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UOA 25 - General Engineering and Mineral & Mining Engineering

University of Central Lancashire

RA5a: Research environment and esteem


Research Environment


Following the 2001 RAE, the Department of Technology took a strategic step to strengthen its distinctive applied research in digital signal and image processing (DSIP) and tribology. Through infrastructure investments from SRIF, charitable donations, and institutional support, research has grown significantly as demonstrated by increases in: research expenditure from £107,564 (2001-2) to £373,228 (2006-7) (excluding studentships); RS from 8.08 FTE (2001) to 14.38 FTE (2007); PDRA/RF from 2 FTE (2001) to 6 FTE (2007); research degree awards from 2.4/year (last RAE) to 3.7/year (this RAE). This has been achieved with only a small increase in staff, from 4 FTE (last RAE) to 5.6 FTE (this RAE). Additionally, emphasis on collaboration has led to project partners being increased from around 40 (last RAE) to >100 (this RAE).


Applied Digital Signal and Image Processing Research Centre (ADSIP)


Established in 2002 by building on the 3a rating from the last RAE, ADSIP is led by Prof L-K Shark, supported by Drs BJ Matuszewski (Reader), SP Platt, MR Varley, along with 6 PDRF/RA, and 20 RS (head count). In this RAE period, there were 39 RS (head count), 17 research degree awards (14 PhDs); outputs include 20 journal papers (3 invited), 63 conference papers (1 invited), 1 conference proceedings edited; current research expenditure is £68,506 per-head per-annum (2006-7); and the total grant awarded is £1,867,570 (including studentships) with around £700k recent grants not fully reflected in RA4. The research activities cover applications of DSIP in aerospace, health, visualisation, robotics and vision ( 


Aerospace: Research in aerospace non-destructive testing/evaluation (NDT/E) is led by Shark working with Matuszewski, Platt, and Varley. In the UK, ADSIP has become the first choice of BAE Systems for aerospace NDT research. Following two EPSRC-funded projects (GR/L34464, £206,919 and GR/R08377, £63,498), a series of translational projects has been funded by BAE for production NDT (around £57K). Among a range of technologies developed, particularly noteworthy are: 


  • joint ultrasonic signal and image processing for automatic bonding evaluation of superplastic-forming and diffusion-bonded aero-structures, which won BAE Chairman Bronze Award of Technology Innovation in 2002;
  • high-precision automatic mosaic of ultrasonic/radiographic images from large aero-structures (<1 pixel accuracy), currently being used at BAE (and Alenia in Italy);
  • CAD-aided multi-modality NDT data processing and defect interpretation, developed by ADSIP for BAE resulted in the NEMET Award from BINDT (British Institute of NDT) to Dr JP Smith (leader of BAE NDT group) in 2003.


In Europe, ADSIP has become a regular partner of leading aerospace companies, as demonstrated by a research contract from Alenia (£29,955) and four major EU projects listed overleaf:













No of Partners*

ADSIP Contributions






         Ultrasonic denoising by genetic constructed wavelets and fuzzy threshold;

         Automatic porosity evaluation in composites by statistical based feature extraction.




Airbus (Germany)


         Weak laser ultrasound detection by matched wavelets and high-order statistics;

         ADSIP-NDE software for CAD-based NDT data manipulation/visualisation/examination and defect modelling.




EADS-CRC (Corporate Research Centre)


         Aircraft life-cycling monitoring system;

         Automatic registration of NDT images to 3D models for arbitrary sensor positions;

         ADSIP-LCM software for aerostructure prognosis.




Smiths Aerospace


         Smart sensor signal processing for structure health monitoring


*Main partners include Airbus (Germany, Spain, UK), Alenia, BAE, Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures (Australia), Dassault, EADS-CRC, GE Corporate Research and Development, Industrial Material Institute (Canadian National Research Council), Institute of Information Science and Technologies (Italian National Research Council, CNR-ISTI), NDT Experts (France), Smiths Aerospace, Tecnatom (Spain), and Universities of Limerick, Sheffield, Stuttgart, Uppsala.


