise: Construction Information Technology (CIT) and the Centre for Facilities Management (CFM);
- Engaged with the professional institutions and the Construction Skills Council to ensure that the future generation of professionals have the capability to drive innovation and good practice, whilst existing members are appropriately informed and trained;
- Transformed/translated our research outcomes into a number of Masters programmes, including IT Management in Construction, Facilities Management, Project Management, Accessibility and Inclusive Design and Built Environment for Healthcare;
- Evolved our approach to knowledge exchange towards learning-by-doing and through-life learning strategies where co-production of knowledge through action research and action learning-sets facilitates greater research/innovation adoption and diffusion.
The University of Salford manages its research through a number of multidisciplinary Research Institutes, which form part of the Research and Graduate College (RGC). BuHu is one such Institute (directed by Alshawi) and has a Board and Executive Committee, which govern the Institute’s activity on all issues related to postgraduate research (PGR), staff research workload and training, funding and strategic and operational planning. It consists of nine Centres which are led by a senior academic as director:
- Management in Construction (MIC - Eaton)
- EPSRC Centre (SCRI - Aouad)
- RCEBE (Lees)
- Construction IT Research Centre (Khosrowshahi)
- UQual (Curwell)
- SURF (Marvin)
- SURFACE (the Inclusive Design Research Centre - Ormerod)
- ARC (Lam)
- Centre for Environmental Systems Research (CESR - their work extends beyond the scope of UoA30 and is submitted to UoA32 Geography and Environmental Studies)
The nature of the research undertaken is mono, inter and multidisciplinary. Each Centre Director is included in the Institute’s Executive (including the submission leader – Kagioglou), in addition to the Quality Assurance Director (ensuring consistency in our research administration and governance excellence - Eaton), PGR Director (responsible for all postgraduate issues - Ahmed) and PGR Training Coordinator (specific responsibility for capability building - Sutrisna), Administrator, Deputy Director (Goulding) and other co-opted members as and when appropriate. Every Centre has monthly meetings and there are quarterly research theme meetings to ensure collaboration and cross-fertilisation of ideas. All RI members come together for member meetings (quarterly) and for away days (twice a year). Specific workshops and seminars are undertaken as and when appropriate, normally around a specific research issue.
Our research vision is delivered through coordination and integration of the research themes of Management, ICT and Environment, which broadly form the intellectual cohesive structure, capacity and capability of the RI. The themes provide the mono-disciplinary focus whilst inter and multidisciplinary collaboration manifests through specific activities and projects, either externally funded or capability building internal exercises. The research agenda for each theme is informed by national and international research and policy drivers and coupled with the capabilities and associations of our members, thus providing a feedback-loop with policy, funding and research organisations and governments. Our extensive international links and networking activities ensure that our research is highly relevant whilst making positive contributions to the academic discipline areas. We have had several international scholars from the US, Chile, Brazil, Denmark, Iran, Netherlands, Australia, Germany, Finland and Canada spending time at the RI during sabbaticals and international long-term visits.
The majority of our funded activities involve an industrial and policy advisory body and following a review (2004) we have expanded our community of Visiting Professors (VPs) which now includes 32 (20 in 2001) high profile individuals from (for example) Government, Partnerships for Health (PfH), ELEVATE (Regional regeneration organisation), British Aerospace (BAe),British Airports Authority (BAA), VTT (Finland), University of California, MACE, CSIRO (Australia), University of Stanford (US), Healthcare Assets Australasia and Process Innovation Centre (UK). Our VPs actively participate in the generation, implementation and review of our research activity. For example, VPs chair HaCIRIC and participate in the SCRI steering committee, RCEBE, the SURegen project and the SCRI Forum.
(Abbott<, Alexander*, Amaratunga*, Baldry, Barrett*, Barrett L<, Chynoweth, Douglas, Eaton*, Egbu*, Fortune*, Haigh, Ingirige, Kagioglou*, Khalfan< , Koskela*, Lees*, Lu< , McDermott*, Oyegoke, Powell*, Rooke< , Ruddock*, Sexton*, Steele*, Sutrisna<, Swan< , Tzortzopoulos-Fazenda1 , Wood, where *Professor, < Research Fellow/Senior, 1Academic Fellow – 29 members)
The Management research theme work is led by Kagioglou and includes 14 Professors, and 5 ECRs. New academic members since 2001 include Chynoweth, Douglas, Egbu, Fortune, Haigh, Ingirige, Kagioglou, Koskela, Steele and Wood. The theme members are primarily drawn from SCRI, MIC and RCEBE.
The theme’s work focuses on issues that either drive or are related to the conceptualisation, planning, realisation and use of built environments. The inclusiveness and capability of companies, organisations and individuals to innovate and continually improve the value generated and positive impact of their activities (and the way they interact with each other) in a sustainable manner is a key consideration.
Following international workshops and surveys with Lee and Barrett L, Barrett’s work on ‘revaluing construction’ (which he is currently championing within the CIB) resulted in a major book and has directly influenced both the ECTP (generating specific calls within FP7) and national research and innovation strategy, which as a result states that the built environment is 20% of GDP instead of ~8%, which makes a difference conceptually (regarding the value of construction) and to policy. For example, a current public project is looking at how to infuse the practical design of primary schools with ideas derived from this work. Ruddock is leading the macroeconomics areas in the core CIB revaluing construction theme. An additional impact of this work includes the emphasis on meeting clients’ requirements and transforming the sector within ECTP. Work by Brandon, Tzortzopoulos-Fazenda and Kagioglou calls for better means of achieving this and has resulted in a primary care trust changing its processes to ensure better client and stakeholder requirements capture. Work by Alexander and Douglas also demonstrated the importance of a holistic consideration of communities’ needs and desires in infrastructure programmes. Douglas undertook work on patient-centred and friendly environments for hospitals, cities and community environments. Research on ‘benefits realisation’ (Kagioglou, Tzortzopoulos-Fazenda) is providing a framework for linking policy and infrastructure development process for delivering planned and unanticipated benefits to communities. This approach is part of the business plan of PfH (the Department of Health arm responsible for delivering public-private partnerships in primary healthcare). Collaborative work between Loughborough, Reading and Salford Universities (Big Ideas project) looks at the competitiveness drivers for construction (in its wider sense) and how cause and effect relationships can be modelled through system dynamics modelling, including modelling the changing requirements of stakeholders and the socio-political environment that influences them (Aouad, Barrett, Kagioglou, McDermott).
Our leading work on process management and improvement has resulted in CIRIA guides (DTI funded under the Training the Trainers scheme), and in a major book (Aouad, Lee, Kagioglou, Wu). The Process Protocol has been used by many construction organisations (including McAlpine, BAA, BAe and AMEC). It has provided the framework upon which the Australian Collaborative Research Centre for Construction Innovation (CRC-CI) is developing and assessing its research portfolio, informed asset management development for the Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) (Wu, Lee, Kagioglou), and is currently in the process of forming a European standard for facilities management (Alexander). A Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) has also been completed with Pochins (Tah, Kagioglou). It has also been used by the RICS Disaster Management Commission to develop a Disaster Management Protocol (Lee, Aouad). Complementary work in this area is being undertaken by Haigh and Amaratunga through the Inspiring Sri-Lankan Renewal and Development (ISLAND) project which aims to increase the effectiveness of disaster management. The Process Protocol has also informed further research in our EPSRC ‘platform grant’ nD modelling, the Vivacity SUE grant, the SPICEIII project, and it continues to generate novel contributions around the integration with the ICT and Environment themes.
