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UOA 25 - General Engineering and Mineral & Mining Engineering
University of Bolton
RA5a: Research environment and esteem
1. Research Environment
1.1 Research Strategy
The Bolton RAE 2001 submissions comprised one in Textile and Materials Physics and the other in General Engineering demonstrating our research interests in technical textiles, flame retardancy, auxetic materials, engineering composites, crashworthiness and manufacturing.
Since then, the university has undergone considerable reorganisation, these areas have been identified as an integrated research strength for investment and growth within a general engineering context. This submission comprises a composite of five research groups covering the continuum from materials science to engineered materials and related applications in an integrative, interactive, interdisciplinary and synergistic manner. One has world-leading stature (the Fire Materials Group) and two have small teams with leading international presence (auxetics and crashworthiness).
These groups, comprising 20 academic staff including professors Alderson, Anand, Calderwood, Chirwa, Horrocks, Grootveld, Kandola, Luo, Myler, Price, Siores and Shao) and 2 visiting professors (Purser, Paul), are below with FTE contributions noted in parentheses:
The Mechanical Structures Group(MSG):
(Chirwa(1), Myler(0.75), Zhou(1), Calderwood (0.15), Whitty(1))
The Engineered Textiles Group (ETG):
(Anand(0.3),Miraftab(0.5), Shao (0.2))
The Fire Materials Group(FMG):
(Horrocks(0.4), Hull(1), Kandola(1), Nazare(1), Price(0.4), Myler(0.25), Shao (0.3))
The Smart Materials and Systems Group(SMSG):
(Alderson A(1), Alderson K(0.5), , Luo(1), Siores(1), Shao (0.3), Calderwood (0.15))
The Biohealth and Medical Devices Group(BMDG):
(Anand(0.3), Grootveld(1), Miraftab(0.5), Rajendran(1), Shao (0.2))
The combined group has 8 PDRAs, 1 senior scientific officer and 35 FTE research students.
The success of our interactive strategy is illustrated by research into composites which considers fundamental materials behaviour (eg modelling of structures, auxetic reinforcements) through to performance (fire resistance, impact) and applications (aerospace, automotive). Similarly, research into ballistic textiles and composites involves novel fibre and textile engineering coupled with impact and penetration research.
The combined group’s success since RAE 2001 is demonstrated by the following:
>340 publications in refereed journals
30 patent applications/patents granted.
£3.49m research income
30 postgraduate students achieving the award of MPhil(2)/PhD(28) (4 PhD awards since 31st July 2007, 3 PhD student awards were gained also by Salford-registered students)
The main objectives for the next 5 years and beyond are to build on our strategy with especial focus on improving our research strengths in engineering composites for protective, aerospace and automotive applications, novel fire smart materials and sensored and smart engineered materials and components, including medical devices. We expect to maintain our world lead within the fire materials area where increased modelling research will be a key feature and to raise our currently high stature in auxetics and crashworthiness, while gaining international prominence in MEMS and medical device engineering.
1.2 Research Structure
The groups have a suite of advanced laboratories and workshops for conventional and novel material preparation/processing, including nano-, micro- and macro-composites and for testing small and medium-sized structures (impact and other physical/mechanical properties). Its small-scale materials fire research laboratory, formed with HEFCE funding (£100k: 2002-03) in order to transfer the former Fire Chemistry Group at the University of Salford to join the fire research team at Bolton, is unique within the UK.
£472k has been secured to improve infrastructure from SRIF and HEFCE to refurbish laboratories and build new, dedicated research facilities: SRIF1(2001-02: £121k) - new (eg videoextensometer, microtensile testing stage) and upgrade existing equipment (eg low vacuum upgrade to SEM); SRIF2 (2003-4: £124k) - Nanomaterials laboratory & atomic force microscope; SRIF 3 (2006-7: £127k) - new composite testing facility.
With regard to personnel, the university allocated seed-corn funding (2006; £250k+) to finance three professorships (see RA5b) to increase the sustainability and vitality of general engineering research at Bolton. Chairs were filled in modelling (Shao – formerly at Brunel University with expertise in modelling of alloys at the molecular scale)), in microelectro- and mechanical systems (MEMS) (Luo- who has expertise in microcages and microgrippers and who started the MEMS group at Cambridge in 2001) and in biohealth (Grootveld – formerly from London South Bank University with expertise in biofluids and bioceramics).
