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Queen's University Belfast

UOA 38 - Law

RA5a: Research environment and esteem




RESEARCH ENVIRONMENT

Research Strategy 2001-2007

Building upon the 5(B) achieved in the last Research Assessment Exercise, the Law School at Queen’s has undertaken a period of targeted and sustained growth. A University-wide programme of restructuring and investment has enabled the School to make significant changes in terms of personnel and structure in order to enhance the quality of its research output.

This expansion has concentrated on identified research priorities structured around four research clusters. These are:
  • Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Governance
  • Human Rights
  • Law and Legal Theory
The School has made strategic appointments of distinguished scholars at a senior level, including Dickson (Law and Legal Theory), Harvey (Human Rights), Maruna (Criminology), Sartor (Law and Legal Theory), Schabas (Human Rights), Scraton (Criminology), Shirlow (Criminology) and Wheeler (Governance). Established scholars, such as McEvoy (Criminology), Jackson (Criminal Justice), Morison (Governance) and Anthony (Governance) have assumed research leadership roles. The contribution of Livingstone in a research leadership capacity within the School was significant (as Head of School 2000-2003 and Director of the Human Rights Centre 1999-2004) and his death in 2004 was a huge loss.

The School has also been supported by the University in making a significant investment in the appointment of high calibre early career scholars. 21 lecturers have been appointed in the current cycle, 15 of whom have taken up their first academic posts.
Research in the School is driven by the research questions confronting the legal and political community at the global and local level. Our research agenda tackles legal developments throughout the world, with Northern Ireland often acting as a research route into the major dilemmas facing the global legal community. The School is committed to a vision of research that incorporates:
  • The fusing of criminology and criminal justice with wider socio-legal analysis
  • An interdisciplinary approach to legal research themes in wider governance matters
  • Expertise in international human rights law and practice
  • Excellence in doctrinal legal scholarship with the mainstreaming of legal theory.
The School’s status as a leading centre for legal research is evidenced by:
  • High quality research outputs as detailed in RA2
  • Grant income in the School has increased substantially from £624k in the last cycle to a spend figure of £2 million. This funding is derived from a broad range of sources including a Support Programme for University Research Special Initiative (Department for Employment and Learning/Atlantic Philanthropies) (Morison), and substantial awards from the AHRC (McEvoy), ESRC (Leith, Morison, Wheeler), British Academy (Jackson) and Nuffield Foundation (Livingstone)
  • An increase in research students and studentship with 18 graduated in the current cycle and 52 currently registered for PhDs
  • Outstanding academic appointments at all levels
  • International collaborative and comparative research, staff exchanges and sabbaticals in the USA, Australia, Canada, Africa.

Research Structure

Research Infrastructure

The structures in the School reflect our research priorities and have been reinforced and developed since 2001. A research cluster structure was introduced to improve research management across the University and has been central to the implementation of the Law School’s research strategy. The research clusters in Law are: Criminology and Criminal Justice (Director: McEvoy, previously Jackson), Governance (Director: Anthony), Human Rights (Director: Harvey), and Law and Legal Theory (Director: Dickson).

Each research cluster is led by a Research Director who is also a member of the School’s Management Board. The Directors of Research are responsible for providing collective research leadership within their clusters. Three of the four research clusters developed organically from the existing research centres i.e. the Human Rights Centre, the Institute of Criminology and Criminal Justice and the Institute of Governance (the latter was formally located within the School of Law from 2005 and the Director is Wheeler). The Law and Legal Theory research cluster was designed to develop the School’s strengths in doctrinal legal scholarship and legal theory.

Research Clusters and the Strategic Management of Research

Criminology and Criminal Justice
The Institute of Criminology and Criminal Justice was incorporated into the School of Law in 1998 and the research cluster (Director: McEvoy) evolved organically from this research team. Staff are engaged in a wide variety of research including: criminal evidence, policing, youth justice and diversion, victimology, paramilitary prisoners, restorative justice, criminology and conflict resolution, judiciary and legal profession in transition, police powers, prosecution systems, lay and professional adjudication. As is detailed elsewhere, members of the Institute have been successful in developing a range of funded research projects supported by the ESRC (Ellison, Maruna), AHRC (McEvoy), British Academy (Jackson), Northern Ireland Office (Jackson), Atlantic Philanthropies (McEvoy), Border Action (Maruna, McEvoy), Human Rights Commission (Scraton) and others. The Institute has a distinct international profile in the intersection between criminology and transition from conflict, in areas such as restorative and transitional justice (McEvoy), imprisonment and post-imprisonment (Jamieson, Maruna, Scraton, Shirlow), policing (Ellison, Jackson), youth justice (Scraton) and criminal justice and human rights (Jackson). In addition to senior strategic appointments, new staff have been appointed at the early stages of their career to enhance the research base within this cluster and have flourished. For example, McAlinden has produced a monograph The Shaming of Sex Offenders (2007).

