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UOA 25 - General Engineering and Mineral & Mining Engineering

London South Bank University

RA5a: Research environment and esteem


This submission is from the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built Environment (FESBE) which was established in 2003 following major re-structuring. As a consequence, and the resulting enhanced inter-Departmental collaboration within FESBE, a single submission is being made in Engineering of two groupings, Materials Engineering and Environmental Engineering. Achievements since 2001 (compared to aggregated data for the three 2001 Engineering submissions) include:


       Income (audited in RA4) from external research awards has grown from £6.20M (26.65FTEs, 5 years) to £9.61M (17.06FTEs, 6.5 years), an increase in average income/FTE/year from £46,507 to £86,668.

       Significant increases in industrial income (up by 298 % per FTE/year), EC income (up by 218% per FTE/year), Research Council income up by 33% per FTE/year.

       The total contract value of awards has increased from £10.1M to £14.6M (including £3.4M from 22 RC awards, £4.0M from 15 EU awards, £2.6M from 30 industrial awards, £3.0M from 20 KTPs).

       Strong performance in knowledge transfer and research uptake by industry, reflected by the number of KTPs. 

       4 University spin-out companies formed within the areas of Materials and Environmental Engineering.

       344 refereed publications; 6 patent applications, 7 granted patents. 

       A healthy number of PhD completions (46).


Research groups


A. Materials Engineering

Staff associated with the 4 themes below have attracted awards with a contract value of £7.9M from a variety of sources (EPSRC, EU, DTI, Industry, Government, charities). 


Surface Engineering and Machining

Professor DT Gawne, Professor EO Ezugwu, Dr Y Bao 


Research targets (a) creating new coating materials by thermal spraying and sol-gel processing [Gawne, Bao] (b) improving the machining productivity of novel, high temperature alloys [Ezugwu]. 


Achievements (a):

       Coordination of two EC projects, contract value £1.4M. 

       Development of a radically new spray-deposition process for protective glass-based coatings on temperature-sensitive components and large structures. 

       Synthesis of new polymer nanocomposite precursors/coatings for enhanced wear and corrosion performance. 

       Development of a new, environmentally compatible, solvent-free process with tailor-made novel polymers as an alternative to wet painting.


Achievements (b): 

       A high pressure coolant delivery technology for machining titanium alloys using advanced cutting tools for the Joint Strike Fighter Project (Rolls-Royce). A 30-50% reduction in machining cycle time and a five-fold improvement in consumable costs achieved. Technology now being adopted by Rolls-Royce. 


Electronic and Functional Materials

Professor HS Reehal, Professor L Dunne, Professor N Alford (until 31.12.06)


Alford (Category B), Dunne and Reehal collaborated on several projects before Alford’s departure to Imperial. Alford made a very significant contribution to the University’s Materials Engineering research and collaboration is continuing in ferroelectric tunable thin films and PhD student supervision. Reehal’s research covers photovoltaic (PV) devices for renewable energy generation and thin film functional coatings. Dunne focuses on the theory of functional materials. 


Reehal’s achievements:

       Polycrystalline silicon layers with record grain sizes grown at low temperatures on glass for low cost thin film solar cells (with BP Solar). 

       Pioneering work on plasmonic metamaterials for enhancing Si solar cell efficiency. 

       Novel plasma processes for silicon solar cell fabrication. 

       Diamond films for wear resistant surfaces and devices (20 fold increase in wear resistance of tungsten carbide under erosion testing demonstrated); ferroelectric films for microwave applications (with Alford). 


Dunne’s achievements:

       Modelling of dielectric loss in single and polycrystalline Al2O3 for dielectric resonators used in devices such as mobile phones (with Alford). 

       A theory for the condensate and spin gap in high temperature superconductive cuprates which offer potential for power transmission. 

       An exact solution of a statistical mechanical model for nanotube adsorption (potential applications in natural gas separation).


Skin Bioengineering

Professor RE Imhof, Dr P Xiao


Research is directed at skin property measurements. 


       A patented method (granted US 2002, Europe 2003) for measuring water vapour flux, and particularly transepidermal water loss (TEWL), exploited by the spin-out company Biox Systems Ltd. Worldwide sales approaching £0.5m. BT Award for Technical Innovation (2002), SMART Award (2002), DTI grants (2002, 2007). BIOX public research funding exceeds £200K. 

       Development of opto-thermal transient emission radiometry for measuring depth profiles of skin hydration, skin pigments and topically applied chemicals. 