For each group below, the RAE period income and average Category A staff FTE values are included. The average CatA staff total FTE = 10.82, which is less than the submitted total (15.2), reflects the growth in the overall research population during the period.
(i) The Mechanical Structures Group, MSG(Period Income £0.49m; AvFTE CatA=2.98) The group’s activities although interconnected, centre on (i) crashworthiness of transport structures (ii) mechanical behaviour of composites materials and (iii) engineering systems and simulation.
Crashworthiness: Chirwa has established an international reputation at Bolton for vehicle crashworthiness, networked across Europe through achievement of FP6 programme funding, eg ROLLOVER and APROSYS (34 Companies & universities). Related work to wheel chair safety systems commenced in 2007 (FP6).
Composites structures: Work concentrates on mechanical behaviour under a variety of loads (heat, impact and compression after impact) and has successful outcomes with the FMG in composites and with ETG in ballistic materials (Myler). Applied research has been developed in partnership with Airbus Industries, BAe, Bombardier, Boeing and Advanced CompositesLtd.(early career researcher Whitty).
Engineering systems: Zhou has achievements in intelligent control in manufacture (eg 3D-diode laser marking with University of Manchester) and testing (eg neural networks for coating measurement with Elcometer Instrumentation Ltd.).
(ii) The Engineered Textiles Group, ETG (Period income £0.41m; AvFTE CatA=0.82) has achieved multi-disciplinary and collaborative research programme successes with funding secured from the DTI, EPSRC and a large number of UK and overseas companies. Major research outcomes (Anand) have been in the durability of sensory and mechanical properties of textiles(Whirlpool, 2000-06), modelling structural/property relationships of dust and wet filtration media, geosynthetics (DTI, 2000-02) and geotextiles(DTI Smart, 2003-04), introducing functionality (eg.electromagnetic interference and heatability, DTI, 2001-02), ideveloping novel composite materials for personal protective equipment (Technitex Faraday, 2006-present; US company/Eastern Michigan University, 2006-present, with MSG, Myler) and establishing the use of recycled textile waste for high performance acoustic fabrics and technical fabrics (Miraftab; Entrust, 2002-04,k; DTI WRAP, 2002-04).
(iii) Fire Materials Group (Period income £1.59m; AvFTE CatA=2.71). This world class, unique UK academic group studies the multidisciplinary area of fire safe materials and collaborates with all major research groups, eg Lille (France), Alessandria (Italy), NIST, Polytech Brooklyn and Milwaukee (USA), Hefei and Sichuan Uni (China), IIT Delhi (India), Poznan and Warsaw (Poland), Budapest (Hungary). FMG also collaborates with UK industry and relevant academics, including other research groups (MSG, SMSG).
FMG comprises 4 senior research staff (Kandola, Hull (left in August 2007 to take up a chair at UCLAN and whose replacement is actively being sought), Horrocks, Price), 1 early career researcher (Nazare), 1 part time SSO (Milnes) and 2 visiting professors (Paul, Purser). Paul, formerly head of the Dept of Fire Technology at RAPRA, brings commercial testing expertise and Purser, (Fire Research Station) is internationally recognised for work in toxic gas characterisation.
The group hosted the EPSRC-funded Fire Chemistry Network (Hull, 2003-2006) comprising 20 leading academics and 10 companies, leading to a €2M EU FP6 project (fire behaviour prediction of polymer nanocomposites PREDFIRE).
FMG hosted the 11th European conference, FRPM07 in Bolton in July 2007, attracting 210 delegates.
Textile flammability: Horrocks and Kandola addressed environmental concerns of bromine-containing flame retardants (FRs) (DTI-EPSRC Foresight LINK (2000-03) with the University of Sheffield and 6 UK companies) to develop novel vapour-phase-active, phosphorus-containing retardant systems. A subsequent Bolton/Sheffield collaborative EPSRC/DSTL-funded project (2003-07; rated ‘tending to internationally leading’) studied inclusion of nanoparticles in synthetic fibres (Hull, Kandola, Horrocks, Price) and demonstrated nanoparticle/FR synergism in polypropylene and polyamide 6 filaments. Work with industry developed novel FR systems for aircraft barrier and decorative textiles (DTI, 2000-03) and FR technical yarns (DTI, 2003-05) and modelled loss of FRs from textiles during use (European industrial consortium). Horrocks (EPSRC: 2001-03 – rated ‘internationally leading’) developed patented fibre-substantive intumescents.