Members of this cluster have worked on significant collections of research. Maruna co-edited two collections After Crime and Punishment: Pathways to Ex-Offender Reintegration (2004) and The Effects of Imprisonment (2005); Scraton edited a collection Beyond September 11: An Anthology of Dissent (2002) and co-edited a Special Issue of Social Justice (2007) on deaths in custody and detention; Shirlow co-edited a Special Issue of Terrorism and Political Violence (2004) on the Northern Ireland transition, a Special Issue of Capital and Class (2003) on the politics of fear and a Special Issue of Space and Polity (2006) on post-conflict Belfast; Jamieson edited a Special Issue of Theoretical Criminology (2003) on Criminology and War; Ellison co-edited a Special Issue of Policing and Society (2001) on post-Patten policing; McEvoy has co-edited a collection on Criminology, Conflict Resolution and Restorative Justice (2003), a Special Issue of the British Journal of Criminology on Restorative Justice (2002) and a collection Judges, Human Rights and Transition (2007) with Morison and Anthony.

Members of this research cluster have organised major conferences on: restorative justice (McEvoy: 2001); comparative criminal justice (with the Free University of Amsterdam – Jackson: 2003), the detention and questioning of young people (Jackson: 2004), children’s rights and imprisoned children (Scraton: 2006); an ESRC funded conference on desistance and reintegration (Maruna: 2006); transitional justice and transforming cultures of violence (McEvoy: 2007). In September 2005 the Institute hosted the 33rd Annual Conference of the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control and in the same month hosted the first cross-border criminology conference in Ireland.

This cluster hosts 6-8 seminars per year as part of the School of Law Annual Seminar Series. Speakers have included: Bottoms (Cambridge), Piacentini (Strathclyde), Young (Middlesex), Shearing (University of Cape Town), Van Zyl Smit (Nottingham), Cunneen (University of New South Wales), Platt and O’Leary (California State University), Downes (London School of Economics), Thaman (Saint Louis University). Prominent practitioners and policy makers have included: European Court of Human Rights Judge Myjer, Canadian Supreme Court Judge Abella, former Chief Justice of Canada McLachlin, retired Canadian Judge Peter Cory, and the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland, Sir Hugh Orde.

Governance
The Institute of Governance, Public Policy and Social Research (Director: Wheeler) was established in 2001 with an award in excess of £5 million from the Government’s Support Programme for University Research (Morison). A significant proportion of that award was allocated to the construction of a new building, formally opened in 2005. Its creation reflects the recognition that the ways in which public policy is conceived and delivered are changing rapidly in the face of social, economic and political developments, such as globalisation, devolution, privatisation and Europeanisation. The Institute was founded as a partnership between the following units within the University: School of Law, School of Politics and International Studies and School of Sociology and Social Policy.

Its mission is to make a significant contribution to both the academic reputation of the University and the future of Northern Ireland through interdisciplinary work which impacts on matters of governance, public policy and social research from the local to the global. The School of Law assumed responsibility for the Institute in 2005.

The Governance cluster facilitates research in areas such as EU law (
Doukas), environmental law (Turner), administrative law (Anthony), corporate governance and ageing (Wheeler), democratic theory (Morison) and e-government (Morison). The cluster has focused on particular large-scale funded projects on: ageing and regulatory regime change in financial markets. The Changing Ageing Partnership funded by Atlantic Philanthropies is based in the Governance cluster (Wheeler, £772,000). The aim of the project is to produce a robust evidence base to inform policy development with respect to older people. Projects ongoing include ‘A Hidden Problem: Social Harms Affecting the Elderly in Northern Ireland’ (Wheeler) and ‘Economic Rights and the Elderly’ (Wheeler).

Regulatory regime change in financial markets’ is an ESRC-funded project (part of the ESRC’s ‘World Economy and Finance Programme’) examining the dominant effect of the US regulatory regime on global markets and on the regulatory and economic governance regimes of states across the world (Wheeler and O’Brien - external – Senior Lecturer 2002-2006, now Chair at the Australian National University).

The Governance cluster has links through the European Group of Public Law (Athens) with many comparator universities in Europe and beyond. Staff have worked on projects and workshops with the Group and this work has been published in the European Public Law series and in the European Review of Public Law. Programmes have been developed that have involved research and exchange with a number of Law Schools in India, principally the National Law School in Bangalore. There is an active EU funded ALFA programme organised through the Group by Morison and Anthony now in its second term which currently involves Universidad de Barcelona (Spain), Universitá di Trento (Italy), Universidad of San Carlos (Guatemala), Universidad Externado (Colombia), Universidad de Conception (Chile), Universidad Autónoma de Bucuramanga (Colombia). More than 20 staff and postgraduates from Queen’s have visited on these programmes and more than a dozen post-doctoral researchers from abroad have visited Queen’s. These networks have also produced several international workshops both at Queen’s and in the partner countries with published proceedings (for example, workshop in Belfast in 2005 on ‘Economic and Social Rights in Comparative Perspective’) (Anthony, Harvey, Morison).