At the University, ADSIP has a BAE-sponsored NDT Laboratory with measurement systems based on acoustic emission (AE), acoustography, ultrasound and phased-array ultrasound (SRIF1, £137,500), and a collection of defect-specific components. In close proximity, ADSIP has access to BAE state-of-the-art ultrasonic/radiographic/shearographic facilities. Shark also works with Santec Systems (USA), who hold a world-wide acoustography patent, to develop super-resolution acoustography.


Research in radiation effects on electronic devices is led by Platt working with Matuszewski. Commencing in 2004, ADSIP has rapidly become the leading UK university centre in neutron single-event effects (SEE). In the DTI-funded SPAESRANE project (total: £1.9M; ADSIP: £120,000), ADSIP collaborates with BAE, MBDA, Goodrich, GE Aviation, QinetiQ, universities of Lancaster and Surrey, and has developed a novel imaging SEE monitor. The success has led to the follow-on SEEDER project funded by the Technology Strategy Board (total: £3.4M; ADSIP £62,800). ADSIP also collaborates with Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) in developing a neutron SEE test facility at ISIS, and Université Aix-Marseille-1 in SEE monitoring in the cosmic neutron environment. For experimental work, 362 hours neutron-beam facility time (value >£250K) have been acquired from Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (USA), The Svedberg Laboratory (Sweden), TRIUMF (Canada), and ISIS RAL. Furthermore, the International Foundation High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat provided irradiations in the natural atmosphere (15 months), and BAE provided irradiations in radionuclide fields (215 hours). 


Health: The strategy outlined in the last RAE to explore synergies between NDT of aero-structures and non-invasive examination of patients has resulted in two exciting developments. One was inspired by AE-based structure integrity monitoring and led to novel use of AE for knee arthritis assessment funded by ARC (Arthritis Research Campaign: £123,754). The project is led by Shark working with Prof J Goodacre in Lancashire School of Health and Postgraduate Medicine (LSHPM) in collaboration with Blackpool Hospital and Physical Acoustics. The other is the EPSRC-funded MEGURATH project (total: £1,044,621; ADSIP: £325,753), led by Matuszewski working with Shark, supported by Elekta Oncology Systems and Philips Medical Systems. It aims to revolutionise radiotherapy from image-based-subjective-guidance to measurement-based-objective-guidance by combining cone-beam technologies at Christie Hospital, 3D body sensing technologies at LJMU and 3D anatomy deformation modelling technologies at ADSIP. Matuszewski also leads the Engineering and Computational Science for Oncology Network (ECSON) funded by EPSRC (£154,386), with partners from Poland, France, Germany and Italy (including two laboratories from the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) in Lyon and Paris, French National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), Otto-von-Guericke Universität Magdeburg and CNR-ISTI). Other projects led by Varley working with Shark include computer-assisted validation of radiotherapy with Rosemere Cancer Centre, MRI-based quantification of vascular abnormalities with Blackpool and Christie hospitals, and postural stability and gait of knee arthroplasty patients with Preston Hospital. These projects are supported by excellent facilities at the hospitals, especially Christie that houses the only cone-beam image-guided Synergy radiotherapy machine in the UK.


Visualisation: The need to process huge aero-structure/medical data has led to visualisation research in this RAE. Led by Shark working with Matuszewski and Varley, ADSIP has become a developer partner and a Virtual Reality Research and Development Centre of EON Reality. A 3D Visualisation Suite has been established using donations of 3D models/libraries/software from EON Reality (£541,489) and SRIF2 (£250,000), to enable immersive and interactive visualisation using reconfigurable-stereoscopic-walls integrated with wireless tracking and driven by a PC cluster. In the ERDF-funded PIMHAI project (total: £2,597,714; ADSIP: £271,704) with partners from Portugal, France, Spain and UK (including Instituto Superior Tecnico (IST), universities of Bordeaux, Poitiers, Rennes, Vigo, and IGER (Institute of Grassland and Environment Research)), several unique visualisation software packages have been developed to enable users to perform real-time manipulation/fusion/exploitation of hyperspectral data superimposed on 3D digital elevation/GIS maps for environment monitoring. Furthermore, SRIF3 (£129,255) has provided panoramic image capture and bio-feedback systems to support research in image-based immersive environment by multi-sphere mapping and physical interaction using body/face/hand gestures. Linked research includes detection of weak seismo-electric signals for Earthquake prediction by Varley, collaborating on the ERDF-funded SE-RISK project led by TEI of Crete (Greece).