       Novel biometric semiconductor technology for spatial- and time-resolved information on skin hydration, micro relief, thermal conductivity.


Imhof focuses on experiment design and data interpretation, Xiao on mathematical modelling and software development.


Robotics and Modelling for Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE)

Professor B Bridge, Professor L Fradkin, Dr T Sattar, Professor A Gautesen (Category C)


Research covers mobile wall-climbing and amphibious robotic instrumentation for NDE of large, remote, safety critical structures located in hazardous environments [Bridge, Sattar] and modelling of NDE [Fradkin, Gautesen]. 


Achievements, Bridge (NDE, materials characterisation), Sattar (robotics, control systems):

       Pioneering instrumentation for NDE of oil and petrochemical storage tanks, nuclear pressure vessels, aircraft fuselages, etc leading to 4 Industrial Robot Journal prizes for innovation in industrial robotics.

       Time reversal signal pre-processing to focus ultrasound onto defects in pipelines with an infinitely variable focal length, a unique feature. 

       Ultrasonic phased array focussing using novel dry coupling elastomers, enabling robotic inspection of long weld runs. 

       Modelling of Compton scatter and computed axial tomography imaging in hostile field environments.

       Coordination of a £1.6M EC project [Bridge].


Achievements, Fradkin:  

       A semi-analytical solution to the long standing problem of diffraction of a plane wave by an elastic 2D wedge and a stable numerical code, used in the nuclear industry, for surface-breaking cracks (with Gautesen).

       Semi-analytical models of propagation/scatter of ultrasound in isotropic and transversely-isotropic materials, as accurate as direct numerical codes but tens of thousands of times faster, for ultrasonic NDE of nuclear pressure vessels

       Experimental demonstration that low powers (Watts) affect slow (0.1-0.5 mms-1) crack redirection in PMMA and a hypothesis that this phenomenon could be reproduced in fast cracks.

       Theoretical demonstration of shape-memory materials and viscoelastic TI rubbers acting as acoustic polarisers.


Collaborations with industry/end-users of research

Of the 59 grants since 2001, 49% were totally or partly (via EU/KTP industrial partners) funded by industry involving more than 60 companies. 



       Akzo Nobel (8 years), Dow Chemical (4 years), Network Rail (4 years), new polymer coating deposition processes. 

       Unilever (>10 years), skin characterisation. 

       BP Solar (12 years), thin film photovoltaics. 

       British Energy Direct (10 years), Mitsui Babcock (6 years), Rolls-Royce Marine (3 years), improving numerical codes for ultrasonic NDE. 

       BP (2 years), Petrogal (4 years), in-service NDE of oil storage tanks.

       Rolls-Royce (10 years), machining of advanced aerospace alloys. 

       Kenton Research (KTP, 2 years), real-time communication systems.


Commercialisation activity 

Two spin-out companies have been formed, Biox Systems and Engineering Surfaces Ltd (coating equipment design/modelling). A previous spin-out (OLED-T) has attracted >£8m venture capital. Six patents have been filed and are pending worldwide, 1 has been granted in the USA. Of earlier filings, 5 have been granted since 2001 in at least one country/region.


Impact on engineering practice/quality of life.


       A cost effective thin film crystalline silicon PV technology will offer significant environmental, social and economic benefits. 

       The Biox “AquaFlux” instrument is assisting understanding of  peripheral nerve damage in diabetes.

       Increased applicability of ultrasonic NDE numerical codes and robotic instrumentation for structural health diagnostics enhances the safety of critical engineering structures e.g. nuclear installations.

       Spray-deposition processes avoid the environmental difficulties of paint and provide increased productivity.

       Advanced machining technology has significantly reduced aero-engine component manufacturing costs.


B. Environmental Engineering

Staff associated with the 4 themes below have attracted awards with a contract value of £6.6M from various sources (EPSRC, EU, DTI, Industry, Government, charities).


Sustainable Energy Systems 

Professor G Maidment, Professor JF  Missenden, Professor IW Eames, Dr M Mavroulidou


Research is focussed in 4 areas with contracts awarded exceeding £2.6M. 


(a) Ground Coupled Cooling 

       Pioneering high-profile applications including a groundwater cooling system for the London Underground, resulting in the Daily Telegraph/Carbon Trust Carbon Innovation of the Year and the Railway Industry Innovation awards for Maidment and Missenden.

       Novel integrated aquifer models to investigate large-scale energy storage schemes [Maidment]. 