The establishment of SCRI (Aouad, Barrett, Kagioglou, Koskela, Sexton, Abbott, McDermott, Khalfan, Powell, Rooke, Ruddock, Tzortzopoulos-Fazenda) provided consolidated funding which enabled innovative ideas to flourish and has attracted further funding. For example, our work on theory-based project and production management has been strengthened by the appointment of Koskela (previously based at VTT) as an EPSRC Star Recruit gearing £545k from EPSRC (Aouad, Kagioglou, Barrett, Ingirige) for five years. Koskela’s theoretical contributions in project and production management, in particular his Transformation-Flow-Value (TFV) theory, are cited internationally and form the theoretical base for the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC).
We work at the interface of informing, implementing and assessing policy development. Our procurement and supply chain development work has informed the Office of Government Commerce (OGC) and many regional, national and international bodies. Work on trust and partnering (McDermott, Swan, Wood, Khalfan) has resulted in a trust assessment tool. The wider issues around innovation (Lu, Sexton); construction success (Barrett, Barrett L, Sutrisna, Oyegoke); construction alliances (Ingirige, Sexton); forecasting contracting and project pricing (Fortune, Oyegoke); Public Private Partnerships (PPPs), including Private Finance Initiatives (PFIs), and valuation and property (McDermott, Eaton, Wood, Swan) have been a core focus of our work, which were used to advise the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM), HM Treasury (HMT), and many foreign governments such as the Czech Republic and Turkey. We are taking part in an EPSRC funded Grand Challenge (£3m, Knowledge and Information Management through Life) which includes 11 universities and a large number of industrialists and our work (Koskela, McDermott, Sexton, Kagioglou, Rooke, Aouad) relates to incentivisation and decision-making around the product-service paradigm for whole life knowledge. Work in property and construction law led by Chynoweth has received awards and the outputs are widely used by solicitors, barristers and surveyors.
Our work on benchmarking (Eaton) performance and facilities management (Amaratunga, Haigh, Baldry) has resulted in SPICE (Structured Process Improvement for Construction Enterprises), Facilities Management (FM) and SPICEIII projects on capability maturity modelling (CMM) and its application in construction and the NHS has informed government through DTI and OGC and resulted in DTI funding of around £50k. Work on performance management (Kagioglou) has also informed a ‘promoting innovation in primary healthcare’ management group and is now taken forward through HaCIRIC (£7.3m over five years, established June 2006) whilst also researching issues around the nexus of performance, operations and knowledge management (Aouad, Koskela, Kagioglou, Tzortzopoulos-Fazenda).
CEBE (Lees) is one of 24 subject centres within the Higher Education Academy. Its work has been recognised as being excellent by the Construction Industry Council leading to an invitation to establish the CIC Education College and Lees to become its first chair. Lees also leads the Construction Knowledge Exchange (CKE), one of 22 knowledge exchanges set up under the HEIF2/3 third stream funding arrangements. CKE was established in August 2004 with funding of £1m for an initial two years and recognised for its performance with an additional two years funding in August 2006. The EURASIA (Asia link) project investigates the knowledge transfer between Europe and Asia (Amaratunga, Haigh, Ruddock, Ingirige, Sexton, Baldry). Furthermore, work by Egbu looks at the role of knowledge management for improved organisational innovations.
The approach to our research is both prescriptive and descriptive and our work with industry is often in action research mode (Abbott, Sexton), where interventions in practice are made as a means of testing theory, and improving practice and we have developed frameworks and tools to allow this to happen at all levels (Lees, Alexander, Swan, Sexton, Lu, McDermott, Khalfan, Kagioglou, Rooke, Powell). Our efforts have resulted in £3.5m in HEFCE funding, £800k from NWDA/ERDF funds, and £450k from EU monies to work closely with industry and increase the competency and capability of organisations and supply chains. RCEBE is working around the themes of e-learning, industry engagement with education, the research-teaching nexus and education supply chain and has generated a number of initiatives. Accelerating Change in the Built Environment (Lees) investigates ways of improving engagement between universities, professional institutions, industry and practice. Powell is the Director of the HEFCE-funded (£300k) ‘University Partnership for Benchmarking Enterprise and Associated Technologies’ (UPBEAT) which has recently been adopted as a knowledge transfer process by some 28 British and 10 continental European Universities. The representation of women in construction is investigated in the EU funded project of Women in Construction (Amaratunga, Haigh, Aouad, Lee, Ruddock, Sexton, Baldry, Ingirige) and Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) by Steele and Ahmed.
We see our work continuing in the areas identified above with a particular focus in the provision of evidence for policy and strategy implementation (including setting) around procurement, operations and maintenance, the value of construction, the effects of the built environment across a number of sectors and stakeholder groups and vice-versa. In particular, our future work will focus on the nexus of improving businesses and the business environment whilst ensuring that positive outcomes are realised for communities and stakeholder groups in society.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY THEME
(Ahmed, Alshawi*, Aouad*, Arayici, Arif, Bakis, Brandon*, Fernando*, Fu<, Goulding, Hamilton, Khosrowshahi*, Kocaturk, Lee, Marshall-Ponting 1, Medjdoub, Oxman*, Underwood, Wang<, Wu, and Zhang< where *Professor, < Research Fellow/Senior, 1Academic Fellow – 21 members)
The Information and Communication Technology research theme is led by Khosrowshahi and includes six professors and five ECRs. New academic members since 2001 include Arif, Fernando, Kocaturk, Khosrowshahi, Lee, Oxman and Wu.
The theme’s work focuses on innovation and implementation of ICT to improve organisational performance and maturity (including soft issues), interfacing and visualisation (e.g. CAD, virtual reality (VR), virtual prototyping, future work spaces and 3D Scanners), and integration and simulation (e.g. nD modelling, life cycle, open systems and simulations).
Brandon chaired the Review Panel of the CRC-CI and his activities resulted in the ‘2020 Vision’ report for the Australian construction industry, and has influenced work in this area internationally. Alshawi’s extensive work resulted in a major book which provides a holistic picture of the factors that enable built environment organisations to explore the potential of IT to improve their businesses and achieve sustainable competitive advantage. His work has resulted in an innovative managerial tool that measures organisational IT capability to successfully absorb technological innovation into their work practices. This work resulted in a DTI funded project (Khoshrowshahi) led by BAA (including the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB), Institute of Civil Engineers (ICE) and Constructing Excellence (CE) among others), and an international workshop attended by 25 academics and industrialists (Khoshrowshahi, Goulding, Underwood, Marshall-Ponting, Ingirige). The organisational-maturity research spans across capability improvement, organisational learning and information management. Ahmed led a first grant (EPSRC funded, £129k) on e-learning to develop a standard learning objects library for the re-use of information in training and education for construction, leading to the development of on-line personalised learning environments (Ahmed, Goulding, Alshawi).