Robotics and Vision: Led by Matuszewski working with Shark, the PACCAR Robotics and Vision Laboratory was established in early 2007 with £100,000 donated from PACCAR (a world leading truck manufacturer from USA), and equipped with a high-speed synchronous multi-camera system, a dynamic 3D scanner, and multi-axis robotic arms on mobile platforms. The work focuses on real-time scene/object reconstruction/tracking for time-space optimal control of the world first truck chassis robot painting system at Leyland. Other related projects include articulated motion and appearance estimation from multi-views using dynamic real-time disparity maps with Catmull-Clark surface model (with Heriot-Watt University supported by EPSRC Vision, Video and Graphics Network of Excellence), and its applications in surveillance video and non-invasive estimation of kinematics (with AD-Group). These projects are also supported by the TI (Texas Instruments) sponsored DSIP Laboratory.


Jost Institute for Tribotechnology (JIfT)


Established in 2002 with £350,000 donated from the Michael John Trust (MJT, Professor Peter Jost’s private trust), JIfT is led by Prof I Sherrington working with Prof RD Arnell (formerly Professor of Surface Engineering at Salford University) and Dr N Renevier, along with 2 senior RF (0.4 FTE), 1 Research Engineer, and 7 RS (head count). In this RAE period, there were 18 RS (head count), 9 research degree awards (2 PhDs) (Arnell also has 9 PhD completions at Salford); outputs from Sherrington and Arnell include 29 journal papers, 30 conference papers (2 invited), 1 book edited, 2 book chapters, 1 conference proceedings edited, 5 seminar/workshop contributions, and patents awarded in 13 countries in Europe and Asia; current research expenditure is £62,002 per-head per-annum (2006-7); and the total grant awarded is >£0.5M (including studentships), additionally £323,940 (not in RA4) was awarded to Arnell at Salford (principally from EPSRC). JIfT has research programmes focusing on tribology and surface engineering related to automotive and aerospace, complemented by a number of interdisciplinary projects. (


JIfT has state-of-the-art facilities to investigate tribological phenomena from nano-contacts, through component and specimen level, to full-scale engineering test beds. These include: thrust-washer, twin-disc, pin-on-disc, reciprocating apparatus (including high-temperature equipment), journal/rolling-element bearing test equipment, instrumented engines and engine dynamometers. JIfT also has first-rate surface measurement equipment, acquired under SRIF2 (£195,508) including a Form Talysurf PGI 400, an ADE Phase-Shift White-Light Interferometer (WLI) and a DME Atomic Force Microscope.


Automotive: Research led by Sherrington focuses on measuring hydrodynamic lubricating film thickness. Novel developments include: a capacitance-based system for multi-cycle, non-averaging, liner-based measurements of oil-film thickness around piston rings travelling at high speed (with Fylde Electronic Laboratories, Perkins Technology, and BP (£23,000)), and a piezo-electric micromanipulator-based system for calibrating this system with nanometre scale repeatability and accuracy. This work permits study of transient and steady state conditions in conventional and motorsport engines. Potential applications in lubricant formulation and the verification of models of lubrication have led to further support by Shell (EPSRC CASE Award: £60,864). Collaborative projects applying technologies developed at JIfT include studies of: hydraulic motors (Royal Technical Institute, Sweden); tilted sliding pads (Luleå University of Technology, Sweden); the influence of ring gap size on film thickness in firing ic engines (Leeds University); and piston-ring segments in a simulator (conducted under EU COST-532 “Superior friction and wear control in engines and transmissions” with VTT, Finland). Additionally, JIfT has developed a sensor to determine the thickness of lubricant films on open surfaces, thereby enabling novel experiments on piston-ring simulators where the outlet and inlet film thicknesses outside the contact have been measured in conjunction with operating hydrodynamic film thickness (with Perkins Technology). 