       Modelling of unsaturated soils, flow in variably saturated soils; groundwater and aquifer modelling, including investigation of rising groundwater levels in cities, chemical stabilisation of in-situ soils, climatic variations on materials durability [Mavroulidou]


(b) Heat Powered Cycles (HPC)

       Absorption refrigeration thermodynamics research incorporated into the latest ASHRAE Handbook [Missenden]. 

       Prize-winning research (Lightfoot Award) on carbon/economic viability of HPC systems, reflected in Government strategy [Maidment].

       International leadership of HPC research resulting in the J&E Hall Gold Medal [Eames].


(c) Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC)

       Integration of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) into railway cooling and for passive energy storage in low carbon buildings [Maidment].

       Performance evaluation of existing building structures [Maidment, Mavroulidou]. 

       Development/patent of a novel cooling shelf technology for displaying food [Maidment]. 

       Refrigerant leakage, CFC replacement research leading to international acceptance of hydrocarbons and revision of BS-EN378 [Missenden]. 

       Pioneering CO2 as a refrigerant (Ted Perry Award Maidment, Missenden). 

       A new international efficiency index for refrigeration system performance [Eames, Maidment].


(d) Modelling and optimisation

       Pioneering dynamic simulation of refrigeration systems [Maidment, Eames]  

       Development of Thermoeconomics as an optimisation technique and application to food refrigeration for Sainsbury’s resulting in tenfold reduced operating costs [Maidment]. 


Energy Studies 

Professor A Day


Research focuses on the supply and end-use of energy. 


       CIBSE Technical Memorandum 41, Degree-Days: Theory and Application, the definitive UK document on the subject. 

       A novel energy analysis technique for half-hourly energy/utility data.

       Development of the UK’s most sophisticated CHP sizing and design software model of its kind.

       First comprehensive study of an urban wind turbine (with London Borough of Southwark).

       Review of the London Plan energy policies for the Greater London Authority (internationally disseminated). 

       A web-based tool to assess planning energy submissions.

       Key input into a successful £2.84M bid to HEFCE and the London Development Agency (LDA) for a new London South Bank University (LSBU) Sustainable Energy Centre (Director, Day). 

       9 KTP programmes, contract value £1.2M.


Safety, Health and Environment

Professor PF Nolan


Research centres on the investigation and mitigation methods of explosions and fires.


       Contract value of awards, £2.2M from Sellafield Ltd, HSE, MOD, NEXIA, others.

       Demonstration of the importance of friction and surface phenomena for ignitions of hydrogen in air systems likely to be found in nuclear waste silos. 

       Lowering the flammability limit of hydrogen in air using fine water mist sprays to reduce the speed/spread of flames.

       An empirical model for designing water deluge systems for plant protection against jet fires and to optimise current systems. 

       Understanding the reaction pathways of processes involving catalysed oxidation and nitration reactions and definition of a safe operating envelope for full-scale plant.

       Mathematical modelling, together with experimental data, to assess new designs of assemblies/material combinations for their kindling chain potential and permit a logical investigation of incidents in high pressure oxygen systems e.g. aircraft life support systems, diving equipment, hospitals.

       Enhancement of commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics packages for designing new, and assessing the efficacy of existing, sprinkler and fire detection systems within large buildings. 



Environmental Acoustics

Professor B Shield, Dr S Dance


Research focuses on architectural and environmental acoustics. 


Shield’s achievements:

       Through the largest ever surveys (with the Institute of Education), quantified the detrimental effect of noise and poor acoustic design of primary schools upon children’s academic performance. Chair of review panel and editor of Building Bulletin 93: Acoustic Design of Schools which specifies new Building Regulations.

       A major review of psychosocial and economic effects of hearing impairment is influencing hearing aid audiologist practice.

       A detailed study of the Royal Festival Hall’s original acoustic design has informed its refurbishment and led to establishment of the National Acoustics Archive at Southampton University. 


Dance’s achievements:

       Improvements to the acoustics of underground stations through novel station and public address (PA) systems design. 

       Optimisation of rehearsal room design for classical musicians (with the Royal Academy of Music) leading to the Schultz prize of the Acoustical Society of America. 

       Development of devices to reduce the noise exposure of musicians.


Collaborations with industry/end-users of research

Of the 57 grants since 2001, 65% were totally or partly (via EU/KTP industrial partners) funded by industry involving more than 35 companies; 19 KTP awards. 