The Governance cluster has hosted seminars and workshops by: Tully (University of Victoria), McAllister (Australian National University), Bland (University of Stanford, California), Conaghan (Kent), Ravetz (Oxford), Dubnick (New Hampshire), Battistoni (Providence College, US), Cilliers (University of Stellenbosch). The cluster has hosted international conferences on: A Shared Future for Northern Ireland (2004), Governing the Corporation (2004), Accountable Governance Colloquium (2005), and E-Government (2007).

Human Rights
Established in 1990 the Human Rights Centre offers a focus for human rights research and was strengthened following its alignment with the Human Rights research cluster. Staff within the cluster are engaged in research on: refugee, asylum and migration law (Harvey), international criminal law and human rights (Schabas), slavery (Allain), human trafficking (Obokata), economic and social rights (Nolan), counter-terrorism and human rights (Dickson), legal theory and human rights (Kochi), equality and human rights (OConnell), and freedom of religion (Mawhinney). In addition, the cluster has conducted funded research projects on, for example, the work of the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland (Harvey, Dickson), judges and lawyers in transition (Livingstone, McEvoy), freedom of movement in international law (Harvey), and the effectiveness of Human Rights Commissions (Livingstone, Murray (external). The cluster is home to the ‘Human Rights Law in Perspective’ Series published by Hart Publishing, Oxford (Harvey) and hosted the Hamlyn Trust Lecture in 2005 delivered by Gearty (London School of Economics). New staff have been appointed at the early stages of their academic career to enhance the School’s research base (Kochi, Mawhinney, Nolan, Obokata). For example, Obokata has made a leading scholarly contribution to debates on human trafficking - Trafficking of Human Beings from a Human Rights Perspective (2006) and Mawhinney is contributing to current debates on freedom of religion and education in Ireland (Legal Studies 2007).

The research expertise of cluster members has been recognised by international bodies (Dickson, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Harvey, Global Commission on International Migration, Schabas, Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Sierra Leone), as well as in appointments to public bodies (Dickson, Chief Commissioner, NI Human Rights Commission, Harvey, NI Human Rights Commission and NI Higher Education Council) and appointment as special advisers (Obokata, Joint Parliamentary Committee on Human Rights, Westminster).

This is further evidenced by the international visits hosted by the human rights cluster, for example, by representatives of the Canadian Senate (2007) and the Iraqi Parliament (2007).

Several significant collections and research innovations have been produced by cluster members. Allain established and is now the editor of the Irish Yearbook of International Law and has created and managed the innovative International Human Rights Law Video Library which can be accessed through the Law School website. Harvey edited three collections: Human Rights, Equality and Democratic Renewal in Northern Ireland (2001); Sanctuary in Ireland (2004); Human Rights in the Community: Rights as Agents for Change (2005). Harvey was also Guest Editor for a Special Issue of the Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence on Social Democracy (2004) and Guest Editor of a Special Issue of the Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly on Equality and Human Rights (2006).

The Human Rights cluster has hosted seminars and workshops including: Mertus (American University, Washington), Joseph (Castan Centre for Human Rights Law, Monash University), McCrudden (Oxford), Klug (London School of Economics), Crawford (Cambridge). Public lectures and seminars have been delivered by distinguished practitioners including: Sidoti (Director of the International Service for Human Rights, Geneva), O’Boyle (Deputy Registrar, European Court of Human Rights), Chakrabarti (Director, Liberty), MacAodha (Director, Human Rights Unit, Department of Foreign Affairs, Ireland).

The Human Rights cluster hosts our International Law Reading Group (Allain) and our Human Rights Centre Reading Group (Nolan).

The cluster has hosted major international conferences: national human rights commissions (Livingstone: 2003 and Harvey: 2005); judges and lawyers in transition (Livingstone, McEvoy: 2003); Bill of Rights for Northern Ireland (Livingstone: 2001); positive Equality Duties (Harvey: 2006); and human trafficking (Harvey and Obokata: 2007).

Law and Legal Theory
The research cluster brings together legal academics who are working on doctrinal, analytical and comparative legal scholarship across a range of legal subjects, including contract and commercial law (Capper, Stannard), family law (Glennon), information technology law (Leith), legal history (Dawson), legal philosophy (Hickey, Ramshaw, Sartor), property law (Conway) and public law (Larkin). Members of the cluster have been successful in obtaining research funding from external bodies, the total amount awarded being in excess of £165,000. This includes £32,000 from the ESRC for a project on Software Patents (Leith). Members of the cluster have spent periods of research leave at law schools outside Northern Ireland, including Harvard, Fordham, the Australian National University, McGill, Kingston, Dalhousie and Edinburgh. Glennon was a key participant in the Gender, Sexuality and the Family International Exchange Programme between Cornell University and Queen’s.

One senior appointment (Sartor) leads our Law and Philosophy Forum. This latter initiative has led to a number of edited collections (Jurisprudence or Legal Science?) and Law, Rights and Discourse: The Legal Philosophy of Robert Alexy both edited by Pavlakos (external – lecturer until September 2007, now Chair in Antwerp). This cluster also houses our Common Law Reading Group (Stannard) and members of the cluster are involved in the Gender and Theory Reading Group (Ramshaw).