Led by Arnell working with Sherrington, research on candidate coatings for engine camshafts aims to combine very low friction with long lifetime in roller contacts, and collaborates with Prof. Soejima (Kyushu Sangyo University (KSU), Japan), who has visited JIfT as a Visiting Scholar for the last 3 years. 


Aerospace: Working with the European Space Tribology Laboratory (ESTL), and Prof E Roberts (JIfT Visiting Professor), Sherrington has led several projects: friction and wear in components subjected to simulated space vehicle launch vibration (in air and vacuum); analytical models to predict thresholds for vibration-induced damage on rolling element bearing raceways; and diamond-like-carbon coatings for use in space mechanisms (£6,500). (Also involving VITO, Belgium). For space tribology, JIfT has vacuum tribometer with near “space vacuum” levels and temperature control system. 


Sherrington has also directed investigations of coating performance for seat belt locking plates (with Breed UK), vibration-induced loosening of zinc-coated bolts and the effect of the repeated use of threaded fasteners on their preload. Arnell leads two linked studies in “aero” tribology: behaviours of conventional coatings and substrates used in aircraft fuel pumps; and candidate coatings to replace existing materials for the same application (both funded by Goodrich Aerospace £37,000). There is a strong synergistic relationship with the Surface Engineering Group led by Prof P Kelly at MMU, whereby JIfT assists with characterisation of new coatings developed by MMU and their expertise is employed to engineer coatings for tribological applications. A novel example involves WLI measurements at JIfT to investigate stress anisotropy in ceramic coatings from MMU. To improve the characterisation of surface engineered components, JIfT has acquired a Micromaterials nano-test platform (incorporating nano-indentation/nano-scratch/nano-impact/fatigue modules with AE and high-temperature capabilities) to investigate forces and displacements at single asperity contacts, and a CSM Revetest micro-scratch tester to conduct macroscopic evaluation of hard coatings (SRIF3, £220,000); and awaits delivery of a CSM high-temperature pin-on-disc tester and Tribotechnic bench top tribometer. In addition, £35,235 has been obtained from the MJT to upgrade an ISI-SS40 SEM with an EDAX Genesis x-ray analysis (with Be detector) and digital image capture.


Interdisciplinary: Applying tribological expertise in biology and chemistry, Sherrington collaborates in projects which include: ecological aspects of surface coating colonisation by micro-organisms (with Avecia and Jontun AS, Norway as part of COST-520); microbial degradation of forensic material (part of COST D-33), and electrochemical systems for advanced microstructures/sensors (with Oxley Developments).


Research Culture and Training


Benefiting from strategic investments by the University, both centres are housed in a new building (£7.5M) providing a modern research environment. RS have individual office space with high-speed networked-PC and 24-hour access. Devolution of RS management from university to faculty level in 2003-4 has led to establishment of the Faculty Graduate School to better control the training and experience of RS. Following the guidelines in the Joint Statement of the UK Research Councils/AHRB on Skills Training Requirements for RS, research training consists of induction, followed by a tailor-made training programme throughout the entire project. It contains a mixture of specialist training in collaborating establishments, interdisciplinary training by attending appropriate modules, and complementary training based on a personal development plan. Each RS is required to keep a Progress File recording acquired competencies, activities and achievements. Various mechanisms and practices are used to provide a stimulating environment for cross-fertilisation of ideas. These include weekly sub-group forums, regular seminars (such as IET-sponsored Medical Imaging series, IMechE events on Condition Monitoring and Marine Tribology, and Graduate School Lecture series) with distinguished external speakers, annual Graduate School Conference with proceedings, Graduate School Parliament to discuss general issues, and international conferences (such as AECRIS’06 and LUBMAT’06). RS have regularly won prizes in regional/national/international conferences and competitions, notably the TI ESPA award in 2007; the Young Investigator Award from British Society for Rheumatology and the IAPR best poster at AECRIS in 2006; the best poster award at Postgradtalent Northwest PRISM, and the second prize at IMechE Aerospace Northwest Poster Competition in 2005; and the third prize in Europe in the TI worldwide DSP challenge (the first ever UK entry to reach top three) in 2001.