Composites: Work with nanoclays in composites (EPSRC: 2002-: Kandola, Myler, Nazare, Shao, Horrocks) showed synergistic clay/FR interactions. Current Bolton-led work measures and models fire damage to composite structures in collaboration with the University of Manchester (EPSRC: 2005-08).
Fire chemistry: Price and Hull provided the flammability expertise for collaboration with the synthetic expertise of University of Sheffield’s polymer group (Ebdon, Hunt) to research novel FR phosphorus-containing copolymers. The influence of plasticisers, stabilisers and lubricant on the thermal decomposition of chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) has been studied (with Sichuan University, China). Price’s studies on autoignition of a number of heavy oils in collaboration with Greaves (Chem Eng, Bath) and Vossoughi (Chem Eng, Kansas) provided data relevant to the in situ combustion process for heavy oil recovery. `
Fire gas/smoke toxicity: Hull’s work on fire gas toxicity using the steady state tube furnace devised byPurser was supported by funding from EPSRC (PhD), FROCC (trade association of cable compounders; 2 PhDs) and the EU FP6 PREDFIRE project. This led to the development of a standard for bench scale fire toxicity assessment (BS7990) and its acceptance within ISO, TS 19700.
(iv)The Smart Materials and Systems Group, SMSG (Period Income £0.65m & AvFTE CatA=2.42) with strengths in Auxetic Materials (Alderson A, Alderson K) and Dielectrics and Fields (Calderwood), is complemented by expertise in Advanced Sensors and Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) (Siores and Luo), ETG (Anand) and Materials Modelling (Shao). The group interacts with the BMDG (Anand and Grootveld) and MSG (Whitty).
Auxetic materials: activities concentrate on fabrication, testing and characterisation of auxetic microporous polymers, fibres/fabrics, films, cellular solids (honeycombs and foams) and rigid composites underpinned by theoretical modelling and design work on structures, mechanisms and nanomaterials. Aldersons A & K led the successful EPSRC-funded Auxetic Materials network, AuxetNet, (2003-06; rated “Outstanding”) comprising 8 academic(including 2 European) and 10 commercial partners. AuxetNet has converted the initial EPSRC funding (£62k) to >£3m funding for partners enabling self-sustainability beyond 2006: activities include EU FP6 (CHISMACOMB-€3 million, 2005-08, 10 partners to develop novel honeycomb structures for marine, aerospace and automotive applications) and DTI Tech.Prog. (REACTICS) consortia. The Bolton-led REACTIS (£709k (DTI) plus £278k (industry), 2006-09; 9 UK partners) studies auxetic (aerospace) composites comprising auxetic fibres, films and novel topology honeycombs, building on previously funded work: EPSRC ( 1 PhD, 2000-03 and grant with Universities of Sheffield and Hull and QinetiQ); DuPont and Auxetic Technologies Ltd (ATL) (UoB spin-out)).
Auxetic nanomaterials: Alderson A (with Alderson K) (EPSRC/NWDA/ North West Composites Centre studentship (2006-09)), has demonstrated innovative use of auxetic molecular sieves in controlled release devices and auxetic behaviour at the nanoscale (concept showcased at the EPSRC Nanotechnology Theme Day, London, June 2005 (see RA2)).
IP generated is owned by the spin-out company ATL, funded by the Rising Stars fund of the NW Venture Capital company, Enterprise Ventures (Section 1.6)). Relationships exist with the Materials Knowledge Transfer Network (through REACTIS and the SMARTmat node of the KTN)
MEMS work: Siores (sensored materials) is studying the use of microwaves to modify and sense material changes plus the modifying effects of surface plasma treatment. Luo is extending his former Cambridge work on microcages and microgrippers (see RA5b) to integrate with the group’s future strategy.