Members of this cluster have edited significant collections. Dickson was Guest editor of the first issue for 2005 of the European Human Rights Law Review. Leith was Editor of a Special Issue of International Review of Law Computers and Technology (2001).

New staff have been appointed at an early stage in their careers to enhance the research profile of this cluster (
Anderson, Hickey, Larkin). Anderson, for example, has produced a leading monograph on sports law The Legality of Boxing (2007). Hickey has made a substantial contribution to debates in property law with articles in the Modern Law Review and Legal Studies and Larkin has addressed debates on social security and social citizenship with articles in the Modern Law Review and the Journal of Social Security Law. Rawshaws innovative work on jazz improvisations has gained recognition through publication in for example the Canadian Journal of Women and the Law and Keenans work on child abuse is acknowledged in the publication by Oxford University Press of Child Abuse: Law and Policy Across Boundaries (2007).

The Law and Legal Theory cluster has hosted talks by Lacey (London School of Economics), Furmston (Bristol) and MacCormick (Edinburgh).

Interdisciplinary Developments

The School of Law at Queen’s is committed to the growth of interdisciplinary research. This is reflected in our recruitment policy in recent years. For example, within the Institute of Criminology and Criminal Justice we have appointed staff from a psychology background (Maruna), sociology (Jamieson), geography (Shirlow) as well as law (McAlinden). Similarly in the Institute of Governance, staff are from a diverse range of scholarly backgrounds, in particular political science (e.g. Pesendorfer). Practical examples of research projects with an interdisciplinary focus include the Changing Ageing Programme (Wheelerwhich includes research across economics, politics and sociology) and the Transitional Justice and Transforming Cultures of Violence Project (McEvoywhich draws on human rights and criminology and is being conducted in partnership with an established American sociologist - Mika).

Research User Engagement

The School ensures that research users are made aware of the work ongoing within the School, for example, through our Annual Reports (Human Rights Centre, Institute of Criminology and Criminal Justice), News Letters (Human Rights Centre) our databases (School of Law database) and the Law School’s website. Research user engagement in the School is interpreted in global and local terms. For example, staff of the School work with, and provide evidence and advice to, international bodies such as the United Nations (Dickson, Harvey), Council of Europe (Mawhinney) and the World Bank (McEvoy).

As a Law School sited in a small jurisdiction we have a responsibility to engage with the legal community (widely defined) and those involved in devolved government in a post-conflict society. We have a particular responsibility to disseminate internationally excellent work undertaken in the Law School to a wider global audience.

Dissemination and engagement take a variety of forms. The School makes its events public and offers Continuing Professional Development points as appropriate to encourage participation by members of the legal profession and judiciary. The School has organised keynote research-driven lectures given by members of the School and invited speakers that are open to the public. For example, the recently inaugurated annual Stephen Livingstone Lecture has featured Chakrabarti from Liberty outlining the challenges for human rights activists in the area of immigration and asylum law and Dickson on the role of the judiciary. The annual McDermott lecture has recently featured Schabas on the role of the international criminal court and former Canadian Supreme Court Justice Cory on the utility of public inquiries. The School has hosted conferences and workshops which have had a significant community-based audience, including lectures in the Hamlyn Trust Series by Gearty (London School of Economics) and Ashworth (Oxford). The Institute of Governance has hosted seminars on local government reform with speakers including Stoker (Manchester).

The School has developed initiatives to build our links with the legal profession in Northern Ireland. In discussion with the Lord Chief Justice, Sir Brian Kerr, the School initiated an innovative Judge in Residence scheme (Mr Justice McLaughlin 2001-2003, Mr Justice Weatherup 2003-2005, Mr Justice Morgan 2005-2007 and it is currently held by Mr Justice Deeny 2007-2009).

The School is home to an internationally respected journal, the Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly (editor, Wheeler), which is a distinguished scholarly outlet with strong roots in the local legal profession. Members of the School contribute to the training and publication mission of Servicing the Legal System Publications Ltd which is based within the University (Anthony, Conway, Dawson, Dickson, Turner).

Support for Research

The Main Library at Queen’s houses a long-established law collection, which currently contains some 22,000 law monographs. The social sciences area of the library also contains an extensive collection of criminology titles. Spending on law and criminology monographs in 2006/07 was £34,500, enabling the library to purchase all research requests and recommendations from academic staff.

Spending on journals and law reports for 2006/07 was £92,750 enabling the library to maintain a good, representative range of current titles. Spending on library databases has enabled the library to support subscriptions to Westlaw UK, LexisNexis Butterworths databases, HeinOnline and Justis (Irish Reports). Database spending for 2006/07 was approximately £20,000. Research support for the School of Law is provided by a professional law librarian (John Knowles, co-author of How to Use a Law Library, 3rd ed) supported by two full time library assistants with additional support available for evenings and weekends.

Research Support for Early Career Researchers

All new staff are given a lap-top, an office PC and printer. In addition, each newly appointed member of academic staff is allocated a start-up package of £4000 to support their research following the approval of a research plan. Typically such financial packages are used to fund research assistance, conference attendance (e.g., SLSA and SLS Annual Conferences), research visits and access to specialist materials. Staff entering as new academics are supported to produce a spending plan that reflects their research needs.