Arrangements for Supporting Research


At the University level, strategic guidance is provided through the Research Committee and the Research Support Office co-ordinated by the Director of Research. A section of the Planning Office provides services related to external funding bids. At the Faculty level, a Resources Unit provides co-ordination and management of financial and physical resources, and a Research and Knowledge Transfer Unit supports research projects, knowledge transfer and commercialisation. Detailed arrangements, implemented at the Department level for interdisciplinary and collaborative research, as well as research users and the commercialisation of research ideas, are given below.


Internal/regional arrangements: Within the University, both centres participate in a cross-faculty programme with the LSHPM to develop interdisciplinary research. This includes the HealthTech Hub collaborating with Business Link Lancashire and Advanced Manufacturing Group (representing around 60 local companies) to provide R&D for companies with medical interests. Within the region, ADSIP works in partnership with Northwest Aerospace Alliance (NWAA) that represents around 800 regional aerospace companies.


National/international arrangements: During this RAE, ADSIP has project collaboration agreements with 25 universities in 13 countries (6 in UK), 19 research organisations in 12 countries (3 in UK), 37 major companies in 11 countries (7 in UK), 17 SMEs in 9 countries (3 in UK), and 3 regional hospitals. JIfT has participated in large multi-partner European schemes under COST-532, COST-520 and COST D-33. In addition to its research role, JIfT provides executive support for the International Tribology Council (ITC) with 26 member countries, involving: liaison with tribology societies across the world, the ITC Newsletter and website, and supporting ITC Meetings. There are >10 international visiting scholars/year, recent long-term visitors including Prof Wang (North University, China), Prof Mei (Beijing Institute of Technology, China), Prof Glavatskih (Luleå Technical University, Sweden), Prof Soejima (KSU, Japan), and Prof Galis (Cluj-Napoca Technical University, Romania) funded by the Leverhulme Trust.


Research users and commercialisation arrangements: Both centres are pro-active in building close relationships with research users and commercialising research ideas. Several ADSIP technologies have been adopted by BAE and Alenia for their production NDT, two beta-version software packages (ADSIP-NDE and ADSIP-LCM) have been requested by and released to leading European Aerospace companies for evaluation. Other arrangements include development of super-resolution acoustography and clinical AE with specialist companies. ADSIP is also a member in the EON Reality Global Academic VR network comprising 75 universities worldwide, and the recently acquired developer status of EON Reality paves the way for software commercialisation for immersive environment. JIfT has obtained patents of a lubrication control system in 13 countries for major commercial exploitation targeting large, marine two-stroke diesel engines, offering the potential to reduce lubricant consumption and carbon emissions by up to 50%, equivalent to around 1m tonnes per-annum across the global fleet. A strong commitment is made to knowledge transfer, JIfT leads a DTI-funded Knowledge Transfer Network in condition monitoring technology COMONET (£166,292) and supports 3 KTP programmes valued at £295,361.


Staffing Policy


The University holds “Investor in People” status, and there is a research-oriented policy for recruitment, promotion and mentoring. Examples include research only appointments (Arnell), promotion of Matuszewski, Sherrington and Shark to reader/professors. Younger researchers are mentored via research training, joint supervision and joint grant proposal, and staff without a PhD are encouraged to undertake PhD by reducing teaching loads. For research staff, income generated is used for further teaching reduction via part-time replacement, supporting conference attendance and overseas visits, and hosting research visitors. Paid sabbaticals are provided to groups to facilitate team research and individuals.