ICT was a key part in the Process Protocol research resulting in an IT Toolkit which has been used by RBS’s asset programme management team (Wu, Bakis, Aouad, Kagioglou) and for British Nuclear Fuels on their asset management programme (Wu, Bakis). Our SPICE series of projects (see Management theme) has also informed our work and it has been used by BAA (SPICEIII), the Highways Agency and Taylor Woodrow.
Our work in interfacing and visualisation spans across virtual environments (CAD, Geographic Information System (GIS), 3D-GIS, virtual and augmented reality), virtual prototyping, generic visualisation techniques, future interfaces, modelling and real-time virtual agents. Brandon has led international work (including a RICS funded international workshop) on virtual prototyping, bringing key players in this area to work together, including Ghery Technologies, Hong Kong Polytechnic University (funding a further workshop in this area), CIFE (Centre for Integrated Facility Engineering - Stanford University), CRC-CI and others to set the agenda for virtual prototyping internationally. This has led to the development of a novel area, “digital design” (Oxman, Kocaturk, Medjdoub, Brandon), which has influenced industry thinking through well-attended CPD (Continuous Professional Development) training in this area and a KTP with Apropos Tectonic Ltd (Kocaturk). Fernando led the Future Workspaces roadmap (EU FP6) which created a research agenda for developing collaborative workspaces of the future. This led to an EU funded (€12M) project on “Co-Spaces” across sectors (led by Fernando) which aimed at developing future virtual workspaces in construction (Khosrowshahi), aerospace and manufacturing, and through the creation of “Living Labs”. Hamilton and Brandon have led work on the use of visualisation in public participation in urban planning. This work has resulted in a number of funded projects including Virtual Urban Laboratory Computer Aided Networking (VULCAN – £100k HEFCE funded); has supported IT related work in the environment theme (such as the SUERegen project); and has informed the development of Virtual Environmental Planning Systems (VEPS) funded under EU Interreg IIIB (€4.2m) and ODPM (£70k) which integrates Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), GIS and VR architecture in urban planning. The results of these projects are being deployed by the Black Country Consortium to implement their 30 year vision for developing the Black Country as an Urban Park (Fernando). The 3D Scanner project (Hamilton, Arayici, and Wang, funded through SRIF money) has created virtual models (Waterloo battlefield for the History Channel – eight million viewers worldwide), and generated IFC building models and digital building surveying (used by Wates in the Bullwood Hall refurbishment project). In parallel, the pioneering approach to the concept of off-site manufacturing (Arif) is being implemented by the ManuBuild project (led by Alshawi with Goulding) where we are developing its VR simulator. We have developed a VR Simulator for Hybrid Concrete structures (Zhang, Goulding, Aouad, Kagioglou, Sexton) in collaboration with Loughborough and Wolverhampton universities.
Our 15 years of accumulated experience on integration and simulation has set a futuristic vision on how the industry can harness the potential of integrated project information to improve its decision making process across the supply chain and to deliver quality products and services to clients. Aouad’s extensive work in this field has resulted (by bringing together an international community) in a major book Constructing the Future: nD Modelling which has coined the term “nD” internationally. Aouad has led the platform grant (Lee, Wu, Fu, Brandon) on nD modelling (EPSRC Funded, £450k) which resulted in two international workshops (Marshall-Ponting) with high profile reports, and which formed the basis for an nD international network to be established (the platform grant received the highest mark by the funding body – “internationally leading”). Through this work we have made significant contributions to the implementation and validation of international standards for data exchange, such as IFC. It has also resulted in follow-up funding (EPSRC - £68k) to develop the nD game (Aouad, Lee, Wu) which is used to engage school children in the design of their future environments and improve the image of the industry. These activities have attracted funding from EPSRC (Aouad, Fu, Wu, Lee) and led to six visits to high profile institutions in China and the generation of a report and network seminar. Projects like INTELCITY and Vivacity have utilised nD modelling as their main ICT integrative tool.
We see our work continuing in the technological areas of visualisation, simulation and integration, with a particular focus on leveraging the capabilities developed in this theme to allow the industry to develop sustainable competitive advantage through the adoption and diffusion of advanced technologies.
Adams<, Angus*, Avis, Cooper*, Cox*, Curwell*, Davies, Ford, Harloe*, Hodson, Hudson, James, Knowles*, Lam*, Li, Marvin*, May*, Melbourne*, Moorhouse, Murphy, Newton, Ormerod*, Perry, Todd, Umnova, Von Hunerbein, and Waddington<; where *Professor, < Research Fellow/Senior, – 27 members)
The Environment theme, led by Curwell, includes 11 Professors and one ECR. New academic members since 2001 include Angus, Avis, Harloe, Hodson, James, Knowles, Li, Marvin, May, Moorhouse, Umnova, Von Hunerbein and Waddington. Members are drawn from SURF, SURFACE, UQual and ARC.
SURF’s work is structured around regeneration and neighbourhood renewal, city and regional thinking, and territorial knowledge in science and technology. UQual addresses quality of life expectations of individuals, communities and society with work addressing sustainable urbanism, sustainable construction, health and safety, sustainable infrastructure and inclusive design (through SURFACE). ARC is one of only two sizeable university groups in the UK that address all aspects of the science and engineering of the aural environment and its contribution to a high quality urban environment, including building and environmental acoustics, soundscapes, audio acoustics and public awareness.
The theme has seen considerable positive growth, as planned in our 2001 submission. Its distinctive character rests on the holistic and integrated approach, which extends seamlessly from research to policy and practice, addressing the complexity of sustainable (re)development problem-solving towards future high quality urban environments. This includes capacity building for sustainable communities, collaborative work across stakeholder groups, policy implementation and the management of knowledge in all of these areas.
Harloe, Hodson, Marvin, May and Perry have built a class-leading research programme on urban knowledge, governance, science and infrastructure, supported from two Research Councils, European and international funders, and city regional and national governments. This has been influential in policy terms for its insight and relevance for subsequent actions. Marvin, May and Perry played a leading role in developing a critical and comparative understanding of interdisciplinary urban knowledge and the role of universities within urban and regional science policy. The Ford Foundation, European Social Fund (ESF), European Union and two national Research Councils - CNRS France, NSF Switzerland - have commissioned work to advise on their research and policy priorities. Science Cities commissioned SURF to produce the CSR submission, and policy advice is given to national government, science councils and other regional and urban agencies on science policy. Hodson and Marvin undertake work on cities and infrastructure. “Splintering Urbanism” (Marvin) is heavily cited, has excellent peer reviews and is acknowledged as developing a new critical urbanism focused on networks and flow. Further work funded by Research Councils and policy funders such as the Northern Way has developed a new understanding of the capacity and capability of cities and active intermediaries to shape systemic change in networks. Harloe, Marvin and May have also made significant contributions to London, urban and regional governance. Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and Whitehall funded placements have been undertaken within Government Offices (GOs) and national departments, and major contributions to the urban policy agenda were made through the OPDM “Framework for City-regions” which is regularly used in HMT and Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG) work. Advice and policy work is regularly undertaken for Core Cities, GOs, local authorities and regional agencies and Marvin is a member of the DCLG Planning Research Panel.