Non-KTP exemplars:

       LondonUnderground (6 years), cooling the Tube.

       TESCO Ltd (3 years), refrigerant systems delivering 50% Carbon savings and being piloted in 9 stores.

       Flogas (3 years), BP LPG (2 years), HSE (10 years), design of water deluge systems for LPG tanks. 

       Sellafiled Ltd (4 years), removal of legacy waste in nuclear plant decommissioning.

       Meggitts (6 years), MOD (14 years), selection of materials for high pressure oxygen systems.

       London Fire Brigade (10 years), analysis of fires, fire safety design, incident investigation.

       Nexia Ltd (4 years), runaway reactions.

       Rail Link Engineering (2 years), modelling of tunnel ventilation for the St. Pancras to Channel tunnel rail link.


KTP exemplars: 

       Sustainable Energy Action Ltd (4 years), CHP sizing and design software resulting in a new consultancy arm for the company. 

       Parsons Brinkerhof (consultant, New York Metro) (1 year), cooling of underground railways. 

       Fulcrum Consulting (3 years), development of aquifer thermal models. 

       Telent (formerly Marconi), Tubelines, Transport for London (1 year), PA system refurbishment, London Underground. 

       Locke-Carey (5 years), use of CFD for active fire protection systems.

       Industrial Design Consultancy Ltd (1 year), solar-powered refrigerator system for remote applications.


Commercialisation activity 

Two spin-out companies have been formed, Solion Ltd (PV systems) and Coolstreme Ltd (cooling for food display cabinets). Solar Polar (solar powered cooling) is a ‘spin-in’ company whereby the University provides support/expertise to the SME in exchange for equity. 1 patent has been granted in Europe (pending Japan, USA).


Impact on engineering practice/quality of life.


       Part of CIBSE Technical Memorandum 41, Degree-days has been adopted within European Standard prEN 15243. 

       Research on cooling the Tube will significantly reduce Carbon emissions and improve passenger comfort. A successful pilot at Victoria Station is being rolled out to 20-30 other London Underground stations.

       The refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) efficiency index will save Carbon, given RAC is responsible for >10% of emissions.

       Acoustics research has influenced legislation on acoustic design of schools, improving quality of life for children and teachers

       Research on mitigation methods of explosions and fires has major safety and environmental impact, for example, nuclear waste clean-up.


Research strategy

Strategy is overseen by a Faculty Research Committee (FRC) chaired by a Director of Research (currently Reehal) who reports to the Dean of FESBE. Many goals in the 2001 submissions have been achieved including significant increases in income/FTE/year and KTP activity leading to strengthened industry interactions. Promotions of high-calibre staff to professorships, readerships and permanent positions have ensured vitality/momentum of key research areas. Research facilities have been significantly strengthened. The national and international visibility of research has increased illustrated by the quality and quantity of outputs, the prestigious awards/prizes won and invitations to join/lead national and international research programmes/networks. 


The University is committed to maintaining its research strength in established areas e.g. Engineering and seeks to cultivate new/emerging areas where it can develop and support a critical mass and the necessary research infra-structure. Over the next 5 years our aims are: 


       Further develop existing areas of research strength and areas with research potential through increased grant income, more research active staff and increased external and intra- and cross-Faculty collaboration. 

       Increase research grant income by at least 30%, especially from Research Councils, the EC and industry as targeted by FESBE’s research strategy.

       Capitalise on the new HEFCE/LDA funded £2.84M Sustainable Energy Research Centre to bolster our research base in Environmental Engineering. This facility will offer increased research interactions between the university/industrial/government partners and open up new collaborations.

       Further develop the Environmental Engineering research base under the leadership of a new Dean (Bhamidimarri), with internationally acclaimed researchers PL McCarty and PA Wilderer (both winners of the Stockholm Water Prize) as visiting professors. 

       Ensure sustainability and growth in Materials Engineering by careful succession planning, targeting recruitment of early career research active staff and development of younger research leaders.

       Continue to develop our technology transfer activities and maintain our leading position in KTP in selected areas, aiming to keep a steady state of 15 projects. 

       Increase research students by 25% through internal and external funding.

       Continue to develop research facilities and infrastructure.


Interdisciplinary and collaborative research including international dimension

The Faculty supports collaborative research at national and international levels through visiting professorships, funded visits to national and international collaborators, conference attendance, etc. Research within the UoA is essentially interdisciplinary and collaborative, exemplified by a total of 15 EU grants involving 116 industrial, academic and other partners in 21 countries. Of EPSRC grants (22), the majority have either direct or in-kind industrial involvement. National and international funded academic collaborations exceed 33 and 24 respectively. 