Research Strategy


With the reputation in aerospace NDT/E strengthened in Europe, niche medical research areas established, research activities widened to include radiation effects, visualisation and robotics, and the acquired international reputation in tribology, the main objectives in the previous submission have been achieved. This success has led to an award of £1.7M from the University to develop digital manufacturing, the joint scoping exercise led by BAE to establish the Digital Engineering Research & Innovation Centre (DERiC) at the University, and research appointments of Prof W Ahmed (Ulster) and two readers, Drs X Liu (Hertfordshire) and C Grecos (Loughborough). The strategies for the next phase are:


  • Developing a world class centre in digital information guidance engineering through DERiC in collaboration with world leading manufacturers in the region, to provide a fully integrated, interactive and immersive digital support environment throughout the product lifecycle. NDT/E research with leading aerospace companies will continue through EU-funded projects (currently, ADSIP is a partner in the 14-member OP’NDT consortium led by EADS-CRC and the coordinator of the SUPERAIM consortium with 6 partners), and tribology research will spread to areas where legislation and technology development introduce new problems, including applications using new lubricants and fuels, new types of power-train and environmentally friendly manufacturing processes.
  • Widening medical research via EU projects using the European networks of ECSON led by ADSIP and COL-NET led by CNR-ISTI, and new tribology research areas such as coatings for human joint prostheses, thereby establishing the place for inter-sectorial research between aerospace and medical as described in the INTERSIP project which was in the reserve list for funding in the Marie Curie programme.



Evidence of Esteem


ADSIP:  As the first choice of BAE to undertake aerospace NDT/E and a regular partner of Airbus, Alenia, Dassault and EADS-CRC in EU projects, ADSIP contributes significantly to improvement of aircraft safety with several technologies adopted by BAE and Alenia. In 2004, ADSIP received NWAA/Sir Frank Whittle “University of the Year” Award sponsored by Rolls-Royce. Other long-standing partnerships include regional hospitals to improve medical diagnosis and treatment; universities in the Atlantic region on environment monitoring; and PACCAR on mass-customisation manufacturing. These activities were featured on BBC Radio 4 and Beijing TV Science Panorama Programme. Current research exploitation includes NDT software with world leading aerospace companies; measurement technology with Physical Acoustics and Santec Systems; and VR software with EON Reality. 4 patents were awarded through research supervision (EP1200797B1 related to NDT, and WO03/071683~5 related to neural circuits). ADSIP also organised/hosted the first Atlantic Europe Conference on Remote Imaging and Spectroscopy (AECRIS’06), endorsed by IARP (International Association for Pattern Recognition) and IET. The following gives esteem of each staff during this RAE.


Matuszewski:  EPSRC funded visiting scholar, Heriot-Watt University (2006); Technical Chair, AECRIS’2006; Session chair, IEEE-GMAI’07 (Zurich); Member, IEEE-MediVis’07 Programme Committee; Invited presentations at Farnborough International Airshow (2002), European Signal Processing Conference (EUSPICO’2007) and various companies/hospitals/universities (Airbus, Alenia, BAE, Christie, Bristol, Limerick, Rennes, etc.); Editor, AECRIS Proceedings; Invited journal papers in BINDT Journal Insight and International Journal of Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology; Reviewer for various journals including IEEE; Leader of the Europe-based ECSON network.


Platt:  Key member of advisory working group for CHIPIR developments at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Reviewer for IEEE journals and conferences; Invited presentations including IEE specialist seminar and UK/US Joint Working Group on Aircraft, Missile and Space System Hardening; Research degree examiner for Lancaster.