(v) The Biohealth (Healthcare and Medical Devices Group, BMDG (Period Income £0.35m & AvFTE CatA=1.89) comprises 2 senior (Anand, Grootveld) and 2 (Miraftab, Rajendran) staff. Activities include biomaterials, medical devices, healthcare and hygiene products. Outcomes are engineered novel venous leg ulcer treatments) and orthopaedic, orthotic and prosthetic medical devices, wound dressings with odour control and dressings for capillary wounds, pressure sores and incontinence management which have been analysed in clinical trials (DTI (2001-2004) with 5 industrial partners. Subsequent EPSRC funding (2005-08) (Rajendran) is developing related design and modelling concepts. Two Technitex/EPSRC Faraday (2002-2006) and 1 NWDA/EPSRC-funded research studentships (2005-) have developed understanding of wound dressing therapies. Industrial funding from Tytex A/S, (2007-09) is developing novel devices for orthopaedic applications. Grootveld has brought 2 PhD students and ~£80k funding with him (Sept 07) to establish strengths in biomaterials and medical devices.
Miraftab works in the associated area of natural and manufactured polysaccharide fibres and conjugate and composite polymers, products for woundcare and other medical applications. External funding has been from SSL International, (2001-05); SuMed International UK Ltd., (DTI-SEEDA, 2006-) with major outcomes being a range of improved conjugate and composite novel wound dressings.
1.3 Research Culture and Management: its promotion, development and sustenance
Complementing the university’s investment in infrastructure and personnel, the research culture is developed via guest professorial lectures and monthly research fora at which externally invited speakers, research students and PDRAs present their work. Interactions between research groups demonstrated above are nurtured via joint funding proposals and awards. The cross-culture is demonstrated by Anand and Miraftab who work within ETG and BMDG and by Shao who works across four groupings. Myler contributes to the work of FMG and MSG. All researchers present papers at international conferences and develop their personal research networks.
1.4 Research Student Training: Research student numbers remain at healthy levels sustained by internal and external studentships and partnerships with external funders.
The University supports its research students and requires participation in personal and professional development following Roberts' Report and Research Council statements. Students’ core documentation includes the Quality Assurance Procedures and the Research Student-Supervisor Agreement, which records progress on programmes of related studies, including relevant modules from taught masters’ programmes. Participation in external, discipline-focussed postgraduate courses, attendance (and participation) at internal and external research conferences and seminars and training in specific approaches, techniques, etc., is encouraged.
An annual university research forum enables all research students, PDRAs, research staff and administrators to contribute, encouraging presentations and discussions on the national context, university policy and strategy, individual research projects, etc.
Implementation of a new PhD (by publications) award has been pioneered specifically for senior managers in industry and commerce, enabling them to position work-based projects within an academic framework. Currently 3 EPSRC-funded students are enrolled from companies and organisations including Camira Fabrics and the Welding Institute. Taught MSc courses (>120 students) encourage transfer to MPhil/PhD programmes and, in collaboration with the School of Materials, Manchester and Pathfinder funding(~£500k, 2007), co-credited masters/CPD and doctorate-level training are being developed to address the specific needs of composites in the aerospace sector.
1.5 Support for Interdisciplinary and Collaborative Research
Support is provided at university and departmental levels as evidenced by successes below.
(i) Mechanical Structures Group: The crashworthiness researchers through FP6 projects has a network of partners from the EU, Australia, Brazil and Japan. Chirwa represents the UK at the World College in Washington USA for safety legislation harmonisation for road vehicles (vehicle rollover).
(ii) Engineered Textiles Group: Anand has undertaken interdisciplinary and collaborative research with Whirlpool Corporation, USA (laundering); Geofabrics, Netlon, Lyndon Nonwovens and Special Blends Co Ltd, (DTI); Baltex Ltd (DTI -electromagnetic interference and heatable materials); Remploy Frontline (novel PPE for the Police and Armed Forces) and with a US entrepreneur and Eastern Michigan University, USA (novel and unique body armour with stab-resistant capabilities). Miraftab has worked with UK companies funded by ENTRUST to recycle carpet waste leading to the WRAP-funded (2002-04) programme with the University of Bradford and Anglo Felt Industries Ltd to develop novel acoustic products.
(iii) The Fire Materials Group’s work is often interdisciplinary and collaborative, hosting visiting researchers from Marquette University (Milwaukee), Chalmers University (Sweden), University of Science and Technology and Sichuan University (China) and 7th April University (Libya). Apart from the EPSRC fire chemistry network, its DTI-EPSRC Foresight LINK project involved a “supply chain” partnership (Rhodia, Acordis, Web Processing, Camira, PWGreenhalgh and Noveon) together with the University of Sheffield (Ebdon). A related DTI-funded project (2002-05) with Camira and McCleery Yarns increased FR properties of technical polypropylene yarns, demonstrating the advantages of nanoparticle addition. A major collaborative project with the University of Surrey (Stevens) and funded by the European Flame Retardants Association on behalf of its members Akzo Nobel, Bayer AG, Bromine Science and Environment Forum, International Antimony Oxide Industry Association and Rhodia (2002-2003) reported the potential release of FRs from furnishing fabrics and foams during simulated use.