A multidisciplinary group from the Environment and IT themes (May, Curwell, Cox, Brandon, Fernando, Hamilton, Aouad, Cooper, James, Marshall-Ponting, Arayici) first came together in 2001 for the Vulcan Project (see IT theme), and has led to a succession of interrelated projects (led by Curwell) addressing sustainable urban regeneration issues, including the EU BEQUEST networking project - the first to develop a common language for sustainable urban development; the EU Large Urban Distressed Areas project (LUDA - £1.9m) that produced the first decision support aid for assessment and evaluation in regeneration; and an EU FP5 research roadmap on Intelligent and Sustainable Cities (INTELCITY - £300k) exploring the EU’s Knowledge Economy and Sustainable Development objectives. This led to the Intelligent Cities Integrated Project (IntelCities), one of the largest in FP6 (€13m) involving 22 cities, 20 ICT companies, including Nokia and Cisco Systems, and 36 research groups from 20 European countries. A middleware solution integrating city information systems was developed linking a range of eServices for city management and regeneration. James led a related project on new technologies in urban planning which was well received by the ODPM’s New Horizons programme. This group was augmented with established international experts, Knowles (sustainable transport and mobility) and Collier (urban air-quality and climate), and has recently won the SURegen Project (EPSRC SUE2, £2.25m, 2007-11) to develop a knowledge management tool for regeneration professionals.
Omerod and Newton are leading experts in inclusive design and have undertaken a number of interrelated research projects, being the only team to secure funding from four of the five calls in the EPSRC’s EQUAL programme. Work in EQUAL 1 and 2 (1999-2003) responded to the government’s disability agenda and provided a 500-page web-based design code (www.accesscode.info) and the Best Practice Note on Inclusive Design for English Partnerships and the Housing Corporation. Work in EQUAL 4 and 5 (2003-11, £550k and £1.6m), in collaboration with Edinburgh College of Art, Oxford Brookes University and 30 industrial partners, has led to the development of a code for the design of streets with older people in mind (www.idgo.ac.uk) and citation by the World Health Organisation (IDGO, launch June 07). The group also has two ‘Opportunities in the Labour Market’ projects (ESF, £290k). Ormerod has worked with the Joseph Rowntree Foundation on Decent Homes Standards. He has input on funding priorities for the Assisted Living Innovation Platform (Technology Strategy Board, Department of Health, EPSRC), and is a member of the EPSRC Strategic Promotion of Ageing Research Capacity (SPARC) Funding Steering Panel, and the DCLG Building Regulation Group for Fire Safety.
Lam’s work led to the realisation of the importance of diffuse reflection modelling in computer models of room acoustics, and he is one of the main contributors to the widespread implementation of diffuse reflection algorithms in the models that exist today. Cox wrote the first dedicated English language textbook on acoustic treatments which sold out its first print run. Cox’s and Lam's work led to the establishment of an AES standard document (Cox co-chaired the Working Group), and indirectly to the International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard that defines surface diffusion and scattering coefficients for surfaces in building acoustics. The draft of the follow-up ISO standard on surface diffusion coefficient is based entirely on our work. Angus’s work on diffuser sequence theory places the group as the world leader in surface diffuser design with Angus and Cox’s designs being used in performance spaces around the world. Alongside BuHu’s world-leading development of nD modelling (Lam looked at the acoustics issues), research in computer simulation continues towards the concept of virtual acoustic prototyping (Moorhouse) in product developments, and in multidisciplinary research into future virtual workspaces. Avis’ work has led to a joint patent with Black and Decker Inc on a vibration attenuated power tool in 2006 and a KTP with 3M (with Umnova). Our work on testing people’s responses to room acoustics (Davies and Cox) is regularly cited by other researchers in the field. Lam is currently working closely with QinetiQ to develop the next generation of software for demanding environmental noise prediction. Our unique combination of expertise in sound propagation (Lam, Umnova) with the capability for remote sensing of atmospheric conditions (Von Hünerbein, Waddington) and other colleagues in BuHu (Collier) places us as the only research group in the world that is capable of investigating the issue of range and time dependent atmospheric and ground conditions on sound propagation. Von Hünerbein is investigating the certification of SODARs (Sonic Detection and Ranging) for use at wind farms in the multidisciplinary EU FP6 UpWind project, with 40 participating institutions. Angus and Waddington are leading an innovation to develop a signal sequence which is considered to be a major breakthrough in sound propagation and simultaneous atmospheric measurements - a major problem under difficult atmospheric conditions.
Lam’s work in adopting surface diffusers into barrier and absorber designs is also class-leading, and has led to a successful product line in an overseas company. Another important element in environmental noise is the response of the community. Moorhouse has a KTP with Industrial Capacitors Ltd and led three Defra-funded projects culminating in the first official guidelines for assessment of low frequency noise in the UK, which has triggered a wide public response in the form of more than 25 articles in the national and international press. Defra, National Society for Clean Air and the UK Noise Association all held workshops on the guidelines that are now in widespread use by local authorities. Cox proposed and then directed the EPSRC Ideas Factory on “A Noisy Future?” in 2006. As a result, Davies is now leading a £1m EPSRC consortium project in Positive Soundscapes, challenging the paradigm that all sound is bad. Another outcome, the formation of the Noisy Futures Network, is expected to have a big influence on research and government policy in tackling noise in the future.
Future research in the Environment theme will continue to concentrate on the complex physical, social and economic forces driving the patterns of cyclical change and renewal in urban communities which will involve research into the technical aspects of the built environment as well as the social dimensions of urban life and communities.
Future Research Strategy and Plans
We have reported on the research plans identified in the RAE 2001 submission. The future direction of our research will be influenced by a number of key drivers. These include the recent comprehensive spending review in relation to science research, the Sainsbury review of research and innovation and those identified within recent research frameworks established by the Research Councils and EU FP7. We see future research becoming more interdisciplinary around the areas of energy, living with environmental change, global security, ageing research (lifelong health and wellbeing) and the digital economy. These drivers and areas for research, coupled with our internal capability and capacity inform our future research plans as presented in our thematic areas.
Within the next five years, we aim to build on our current multi and interdisciplinary infrastructure and to strengthen our activities within a flexible research environment that will enable all RI members to continue to play a leading role in setting up, and being responsive to, national and international strategic research agendas.
The focus will be on retaining and establishing dynamic but specific core capabilities in areas of interest and strategic importance to the built environment. This will also be supported by a critical mass of resources including KTP associates, PhD students, RAs and visiting fellows/professors. Further collaboration and holistic consideration of complex issues across our themes with a focus on research excellence and relevance-in-application is a key priority. Specifically:
Management - Revaluing construction through the ECTP, NTP and CIB; disaster management through the RICS presidential commission and EPSRC/EU funding; affordable housing through SCRI and ManuBuild; healthcare through HaCIRIC; education and training through RCEBE (we expect to grow this activity significantly and possibly develop a thematic area) and procurement and process modelling through SCRI and the MIC centre.