Exemplars of national academic collaboration (see earlier for industry):

       With psychologists at the Institute of Education, University of London on classroom acoustics funded by EPSRC/ Department of Health.

       With Strathclyde University on creating a NDE Workbench under the EPSRC-funded UK Research Centre for NDE.

       With Oxford and Newcastle Universities on a miniature refrigeration system for computer cooling, funded by EPSRC.


Exemplars of international collaboration:

       EC programmes on (a) climbing robots (£1.6M) (b) glass-based coatings (£0.7M) coordinated by LSBU and involving for (a) 6 partners in 4 EU countries and for (b) 9 partners in 7 EU countries. 

       A project on gas-turbine inlet cooling with CANMET, Canada (£100K).

       A China-UK network on Building and Urban Sustainability (10 UK, 8 Chinese universities). 

       An EPSRC Research Network into Sustainable Innovative Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (15 national and international institutions, led by LSBU).

       Participation in CIVAMOT, a group developing commercial ultrasonic NDE software, led by the French Atomic Energy Commission.

       An EPSRC Research Network into Heat Powered Cycles led by LSBU, now established as the International series of HPC Conferences run by LSBU.

       Autonomous thermally activated (solar) cooling research with Universidad Carlos III, Madrid.

       Polycrystalline silicon growth on glass for solar cells with Hahn-Meitner Institute, Berlin


International visitor exemplars:

       Professor Borovikov (Moscow), regular visits over 10 years resulting in joint development of novel mathematical models for ultrasonic NDE and prestigious publications.

       Professor De Jesus, University of Beira (Portugal), 6 month sabbatical at LSBU resulting in joint publications and collaborative research on mathematical modelling of diffusion processes for skin bioengineering.

       Professor Yan Li, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry (ZZULI, China) resulting in joint publications in HPC systems and a visiting professorship at ZZULI for Maidment.


Relationships with research users and response to Government policy initiatives

Staff interact with end users through specific research collaborations, formal committees, networks, etc. aided by a centrally-funded Research and Business Development Office (RBDO). The RBDO supports liaison with external partners/end users and assists with grant applications. Account is taken of government policy initiatives/objectives as exemplified below:


       Energy research (including the work on photovoltaics) is aligned with Foresight and the Government’s, the London Region’s and EPSRC’s priorities.

       Acoustics research on the effects of noise on school children has been guided by Department of Health recommendations. 

       Safety, Health and Environment research is strongly aligned with the policies of the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority and Sellafield Ltd.

       Surface engineering has been recognized in Governmental and Foresight reports as a critical enabling technology underpinning the competitiveness of UK industry.


Commercialisation of research ideas

RBDO staff support Knowledge Transfer activities and commercialisation of Intellectual Property. As well as the “Spin-out” companies referred to earlier, FESBE is involved in two “Spin-in” companies, where expertise and specialist facilities are offered in exchange for equity. FESBE also benefits from the LDA-supported proof of concept Emerald Fund which encourages staff and students to explore the commercial potential of their research (4 awards, contract value £90K).


Staffing policy

In addition to research, permanent staff perform varying degrees of teaching and have specific research and teaching management/administrative roles. It is Faculty policy to help all staff realise their research potential. Of the permanent staff submitted for assessment, only Gawne and Imhof were appointed to professorial posts from outside. Fradkin, Maidment, Day and Missenden were promoted to Professorships and Sattar and Bao to Readerships since 2001 by externally moderated internal promotion. Mavroulidou is an early career permanent appointment who has succeeded in securing her first grants through EPSRC. New staff are encouraged to affiliate with an appropriate research grouping and are supported by a mentoring system teaming them with experienced colleagues who advise on the suitability of research ideas for external funding, the structure of applications and appropriate external contacts. The Director of Research liaises with the appropriate Department Head in this process and in the induction of new staff. Timetable relief is provided enabling new staff to develop their research portfolios. Besides an established promotions exercise, staff are supported by access to research overheads. The Director of Research is the Faculty contact for implementation of the Research Concordat. Contract researchers have been transferred to permanent contracts where appropriate.