Future Plans

The priority for the School of Law is to build on our existing success and to continue to sustain research excellence across all of the School’s research clusters. The School’s strategy is to construct a research environment which enables the publication of high-quality research outputs.

The research strategy of the School over the next five years will focus on three principal objectives:
  • The development of high-quality and peer-reviewed outputs with world-leading journals and publishers.
  • An increase in research funding applications to assist the publication of internationally excellent research outputs.
  • Strengthening our postgraduate research environment to attract high-quality research students.

In order to achieve these strategic objectives the School will focus in particular on the following:
  • All staff to publish in major law journals and with leading academic publishers, for example the School will support regular visits from publishers such as Oxford University Press, Hart Publishing and Cambridge University Press.
  • Skills training to be provided where research development needs are identified, for example in relation to quantitative research methods and socio-legal research.
  • Generous study leave arrangements for periods outside of Northern Ireland will be available. All staff will be entitled to apply for leave following the completion of six semesters in the School.
  • Support for an Annual School of Law Conference and Research Workshop. These events will be tendered for on a competitive basis with one application supported in each category. Unsuccessful applicants will be encouraged to seek external support for their proposals, thus advancing one of our strategic objectives.
  • Support for new staff through enhanced conference and travel funding arrangements administered through the Research Directors.
  • Establishment of targets for research funding applications within the research clusters. The School will submit at least six applications to research councils annually and full training will be provided to staff if necessary.
  • Enhance the areas of criminology, criminal law/justice, equality and human rights. Over the next five years the School will support this work through the established research clusters by encouraging the development of cross-cutting research proposals and projects. In particular, the School will seek to build existing research strength under the theme of ‘Rights, Equality and Justice’ by encouraging and supporting proposals and projects.
  • Strengthen and expand the School’s international links, in particular with Georgetown University and Utrecht. This will be achieved through established visiting positions at both institutions, the work of the Georgetown postgraduate scholar, and our contribution to the Mitchell Symposium (a major international conference on ‘Post-Conflict Societies’ to be held at Queen’s in May 2008).
  • Seek ESRC recognition for its MSSc in Criminology and its LLM in Corporate Governance.
  • Develop the expertise of the Governance cluster with a particular focus on enhancing research capacity in the field of constitutionalism, public law and regulation. The School will seek further engagement with the new devolved institutions in Northern Ireland in order to support practical access to our research outputs and ensure policy impacts.
  • Foster further engagement with environmental governance and sustainable development through the work of the Institute of Governance and Queen’s Special Initiative on Sustainable Development.
  • Extend its work in legal history, private law and legal theory, in particular to strengthen and promote its research agenda on the judicial role.

Staffing Policy

Facilitating Research

The School has developed a staffing policy in line with its innovative research strategy and University plans and objectives. We have attracted staff relatively new to academic life who are demonstrating research leadership by contributing to and shaping debates in their subjects (for example, Allain, Anderson, Kochi, Mawhinney, Nolan, Obokata). The School has put in place mechanisms to ensure that first post staff are fully supported. There is a significant probation discount (25%) from teaching which feeds research time. Flear, Mawhinney and Ramshaw have all been supported to complete their doctorates and are now on their way to successful research careers. Doukas, Kochi and Nolan, though new to both the UK academic system and academic life, are producing outputs of quality as detailed in RA2. Other staff, such as Allain, Anderson and Obokata have come to Queen’s after relatively short periods at other institutions. They have been fully integrated into the research culture through their active involvement in our clusters and centres (Obokata: Assistant Director of the Human Rights Centre; Allain: International Human Rights Video Library) and successfully mentored and guided towards producing outputs of quality, as detailed in RA2.

Equal Opportunity and Research Management

Research management in the School of Law is fully informed by the University policies and procedures on equality of opportunity. The work allocation system is guided by the research priorities for each research active member of staff. The School has appointed an Equal Opportunities Officer (Jamieson) who examines and reports on the equality implications of the annual work allocation. This has been invaluable in ensuring that equality of opportunity is mainstreamed in all aspects of work allocation and in particular in research management.



Research Leave

The School adopts a strategic approach to the provision of research leave. There is a sabbatical rota for all staff in the School. During this census period 11 staff have benefited from the research leave scheme. Research active staff in the School are entitled to apply for research leave every three years. Staff are encouraged to spend time away from Northern Ireland if possible, drawing on the School’s international links. Study leave is conditional upon the submission of a research plan that includes targets. A report of the results of research leave is required upon return. Keenan, Leith, McAlinden and Stannard have all produced monographs following a period of study leave. All staff returning from research leave are required to deliver a research seminar to disseminate the results of their research.