ICT - Virtual prototyping and simulation through ManuBuild and SURegen; future work spaces through Co-Spaces; digital design through industry and funding bodies and organisational e-readiness through EU and World Bank funding.
Environment - Energy, sustainability and regeneration (particular focus will be on sustainable economies and territorial knowledge in cities) through SURegen and the SURF Centre; inclusive neighbourhoods and environments, urban nature and human well-being through the UQual Centre; surface diffusers and positive soundscapes through the ARC Centre.
We would also use scientific and social measurement, modelling and prediction of change in natural (complex) systems, as well as the human needs to be expanded, in order to provide a much stronger socio-technical foundation to our knowledge and understanding of built environments. Research into effective change mechanisms in built environments and communities through policy development, application of good practice in design and construction, and new infrastructure, services and ecosystems solutions will be continued and expanded to explore how society can maintain a better quality of life through more sustainable life and work styles.
The term-time research workload for staff members is set by the RI, to a maximum of 50%. University-wide schemes such as the Vice-Chancellor’s Research Scholarship scheme (for members of staff new to research) and the Academic Development Fund (ADF), along with BuHu strategic investment, combine with a rigorous programme for staff development to ensure that staff are able to extend their skills and competencies in a number of areas, whilst ensuring the high-standard infrastructure and services are provided to our students and contract researchers. New members of staff are allocated mentors to help them in PhD supervision, bidding and the development of personal research strategies and research coordination. Our diverse modes of delivery (for example, split site and distance learning, including web-based PhD) utilise advanced collaboration technologies which require training from staff and time is allocated to new appointees in the first two years of their employment accordingly. Such training also includes equality and diversity and widening participation.
Members are positioned within one of the Research Centres of the RI and can also become associate members of other centres, allowing them visibility and active participation in the development of thematic research strategies, thereby making explicit research synergies across centres and ensuring research cohesion. Very early on, new members of staff are encouraged to participate and present their work in training programmes, and pump-priming research funds are provided to support their research, especially on strategic capability building areas.
Activities and functions associated with postgraduate research studies are managed by a Director of Postgraduate Research Studies (Ahmed). We are members of the UK GRAD Programme, which is committed to working with universities, supervisors and other national organisations to support doctoral researchers. We are operating a Service Level Agreement between the students and the University to optimise students’ expectations and experiences. We have a planned process of assessment of PhD candidates which includes an interim assessment (approximately half way through their studies) and an internal evaluation (at the penultimate phase of their study) to ensure that adequate advice is given to students. This is supported by a supervisory team (two supervisors for each candidate) and a mentor for each candidate.
We have established a distance learning PhD (MERIT – the first online PhD) and a Professional Doctorate Programme, which utilises advanced IT technologies (such as Blackboard and Horizon Wimba) for online meetings, assessment and submission of work. BuHu operates a research training programme that comprises an integrated set of practical and theoretical training activities to encompass both general research training and subject specific research training. As part of the training programme, 15 researchers visited Lund University and exchanged ideas with the Competitive Building Programme, Sweden. This has resulted in a number of joint papers presented at an international conference.
The RI uses the University’s Virtual Learning Environment (Blackboard v6) to support the research training programme, and the Researchers’ Online Advanced Repository (ROAR). In addition, the University-wide Graduate Teaching Assistant (GTA) policy, started in 2003, funds PhD studies and provides training for teaching for the candidates. To date we have funded nine GTAs at a total value to the University of over £600k. The Business Enterprise Support Team (BEST) project helps with starting one’s own business, and the Graduate Gateway helps with graduate training and placements. Furthermore, the Jobshop provides lists of part-time vacancies for Salford students and also helps with pre-placement training. We have utilised EPSRC funds through: CTA to embed researchers into organisations (ELEVATE); Doctoral Training Account (DTA) to establish 10 studentships in capability building areas; and Academic Fellowship (AF) to establish two AFs in healthcare and e-readiness.
The RI takes every step to ensure that it provides an environment which is supportive of postgraduate activity in order to foster and nurture young talent. Postgraduate research students have access to a variety of technical facilities purchased through SRIF, including a VR workbench driver, a 3D scanner, a VR projection system, collaborative working video conferencing facilities and wireless kits to set up wireless networks. In addition, specialist items of equipment procured under projects are available to all research students. These include four video conferencing kits and an electronic voting tool. Postgraduate research students also have access to high calibre technical facilities including advanced virtual reality equipment secured through HEFCE funding. This is further leveraged through investment in technical provision with, for instance, SRIF 2 funded simulation and VR labs (the Think Lab). BuHu has also benefited from a £768k investment in accommodation and social space for PGRs through SRIF2.
The environment provided for our postgraduate and contract researchers resulted in a number of our staff (Amaratunga, Lee, Haigh, Wu, Arayici, Kagioglou, Marshall-Ponting, Tzortzopoulos-Fazenda) following this route to an academic career through research fellowships, and for instance, Abbott, Bakis, Fu, Khalfan, Rooke and Zhang are all now on permanent research contracts.
We have established the first CIB Student Chapter and we are currently working with others internationally to establish an international network of postgraduate researchers. The CIB Student Chapter plays an important role (we have led international postgraduate training in Malaysia, Delft, Lisbon and at RICS international conferences) in our International Postgraduate Research in the Built Environment Conference (which is now on its eighth year – the next conference to be held in Prague in June 2008). We are organising RICS doctoral workshops (Ruddock). The RI has also established the first journal dedicated to postgraduate research.
Our members contribute to the EPSRC College and international research review bodies, hold visiting professorships at international institutions, and contribute to major built environment community activities. We play a major role in the CIB (UN funded and established in 1953 with 50 working commissions).
In addition to the esteem evidence presented previously, member-specific esteem indicators are presented here alphabetically and in terms of seniority.