(iv) The Smart Materials and Systems Group: AuxetNet has 8 universities including Bolton, Exeter, Sheffield, Cambridge, Bristol and Leeds and the companies: QinetiQ, Rolls-Royce, Cytec Engineered Materials, ICI, Dow Corning, Du Pont, SEOS Displays, Hurel Hispano, ATL and Auxetix Ltd. Exeter, Bristol and Malta collaborate on the FP6 CHISMACOMB project. Exeter, Bristol, Rolls-Royce, Cytec Engineered Materials, ICI, ATL, Auxetix Ltd and Shakespeare Monofilament UK Ltd., collaborate in the REACTICS (DTI) consortium. QinetiQ and EPSRC co-funded have auxetic foams research - Bolton, Bristol and Hull universities. ATL generates development projects in partnerships with targetted companies, eg the development of auxetic foam inserts and fabrics in the apparel field (£40k; 2005-06). The group is a core member of the NWDA-funded, University of Manchester-based, North West Composites Centre (2006-) and the NW Organic Materials Innovation Centre (OMIC) and benefits from studentship and equipment funding, plus access to core facilities.
(v) The Biohealth and Medical Devices Group: Funding for interdisciplinary research has been achieved (novel structures for venous ulcer and woundcare – DTI) with Vernon-Carus, Lantor (UK), J L Brierley,; Bowling Finishing and Brightwake. Collaborative work has been undertaken with Tytex A/S, Denmark (orthopaedic applications) and via 3 EPSRC studentships with Rossendale Combining Co., Baltex Ltd., and Lantor (UK).
1.6 Support for Innovation and Commercialisation
ETG has produced a number of innovative products in conjunction with sponsors, eg. Anglo Felt Industries Ltd (novel range of acoustic products) are outcomes from the WRAP-funded programme (contact MD Simon Macaulay, Tel. 01706 853513). Within the BMDG, IP in novel polysaccharide wound dressing materials has secured DTI, SEEDA funding ( 2006-) for maintenance of international patent and pilot scale production with SuMed Ltd., Speciality Fibres and Materials Ltd., HiMedica Ltd. and Chembiotech with subsequent royalties for the patent’s life.
The UoB spinout ATL (formed 2004) is a major driver for innovation with 2 patent applications with a partner company relating to auxetic foams, 1 for auxetic fabrics and 1 for composites containing auxetic constituents. Funding via ATL development projects has been in excess of £50k to date.
One DTI LINK project outcome (Horrocks) has been the development by Camira (contact Cheryl.Kindness@eu.interfaceinc.com) a halogen-free, FR fabric. FR proprietary treatments for exotic fabrics for use in executive jets have also been successfully commercialised by Dalton Rare Fibres Ltd (contact email@example.com ).
MSG has a separate commercial contact via a purpose-built Product Development Studio funded by ERDF,ESF, NWDA and HEIF led by Myler.
1.7 Staffing Policy: The university supports its research staff, especially in strategic areas as exemplified by the recent recruitment of 3 professors and its current intention to replace the vacancy in the Fire Materials Group (see above). Each staff member has a Personal Development Plan reviewed annually through which career development and time and resources for research are negotiated. The staff population character of this submission and the way it has grown since 2001 is evidence of the university’s support for developing and sustaining research activity.
2. Esteem Indicators (Category A staff)
Alderson A: Invited seminars: Polish Academy of Sciences, Cytec, DuPont (Geneva) (2003); Medical Polymers Research Institute, Queen’s University, Belfast (2005); Bespak, Airbus UK, Pall (2006). International conferences/workshops - smart and auxetic materials- Belfast (2003); Poznan, Poland (2004 and 2005); London, Malta, Exeter, Salford (2006); invited participation: smart materials roadmapping (IoM3 2006). Conference organisation: 1st (Scientific Committee co-chair, 2004) and 2nd (vice-chair - Scientific and member of the Organising Committee, 2005) International workshop on auxetics, Poland; member - Scientific Committee, 1st International Conference on Auxetics, Exeter, 2006. Co-inventor: 7 patent applications. Referees: major advanced materials, polymers and composites journals; Editorial Advisory Board Member (online) J.Ind.Manuf.Eng; guest co-editor: special auxetics issue, Phys.Stat.Sol. B (2005). EPSRC College member (2003-present; 4 EPSRC prioritisation and final report panels). Chaired Steering Committee of AuxetNet and co-editor of the first advanced text on auxetic materials (Canopus Publishing Ltd. - submission February 2008).