Probation and Mentoring

Rigorous mechanisms are in place, guided by University policies and procedures, to ensure new staff are fully supported within the School. All staff joining Queen’s are required to be on probation for a specified period. The length of time spent on probation depends on the seniority of the staff concerned but even for senior staff it facilitates integration into the research life of the School. Staff members on probation have a probation committee which includes his or her supervisor and a committee chair. The supervisor will normally be the Research Director of the relevant cluster. The probation committee provides guidance and support to new staff and reports directly to the Head of School. Funding for conference attendance and research visits (outside the £4000 support package) is distributed via the Research Directors and Management Board through an application system which expects and encourages regular UK and international involvement.

Research Income

The School’s strategy of encouraging externally funded research projects has delivered results. 16 established staff in our current return have secured external research funding. All of our new appointments, including the 15 staff for whom this is their first appointment are receiving support, mentoring and encouragement through ‘in-house’ workshops led by established scholars within the School as well as the University’s extensive training programme on grant writing and research funding.

Significant funded research projects have been undertaken in the School resulting in scholarly outputs. Morison and Livingstone led an ESRC project (£60,000) examining devolution and constitutional change in Northern Ireland (Morison RA2, ‘Litigating the Agreement’). McEvoy and Livingstone led a comparative project funded by Atlantic Philanthropies (£105,000) on judges and lawyers in transition in South Africa, Canada, the United States and Northern Ireland (McEvoy RA2, ‘Mobilising the Professions’). McEvoy and Mika (external) have also conducted comparative research on ‘transitional justice from below’ (£252,000) in Northern Ireland, South Africa, Sierra Leone, Rwanda and Colombia (McEvoy RA2, ‘The Critique of Informalism’ and ‘Towards a Thicker Understanding of Transitional Justice’). Scratons funded research on crime prevention and early interventions (Wigan Council, £30,000), children’s rights (Northern Ireland Commission for Children and Young People, £36,000) is evidenced in his recent monograph (Scraton RA2, Power, Conflict and Criminalisation). Leiths ESRC project on Software Patents (£32,000) resulted in the publication of his book Software and Patents in Europe (Leith RA2). Livingstone and Murray (external) led a Nuffield Foundation research project on the effectiveness of national human rights commissions (£69,000) in Northern Ireland and South Africa. Wheeler and O’Brien (external) led an ESRC funded project examining regulatory regime change in world financial markets (£71,000) and Wheeler has also headed up another ESRC project on the World Economy and Finance Programme (£196,000). McEvoy (with Dickson) recently secured AHRC funding for a comparative project which examines the role of amnesties in conflict transformation in South Africa, Uganda, Argentina, Uruguay and Bosnia (£305,000). Wheeler is engaged in an interdisciplinary project designed to inform policy with respect to older persons (The Changing Ageing Partnership) funded by Atlantic Philanthropies (£772,000). Jackson and OMahony (external) were involved in an evaluation of the use of restorative justice in the youth justice system funded by the Northern Ireland Office (£183,000). Diverse smaller projects have included Maruna and McEvoys cross border evaluation of the work of politically motivated ex-prisoner projects (£22,000). Harvey and Dicksons evaluation of the work of the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland (£14,000) and Anderson led a project on sport and the law which was funded by the Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences (£20,000). Other staff have secured smaller British Academy grants to support their research including Allain, Capper, Conway, Dawson, Dickson, Jackson, McEvoy, O’Connell and Stannard.

Research Students and Research Studentships

The School supports a vibrant postgraduate research community through its Postgraduate Committee (Chair: Maruna), dedicated administrative level post and postgraduate facilities. The School has a fully equipped computer lab for exclusive postgraduate use, as well as individual office accommodation for final year students. The School has been successful in obtaining funded research studentships from: Department of Employment and Learning, NI Human Rights Commission, Atlantic Philanthropies, NI Court Service, and Servicing the Legal System. As noted above, 18 students have successfully completed their PhDs in this RAE cycle. In addition, we currently have 52 PhD students enrolled on our PhD programme, which reflects growth in our postgraduate research community.
Our aim is to improve the quality of provision for postgraduate research students and to enable them to take advantage of improved postgraduate training in Queen’s as a whole. In addition to the University’s training programme, the School offers a specialised research methods course and a weekly seminar programme in which each postgraduate must present a research paper. Postgraduate research students are integrated into the research culture of the School evidenced by, for example, joint publication with staff members (e.g. Barnidge with Harvey, Eriksson with McEvoy, O’Reilly with Ellison, Lynch with Morison) as well as supported and mentored through to publication (see e.g. McAlindens RA2 return). Involvement in the European Group of Public Law has facilitated enrolment in the Academy of Public Law which offers an intensive residential course benefiting up to six Queen’s postgraduates each year over a ten year period. Members of staff are involved in the organisation of the Academy programme and in its delivery (Morison and Anthony). Students regularly receive financial support and mentoring advice to give papers at domestic conferences, such as the SLSA and the British Criminology Conference.

Our PhD students usually take up academic posts following completion. For example, Barnidge is a lecturer in Reading, Greer is a lecturer at City University, Eriksson at Monash, Shah at Hull, Smith at Cardiff, McAuliffe at Exeter, Seymour at Dublin Institute of Technology and Gillen at Oxford Brooks. Mawhinney and McAlinden have both taken up lectureships in the Law School at Queen’s and Mallinder is now a post-doctoral research assistant on a two-year AHRC funded project on amnesties at Queen’s, Kovalez is a post-doctoral fellow at Toronto and O’Reilly is a post-doctoral fellow at the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford.