- Chairman of EuroFM Research Network Group (2005-07) - leading four collaborative research projects and annual research symposium
- Initiator CIB TG51 and co-ordinator of CIB W111 – Usability of Workplaces
- Convenor, CEN WG5 with responsibility for creating European standards in FM processes
- Advisor to Norwegian and Finnish funding agencies and to Krems (Austria), Cape Town, Melbourne and DIT universities; Visiting Professor at NTNU, Chalmers University (Gothenburg), TKK (Helsinki) and Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- Academic PI on ManuBuild
- Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Construction Innovation and also delivered 10 international keynote addressees
- International advisor to SIRIM (Malaysia) on the country’s construction IT strategy; UN HABITAT expert group on housing in Iraq; and the World Bank on IT education in Jordan
- Executive member of Construction Innovation network sponsored by Caterpillar, Peoria, US
- Co-chair of World Bank and UN HABITAT expert groups on disaster management in developing countries and FP6 EU appointed evaluator
- Specialist adviser to Centres for Excellence in teaching and learning (HEFCE)
- Coordinator (CIB TG53) on postgraduate research training in building and construction and member of the Research Councils’ Strategic Forum for Postgraduate Researchers
- Asia Link funding – among 15 successful projects out of 129
- Audio Engineering Society (ADS) Fellowship Award for pioneering work on sigma-delta modulation (2004)
- On the review board of the ADS Journal
- Institute of Acoustics Peter Barnett Memorial Award (2004) in recognition of contributions to the fields of electroacoustics, speech intelligibility and education
- Reviewer for National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) research grants for five years
- PI of the Salford IMRC (Director) and for the platform grant (nD modelling)
- Lead Academic for the Construction Cluster (North West Universities Association - NWUA)
- Editor-in-Chief of the first dedicated refereed journal for postgraduate research
- On the editorial board of seven refereed journals (including Construction, Management and Economics (CME)) and chair of the IRW
Barrett (Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Research) of the University of Salford)
- President of CIB from 2007-10 – first UK President for 30 years - and Best Coordinator Award 2001-04 for CIB W65
- Member of ECTP HLG - responsible for inclusion of positive aspects of space for users, beyond base level, in strategic research agenda
- Member of UK HLG Construction Technology Platform
- Core member of consortium with Cambridge/MIT (CMI) Forum for Construction
- Founder and joint co-ordinator of ICALL, an international strategic research alliance comprising Salford, Stanford, VTT, CSTB (France), CRC and Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- Chair, Ross Priory Group, a grouping of the chief executives of research-supply side organisations (UK Built Environment)
- Vice-Chairman, RICS Foundation and member of the RICS Presidential Commission for Disaster Management
- Over 30 keynote addresses internationally
- International funded expert for pan-European projects (IntelCities, ISAAC), UK government (DTI review of UK Sustainable Construction Strategy), UK Research Councils (SUE1, VivaCity 24/7 Sustainable City), and private sector (Balfour Beatty)
- Third party external evaluator for HEFCE and Rowntree Trust
- EPSRC Senior Media Fellow
- Recipient of Institute of Acoustics´ Tyndell Medal for achievement and services in the field of acoustics
- Associate editor for international journal Acta Acustica u.w. Acustica
- Director of an EPSRC Ideas Factory on noise following successful bid to EPSRC
- PI for three EU projects, including the FP6 funded IntelCities IP
- Director designate of the European Intelligent Cities Research Centre and European Correspondent for the International Intelligent Communities Forum
- Lead editor of book series: Sustainable Urban Development (Taylor Francis, 2003-date) and on editorial board of Building Research and Information (BRI)
- Board member: RENEW, NW England’s Centre of Excellence for Regeneration Skills, 2004-07 and member of the NW Design Review panel from 2007
- Advisor to UK, Czech, Turkish and Portuguese governments on PPP and PFI (Nuclear Power, Roads, Bridges, Rails, Urban Renewal, Housing, Power and Water, Waste Recycling and Innovation)
- Visiting Professor at Sakarya University, Turkey
- Keynote addresses on PFI/PPP for UK treasury, PGC, ODPM, RICS
- CIRIA Process Panel advisory member
- PI for four grants (two from EPSRC and two from DTI – total value £1.1m)
- Coordinator of CIB W102 (Knowledge and Information Management) and TG61 (Benchmarking Construction Performance Data)
- Organiser of four international conferences
- Editorial and Advisory Board member of three journals and guest editor Automation in Construction Journal
- Technical Manager of FP6 (€12m) IP (Co-Spaces)
- Leader and coordinator of EU (€500k) future workplaces roadmap and urban planning platform research
- Organised and chaired more than 20 international workshops, delivered three keynote addresses and six invited talks
- Core member of the INTUITION research network involving 58 major research institutions across Europe
- On the editorial board of three journals
- PI on 1st RICS Richard Ley Research Award on Sustainable Practices in Construction Project Procurement
- Secretary of Association of Researchers for Construction Management (ARCOM) Committee for the last ten years
- Coordinator CIB TG within W65 (differing roles of construction managers worldwide)
Harloe (Vice-Chancellor of the University of Salford)
- Serves on a number of national and local committees including the Business and Industry and Longer Term Strategy Sector Groups of Universities UK, the NW Regional Assembly, the Central Salford Partnership and the Manchester Knowledge Capital Board
- Chairs the Chapel Street (Salford) Urban Regeneration Partnership, the Manchester/Salford Housing Market Renewal Partnership and the NWUA
- Member of the Academy of the Learned Societies in the Social Sciences
- PI and Director of the HaCIRIC IMRC for Salford, and SCRI Co-director
- Only academic member in a national DoH and DTI funded management committee on Promoting Innovation in Primary Healthcare (2005-06); and member of the LIFT Innovation Programme steering group for PfH
- Champion of Product Development and Design Management theme for IGLC (since 2002)
- Reviewer for the Danish Research Institute and the ERABUILD network
- Founder and chair of Information Visualisation Society
- Visiting Professor (University of Artois, France) and adjudicator for the best IT product award, Interbuild 2006
- Former Chair of ARCOM (2001-06) and chair of more than 10 symposia and conferences
- Only academic board member of International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI)
- Association of American Geographers’ 2004 Ullman Award for significant contributions in transportation geography – first European recipient
- 2005 Fleming Lecture in transportation geography – highest international award
- Founder Editor, Journal of Transport Geography (1993-date) – research featured in the Report of the House of Commons Transport Committee on Passenger Rail Franchising (5/11/2006)
- Referee for Hong Kong Research Council
- Nominated Fellow of the World Innovation Foundation in 2006
- Received the Rockwool Prize in 2004 (Denmark) for contributions to theory-building in Lean Construction
- Founder of the IGLC and seminal author on Lean Construction theory
- PI/investigator in the EPSRC funded knowledge and information management grand challenge, Embracing Complexity
- Associate editor of the international journal Applied Acoustics with responsibility for special issues on current hot research topics
- Chairman of the EPSRC theme day on acoustics organisation committee in 2002
- Member of national committees BSI EH1/3 and IOA Research Coordination Committee, international ISO WG25, and UK representative on the American Helicopter Society’s Acoustics Technical Committee 2003-06
- Joint coordinator of CIB W051 on Acoustics
- Policy advisor on higher education issues with the Sector Skills Council - construction skills; sector skills agreement; Diploma Development Partnership Steering Group;
- Project Steering Group member for the new National Skills Academy for Construction
- PI and project director for CKE
- Editor of Journal of Education in the Built Environment
- Led more than £1m worth of contracts through CCI
- Editor of Journal of Construction Procurement and joint leader of CIB WG92 Procurement Systems
- Strategic Procurement Advisor to Manchester City Council and the NWDA and Board Member of Regional Centre of Excellence for Procurement (DCLG)
- Construction Procurement Advisor to the OGC/Treasury and a member of the Appointments Panel for working group 2005-15 Construction Demand/Capacity Study
- Funded advisor to the Swiss, French and Swedish research councils. Undertook ESF international review on urban interdisciplinarity. Advisor to EU panel on sustainable cities research. Member of COST network
- Visiting professor at Metropolitan Research Institute (Copenhagen) and at Newcastle and Durham Universities
- Editorial board member of Urban Technology, editor of Cities and Technology book series (Routledge)
- Funded secondments to Whitehall, Government Office and the Northern Way
- Visiting Professor of Cornell University (2004)
- Editor of international book series Issues in Society (Open University Press/ McGraw-Hill)
- Member of the editorial advisory board of three journals and referee for 13. Authored/co-authored 19 books, translated in 10 languages
- External assessor for professorship/readerships for six universities, Royal Academy of Engineering (RAE) and ESRC and delivered over 20 keynote presentations
- Masonry arch bridge sub-group leader within the EU funded (€11m) Sustainable Bridges
- One of two invited experts to review and advise the UIC (Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer - represents and produces standards for the railway owners worldwide) on their masonry arch bridge projects (2005-date)
- Institution of Structural Engineers’ Lewis Kent Award (2005) for “...his ... many contributions arising from his leading role in higher education and research”.