Alderson K: invited seminars - Lyon (2002); UK Auxetnet launch, Sheffield (2004); Poznan, Poland (2004 and 2005); London, Exeter, Salford (2006); Manchester (2007). EPSRC College member (2003-); regularly reviews proposals and final reports for the EPSRC. Referees: major polymers and composites journals. Theme leader - ‘Celebration of UK Engineering Research & Innovation’, London 2004; vice-chair, Organising Committee and member of the Scientific Committee, 2nd International workshop on auxetics, Poland, 2005; Scientific Committee member, 1st International Conference on Auxetics, Exeter, 2006; appeared in the NWDA ‘Young Foresight’ programme (2004), broadcast during BBC2 ‘Learning Zone’ programme (June 2006). Shortlisted Finalist (with student Simpkins) - British Female Inventor of the Year awards, London 2002 - the auxetic fibres are featured in the Challenge of Materials Gallery at the Science Museum in London, 2006-. Co-inventor: 7 patent applications. Guest co-editor; special auxetics issue, Phys.Stat.Sol. B (2005); chaired Management Committee, AuxetNet; co-editor with Alderson A of the first advanced text on auxetic materials (Canopus Publishing Ltd). External PhD examiner Heriot Watt (2007).
Anand: numerous plenary/keynote addresses. Organiser of two major international conferences and exhibitions (with the Technical University, Tampere, Finland) on Healthcare and with Miraftab, Medical Textiles (2003 and 2007 (Bolton)). Expert advisor on three European Consortia of major FP7 research bids. Technical textiles editor for Knitting International; member of Editorial Board, Textile Progress; referees for major world textile journals. EPSRC College member and referee for UK Department of Health, Health Technology Device programmes; regularly examines MPhil/PhD theses at Loughborough, De Montfort, Heriot-Watt and Bharathiar (India) Universities and Universities of Leeds, Manchester and Salford. Three patents applied for in collaboration with industry. Consultancy (technical textiles): Whirlpool Corp., USA; Geofabrics, Ledatec, Netlon, Baltex Ltd, Special Blends Ltd, Remploy Frontline, UK; the universities of Leeds and Eastern Michigan, USA. Consultancy (healthcare and medical devices): examples - Tytex A/S, Denmark; BSN Medical; Lantor (UK) Ltd; Baltex Ltd, UK; Datt Mediproducts, India, and Alcare Co Ltd, Japan.
Calderwood: keynote: first speaker, (by invitation) and Chairman of the first session, Royal Irish Academy international meeting (Diffusion and Relaxation in Disordered Fractal Systems, Dublin, 2002); special meeting (Centenary of the birth of Herbert Fröhlich FRS) by invitation of the University of Liverpool, 2006 (also in the dedicated volume). Honorary professor - Universities of Dublin (Trinity College) and Xi’an, China; member of the Editorial Board of J.Phys. D: Appl.Phys. and Council of the Irish Academy of Engineering, 1998-2003. Collaborations: Universities of Pavia, Italy, and Dublin (Trinity College) and at The Technische Hoschule, Aachen, Germany; externally examined PhD, University of Dublin, Trinity College. Referees for Institute of Physics, the Institution of Electrical Engineers journals.
Chirwa: keynote lectures: Virginia; Kyoto; 2002: Strasbourg; Stuttgart; 2003: Bremen; Prato; 2004: Neumunster; 2005: Brazil; 2007. Distinguished Guest - Rollover, Capitol Hill, Washington; - Roof design, Washington, DC; Eng. Inst. Zambia. Awards: IMechE Holman Brothers (2001) and IMechE Trevithick (2001) prizes. Member: Advisory (Materials), Japanese Research Committee (1998-2006); Australian Research Council (2002-). Journals: Editor-in-Chief, Int.J.Crash. and editorial consultant to Int.J.Impact.Eng., J.Comp., Int.J.Impact.Biomech., & J.Accid.Anal.Prevent. Project leadership: FP5 Rollover (WP4); FP6 APROSYS (SP3& 5) APSN (WP6); SAFEINTERIOR (WP4). Examiner(PhD): Nottingham (2003) Sheffield (2004); Leeds, Salford, Monash, Queensland (2005); Birmingham (2006); IIS Bangalore, Cranfield (2007). Conferences: Founder of ICRASH and organiser 1998 (Detroit), 2000 (London), 2002 (Melbourne), 2004 (San Francisco) 2006 (Athens).