ESTEEM INDICATORS

Staff in the School of Law have gained recognition through service with distinguished journals (Dickson, Jackson, McEvoy, Morison, Turner, Wheeler), editorship of learned publication series (Harvey), keynote addresses and prestigious public lectures (Dickson, Maruna, Scraton), membership of research council committees (Jackson, Morison, Wheeler), advisers to parliamentary committees (Obokata), appointments to statutory and non-statutory bodies (Dickson, Harvey, Jackson, McEvoy, Morison), research fellowships (Dawson, Leith) and awards and honours (Conway, Maruna, McEvoy).

Editorship of Journals and Learned Publication Series

Staff serve on editorial boards of several distinguished journals linked to the overall research strategy of the School.
Anderson: Board member of Journal of the Legal Aspects of Sport, and the Journal of the American Society for the Study of the Legal Aspects of Sport.
Capper: Editor of the Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly (2001-2003).
Dickson: Board of the European Human Rights Law Review.
Glennon: Northern Ireland editor of the Irish Journal of Family Law, and member of the Editorial Advisory Committee of Child Care in Practice.
Harvey: Series Editor for Human Rights Law in Perspective published by Hart, Oxford, Board of Human Rights Law Review and is Case Editor for the International Journal of Refugee Law.
Jackson: UK and Europe editor of the International Commentary on Evidence and a board member of the Journal of Evidence and Proof.
Jamieson: Board member of the British Journal of Criminology, Critical Criminology and also Temida (the Journal of Victimology, Human Rights and Gender).
Leith: Board of Information and Communications Technology and a member of the Board of the International Review of Law, Computers and Technology.
Maruna: Review Editor of Punishment and Society, and a Board member of Crime, Media and Culture Contemporary Justice Review, the Journal of Investigative Psychology, the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation and the Probation Journal.
McEvoy: Review Editor of the British Journal of Criminology and on the Board of Social and Legal Studies, Criminology and Criminal Justice and Contemporary Justice Review.
Morison: Board of the Journal of Law and Society.
Sartor: Co-Editor of Artificial Intelligence and Law.
Schabas: Editor-in-Chief Criminal Law Forum.
Scraton: member of the Statewatch Editorial Collective and on the Editorial Board of Issues in Crime and Justice.
Shirlow: Boards of Capital and Class, Irish Political Studies and International Planning Review.
Turner: Board of the Journal of Environmental Law and the Journal of European Environmental Policy.
Wheeler: Board of the Journal of Law and Society, Law in Context, Griffith Law Review, Editor Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly.


Keynote Addresses or Prestigious Public Lectures

Recent international conferences at which Queen’s staff have delivered key note addresses include events in: Canada, Colombia, Indonesia, US, Brazil, Australia, Chile, and New Zealand. Staff are regularly invited to deliver plenary addresses. Examples of such contributions include: British Society of Criminology (McEvoy), the Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (Maruna, Scraton), the Edith Kahm Memorial Lecture at the House of Lords (Maruna), Faculty of Forensic Psychiatry Annual Meeting (Maruna, McEvoy), the British and Irish Association of Law Librarians (Morison), British Irish Association (McEvoy), Wills Memorial Lecture (Dickson), the Harry Street Lecture (Dickson), the Livingstone Memorial Lecture (Dickson), SLSA, Law and Globalization Symposium at Lund University in 2004 and at the WG Hart Workshop in 2005 and 2006 (Wheeler).

Membership of Research Council Committees, or Advisers to Select or other Parliamentary Committees

Glennon: Membership secretary of the Socio-Legal Studies Association.
Harvey: Member of the Advisory Board of the British Institute of Human Rights.
Jackson: served as a research panellist on the AHRB and the Fulbright Commission and is a member of the AHRC Peer Review College.
McEvoy: Member of the executive committee of the British Society of Criminology.
Morison: Member of the AHRC Peer Review College.
Obokata: Special adviser to the Joint Committee on Human Rights at Westminster on human trafficking.
Wheeler: Chair of the Socio-Legal Studies Association and a member of the ESRC Research Grants Board.
Appointments as Members or Advisers to Statutory and Non-Statutory Bodies

Conway: Member of the Law Reform Advisory Committee 2005-2007.
Dawson: Member of the Judicial Studies Board and is Vice-President of the Irish Legal History Society.
Dickson: Chief Commissioner of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission 1999-2005 and a member of the Law Reform Advisory Committee 2001-2002.
Glennon: commissioned by the Law Reform Advisory Committee for Northern Ireland to report on the legal status of unincorporated associations in 2002.
Harvey: Member of the Northern Ireland Higher Education Council 2002-2006 and is currently a Commissioner on the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission.
Jackson: Life Sentence Review Commissioner.
McEvoy: Chairperson of the local human rights NGO the Committee on the Administration of Justice and a member of the executive committee of Community Restorative Justice Ireland and Northern Ireland Association of the Care and Resettlement of Offenders.
Morison: Commissioner on the Northern Ireland Judicial Appointments Commission and served on a Department of Social Development Taskforce on the future of the Voluntary and Community sectors.
Turner: returned to Queen’s from a two-year secondment to the Department of the Environment in Northern Ireland where she acted as the Department’s senior legal advisor, she was also recently a member of the Department of Environment’s ‘Review of Environmental Governance’.