- Leader of DTI Global Watch Commission (US), Intelligent Housing: New and Emerging Technologies for home-based healthcare delivery (2007)
- Member of the joint EPSRC/BBSRC Strategic Promotion of Ageing Capacity Research Funding Steering Panel
- EPSRC EQUAL funding - total value over five calls £2.44m; invited participant to the joint EPSRC/DoH/Technology Strategy Board Investment Priorities Workshop for the Assisted Living Innovation Platform
- Member of CIB W84, EDeAN, CIRCUA, CETIS, BIFM
- Member of international advisory board of five journals, including ITCon
- Guest editor of a special issue, “Digital Design” in Design Studies (first special issue on digital architectural design)
- Keynote addresses on introducing digital architectural design in Brazil (2004), Chile (2005) and Korea (2006)
- Jury member in international competitions, including FEIDAD (2001-2006), and External Reviewer of international research grants for Netherlands and Belgium
Powell (Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Enterprise) of the University of Salford)
- European Universities Association’s Coordinator for Creative Universities in their Creative City Regions; Co-ordinator of the British Council’s Programme on ‘Globally Competitive Universities
- Director of Community Finance Solutions – winner of the Most Outstanding “Community Enterprise Programme” in the Times Higher Education Awards in 2005
- Member of HEFCE’s Business and Community Committee
- Chair of first Review Panel of EPSRC’s overall Review Process and member of Review Panel for its EngDoc Programme
- Editor of the RICS research paper series
- Member of the Editorial Boards of international journals: Building and Environment, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management and the International Journal of Strategic Property Management
- Member of the Committee of ARCOM for the last 10 years and held various roles including that of Publications Editor
- Led several Task Groups within the CIB and is currently coordinator of TG56 (Macroeconomics for Construction)
- Coordinator of CIB WC 65 (the Organisation and Management of Construction)
- Awarded a CIB PC Commendation at the CIB World Congress (Cape Town, May 2007)
- Editorial board of four journals
- Three international keynote addresses
- Academic advisor for the DCLG
- Expert advisor to Rochdale and Bolton Local Authorities on their housing strategy
- Expert advisor to the NW Regional Assembly on housing and community sustainability across the 47 local authorities in the NW
- Advisor to local authorities across England and Wales on appropriate methodologies for engaging Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) communities
- Guest editor of the AEC-IT and AEDM journals and member of a number of committees and conferences’ editorial boards
- Winner of EPSRC “First Grant” scheme and PI on ESF funded project
- Member of ARCOM committee
- General Joe Potter Walt Disney World Fellow
- Advisor to head of e-Government for Dubai Municipality and advisor for project management to Director General, UAE
- Guest editor – Construction Innovation special issue on manufactured construction
- Member of executive committee – Ideas Arabia Sub Group (Dubai Quality Group)
- DTI-funded KTP award for a two year research in the field of hearing protection in collaboration with 3M
- Investigator in EURASIA (€456k), ISLAND, and Women in Construction projects
- Reviewer for two international journals
- Member of the RICS’s Project Management Faculty and United Kingdom Educational Standards Boards
- Joint Coordinator, CIB W113 (Law and Dispute Resolution)
- Emerald Group Publishing “Outstanding Paper” Award 2006 and “Highly Commended Paper” Award 2005
- Legal editor, Structural Survey journal
- Editor of the International Journal of Law in the Built Environment
- Invited participant at EPSRC Ideas Factory on “A Noisy Future” and elected PI of the project which won nearly all the £1m funding at the Ideas Factory
- Member of three EPSRC networks: Noise Futures, Enable and EQUAL
- Six keynote addresses in the area of patient perception and satisfaction
- Editor of special issue of Sustainable Development, and on editorial board of three international journals
- Executive Committee member of the International Small Islands Studies Association
- National coordination of training for Health and Safety inspectors and awarded £255k to develop and evaluate a proposed model for Health and Safety inspectors
- Evaluation and further development of the HELA National Health and Safety Training Coordination Web Portal funded by HSE £127k (2002–03)
- Better Health at Work in Kirklees Pilot – evaluation funded by HSE (£251k - 2005-08)
- PI for Construction Site Training Simulator: Developing Off-Site Manufacturing Capacity, NWUA, HEFCE (£60k), Industrial Contributions (£170k)
- Co-editor of the International Journal of Construction Innovation
- Member of CIRIA’s Strategic Advisory Group
- Professional Review Assessor and Professional Development Programme Assessor for CIOB
- Joint coordinator of CIB TG 63 (Disasters and the Built Environment)
- Co-investigator for EURASIA and ISLAND (RICS Education Trust)
- Project coordinator for ESF-funded Construction and Women (£135k), and Constructing Women Leaders
- Member of three journal editorial boards and co-editor of two proceedings for international postgraduate research conferences
- Leader for Salford of the Waterloo battle virtual simulation (ITV production)
- PI for Europe for an NSF (National Science Foundation - USA) grant on eGovernment
- Co-PI of six EU projects and initiatives and two ODPM projects
- Organiser of four international and one national conferences
- Led ESRC Seminar Series, Analysing Social Dimensions of Emerging Hydrogen Economies (August 2004 –July 2006)
- Member of Advisory Group for ESRC Beyond Nimbyism project
- Member of editorial board: The Australian Journal of Construction Economics and Buildings
- Visiting professor at East China Normal University, Shanghai, China and committee member of the International Association of Landscape Ecology (UK) 2002-06
- Received funding from ODPM (New-Horizons), the EU (EU-Life), local Authorities and studentships from NERC and ESRC-NERC, commendation from the RTPI (Royal Town Planning Institute) in 2006
- Associate editor of Urban Ecosystems journal
- Evaluator of research proposals for the Irish Environmental Protection Agency
- Co-investigator for the CIB ‘Revaluing Construction’ theme
- Guest editor/ editorial for three international journals, including Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering (ASCE) and on the editorial board for the Journal of Construction Procurement
- Conference co-chair and conference proceedings editor of the ninth International Conference on Information Visualisation
- Co-investigator for EPSRC funded projects nD Game and Salford: China (towards global harmonisation of construction research)
- Secured one ORS and two CASE awards as investigator
- Commissioned by HMGCC (Her Majesty's Government Communications Centre- a scientific branch of the Home Office) to produce a report on statistical analysis of vocal effort level
- Advisory board membership of three international conferences
- Invited speaker at the Martin Centre University of Cambridge, Churchill College Cambridge, Ecole Centrale Paris
- Awarded an EPSRC “First Grant” on design of ceiling void solutions