Promoting and sustaining research 

Research is encouraged through bridging funds for supporting contract researchers between grants, conference support (particularly for early-career staff), postgraduate bursaries, a small grant scheme to encourage research (~10 grants/year of upto £5K), administrative support and advice on research funding opportunities and preparation of high-quality research proposals. A University Promising Researcher scheme offers pump-prime funding to encourage new and emerging researchers to develop their portfolio. Regular research seminars (fortnightly) and forums encourage networking, interdisciplinary research and cross-fertilisation of ideas. 


Training and facilities for research students

The FRC monitors all research student supervisions through inspection of each initial proposal and registration and regularly thereafter (at least 4 times/year), including an annual report and transfer from MPhil to PhD. A central Research Degrees Committee oversees the process. Upon recruitment, besides specific research training, students attend appropriate Masters units, external courses and courses run by the University Staff Development Unit. The FRC implements any generic training programmes. Since 2005, these include a compulsory Skills Development Programme. Students are required to present their work in Faculty research seminars and research forums. Attendance at relevant conferences and workshops is supported. Students benefit from comprehensive and state-of-the-art research facilities. The UoA has received £507K under the EPSRC/DTA scheme enabling 10 full- and 3 part-time studentships.


Research infrastructure and equipment

The UoA has an extensive research infrastructure which has benefited from substantial capital investment through SRIF funding (£2.2M). New equipment in Materials Engineering includes advanced analytical tools, thin film deposition/materials processing systems and machining facilities; in Environmental Engineering it includes renewable energy systems, monitoring/characterisation equipment and refrigeration plant. 

Research output statistics





Income per FTE (£)


Materials Engineering

Environmental Engineering


























FTE registered @31 July

Doctorates awarded

Materials Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Materials Engineering

Environmental Engineering










3 (+1 MPhil)










2(+1 MPhil)


















Output Type




Materials Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Refereed journal articles



Refereed conference papers



Non-Refereed conference publications



Authored books



Edited books



Chapters in books



Published Patent applications



Awarded patents



Internet/web publications



Research reports for external bodies

(includes final reports only)





A: Materials Engineering



-Plenary lectures: CLAWAR 2007, Singapore; Annual conf Chinese Inst NDT, 2003

-Industrial Robot Journal/CLAWAR Innovation awards 2004, 2007; publication award, 2006

-Invited lectures: 2 international conferences

-Invited paper: Industrial Robot Journal, 2007


-Editorial board member: INSIGHT journal; Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation; Sensor   Review Journal

-Guest editor: Industrial Robot Journal

-Member: Steering Committee ISO TC184; BSI AMT-2 Committee; Technical committee, British Inst NDT; IEE Measurement/Sensor Network

-Collaborative research: 24 international companies in 6 EU grants

-EU research: Coordinator of 1 consortium (£1.6M); PI in 6 projects 

-Member: EC Expert Evaluator panels

-Reviewer: 2 international journals 

-Research director: CLAWAR Ltd (non-University spin-out)

-Director: British Inst NDT (2002-2005)

-Consultancies: TWI Ltd

-Organising/scientific committees: 10 international conferences, Deputy Chair of 1



-Reviewer: 2 international journals 

-Member: EPSRC Peer Review College

-Member: EC Expert Evaluator panel

-Collaborative research: 1 UK/2 EU universities and 6 UK/international companies

-Director: Engineering Surfaces Ltd (spin-out)

-EU research: coordinator of 1 consortium; partner in 1 project



-Editorial board member: International J Quantum Chemistry

-Editor: Phase Behaviour and Adsorption in nanochannels and nanopores (Springer 2008)

-Collaborative research: 2 UK/1 EU universities

-Invited lectures: 1 national meeting

-Reviewer: 3 international journals



-Keynote papers: 2nd Int Conference Manuf Tech, 2003; 3rd Int Conference Adv Manuf Tech, 2003; Jap Soc Precision Eng Annual Conference, 2004; 12th Int Conference Machine Design & Production, 2006

-Invited lectures: 3 international meetings

-Best paper prizes:  2nd Int conference on Manufacturing Tech, 2003; 8th Int conference Progress of Machining Tech, 2006


-Editorial board member: International J Machine Tools and Manufacture

-Associate editor: Tribology Transactions J

-Reviewer: 14 international journals

-Collaborative research: 6 UK companies, 10 international universities

-Organising/scientific committees: 4 international conferences; Co-Chair of 3 

-Visiting professor: Hiroshima University, 2001



-Invited Distinguished Lecture, Second World Congress Engineering Asset Management, 2007