Research Fellowships

Dawson: awarded a British Academy Senior Research Fellowship for 2005-2006 to enable her to pursue research on legal history.
Jackson: British Academy Two Year Research Leave Fellowship (from 2006–2008) studying the development of international norms in evidence law.
McEvoy: awarded a Fulbright Distinguished Scholarship to fund a sabbatical at Harvard, an AHRC Scholar Exchange Award for a fellowship at New York University (2001-2002) and a Leverhulme Study Abroad Fellowship for a visiting fellowship at Berkeley (2006).
Leith: Research Associate at the AHRB IP Centre in Edinburgh University.
Morison: Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the Constitution Unit in University College London.

Awards and Honours

Conway: Co-Ownership of Land: Partition Actions and Remedies (2000) was nominated for the Society of Legal Scholars’ Annual Book Prize in 2001. Conway (with McEvoy) was also awarded the Socio-Legal Studies Association Article of the Year Award (joint prize) for the ‘The Dead, the Law and the Politics of the Past’.
Maruna: American Society of Criminology’s Michael J Hindelang Award for Most Outstanding Contribution to Criminology 2001 and received the Distinguished New Scholar Award from the Division of Corrections and Sentencing of the American Society of Criminology in 2004.
McEvoy: winner of the British Society of Criminology Book of the Year Prize 2002.
Schabas: Officer of the Order of Canada (2005, inducted 2006), Member of the Royal Irish Academy (2007), Certificate of Merit for a book in a specialised area of international law, American Society of International Law, (2007), Doctor of laws (LLD) honoris causa, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada, (2007).

International Recognition

The School has developed a strategy of internationalisation in line with the plans of the University. While some of these links are mentioned on an individual basis under esteem and research environment, more structured initiatives include a new and significant cooperation with Georgetown University in Washington and formal links with the University of Utrecht, Fordham University, University of Cape Town and Cornell University.

In 2007, the School advertised a ‘Georgetown-Queen’s’ research studentship to build on our current links with Georgetown Law School (Schwartz) and has been extensively involved in the planning of the Mitchell Symposium on ‘Post-Conflict Societies’ to be held in Belfast in May 2008 (Harvey). A summer school organised with University College Dublin and Fordham Law School, New York has produced research exchanges (Capper, Dickson, Jackson) and co-authored publications, including contributions to the Judges, Transition, and Human Rights published by OUP in 2007. The Leftis programme of research with, among others, the universities of Zaragoza and Bologna provides another fertile outlet for research collaboration (Leith, Sartor, Morison). These relationships are cemented with formal ties between staff who are employed by QUB from Galway (Schabas) and Bologna (Sartor).

Staff within the School have held visiting positions at universities outside the UK such as the University of Cape Town and Washington (Ellison), Hastings College of the Law and Michigan Law School (Jackson), the University of Ottawa (Jamieson), New York University School of Law, Harvard Law School and the University of California Berkeley (McEvoy), the Catholic University of Leuven, the University of Missouri - St Louis and Northwestern University (Maruna), Monash and the University of Sydney (Scraton) Cluster members have also contributed to international scholarly networks such as the GERN European Network on State/Community Relations and Justice (McEvoy) and the International Collaborative Research Network on Lay Participation of the International Law and Society Association (Jackson). Ellison, Morison, Livingstone, McEvoy, and OConnell also contributed to the British Council exchange programme between Queen’s Law School and the University of Cape Town.

Staff have served as research experts to the international academic and policy community.

Dickson: Member of the British Council’s Governance Committee since 2003, and Chair since 2005, and a member of the British Council’s Northern Ireland Advisory Committee since 2002.
Harvey: Advisor to the Global Commission on International Migration, which reported to the UN Secretary General in 2005 and was invited to participate as an expert in the Global Consultation Process conducted by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in 2001.
Jackson: Participant at European Commission funded training conferences for Arab lawyers in Beirut, Damascus and Cairo. Also an adviser to the United Nations Development Programme on Strengthening the Rule of Law in the Arab States.
McEvoy: Invited by the British Council and Foreign and Commonwealth Office to deliver talks on conflict resolution in Colombia and Indonesia. In the former context, he also provided direct advice to President Álvaro Uribe and other senior Colombian cabinet and military personnel on the relevance of the Good Friday Agreement to peace-making in Colombia. As a result, he was recently invited to serve as independent expert on the Presidential High Council for Reintegration of the Republic of Colombia.
Morison: Member of the Programme Committee for European conference for e-government since 2004 and (with Anthony) a member of the Board of Directors of the European Public Law Centre (Athens).