- Member of ISO standard committee CEN/TC126/WG7 on Structure-born Sound in Buildings and ISO/TC108/WG29 on Structure-born Sound Source Characterisation
- Director of the International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration 2004. Invited as editor for a DoH book, Noise and Health
- PI on a £270k collaborative EPSRC funded project with the Universities of Southampton and Liverpool
- Presented keynote address to the annual conference of the Australian Acoustical Society (2005)
- Member of the editorial board for the Journal of Environmental Health Research
- Expert adviser for HSE
- Invitee to the housing Corporation Policy Fora – disability, and faith communities
- Cited by the World Health Organisation in Global Age-friendly Cities: a Guide (2007)
- Invitee to EPSRC Infrastructure and Environment Programme Strategy Conference
- Selected to attend EPSRC’s Sandpit on Walking and Cycling (24 participants selected from +120 applicants)
- Referee to Research Grants Council, Hong Kong
- Keynote presentation at Intersymp conference (Germany, 2001) and best paper from the International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics
- Appointed Fellow (by achievement), Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (2001)
- Professorship, International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research & Cybernetics (August 2005)
- PI on EPSRC funded project (£147k), Time Domain Modelling of Sound Attenuation by Porous Materials
- PI on EPSRC funded project (£194k), Sonic Crystal Noise Barriers
- Delivered nine invited international presentations, including to the Construction Information Technology Alliance
- Author of many ‘How to’ guides for industry through CIT
- EU FP6 UpWind participation; PI for Salford University
- Co-organiser of ISARS 2000 and ISARS 2004 conferences
- Guest editor for JTECH special issue on ISARS (2000)
- Received £500k from QinetiQ, the Ministry of Defence and the RAF, and from DEFRA, SRIF and the EPSRC
- Member of the ANSI Working Group on acoustic ground impedance
- Received RICS Education Trust grant for work on theory and practice of partnering
- Grant from RICS Education Trust Golden Jubilee Award into the future of surveying education
- Keynote speaker at the RICS Cyprus Real Estate and Construction Development Conference
- Guest editor/ editorial for three international journals including Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering (ASCE)
- Co-investigator for EPSRC funded projects (nD Game and Salford: China)
- Editorial board for the Journal of Construction Procurement and referee for eight international journals and conferences
Early Career Researchers
- Fellow of the RGS-IBG and committee member of the UGRG
- Invited speaker, Concordia Sensory Research Team, Concordia University, Montreal
- Guest editor of Senses and Society (Senses and the City) and Local Environment (Senses and Sustainability) and reviewer for four journals
- Awarded ESRC Research Seminar Series grant, Rethinking the Urban Experience: the Sensory Production of Place (PI) and EPSRC Positive Soundscape project grant (co-investigator); and founding member of the Noise Futures Network
- Co-investigator on the SURegen project
- Invited on the editorial board of Open Construction and Building Technology journal
- Organised international workshop on Senses, Brains and Spaces which resulted in an EU proposal being submitted
- Received funding from EPSRC (£70k) for investigating SME resilience and coping strategies, with Greenwich and Wolverhampton Universities
- Co-investigator of Star Recruit project
- Research investigator and work package leader for EURASIA
- Invited reviewer for two journals and co-editor of eSmart conference proceedings (2002)
- Co-chair of the Freeform Design Group under the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS)
- Scientific committee member of computational morphogenesis work group
- Co-ordinator of CIB TG65, Management of Small Construction Firms
- Visiting research fellow, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
- Member of workshop series developing research links between the USA and the EU and funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), US
- Participation in INTELCITY
- Organiser of two From 3D to nD Modelling international workshops
- Won the first student prize from the Institution of Civil Engineering Surveyor (ICES) in 2004
- Referee for the Emirates Journal of Engineering Research
- Member of the ICES Network National Committee
- Member of IGLC since 1997; co-champion for product development and design management
- Member of EGLC since 2005
- Co-editor of the IGLC conference proceedings 2007 and a member of the advisory board for the International Journal of Design and Health
- Best paper prize at the fourth International Postgraduate Research Conference
- Main developer of IFC, GIS, and VR integration in urban planning for the VEPs project
- Runner-up for the British Precast Innovation Award 2005 for the novel virtual reality tool he developed in the HyCon project
- Awarded ORS Scholarship and Fellowship of the Royal Geographical Society
- Reviewer for the BuiltViz 2007 international conference, Visualisation in Built and Rural Environments, Zurich, Switzerland
- PI on DTI funded project (£70k) on regionally focussed business improvement
- Generated over £1m of commercial income whilst manager of CCI, currently manager of SCRI
- Constructing Excellence NW Regional Innovation Manager
- Member of NW Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) Group, Persimmon Homes MMC Research Group, IT Construction Forum Panel of Experts and CMI Construction Sector Interest Group
- Principal designer for BNFL (2007), through secondment, of its assets management IT system currently used by 180 users in three nuclear sites
- Two keynotes delivered at the E-Construction Symposium in Fredericton and Halifax (Canada)
- Keynote address at the EPSRC/ICE Showcase on Whole Life Costing
- Awarded a research fellowship under the UK/China Research Fellowship for Excellence programme from the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills
- Member of the EPSRC funded Salford: China project
- Innovation Award for Best Research Paper by CIOB (2001)
- The Royal Academy of Engineering - International Travel Grant Award
- Co-editor of conference proceedings for CIB W92 (2006)
- Member of editorial board of Journal of Construction Procurement
- Receiver of Suomi Akademi (Finnish Academy) postgraduate scholarship
- Received funding (€160k) from Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (TEKES)
- Member of Transatlantic Forum on the Future of Universities network, funded by the Ford Foundation
- Led ESRC Network with Universities of Manchester and Newcastle (2006)
- Participation in NESTA’s CRUCIBLE Think Labs (2007) and invited talks to NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement, Royal Society of Arts (RSA) / ESRC collaboration
- Member of fifth Triple Helix Scientific Committee, The Capitalisation of Knowledge: Cognitive, Economic, Social and Cultural Aspects, Italy (2005)
- Member of Scientific Committee for CIB W92 Conference (2006)
- Member of EGLC and chair of Theory session at EGLC 3, Technische Universiteit, Delft (2006)
- Interview for iCON International Construction Review, CIOB publication, issue 3 (2006)
- Invited presentation at Manchester Ethnography Group
- PI and Co-PI on several projects through CCI on the development and implementation of KPIs in construction and procurement