Grootveld: recent plenaries: Int Assn. Dental Res Conf, New Orleans (2007) (awarded best paper prize); Paisley (2007). Visiting professor of Clinical Chemistry, Queen’s University, Belfast (2001-04). Referees for major journals and research funders including The Arthritis and Rheumatism Council; Arthritis Research Campaign; The Royal Society. Two patents (2004). Member: European Experts Committee on Tooth-Whitening (2004-present). Consultancy: examples include Smith Kline Beacham Ltd (U.K.); Rowpar Pharma Inc. (U.S.A.); Source Food Technology Inc.(U.S.A.); Sanofi-Synthelabo OTC (France); Collagen Aesthetics Int Inc. (U.S.A./Eire); Ultradent Inc. (U.S.A.); Procter and Gamble Inc. (U.K./U.S.A.); Boots (U.K.); The Solae Company (U.S.A.); university collaborations: Minnesota, U.S.A and Studi di Milano, Italy; Fundacion Hospital Alcoron, Alcoron, Madrid and TNO Institute, Netherlands.
Horrocks : world authority on textile flammability; plenary lectures exemplified by MODEST02 (Budapest) and 04 (Lyons), FRPM03 (Lille) and 05 (Berlin). EPSRC College member, referees for all the major polymer and fire science journals; editorial boards - Fire Mater., J. Fire Sci., and Indian J. Fibre Text. Res. Guest Editor, Special Issue Fire Mater., (2002)- Fire behaviour of textiles. Co-editor with Price, Fire Retardant Materials (Woodhead, 2001) and currently co-editing Advances in Fire Retardant Materials (Woodhead, due late 2007). Has led collaborative research projects with industry and one recent patent is currently being considered for exploitation (Rhodia, UK). Numerous consultancies (heat and fire protective textiles) for companies (Section 1.6) and organisations (eg HSE (2004) and BSEF (2004)). Professionally: chairman, Textile Institute Council (2003-2006). Award: Honorary Life Membership for outstanding leadership (2006); member of the UK Textile and Clothing Strategy Group since 1999 and chairs the NW Development Agency’s technical textile cluster company, NWTexnet (2003-present).
Kandola: expert in composite flammability; invited lectures at prestigious international conferences include 13th (2002) & 17th (2006) BCC FR conferences, FRPM07. Referees for major fire science, polymers and composites journals. Editorial Advisory Board Member: online journal, Ind.Manufact.Eng.; member EPSRC College (2003- present, - 2 prioritisation panels on Structural Materials and refereeing numerous proposals and Final Reports). Consultancies include companies (section 6.1) and organisations (HSE). Fellow (2006) and honorary representative of the Royal Society of Chemistry, University of Bolton. Co-organiser and plenary presenter at the 11th European Meeting on Fire Retardant Polymers, FRPM07, Bolton.
Luo: keynote – Diamond-like-carbon MEMS – MME2006, Southampton; invited - various e.g. ‘MEMS applications in IT’, Japan, 2005; microgrippers – SMAC 2006, Crete; workshops – e.g. ZnO lab-on-chip- Bogota, 2007. Prize: one of top 20 papers in J.Micromech.Microeng., 2005. 2 patent applications (2003, 2007). Collaborations: SE University (China), Nanjing University (China), Chinese Academy, Shanghai Inst. of Microsystem(China), Inst. of Microelectronics Singapore(Singapore), Nanyang Tech. University (Singapore), IMEC (Belgerm), Siegen University (Germany), Viena Technol. Inst.(Austria), Silvaco Data System (UK), Philips, Cavendish Kinetics (UK). Referee for major MEMS int. journals, eg.Semicond.Sci.&Technol. Associated editors - Chinese J.Sensors&Actuators; member Editorial Board Int.J.Nanomanuf.