-Invited lectures: 8 national and 5 international conferences

-Reviewer: 5 international journals including Proc Royal Society

-Invited chapters in: Diffraction & Scattering in Fluid Mechanics & Elasticity 2001; Recent Research Developments in Acoustics 2003

-Member: EPSRC Peer Review College; panel member 2004, 2005, 2007 

-Collaborative research: 17 UK/international  companies, 3 UK universities; UK Research Centre in NDE

-EU research: partner in 1 project 

-Member: GDR/Anglo-French NDE network

-Consultancies: 2 UK, 1 EU organisations 

-Research output exploitation: by British Energy; Commissariat l’Energie Atomique CEA/SACLAY (used by >80 companies); BNFL; Rolls Royce (Marine)

-Organising/scientific committees: 2 international conferences




-Former chair: Industrial and Technical Committee, Inst Metal Finishing

-Editorial board member: International J Machine Tools and Manufacture

-Reviewer: 1 international journal

-Member: EPSRC Peer Review College

-Member: EC Expert Evaluator panel

-Director: Engineering Surfaces Ltd (spin-out)

-Collaborative research: 11 UK/international  companies/organisations, 2 UK/2 EU universities

-EU projects: coordinator of 2 consortia (£1.4M); partner in 2 



-Invited lectures: 2 international conferences; 2 national, 1 international meetings

-BT Award for Technical Innovation, 2002

-Two patents filed, 1 granted 


-Reviewer: 5 international journals

-Member: EPSRC Peer Review College

-Assessor: Royal Society Paul Instrument Fund; MRC

-Collaborative research: 1 UK/2 EU companies, 1 EU university

-Research output exploitation: by Unilever, L’Oreal, Pierre Fabre, others

-Member: DTI-NMS Consortium for water vapour flux measurement standardisation

-Director/Chairman: Biox Systems Ltd (spin-out)

-Organising/scientific committees: 3 international conferences



-Invited talks: 2 national, 1 international

-Institute of Physics committee member: Materials/Characterisation Group; former member, Ion/Plasma Surface Interactions Group 


-Reviewer: 1 international journal

-Member: EPSRC Peer Review College; panel member 2004, 2005

-Invited member: UK Energy Research Centre PV research task force, 2006; member UK Network on Photovoltaic Materials and Devices 

-Collaborative research: 5 UK companies, 9 UK /1 EU universities including EPSRC PV21 SUPERGEN consortium

-Consultancies: 1 UK company

-Organising/scientific committees: 4 international conferences; Chair, 2 national conferences

-Best poster prize, Photovoltaic Science Applications and Technology Conference, 2005



-Industrial Robot Journal/CLAWAR Innovation awards 2004, 2005, 2007; publication award, 2006

-Invited lectures: 2 series of 8 lectures at two international seminars 

-Reviewer: 2 international journals

-Invited chapter: Int J Advanced Robotics Systems, 2007

-Invited paper: Industrial Robot Journal, 2007

-Collaborative research: 14 UK/international  companies

-Consultancies: TWI Ltd

-EU projects: 6 (2 as PI, 4 as co-investigator)

-Organising/scientific committees: 3 international conferences, national Chair of  1 



-Member: Trans Epidermal Water Loss Calibration Consortium (2003-6)

-Co-founder/director: Biox Systems Ltd (spin-out)

-Collaborative research: 1 UK/2 EU companies, 1 UK university

-Research output exploitation: by Unilever, L’Oreal, Pierre Fabre, Kenton Research Ltd

-Member: Skin Forum UK



B: Environmental Engineering




-Invited lectures: 15 national/international conferences and seminars 


-Council member, Energy Institute; Nominated CIBSE Council; Vice chair, UK Solar Energy Society

-Associate editor: Renewable Energy J

-Member: London Energy Partnership Steering Group; Chair: London Energy Partnership Skills Development Task Group

-Collaborative research: London Borough of Southwark

-Member: EPSRC China/UK Building and Urban Sustainability network 

-Director/chair SEA Ltd; Director, Solar Energy Trust

-Research output exploitation: by 4 SMEs

-EU projects: 1 as Partner



-Acoustical Society of America Schultz Prize for Architectural Acoustics, 2007

-Reviewer: 5 international journals

-Contributor: Building Bulletin 93: Acoustic Design of Schools

-Collaborative research/consultancy: 2 organisations; 2 companies

-Member: EPSRC ENABLE network

-Research output exploitation: on London Underground

-Organising/scientific committees: 1 international conference

-Invited lectures: 10 national seminars



-Keynote paper: ASHRAE annual conference, Cincinnati, 2001

-Institute of Refrigeration J&E Hall Gold Medal, 2006


-Former member IMechE Renewable Power Committee

-Guest editor: Heat Powered Cycles Conference, 2004, 2005; Applied Thermal Engineering, 2002