Shark:  Fellow, IET; Visiting Professor, Hong Kong PolyU (2002); Guest Professor, Beijing Institute of Technology, and Kunming University of Science & Technology (China); Member, EPSRC Peer Review college; Proposal reviewer, Royal Society and Hong Kong CityU; Italian National Research Council ESF Assessor; Panel evaluator, European Research Council; EC Expert Evaluator; Specialist Adviser, HKCAA; Session Convenor/Chair, BINDT’2002 and IEEE-GMAI’07 (Zurich); Co-Chair, IWWCN’2004 (China); General Chair, AECRIS’2006; Member, IEEE-MediVis’07 Programme Committee; Invited talks including Keynote Speech at IWWCN’2004, China lecture tour in 2004 funded by China Education Ministry, presentations at Farnborough International Airshow, EADS-CRC Research Breakfast, and various companies/hospitals/universities (Airbus, Alenia, BAE, Dassault, Christie, Essex, Poitiers, UMIST, etc.); Editor, AECRIS Proceedings; Invited journal papers in BINDT Journal Insight and International Journal of Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology; Research degree examiner for UK/non-UK universities (Limerick and Madras); BAE Chairman Bronze Award of Technology Innovation (2002); Led Life Cycle Monitoring of Aircrafts in INDeT project, COL-NET project workpackage leader, and SUPERAIM consortium coordinator.


Varley:  AECRIS’2006 Scientific Committee Member and Session Chair; Proposal reviewer: Royal Society and Hong Kong Research Grant Council; Editor, AECRIS Proceedings; one invited journal paper in International Journal of Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology; Research degree examiner for UK/international universities (Birmingham, Manchester, Hong Kong CityU, etc.).


JIfT:  Following its inception in 2002, collaborative links with overseas and UK partners have been substantially extended and strengthened by involvement in EU projects with many partners and by addition of research partner in Japan. Equipment developed is used by partners in collaborative projects and patents placed internationally are protecting IPR which has the potential to exert significant influence over engine lubrication in the marine propulsion industry worldwide. The UK-based KTN “COMONET” has attracted powerful partners such as BP, Pall, QinetiQ and Manchester University, and looks set to bring real benefits to the condition monitoring industry. JIfT organised/hosted the first European Conference on Lubricant Management and Technology (LUBMAT’06) in collaboration with Tekniker (Spain). (Sponsored by the US Office of Naval Research and Shell Global Solutions and co-sponsored by the IMechE). The following gives esteem of each staff during this RAE.


Arnell:  Fellow, Institute of Physics; Distinguished Visiting Professor, Jilin University (China); frequent proposal referee for EPSRC and grant bodies in Belgium, Czech, Germany; EPSRC monitor for major grant involving universities of Cambridge, Loughborough, Newcastle, Reading and Imperial; Symposium and session chair, EUROMAT’2005 (Prague); Invited papers, ICMCTF’2004 (San Diego), and NATO Advanced Study Workshop (Moscow) 2003; PhD examiner, Chemnitz University (Germany), and several British universities; Member, Institute of Physics Ion and Plasma Surface Interactions Committee; frequent referee for several international journals.


Sherrington:  Member, EPSRC Peer Review College, COST-532, IMechE Tribology Group Committee, IMechE Tribology Group International Profile Working Group, and UK Tribology Professors Group; Chair, Awards Task Force for IMechE Tribology Group Committee; Member, Tribology’2006 Organising panel, LUBMAT’2008 Scientific Committee; Chairman, LUBMAT’2006 organising panel, LUBMAT’2006 Scientific Committee panel, and various conference sessions (including Nordtrib, LUBMAT); Invited speaker, COST-532 Conference 2004 (Ghent), Leeds-Lyon Symposium 2004; Guest Lecturer, Royal Technical Institute (Stockholm); Clinical Session speaker, Wrightington Hospital; Invited presentations at various workshops/seminars (IMechE, UnICEG, IoP); Editorial Board Member, IMechE Proceedings (Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology); Principal Editor, ITC Newsletter, and “Total Tribology” PEP Tribology Series; ITC Web Content Manager; Research degree examiner for UK/non-UK universities (including Imperial, Leeds, Sheffield, and Royal Technical Institute (KTH, Stockholm); Referee for several journals.