Miraftab:. invited speaker and a member of international advisory committee, Fibre Recycling conference, Kyoto, Japan (2007).Co-organised (with Anand) two international conferences Medical Textiles (2003 and 2007); organised 3rd international conference, Ecotextiles, Manchester (2004). Authoring and editing an invited advanced text - Fatigue and wear of fibrous materials. Member, editorial board of J.Indust.Text.; advisory team/referee - Carbo.Polym.; collaborations - Universities of Bradford, Birmingham and Salford, MMU and Jiaxing Institute, China. 2 international patent applications and 1 granted Consultancy: Pennine Fibre Industries Ltd, Terram Ltd., FEAT Enterprises, Pall Aerospace, Guilford Ltd. Fellow of the Textile Institute (2004).
Myler: keynote lecture: ICCM 07 - high velocity impact on composite structures. Awards: DuPont silver medal for polymers, 2001; European silver medal -product innovation (2004-05). Committees: European Scientific on Innovation of Engineering and Material Processing (France, ERDF-funded , 2001-05). FEA consultant for Fointaine Industries; collaborates with ITECh and Lyon University (thermoplastic composites). Joint PhD supervision with Soest WF University,Germany. Expert witness: Ford Motor Co. PhD Examiner: UMIST(2001) & Teeside (2007)
Nazare: early career researcher developing expertise in nanocomposite characterisationwas seconded as a Guest Researcher at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, USA (2002). Contributes to Univ Leeds advanced course in FR materials (2006-) and chapters for a number of books.
Price: internationally renowned for flame retardant mechanistic studies; plenary/keynotes - ACS (USA) 2003 and 2005, BCC FR Polymer Conferences (Stamford, Conn. USA) and FRPM meetings in 2001, 2003 and 2005. Founding chairman UK Fire Chemistry Discussion Group of the SCI until 2006; member, Scientific Committees of the sequence of European FRPM Conferences (Alessandria, Lille, Berlin). Co-edited (with Horrocks) Fire Retardant Materials (Woodhead, 2001) and is co-editing an update Advances in Fire Retardant Materials (Woodhead, due late 2007). Referees for most relevant journals including Chem.Eng.Comm. and Energy and Fuel. Member of the EPSRC College until 2005 and served on the BSI Hazard to Life from Fire technical committee.
Rajendran: invited papers: Czech. Rep.(2006),Turkey (2007), edited or contributed chapters to at least six advanced texts in the area of medical and healthcare; presented 4 plenary/keynote addresses at international refereed conferences. One granted international patent and one application (2006). Fellow, Textile Institute (2006). Referees for relevant journals.
Shao: plenary lectures: 21st SPIG, Yugoslavia (2002)and Aachen, Germany (2006). Collaborations with the universities of Metz, France, Shizuaka, Japan. Hubei and Zhengzhou, China, Hong Kong Chinese University and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang and Shanghai. EPSRC College member (2001-06). Member, international advisory committee, July 2006: Asia-Pacific Conference ‘Semiconducting Silicides - Science and Technology Towards Sustainable Optoelectronics’. Referee for major international journals for materials science and condensed matter physics. Honorary professor: Zhengzhou University, China. 1 patent granted with associated international patents with spin-out company Si-light Ltd (2001); 1 patent application (July 2007: Band coupled solar cells) and 1 joint venture spinout with Solar Planet Ltd: Nanosolar Ltd (2007).
Siores : invited lectures exemplified by World Intellectual Property Organisation (2002) and the International Conference on NDT&E, Athens (2005). Awards: “best paper”, HKInst Engineers (2001); HKIE Transaction Prize (Mechanical Engineering) and finalist “The engineer and technology awards” (2007). Editorship roles: J.Mech.Eng.Sci., Non-Destruct.Test.Eval.Int.J., Amer.Soc.Mech.Eng. Fellow\; TWI (2005) and IoM3 (2007). Honorary Professor, Tsinghua University, Beijing, PR China since 2002. Founder member (2002) and Director, Australian Chapter, Asia Pacific Academy for Productivity and Innovation. Advises the Singapore Government on advanced manufacturing, micro- and nanotechnologies. 5 patent applications since 2005 (microwave applications and use of biomaterial sensors).
Zhou: keynote (2004: Shanghai) and plenary (2006: Shanghai); EPSRC College member (2003-05).