-Editor: Absorption Refrigeration with Thermal Ice Storage (2002); Applied Thermal Engineering (2007)

-Reviewer: 3 international journals

-Former member EPSRC Peer Review College

-Member: DTI/ETSU steering panel for Best Practice Guide on absorption refrigeration; UK steering group for International Energy Authority ANNEX 24

-PI: EPSRC HPC research network

-Collaborative research: 4 UK/International companies; 4 UK/8 International universities, 1 International agency

-Consultancies: 7 UK companies

-Organising/scientific committees: 5 international conferences



-Institute of Refrigeration Lightfoot Medal: 2002, 2005, 2007

-Railway Industry Innovation Award, 2007; Carbon Innovation of the Year Award, 2007

-1 Patent granted


-Inst Refrigeration: Member Exec Council; ChairPapers and Publications and Research Committees 

-Editor: Proc Inst Refrigeration

-Leader: Inst Refrigeration SIRAC Research Network 

-Reviewer: CIBSE Technical Memorandum

-Collaborative research: over 15 companies, 5 UK/4 International universities, 2 international organisations

-Director: Coolstreme Ltd (spin-out)

-Research output exploitation: London Underground Ltd, IDC Ltd, Tesco; efficiency index for refrigeration and a/c systems incorporated into Building Regulations

-EU projects: 1 as partner

-Organising/scientific committees: 2 international conferences; co-Chair of 1

-Visiting professor: Zhenghou University of Light Industry, China

-21 radio/TV/press appearances


MAVROULIDOU (early career)

-Reviewer: 3 journals 

-Invited papers: Global Network Environmental Science and Technology Journal, 2006

-Collaborative research: 6 national/international companies, 2 local authorities, Imperial College

-Consultancy: 1 Greek, 1 UK company



-Keynote address: 2nd international conference Iranian Colour Research Council, 2006

-Institute of Refrigeration Lightfoot Medal, 2002

-Carbon Trust Award, 2006; Railway Industry Innovation Award, 2007; Carbon Innovation of the Year Award, 2007

-1 patent granted


-Member: Commission B1, International Institute Refrigeration

-Editorial board member: Int. J Refrigeration

-Reviewer: 2 International journals

-Collaborative research: 5 UK/international companies, 2 international organisations

-Research outputs led to change in BS EN 378; used by London Underground Ltd

-Organising/scientific committees: 1 international conference

-Visiting professor: Qingdao Technological University, China, 2005

-Advisor: Iranian Parliament, cooling of Teheran Metro




-Member: Accreditation and Approvals Panel, Energy Institute

-Editor: J. Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

-Member: BSI Technical Committee ACE/38; Defence Material Standardization Committee; HSC Advisory Committee on Dangerous Substances; UK Chemical Reaction Hazards Forum; BNFL Hydrogen Working Party; Hydrogen Forum

-Chair: Annual Fire Research Event, Fire Service College

-Collaborative research: 10 UK companies, 2 UK universities

-Writing of BS 4N 100 and BS 5N 100

-Research output exploitation: BNFL, operating and decommissioning of nuclear plant; data and CFD packages used by BRE for fire protection systems, by Singapore Government for explosive stores



-Plenary address: Italian Acoustical Society, 2004

-Invited lectures: 1 national, 1 international conference

-Invited papers: 5 at international conferences

-Honorary Fellowship: Institute of Acoustics, 2006 (formerly FIOA)

-Institute of Acoustics: Vice President, Council member, former member Education and Publications Committees

-Chair, DfES review panel and Editor, Building Bulletin 93: Acoustic Design of Schools

-Reviewer: 4 international journals

-Invited review: J Building Acoustics, 2003

-Former member: EPSRC Peer Review College; chair of panel 2002

-Adviser: GLA on Noise Strategy for London

-Former member: National Society for Clean Air, National Noise Committee

-UK representative: I-INCE Technical Committee on schools

-Member: Department of Health Advisory Group on health effects of noise

-Collaborative research: 3 UK organizations, 3 UK universities

-Research outputs informed Building Regulations on acoustic design of schools; provided evidence to Parliamentary Select Committee

-Over 20 TV/radio/press interviews